TOFCL: The complete list with English definitions

華語文能力測驗 [huá yǔwén nénglì cèyàn] TOCFL In Taiwan they have the TOFCL test or as it is officially named: Test Of Chinese as a Foreign Language. (http://www.tw.org/tocfl/) which is Taiwan’s national standardized test for Chinese language proficiency.

I have based my list on the list published on the website for Steering Committee for the Test Of Proficiency – Huayu: http://www.sc-top.org.tw/english/download.php. Then I put all words into one sheet, added spaced and numbered pinyin definitions (based on the original), added Simplified Hanzi and ran a spell-check on the English definitions (there are still a number of English words that I have no idea what they mean, hehe).

The vocabulary list is quite comprehensive with some 8800 words (with a number of duplicates as the original lists different word forms separately – for example 安全  / ānquán – which can be either Verb or Noun and is therefore listed twice). The list also reflects some of the differences in the Mandarin spoken in Taiwan and the official Mandarin on the Mainland. Obviously, the traditional characters are used in Taiwan while the Simplified in Mainland China. More interestingly, there are characters that are pronounced differently while others have a different meaning.

The attached Excel sheet can be manipulated with different filters and sort methods and a learner of Chinese can upload the file into his or her favorite Chinese learning tool. I will include the vocabulary in my upcoming flashcard app iHanzi for the iPhone.

I hope this will help students or other app developers out there. I aim to keep these lists open-source so that they can be shared and improved over time. If you update the file then please do so with Review function on and send back to me and I will re-publish any improvements.

Tip: Use your CTRL+F or Command+F function to search for a word.

Also a big thanks to the developers at StickyNote – the best iPhone Mandarin flashcard app out there – for pointing me in the right way.

111117 TOFCL Master

Beginner’s Level

Simplified Traditional pinyin English Definitions
bái white/to be white
one
bān measure word for a group of organized people.
chǎo to make a noise, to disturb, to quarrel/to be noisy
吃饱 吃飽 chī bǎo satiate; full
打开 打開 dǎ kāi to open up
刀叉 刀叉 dāo chā knife and fork
一共 一共 yí gòng altogether
德国 德國 dé guó Germany, German
一些 一些 yì xiē some, a few
电视(机) 電視(機) diàn shì jī television set
一定 一定 yí dìng certainly, indeed, surely
多少 多少 duō shǎo how much, how many
一直 一直 yì zhí straight; constantly, continuously
地上 地上 dì shàng ground
一起 一起 yì qǐ together
法国 法國 fǎ guó France, French
放下 放下 fàng xià to lay down; to put down; to let sth. down; to lower; to set down
一会(儿) 一會(兒) yì huǐ ér a moment, a short while
够(了) 夠(了) gòu le to be enough
一样 一樣 yí yàng to be the same, identical
关上 關上 guān shàng to close, to shut; to turn off
韩国 韓國 hán guó the Republic of Korea
汉堡(包) 漢堡(包) hàn bǎo bāo hamburger
一点(儿) 一點(兒) yì diǎn ér a little
hēi black/to be black
一边 一邊 yì biān at the same time, simultaneously; on the one/other hand
hóng red/to be red
seven
huáng yellow/to be yellow
jiǔ nine
欢迎 歡迎 huān yíng welcome
le often used after stative verbs
a few, several; how many
脚踏车 腳踏車 jiǎo tà chē bicycle
èr two
jiào to be called, to call
接(到) 接(到) jiē dào to receive, to meet, to come into contact with
rén person, people
开始 開始 kāi shǐ to start, to begin
lán blue/to be blue
inside
lóu measure word for floor or story
绿 green, to be green
eight
慢慢地 慢慢地 màn màn de slowly; gradually
máo one-tenth of a Yuan
美国 美國 měi guó U.S.A., American
面包店 麵包店 miàn bāo diàn bakery
ràng used in a passive sentence structure to introduce the agent; to let, to allow, to permit, to make
shí ten
日本 日本 rì běn Japan, Japanese
上网 上網 shàng wǎng internet access
时钟 時鐘 shí zhōng clock
yòu again (in the past), moreover, furthermore, more, again
收到 收到 shōu dào to receive, get, obtain
sān three
特别 特別 tè bié especially/to be special
听见 聽見 tīng jiàn to hear
xià L: down, under ; V: to disembark, to get off
wài outside
网站 網站 wǎng zhàn (Computer) a website
xiàng to be alike, to be like; to resemble
下午 下午 xià wǔ afternoon
xiè xiè xie to thanks, to thank you
下去 下去 xià qù go down; descend
需要 需要 xū yào to need, to require; need to
一半 一半 yí bàn half, in part
一下(子) 一下(子) yí xià zi a little, a while
英国 英國 yīng guó England, English
下雨 下雨 xià yǔ to rain
炸鸡 炸雞 zhá jī fried chicken
下面 下面 xià miàn under, below
找到 找到 zhǎo dào to search out; to find
下班 下班 xià bān to get off from work, to go off work
中国 中國 zhōng guó China, Chinese
下雪 下雪 xià xuě to snow
做完 做完 zuò wán done
not, no
下课 下課 xià kè to get out of class, end of class
shàng up, on/to go to, to get on, to board
one
one
这么 這麼 zhè me so, like this
上午 上午 shàng wǔ before noon, morning
上去 上去 shàng qù go up
上来 上來 shàng lái come up; up
上面 上面 shàng miàn above, up there
上班 上班 shàng bān to begin work, to start work, to go to work
上课 上課 shàng kè to go to class, to attend class
上学 上學 shàng xué attend school, be at school
jiǔ to be a long time
also
也许 也許 yě xǔ perhaps, maybe, might
qiān thousand
kǒu Mouthful, measure word for things kept in the mouth
kǒu measure word for people
to be big, to be large
大衣 大衣 dà yī overcoat, topcoat
大家 大家 dà jiā everyone
大学 大學 dà xué university
大声 大聲 dà shēng loud voice
女孩(儿)(子) 女孩(兒)(子) nǚ hái ér zi girl
xiǎo to be small
小心 小心 xiǎo xīn to be careful
小姐 小姐 xiǎo jiě Miss
小时 小時 xiǎo shí hour
小偷 小偷 xiǎo tōu thief, burglar
小说 小說 xiǎo shuō novel, short story
小学 小學 xiǎo xué elementary school
shān mountain
工作 工作 gōng zuò work/to work
已经 已經 yǐ jīng already
cái not until, only then, only, merely
not, no
不一定 不一定 bù yí dìng uncertain, not for sure, not necessarily
不用 不用 bú yòng need not, don’t have to
不好意思 不好意思 bù hǎo yì si to feel embarrassed; to be ill at ease
不但 不但 bú dàn not only
不客气 不客氣 bú kè qì you’re welcome
不错 不錯 bú cuò to be not bad, pretty good
中午 中午 zhōng wǔ noon
中心 中心 zhōng xīn center, heart, central point
中文 中文 zhōng wén Chinese language
中间 中間 zhōng jiān between, among, in the middle of
five
什么 什麼 shé me what
今天 今天 jīn tiān today
今年 今年 jīn nián this year
介绍 介紹 jiè shào to introduce, to suggest
yuán standard monetary unit in China
liù six
公司 公司 gōng sī company
公共汽车 公共汽車 gōng gòng qì c city bus
公车 公車 gōng chē city bus
公寓 公寓 gōng yù apartment building
公园 公園 gōng yuán park
分(钟) 分(鐘) fēn zhōng minute
午饭 午飯 wǔ fàn lunch
午餐 午餐 wǔ cān lunch
tiān day, sky, heaven
天天 天天 tiān tiān every day, daily
天气 天氣 tiān qì weather
tài too
太太 太太 tài tai Mrs., wife
太阳 太陽 tài yáng the sun
shǎo few, less
xīn heart
shǒu hand
手套 手套 shǒu tào gloves, mittens
手机 手機 shǒu jī cell phone; mobile phone
jīn a unit of weight
方法 方法 fāng fǎ method, way, means
方便 方便 fāng biàn to be convenient
日(子) 日(子) rì zi day (date), days (time)
yuè month
月亮 月亮 yuè liàng moon
木(头) 木(頭) mù tou wood, log, timber
to compare; compared to, than
比较 比較 bǐ jiào comparatively; to compare
毛衣 毛衣 máo yī sweater
shuǐ water
水果 水果 shuǐ guǒ fruit
huǒ fire
火车 火車 huǒ chē train
父亲 父親 fù qīn father
piàn partial measure word for thin, flat pieces of something.
牙刷 牙刷 yá shuā tooth brush
牛奶 牛奶 niú nǎi cow’s milk
世界 世界 shì jiè the world
以前 以前 yǐ qián before, ago, formerly
以后 以後 yǐ hòu afterwards, after
他(们) 他(們) tā men he they, them)
冬天 冬天 dōng tiān winter, wintertime
chū to go or come out
出去 出去 chū qù to go out, to leave
出来 出來 chū lái to come out
出国 出國 chū guó go abroad (from one’s own country)
jiā to add to
功课 功課 gōng kè schoolwork, homework
bāo package of, parcel of/to wrap, to contain
包子 包子 bāo zi steamed pork bun
běi north
bàn half
卡片 卡片 kǎ piàn card
to go
去年 去年 qù nián last year
可以 可以 kě yǐ can, may, be permitted
可是 可是 kě shì but, however
可能 可能 kě néng probably, maybe
可爱 可愛 kě ài to be lovable, likeable, adorable, cute
可乐 可樂 kě lè cola
右(边) 右(邊) yòu biān right
zhǐ only
只好 只好 zhǐ hǎo cannot but, have to
句子 句子 jù zi sentence
four
外(面) 外(面) wài miàn outside
外套 外套 wài tào overcoat
奶奶 奶奶 nǎi nai grandma, grandmother (father’s mother)
巧克力 巧克力 qiǎo kè lì chocolate
左(边) 左(邊) zuǒ biān left
市场 市場 shì chǎng market
必须 必須 bì xū must
to hit, to beat, to strike
打扫 打掃 dǎ sǎo to sweep, to clean
打算 打算 dǎ suàn to plan
běn individual measure word for books or magazines, etc.
本子 本子 běn zi book, notebook, edition
正在 正在 zhèng zài be in process/course of
永远 永遠 yǒng yuǎn always, forever
生日 生日 shēng rì birthday
生活 生活 shēng huó life/to live
生气 生氣 shēng qì to be angry; to take offense
生病 生病 shēng bìng to become ill, to be sick
yòng to use
皮包 皮包 pí bāo handbag, briefcase
石头 石頭 shí tou stone
jiāo hand over, deliver
休息 休息 xiū xí to rest
jiàn individual measure word for clothes, etc.
jiàn individual measure word for furniture, jewelry, etc.
jiàn individual measure word for affairs, incidents, etc.
xiān first, in advance, before
先生 先生 xiān shēng Mr., sir, gentleman, husband
全部 全部 quán bù all, whole
zài then
再见 再見 zài jiàn Good-bye
冰箱 冰箱 bīng xiāng refrigerator
危险 危險 wéi xiǎn danger/to be dangerous, perilous
同学 同學 tóng xué classmate; to be in the same class
xiàng to, towards
名字 名字 míng zì full name, given name
chī to eat
因为 因為 yīn wèi because
huí to return
回去 回去 huí qù to leave, to go back
回来 回來 huí lái to return, to come back
回家 回家 huí jiā return home
回答 回答 huí dá answer
the earth, land, soil, fields, ground, place, position, background, distance
地方 地方 dì fāng place
地图 地圖 dì tú map
zài indicating that action is in progress
duō more than the correct, required number, much, far more/many, much, more
hǎo very, quite/to be good, well
好吃 好吃 hǎo chī to be fond of eating
好玩(儿) 好玩(兒) hǎo wán ér to be interesting, to be full of fun
好看 好看 hǎo kàn to be good-looking
好像 好像 hǎo xiàng to seem, to be likely, to be like
她(们) 她(們) tā men she (they, them)
如果 如果 rú guǒ if, in case, in the event of
character
安全 安全 ān quán safety/to be safe, secure
安静 安靜 ān jìng to be quiet, calm, peaceful
nián a year of
年纪 年紀 nián jì age
年轻 年輕 nián qīng to be young
máng to be busy
成绩 成績 chéng jī grade (at school), academic record, achievement
shōu receive, accept, take in/back, gather in, conclude, stop/collect, gather
zǎo to be early
早上 早上 zǎo shàng morning
早饭 早飯 zǎo fàn breakfast
早餐 早餐 zǎo cān breakfast
yǒu to have; there is, there are
有(的)时候 有(的)時候 yǒu de shí hòu sometimes, now and then
有用 有用 yǒu yòng to be useful
有空(儿) 有空(兒) yǒu kòng ér to have free time, to be free
有意思 有意思 yǒu yì si to be interesting
有趣 有趣 yǒu qù interesting, fascinating, amusing
有点(儿) 有點(兒) yǒu diǎn ér somewhat, rather, a bit
duǒ individual measure word for cloud and flowers
measure word for the number of repetitions in a given period of time
bǎi hundred
百货公司 百貨公司 bǎi huò gōng sī department store
uncooked rice
yáng sheep, goat
lǎo old, aged
老人 老人 lǎo rén old man/woman
老师 老師 lǎo shī teacher
考试 考試 kǎo shì test, exam/to take a test
耳朵 耳朵 ěr duo ear
ròu meat
自己 自己 zì jǐ oneself, by oneself
xíng to be OK, to be permitted
衣服 衣服 yī fú clothes, clothing
西瓜 西瓜 xī guā watermelon
西(边) 西(邊) xī biān west
wèi individual measure word for people.
zhù to stay, to live
但是 但是 dàn shì but, still, however
作业 作業 zuò yè homework
你(们) 你(們) nǐ men you
to be low
lěng to be cold
冷气(机) 冷氣(機) lěng qì jī air conditioning; cold air
bié don’t
别人 別人 bié rén other people
努力 努力 nǔ lì make great effort, try hard
ba question particle, implying probability/sentence suffix, indicating a request
告诉 告訴 gào sù to tell, to inform
chuī blow, puff, play (wind instruments)
zuò to sit
wán to finish, to complete (something)
希望 希望 xī wàng to hope, to wish
chuáng bed
弟弟 弟弟 dì di younger brother
wàng to forget
kuài quickly/to be fast
快乐 快樂 kuài lè to be happy
我(们) 我(們) wǒ men I (we)
indicating pre-verbal object as thing dealt with by the action
zhǎo to return change after a purchase, to look for, to search
gǎi to change, to alter, to correct
gèng even more, still more
měi every
沙发 沙發 shā fā sofa
决定 決定 jué dìng to decide
méi not (have)
没有 沒有 méi yǒu did not, have not
没问题 沒問題 méi wèn tí no problem
没关系 沒關係 méi guān xì no problem, never mind, it doesn’t matter
汽水 汽水 qì shuǐ soda pop, carbonated drink
汽车 汽車 qì chē automobile, car
男孩(儿)(子) 男孩(兒)(子) nán hái ér zi boy
肚子 肚子 dù zi stomach, belly, abdomen
jiàn to see, to meet
见面 見面 jiàn miàn to meet someone, to see someone
zǒu to walk
走路 走路 zǒu lù to walk (in the road or street)
足球 足球 zú qiú football, soccer
身体 身體 shēn tǐ body
辛苦 辛苦 xīn kǔ to be difficult, hard, painful, exhausting; to experience difficulty, hardship, pain, exhaustion
that
那儿 那兒 nà er there
那里 那裡 nà lǐ there
那么 那麼 nà me well, in that case/like that, in that way
那边 那邊 nà biān there, over there
guāi well-behaved
shì affair, work
事情 事情 shì qíng affair; something to do, a matter, event
lái to come
儿子 兒子 ér zi son
liǎng two
刷牙 刷牙 shuā yá to brush ones teeth
dào to reach, to arrive/to leave for
味道 味道 wèi dào taste, flavor, smell, odor
咖啡 咖啡 kā fēi coffee
and
ne a question particle/a particle indicating the situation or state of affairs is being sustain
奇怪 奇怪 qí guài to be strange, to be queer, to be unusual
妹妹 妹妹 mèi mei younger sister
姐姐 姐姐 jiě jie elder sister
xìng surname, family name
diàn store, shop
wǎng to go toward
niàn to read aloud, to study
to fear
huò or, either or
或是 或是 huò shì or, perhaps
房(子) 房(子) fáng zi house
房间 房間 fáng jiān room
所以 所以 suǒ yǐ therefore, so
所有 所有 suǒ yǒu all
to pull, to tug
pāi to clap, beat, pat; to take a photo, shoot a film
bào to hug, to embrace, to hold or carry in one’s arms
fàng to put, to release
放假 放假 fàng jià to have a holiday, vacation
明天 明天 míng tiān tomorrow
明年 明年 míng nián next year
服务生 服務生 fú wù shēng attendant, service person, waiter
朋友 朋友 péng yǒu friend
东西 東西 dōng xī thing
东(边) 東(邊) dōng biān east
果汁 果汁 guǒ zhī fruit juice
zhī individual measure word for flowers and grass.
zhī individual measure word for rod-shaped article.
bēi a cup of
杯子 杯子 bēi zi cup
注意 注意 zhù yì to pay attention to, to take notice of
river
yóu oil
to climb, to crawl
爬山 爬山 pá shān to climb a mountain, to hike on hills
爸爸 爸爸 bà ba father
gǒu dog
玩(儿) 玩(兒) wán ér to play, to enjoy
de possessive or modifying particle
知道 知道 zhī dào to know
空气 空氣 kōng qì air
花(儿) 花(兒) huā ér flower
花园 花園 huā yuán flower garden
jìn to be near
mén door, gate
门口 門口 mén kǒu entrance, doorway
阿姨 阿姨 ā yí one’s mother’s sister, auntie
附近 附近 fù jìn nearby
rain
雨天 雨天 yǔ tiān rainy day
非常 非常 fēi cháng very, extremely
liàng to be sunny, to be bright
xìn letter
信封 信封 xìn fēng envelope
便宜 便宜 pián yí to be cheap
前天 前天 qián tiān the day before yesterday
前面 前面 qián miàn front, forward, before
南(边) 南(邊) nán biān south
城市 城市 chéng shì city
孩(子) 孩(子) hái zi child
客人 客人 kè rén guest, visitor
客气 客氣 kè qì to be polite
客厅 客廳 kè tīng living room
fēng measure word for letters, telegrams, etc.
屋(子) 屋(子) wū zi room
hěn very
后来 後來 hòu lái afterwards, later on
后面 後面 hòu miàn back
怎么 怎麼 zěn me how
怎么样 怎麼樣 zěn me yàng How about…… ? How’s everything ?
怎么办 怎麼辦 zěn me bàn What now ?
故事 故事 gù shì story
春天 春天 chūn tiān spring, springtime
shì to be (am, are, is)
星星 星星 xīng xing stars
星期 星期 xīng qí week
星期天 星期天 xīng qí tiān Sunday
星期日 星期日 xīng qí rì Sunday
昨天 昨天 zuó tiān yesterday
to wash
洗衣机 洗衣機 xǐ yī jī clothes washing machine
洗澡 洗澡 xǐ zǎo to take a bath or shower
huó live, save (sb.’s life)
活动 活動 huó dòng activity
wèi because of, for (someone or something)
为什么 為什麼 wèi shé me why
相信 相信 xiāng xìn believe in, be convinced of
kàn to watch, to read, to look at
看见 看見 kàn jiàn to see
看到 看到 kàn dào to see
科学 科學 kē xué science
秋天 秋天 qiū tiān autumn, fall
穿 穿 chuān to wear, to put on
红包 紅包 hóng bāo red envelope containing a money gift
红茶 紅茶 hóng chá black tea
红绿灯 紅綠燈 hóng lù dēng traffic light
yuē make an appointment
měi to be beautiful
美丽 美麗 měi lì beautiful
pàng to be fat
to be toilsome, hard; sad; bitter/toil, hardship
英文 英文 yīng wén English language
yào to want
要是 要是 yào shì if
计划 計畫 jì huà plan, project, program/to plan, to map out
计程车 計程車 jì chéng chē taxi
重要 重要 zhòng yào to be important, to be vital
音乐 音樂 yīn yuè music
fēng wind
风景 風景 fēng jǐng scenery, view landscape
fēi to fly
飞机 飛機 fēi jī airplane
食物 食物 shí wù food, edibles
xiāng to be scented, to be fragrant
jiè to borrow, to lend
dǎo to pour, to dump out
individual measure word for persons and material things.
刚刚 剛剛 gāng gāng just now
原来 原來 yuán lái originally, formerly
哥哥 哥哥 gē ge elder brother
to cry, to weep
which
哪儿 哪兒 where
哪里 哪裡 nǎ lǐ where
夏天 夏天 xià tiān summer, summertime
tào collective measure word for a group of things used together.
害怕 害怕 hài pà be afraid/scared
jiā home, family
家庭 家庭 jiā tíng family, household
容易 容易 róng yì to be easy
恭喜 恭喜 gōng xǐ to congratulate
to bring, to carry (in one’s, or with one’s hand)
旁边(儿) 旁邊(兒) páng biān ér side, by the side of, near by
旅行 旅行 lǚ xíng to travel, to take a trip
旅游 旅遊 lǚ yóu travel
时候 時候 shí hòu time
时间 時間 shí jiān time
shū book
书包 書包 shū bāo school-bag
书店 書店 shū diàn bookstore
书桌 書桌 shū zhuō desk
校长 校長 xiào zhǎng principal/head of a school, head-master
桌(子) 桌(子) zhuō zi table
消息 消息 xiāo xí news, information
海(边) 海(邊) hǎi biān ocean, sea
kǎo to roast, to toast, to bake
liú to leave (message, thing, etc.), to stay, to remain
bìng illness, disease
病人 病人 bìng rén patient
téng to be ache, to be in pain, to be sore
zhēn really/real, true
to be broken
zhù to wish (someone good health, good luck, etc.) to offer good wishes
zhàn (train, bus) station/to stand
xiào to smile, to laugh, to laugh at
笑话 笑話 xiào huà joke
zhǐ paper
néng can, be physically able to
cǎo grass
草地 草地 cǎo dì lawn
to record, to write, to jot down
讨厌 討厭 tǎo yàn to dislike, to loathe, to hate
to stand up, get up, to lift, to rise
起床 起床 qǐ chuáng to get up
起来 起來 qǐ lái to stand up, to rise
sòng to escort, to deliver, to send off, to present
jiǔ wine or liquor
院(子) 院(子) yuàn zi yard
zhī measure word for the one of two things of the same kind.
zhī measure word for one of the symmetrical limbs or organs of people or animals.
zhī individual measure word for insects or animals
horse
马上 馬上 mǎ shàng immediately
gāo to be tall, to be high
高兴 高興 gāo xìng to be happy
gān to be dry
干净 乾淨 gān jìng to be clean
tíng to stop
zuò to do, to make
做菜 做菜 zuò cài to cook
健康 健康 jiàn kāng to be healthy, in good physical condition; health
tōu to steal, to burglarize
dòng to move; to be moved
动物 動物 dòng wù animal
动物园 動物園 dòng wù yuán zoo
参加 參加 cān jiā to attend, to participate
商店 商店 shāng diàn store
a ah, an exclamation
唱歌(儿) 唱歌(兒) chàng gē ér sing
wèn to ask
问题 問題 wèn tí problem/question
国(家) 國(家) guó jiā nation, country
to mail
宿舍 宿舍 sù shè dormitory
cháng often, usually, generally
常常 常常 cháng cháng often, frequently
dài to bring
zhāng individual measure word for flat things, or things with a surface.
zhāng individual measure word for the mouth or face of a person or animal.
de a particle used between a verb or adjective and its complement to indicate manner or degree
cóng from
从前 從前 cóng qián formerly, in the past, used to
nín you ( formal usage)
diào drop, fall, come off, lose, be missing, fall behind, change, turn
guà to hang
tuī push, decline, refuse, reject, put off, postpone, delay
jiāo to teach
教室 教室 jiào shì classroom
晚上 晚上 wǎn shàng evening
晚安 晚安 wǎn ān good night
晚饭 晚飯 wǎn fàn dinner, supper
晚餐 晚餐 wǎn cān dinner, supper
tiáo individual measure word for long, narrow things.
tiáo individual measure word for natural things, such as mountains, rivers, etc.
tiáo individual measure word for insects or animals.
liáng to be cool
凉快 涼快 liáng kuài to be (pleasantly) cool
清楚 清楚 qīng chǔ to be clear
cāi guess, suspect
qiú ball
现在 現在 xiàn zài now, right now
瓶(子) 瓶(子) píng zi collective measure word for the things wrapped, tied up or fixed in bundles.
tián to be sweat
盒(子) 盒(子) hé zi box, case
眼睛 眼睛 yǎn jīng eyes
眼镜 眼鏡 yǎn jìng glasses, spectacles
piào ticket
a prefix for ordinal numbers
lèi to be tired
习惯 習慣 xí guàn habit
聊天(儿) 聊天(兒) liáo tiān ér to chat/chatting
chuán ship, boat
dàn egg
蛋糕 蛋糕 dàn gāo cake
bèi a passive voice indicator
袋子 袋子 dài zi bag, sack
许多 許多 xǔ duō many, a lot of
zhè this
这些 這些 zhè xiē these
这里 這裡 zhè lǐ here
这样 這樣 zhè yàng such, this kind
通知 通知 tōng zhī information/to inform, to notify
dōu all, both
阴天 陰天 yīn tiān overcast sky, cloudy day
xuě snow
fish
niǎo bird
麻烦 麻煩 má fán an on annoyance, troublesome/to be annoyed; to bother
sǎn umbrella
zuì the most, -est.
最近 最近 zuì jìn recently, lately
to drink
wèi a common telephone or intercom greeting “hello”
喜欢 喜歡 xǐ huān to like
报纸 報紙 bào zhǐ newspaper, newsprint
寒假 寒假 hán jià winter vacation
jiù just, exactly, only; then, right away; (indicating immediacy)
就要 就要 jiù yào soon, in no time
帽(子) 帽(子) mào zi hat, cap, headgear
huàn to change
晴天 晴天 qíng tiān clear day, sunny day
暑假 暑假 shǔ jià summer vacation
椅子 椅子 yǐ zi chair
individual measure word for plants and vegetable.
森林 森林 sēn lín forest
bàng good; fine; excellent, great!
棒球 棒球 bàng qiú baseball
游泳 游泳 yóu yǒng to swim
游泳池 游泳池 yóu yǒng chí swimming pool
tāng soup
汤匙 湯匙 tāng chí soup spoon
to be thirsty
无聊 無聊 wú liáo to be bored; to be boring and uninteresting; to be a nuisance; to be nonsensical
然后 然後 rán hòu afterwards, then
zhǔ boil, cook
huà picture, drawing
画家 畫家 huà jiā a painter (as in an artist)
tòng to be painful
发生 發生 fā shēng to happen, to occur, take place
发现 發現 fā xiàn to discover
duǎn to be short
窗/窗户 窗/窗戶 chuāng chuān window
děng to wait
pen
结婚 結婚 jié hūn to marry, to get married
gěi to give/for, for the benefit of, by (in passive cons.)
舒服 舒服 shū fú to be comfortable
zhe P: a verbal suffix, indicating the action or the state is continuing
着急 著急 zhāo jí to be nervous, anxious
cài food, cuisine
菜单 菜單 cài dān menu
guì to be expensive
mǎi to buy
越来越 越來越 yuè lái yuè more and more……
超级市场 超級市場 chāo jí shì chǎn supermarket
pǎo to run
周末 周末 zhōu mò weekend
jìn move forward, enter
进去 進去 jìn qù go in
进步 進步 jìn bù progress; to improve
进来 進來 jìn lái come in
邮局 郵局 yóu jú post office
邮票 郵票 yóu piào postage stamp
乡下 鄉下 xiāng xià countryside
kāi to drive, to open, to turn on
开心 開心 kāi xīn feel happy, rejoice
开水 開水 kāi shuǐ boiling/boiled water
开车 開車 kāi chē to drive a car
开学 開學 kāi xué start school, begin term
jiān container measure word for houses or other buildings.
yún cloud
fàn food, meal
饭店 飯店 fàn diàn hotel, restaurant
饮料 飲料 yǐn liào soft drink, beverage
luàn to be messy
ma a question particle
yuán to be round, to be circular
kuài partial measure word for lumps of foodstuff.
kuài individual measure word for a solid substance with a regular shape.
kuài individual measure word for Chinese currency.
妈妈 媽媽 mā ma mother
意思 意思 yì si meaning, idea, definition
感冒 感冒 gǎn mào to have a cold; cold, flu
xiǎng to think, to miss
ài to love/be apt to
bān to move
xīn to be new
新年 新年 xīn nián new year
新闻 新聞 xīn wén news
暖和 暖和 nuǎn huo to be warm
huì can, be able to, be good at, be skillful in
suì measure word for the age of people or animals.
滑雪 滑雪 huá xuě to ski
准备 準備 zhǔn bèi to prepare, to intend
照片(儿) 照片(兒) zhào piàn ér photograph
照相机 照相機 zhào xiàng jī camera
爷爷 爺爺 yé ye grandpa, grandfather (father’s father) ; a respectful form of address for an old man
当然 當然 dāng rán of course
ǎi short (of stature), low
wǎn measure word for servings of food; bowl
筷(子) 筷(子) kuài zi chopsticks
节目 節目 jié mù program, events (of entertainment, a program, etc.)
经过 經過 jīng guò to pass by, to pass through
jiǎo foot
hào measure word for numbers and dates.
号码 號碼 hào mǎ number
裙(子) 裙(子) qún zi skirt
zhuāng to fill, to load
里面 裡面 lǐ miàn inside
里边(儿) 裡邊(兒) lǐ biān ér interior, inside
解决 解決 jiě jué to resolve, settle
shì to try
gēn with/and
road
路上 路上 lù shàng on the road
跳舞 跳舞 tiào wǔ to dance
运动 運動 yùn dòng sport, exercise/to exercise
guò V: to pass, P: a suffix indicating completion of an action, or completion of an action as an experience
过去 過去 guò qù in the past, formerly/go over, pass by
过年 過年 guò nián to celebrate the Chinese New Year
过来 過來 guò lái come over/up, come here
biàn measure word for the course of an action from the beginning to the end.
铅笔 鉛筆 qiān bǐ pencil
diàn electricity
电脑 電腦 diàn nǎo computer
电话 電話 diàn huà telephone, call
电影 電影 diàn yǐng movie
电影院 電影院 diàn yǐng yuàn cinema, movie (house)
电灯 電燈 diàn dēng electric lamp/light
líng zero
bǎo to be full (after eating)
图片 圖片 tú piàn picture, photograph
图书馆 圖書館 tú shū guǎn library
duì answer, reply, treat
对不起 對不起 duì bù qǐ I’m sorry; Excuse me
对面 對面 duì miàn the other side, place across from
màn to be slow; slowly
歌(儿) 歌(兒) gē ér song
漂亮 漂亮 piào liàng to be beautiful, to be pretty
汉字 漢字 hàn zì Ch. character, sinograph
汉语 漢語 hàn yǔ Chinese/Sinitic language (s)
shuì to sleep
睡觉 睡覺 shuì jiào to sleep
zhòng plant, cultivate, sow
zhǒng collective measure word for people or things of the same kind.
zhǒng collective measure word for abstract things of the same kind.
suàn to calculate
紧张 緊張 jǐn zhāng to be nervous, to be tense
网球 網球 wǎng qiú tennis
tuǐ leg
语言 語言 yǔ yán language
语法 語法 yǔ fǎ grammar
认为 認為 rèn wéi to believe that, consider that
认真 認真 rèn zhēn to be conscientious, earnest, serious/conscientiously, seriously, earnestly
认识 認識 rèn shì to recognize, to realize
shuō to speak, to say
说话 說話 shuō huà to speak, to say, to talk
qīng to be light
yuǎn to be far from
suān to be sour
银行 銀行 yín háng bank
饺(子) 餃(子) jiǎo zi Chinese dumpling
饼干 餅乾 bǐng gān biscuit, cracker, cookie
嘴巴 嘴巴 zuǐ bā mouth
xiě to write
厨房 廚房 chú fáng kitchen
庆祝 慶祝 qìng zhù to celebrate
摩托车 摩托車 mó tuō chē motorcycle, motor scooter
shǔ to count, to enumerate
样子 樣子 yàng zi appearance, shape, model, pattern
to be hot
热狗 熱狗 rè gǒu hot dog
热闹 熱鬧 rè nào to be lively, to be fun, to be bustling with noise
shòu to be thin
pán container measure word for the contents of a plate.
盘子 盤子 pán zi plate
箱(子) 箱(子) xiāng zi box, trunk, case
练习 練習 liàn xí to practice, to drill/practice, exercise
tán to talk about
qǐng to please, to invite
请客 請客 qǐng kè to host, to invite, to treat someone (to dinner, etc.)
请问 請問 qǐng wèn excuse me, may I ask?
class
课文 課文 kè wén text in a school book
课本 課本 kè běn textbook
shéi who, whom
zhū pig, hog, swine
mài to sell
to kick
liàng measure word for any conveyance, etc.
鞋(子) 鞋(子) xié zi shoes
饿 è to be hungry
xué to study
学生 學生 xué shēng student
学校 學校 xué xiào school
学习 學習 xué xí to study; to learn
shù tree
qiáo bridge
机场 機場 jī chǎng airport
机会 機會 jī huì chance, opportunity
táng candy, sugar
兴趣 興趣 xìng qù interest
裤(子) 褲(子) kù zi trousers, pants
qīn to kiss
māo cat
办公室 辦公室 bàn gōng shì office
办法 辦法 bàn fǎ method, way of doing something
迟到 遲到 chí dào to be late/arrive late
biǎo watch
cuò to be wrong/mistake
qián money
随便 隨便 suí biàn whatever, wherever, whenever, do as one please
tóu head
头发 頭髮 tóu fǎ hair (on the human head)
餐桌 餐桌 cān zhuō dining table
餐厅 餐廳 cān tīng restaurant
bāng to help, to assist
帮忙 幫忙 bāng máng to help someone do something
应该 應該 yīng gāi should, ought to
dǒng to understand
dài to wear (hat, watch, jewelry etc.)
to rub, to wipe, to clean
qiáng wall
总是 總是 zǒng shì always, without exception
总统 總統 zǒng tǒng president (of a public)
声音 聲音 shēng yīn sound, voice
聪明 聰明 cōng míng to be intelligent
liǎn face
jiǎng to speak, explain
讲话 講話 jiǎng huà speak, talk, address
谢谢 謝謝 xiè xiè xie to thanks, to thank you
hái still, yet
还是 還是 hái shì or
虽然 雖然 suī rán though, although
点(儿) 點(兒) diǎn ér partial measure word for a small quantity of things.
点心 點心 diǎn xīn a snack, light refreshment
点菜 點菜 diǎn cài to order food
点钟 點鐘 diǎn zhōng o’clock
礼物 禮物 lǐ wù present, gift
简单 簡單 jiǎn dān to be simple, uncomplicated
jiù to be old, to be used
医生 醫生 yī shēng doctor
医院 醫院 yī yuàn hospital
be away from, apart from, separated from
离开 離開 lí kāi to leave
shuāng measure word for two things of the same kind to be used together.
颜色 顏色 yán sè color
to ride; to drive (a bicycle, motor cycle, horse, etc.)
huài to be bad
yào medicine
guān to close; to turn off
nán to be difficult
难过 難過 nán guò to be sad, to be distressed
愿意 願意 yuàn yì be willing, want to, like to
篮球 籃球 lán qiú basketball
苹果 蘋果 píng guǒ apple
觉得 覺得 jué de to feel, to think, to consider
警察 警察 jǐng chá police officer
钟(头) 鐘(頭) zhōng tóu hour
miàn flour, dough, noodle
面包 麵包 miàn bāo bread
护士 護士 hù shì (hospital) nurse
tīng to listen
听说 聽說 tīng shuō hear, hear it said
衬衫 襯衫 chèn shān a dress shirt or a collared blouse with buttons
to read; to go to/attend school or college
读书 讀書 dú shū to study, to read
zāng to be dirty
钥匙 鑰匙 yào shi key
biān side

Learner’s Level

Simplified Traditional pinyin English Definitions
one
as soon as
一下子/儿 一下子/兒 yí xià zi ér in a short while
一切 一切 yí qiè everything
一半(儿) 一半(兒) yí bàn ér half, in part
一共 一共 yí gòng altogether
一些 一些 yì xiē some, a few
一定 一定 yí dìng certainly, indeed, surely
一直 一直 yì zhí straight; constantly, continuously
一起 一起 yì qǐ together, in company, altogether, in all
一块(儿) 一塊(兒) yí kuài ér together
一会儿 一會兒 yì huǐ ér a moment, a short while
一样 一樣 yí yàng same, equal, similar
一样 一樣 yí yàng same
一点(儿) 一點(兒) yì diǎn ér a bit, a little, a crumb, a fraction
一点(儿) 一點(兒) yì diǎn ér a bit of
一边 一邊 yì biān at the same time, simultaneously; on the one/other hand
seven
jiǔ nine
le indicates the completion of an action, and in some situation can be translated as past tense in English
le indicates excessiveness, completion of action, change of state, and imminent action
了解 了解 liǎo jiě to understand, to comprehend
èr two, second
rén person, people
人口 人口 rén kǒu population
人民 人民 rén mín the people, citizen
人们 人們 rén men people
人家 人家 rén jiā dwelling, household, family, sb. else’s house
人家 人家 rén jiā a pronoun for sb. else, I (used by females)
eight
dāo knife, sword, blade
刀子 刀子 dāo zi small knife, dagger, pocketknife
power, strength
shí ten
十分 十分 shí fēn completely, very, fully, utterly, extremely
十字路口 十字路口 shí zì lù kǒu a crossroads, a crossing, an intersection, a crossing place
yòu and, in addition, but, on the other hand
yòu again, moreover
sān three
xià next, second
xià under (condition/fact etc.)
xià measure word to show the frequency of an action
xià go downwards, descend, alight, go to, exit, leave
下午 下午 xià wǔ afternoon
下去 下去 xià qù go down; descend
下车 下車 xià chē to get off/out of vehicle
下来 下來 xià lái to come down from a higher place
下来 下來 xià lái [aspect]
下雨 下雨 xià yǔ to rain
下面 下面 xià miàn under, below
下班 下班 xià bān to get off from work, to go off work
下雪 下雪 xià xuě to snow
下课 下課 xià kè to get out of class, end of class
shàng on, above
shàng preceding, previous
shàng go up, mount, board, get on, go to, leave for, present, forge/go ahead, enter
上午 上午 shàng wǔ before noon, morning
上去 上去 shàng qù go up
上车 上車 shàng chē get on/into (car/train/etc.)
上来 上來 shàng lái come up; up
上面 上面 shàng miàn above, up there
上班 上班 shàng bān to begin work, to start work, to go to work
上街 上街 shàng jiē to go into the street, to go shopping
上课 上課 shàng kè to go to class, to attend class
上学 上學 shàng xué attend school, be at school
jiǔ to be a long time
also
也许 也許 yě xǔ perhaps, probably, maybe
qiān thousand
叉子 叉子 chā zi fork
kǒu mouth
kǒu opening, entrance, gate, crossing, intersection, river month
kǒu (1) mouthful, measure word for things kept in the mouth; (2) measure word for people
口袋 口袋 kǒu dài a pocket
soil, earth, clay, land
土地 土地 tǔ dì ground, soil, acres, land
to be big, to be large
大人 大人 dà rén adult
大衣 大衣 dà yī overcoat, topcoat
大家 大家 dà jiā all of us, everyone
大部分/份 大部分/份 dà bù fèn most of, the majority of
大陆 大陸 dà lù mainland, continent, Mainland China
大概 大概 dà gài probably
大楼 大樓 dà lóu multi-storied building
大学 大學 dà xué university
大声 大聲 dà shēng loud
woman, female
女人 女人 nǚ rén woman
女生 女生 nǚ shēng girl, female, schoolgirl
女儿 女兒 nǚ ér daughter
女朋友 女朋友 nǚ péng yǒu girlfriend
女孩(子/儿) 女孩(子/兒) nǚ hái zi ér girl
xiǎo small, little, petty, minor; young
小心 小心 xiǎo xīn to take care, be careful
小姐 小姐 xiǎo jiě Miss
小朋友 小朋友 xiǎo péng yǒu children, little boy/girl, child (adult address to child)
小孩(子/儿) 小孩(子/兒) xiǎo hái zi ér child
小时 小時 xiǎo shí hour
小偷 小偷 xiǎo tōu thief, burglar
小说 小說 xiǎo shuō novel, short story
小学 小學 xiǎo xué primary school, elementary school
shān mountain
工人 工人 gōng rén worker
工作 工作 gōng zuò work, job
工作 工作 gōng zuò to work
已经 已經 yǐ jīng already
cái not until, only then, only, merely
not, no
不一定 不一定 bù yí dìng uncertain, not for sure, not necessarily
不久 不久 bù jiǔ not long after
不少 不少 bù shǎo a lot of
不少 不少 bù shǎo not few, many
不可 不可 bù kě cannot, should not, must not
不必 不必 bú bì need not, not have to
不用 不用 bú yòng need not, don’t have to
不同 不同 bù tóng different
不好意思 不好意思 bù hǎo yì si to feel embarrassed; to be ill at ease
不行 不行 bù xíng be not permitted
不但 不但 bú dàn not only
不见(了) 不見(了) bú jiàn le disappear, be lost
不客气 不客氣 bú kè qì you’re welcome
不要 不要 bú yào don’t want, don’t (do sth.)
不要紧 不要緊 bú yào jǐn unimportant, never mind
不得了 不得了 bù dé liǎo to be extremely, to be exceedingly
不过 不過 bú guò but, however
不管 不管 bù guǎn no matter, regardless of
不错 不錯 bú cuò to be not bad, pretty good
zhōng among, between, within, during
中午 中午 zhōng wǔ noon
中心 中心 zhōng xīn center, heart, central point
中文 中文 zhōng wén Chinese language
中间 中間 zhōng jiān between, among, in the middle of
中饭 中飯 zhōng fàn midday meal, lunch
中学 中學 zhōng xué middle school
中餐 中餐 zhōng cān Chinese meal/food; lunch
互相 互相 hù xiāng mutually, each other
five
什么 什麼 shé me what
今天 今天 jīn tiān today
今年 今年 jīn nián this year
介绍 介紹 jiè shào to introduce
yuán standard monetary unit in China
nèi during, within
内容 內容 nèi róng content, substance
liù six
公分 公分 gōng fēn centimeter
公尺 公尺 gōng chǐ meter
公斤 公斤 gōng jīn kilogram
公司 公司 gōng sī company
公共 公共 gōng gòng public, common, communal
公共汽车 公共汽車 gōng gòng qì bus
公克 公克 gōng kè gram
公车 公車 gōng chē bus
公车站 公車站 gōng chē zhàn bus stop
公里 公里 gōng lǐ kilometer
公寓 公寓 gōng yù apartment building
公园 公園 gōng yuán park
公路 公路 gōng lù highway, road
fēn to distribute, allot
fēn to separate, distinguish, differentiate, discriminate
fēn 1/100 of a Yuan; cent
分钟 分鐘 fēn zhōng minute
午饭 午飯 wǔ fàn lunch
午餐 午餐 wǔ cān lunch
tiān day, sky, heaven
tiān day
天天 天天 tiān tiān every day, daily
天气 天氣 tiān qì weather
tài too
太太 太太 tài tai wife, Mrs.,
太阳 太陽 tài yáng the sun
shǎo few, less
shǎo be deficient, (of things) to be missing
shǎo
尤其 尤其 yóu qí especially
chǐ a unit for measuring length
巴士 巴士 bā shì bus
xīn heart
心情 心情 xīn qíng mood, frame/state of mind
shǒu hand
手套 手套 shǒu tào gloves
手机 手機 shǒu jī cellular phone
手表 手錶 shǒu biǎo wristwatch
zhī (1) individual measure word for songs, etc.; (2) individual measure word for troops, etc.; (3) individual measure word for rod-shaped goods
文字 文字 wén zì characters, script, writing, written language, writing style/phraseology
文章 文章 wén zhāng essay, article, literary works, writings
文学 文學 wén xué literature
jīn a unit of weight
方向 方向 fāng xiàng direction, orientation
方式 方式 fāng shì way, fashion, pattern
方法 方法 fāng fǎ method, way, means
方便 方便 fāng biàn to be convenient
方面 方面 fāng miàn aspect, side, facet
(certain) day; daytime
date
日子 日子 rì zi day (date), days (time)
日记 日記 rì jì diary
日期 日期 rì qí date
yuè moon; month
月亮 月亮 yuè liàng moon
tree, timber, wood
木头 木頭 mù tóu wood, log, timber
to compare; compared to, than
to gesture with the hand to indicate (the shape, size of something)
比较 比較 bǐ jiào relatively, fairly
比赛 比賽 bǐ sài match, competition
比赛 比賽 bǐ sài compete in a game/activity/match
máo hair, feather
毛衣 毛衣 máo yī sweater
毛病 毛病 máo bìng trouble, illness, problem
shuǐ water
水果 水果 shuǐ guǒ fruit
水饺 水餃 shuǐ jiǎo boiled dumpling
huǒ fire
火车 火車 huǒ chē train
火车站 火車站 huǒ chē zhàn railway station
父亲 父親 fù qīn father
piàn partial measure word for a vast expanse of something
tooth
牙刷 牙刷 yá shuā toothbrush
牙齿 牙齒 yá chǐ tooth
niú ox, cattle, cow
牛奶 牛奶 niú nǎi cow’s milk
牛肉 牛肉 niú ròu beef
世界 世界 shì jiè the world
主人 主人 zhǔ rén master, host, owner
主任 主任 zhǔ rèn director, head, chair
主要 主要 zhǔ yào main, chief, principal, major
主意 主意 zhǔ yì idea, plan, decision, definite view
以前 以前 yǐ qián before, formerly, previously
以前 以前 yǐ qián langsyne, ago, in the past, formerly, prevenient, before, previously
以后 以後 yǐ hòu hereafter, afterward
以后 以後 yǐ hòu afterwards, later, future, in the future, hereafter
以为 以為 yǐ wéi to think, assume (incorrectly)
to pay
he
他们 他們 tā men they
代表 代表 dài biǎo to represent, to stand for
代表 代表 dài biǎo representative, delegate
兄弟 兄弟 xiōng dì brother (s)
dōng winter
冬天 冬天 dōng tiān winter, wintertime
chū (1) produce, turn out, arise, happen; (2) issue, put out, post, put forth, vent, rise well (in cooking), pay out, expend
出去 出去 chū qù to go out, to leave
出来 出來 chū lái to come out
出国 出國 chū guó go abroad (from one’s own country)
出现 出現 chū xiàn to appear, to arise, to emerge
出发 出發 chū fā to set out, start off, start/proceed from
jiā to add to
功课 功課 gōng kè homework
bāo to wrap, to contain; package of, parcel of
bāo collective measure word for the things wrapped, tied up or fixed in bundles
包子 包子 bāo zi steamed stuffed bun
běi north
北边 北邊 běi biān north side, northern part
bàn half
半天 半天 bàn tiān half a day, a very long time
卡片 卡片 kǎ piàn card
卡车 卡車 kǎ chē truck, lorry
to go
去年 去年 qù nián last year
can, may
可以 可以 kě yǐ can, may, be permitted
可以 可以 kě yǐ passable, pretty good, not bad
可是 可是 kě shì but, however
可能 可能 kě néng probably, maybe
可能 可能 kě néng possibility
可爱 可愛 kě ài to be lovable, likeable, adorable, cute
可乐 可樂 kě lè cola
yòu right side
右手 右手 yòu shǒu right hand
右边 右邊 yòu biān right-hand side, the right
jiào let, make
叫1 叫1 jiào to ask
叫2 叫2 jiào to be called
叫3 叫3 jiào to cry, shout, yell
叫4 叫4 jiào to call, to order
叫做 叫做 jiào zuò be called, be known as
zhǐ only
只好 只好 zhǐ hǎo can only, have no choice but, have to, be forced to
只有 只有 zhǐ yǒu can only, have no choice but, to be forced to
只要 只要 zhǐ yào so long as, provided
tái measure word for machines, facilities, etc.
measure word for a sentence, or a line of a poem, song, etc.
句子 句子 jù zi sentence
four
wài outside, excluding
外文 外文 wài wén foreign language
外面 外面 wài miàn outside, exterior
外套 外套 wài tào overcoat
外国 外國 wài guó foreign country
外语 外語 wài yǔ foreign language
外边 外邊 wài biān outside, exterior
nǎi breasts, milk
奶奶 奶奶 nǎi nai grandma, grandmother (father’s mother)
奶茶 奶茶 nǎi chá tea with milk
it
它们 它們 tā men they (non-human)
巧克力 巧克力 qiǎo kè lì chocolate
zuǒ left
左手 左手 zuǒ shǒu left hand
左边 左邊 zuǒ biān left
市场 市場 shì chǎng market
cloth
píng flat, level
平安 平安 píng ān safe and sound
平常 平常 píng cháng in ordinary/normal times, ordinarily, usually
必须 必須 bì xū must
to hit, to beat, to strike
打扫 打掃 dǎ sǎo to sweep, to clean
打电话 打電話 dǎ diàn huà make a telephone call
打算 打算 dǎ suàn to plan
rēng to throw, to toss, to throw away
běn individual measure word for books or magazines, etc.
本子 本子 běn zi book, notebook, edition
本来 本來 běn lái originally
未来 未來 wèi lái future
zhèng just (now), right (now)
正在 正在 zhèng zài be in process/course of
正常 正常 zhèng cháng normal, regular
正确 正確 zhèng què correct, right, proper
母亲 母親 mǔ qīn mother
永远 永遠 yǒng yuǎn always, forever
玉米 玉米 yù mǐ maize, (Indian) corn
shēng to give birth to
生日 生日 shēng rì birthday
生字 生字 shēng zì unfamiliar word, new word (in pedagogy)
生活 生活 shēng huó life
生活 生活 shēng huó to live
生气 生氣 shēng qì to be angry; to take offense
生病 生病 shēng bìng to become ill, to be sick
生意 生意 shēng yì business, trade
yòng to use; using, with
用功 用功 yòng gōng to be studious, industrious, to be hard working
bái white
bái in vain, for nothing
白天 白天 bái tiān daytime, day
白色 白色 bái sè white
白菜 白菜 bái cài Chinese cabbage
skin, leather
皮包 皮包 pí bāo handbag, briefcase
目的 目的 mù dì purpose, aim, goal, objective, end
目前 目前 mù qián at present, at the moment
石油 石油 shí yóu petroleum, oil
石头 石頭 shí tóu stone
立刻 立刻 lì kè immediately, at once
丢1 丟1 diū throw, toss, throw away
丢2 丟2 diū lose, misplace
交1 交1 jiāo hand over, deliver
交2 交2 jiāo to make (friends)
休息 休息 xiū xí to rest, to relax
jiàn (1) individual measure word for clothes, etc.; (2) individual measure word for furniture, jewelry, etc.; (3) individual measure word for affairs, incidents, etc.
任何 任何 rèn hé any
fèn (1) partial measure word for part of the whole; (2) measure word for a set of food; (3) measure word for documents, newspapers, etc.
xiān first, in advance, before
先生 先生 xiān shēng mister, Mr., gentleman, sir, husband
quán all, whole
全身 全身 quán shēn whole body
全部 全部 quán bù all, whole
gòng together, altogether, in all
zài again, once more
再见 再見 zài jiàn Good-bye
bīng ice
冰块(儿) 冰塊(兒) bīng kuài ér ice cube
冰箱 冰箱 bīng xiāng refrigerator
危险 危險 wéi xiǎn dangerous, perilous
tóng similar, same
同时 同時 tóng shí simultaneously; in the meantime; in the meanwhile; at the same time; at one time; in chorus
同意 同意 tóng yì to agree, to consent, to approve
同样 同樣 tóng yàng same, equal, similar
同样 同樣 tóng yàng equally
同学 同學 tóng xué fellow student, schoolmate
each, every
各位 各位 gè wèi everyone
xiàng to, towards
名字 名字 míng zì full name, given name
名词 名詞 míng cí noun
合作 合作 hé zuò to cooperate, to collaborate, to work together
chī to eat, to have one’s meals
吃饭 吃飯 chī fàn to eat, to have a meal
因为 因為 yīn wèi because
huí to return
huí measure word for the times of an action
回去 回去 huí qù to leave, to go back
回来 回來 huí lái to return, to come back
回家 回家 huí jiā return home
回国 回國 huí guó return to one’s country
回答 回答 huí dá answer
回答 回答 huí dá answer, reply
common adv. particle
the earth, land, soil, fields, ground
an area, a region, a district, locality
地下 地下 dì xià underground
地方 地方 dì fāng place
地址 地址 dì zhǐ address
地区 地區 dì qū area, district, region
地图 地圖 dì tú map
zài indicating an action in progress
zài in, at, on, etc.
zài exist, live, be at/in/on, depend on, rest with
duō many, much, more, more than the correct/required number, excessive, too much, much/far more
duō to what degree, how…
duō more than, much more
duō more than the correct/required number, much/far more
多少 多少 duō shǎo somewhat; to some extent
多么 多麼 duó me how, what
hǎo very, quite
hǎo to be good/well
好了 好了 hǎo le elucidating a previous proposition so as to diminish its effect
好久 好久 hǎo jiǔ for a long time
好久不见 好久不見 hǎo jiǔ bú jiàn long time no see
好吃 好吃 hǎo chī to be fond of eating
好好(儿) 好好(兒) hǎo hǎo ér in perfectly good condition
好些 好些 hǎo xiē quite a lot, a lot of
好玩(儿) 好玩(兒) hǎo wán ér to be interesting, to be full of fun
好看 好看 hǎo kàn to be good-looking
好处 好處 hǎo chù good, benefit, advantage, gain, profit
好几 好幾 hǎo jǐ quite a few
好像 好像 hǎo xiàng to seem, to be likely, to be like
好听 好聽 hǎo tīng to be pleasant to listen to, pleasing to the ear, nice sounding
she
她们 她們 tā men they (female)
如果 如果 rú guǒ if, in case, in the event of
character
字典 字典 zì diǎn dictionary, thesaurus
安全 安全 ān quán to be safe, secure
安全 安全 ān quán safety, security
安排 安排 ān pái to arrange, to plan, to fix up, to provide
安排 安排 ān pái arrangement
安静 安靜 ān jìng to be quiet, calm, peaceful
nián age, New Year, a period in one’s life, a period in history, harvest
nián a year of
年年 年年 nián nián every year
年底 年底 nián dǐ end of year
年纪 年紀 nián jì age
年级 年級 nián jí grade, year (in school, etc.)
年轻 年輕 nián qīng to be young
máng to be busy
chéng to become, turn into
成功 成功 chéng gōng succeed
成绩 成績 chéng jī result, achievement, success
shōu to accept, to receive
shōu to collect, to gather
zǎo to be early
早上 早上 zǎo shàng morning
早安 早安 zǎo ān good morning
早晚 早晚 zǎo wǎn morning and evening, early or late
早饭 早飯 zǎo fàn breakfast
早餐 早餐 zǎo cān breakfast
yǒu to have; there is, there are
有(的)时候 有(的)時候 yǒu de shí hòu sometimes, now and then
有一点(儿) 有一點(兒) yǒu yì diǎn ér somewhat, rather, a bit
有用 有用 yǒu yòng to be useful
有名 有名 yǒu míng well-known, famous
有的 有的 yǒu de some
有空 有空 yǒu kòng have time (to do sth.)
有意思 有意思 yǒu yì si to be interesting
有趣 有趣 yǒu qù interesting, fascinating, amusing
有钱 有錢 yǒu qián be rich/wealthy
有点(儿) 有點(兒) yǒu diǎn ér somewhat, rather, a bit
duǒ individual measure word for flowers and cloud
measure word for the number of repetitions in a given period of time
to die
bǎi hundred
百货公司 百貨公司 bǎi huò gōng s department store
uncooked rice
米饭 米飯 mǐ fàn cooked rice
yáng sheep, goat
lǎo old, aged
老人 老人 lǎo rén old man/woman
老师 老師 lǎo shī teacher
kǎo give/take test
考试 考試 kǎo shì examination, test
考试 考試 kǎo shì to take a test
耳朵 耳朵 ěr duo ear
ròu meat
自己 自己 zì jǐ oneself
自由 自由 zì yóu free, unrestrained
自由 自由 zì yóu freedom, liberty
háng collective measure word for a number of persons or things in a line
xíng to be OK, to be permitted
衣服 衣服 yī fú clothes, clothing
西 西 west
西瓜 西瓜 xī guā watermelon
西餐 西餐 xī cān Western-style food, western-style food, western food
西边 西邊 xī biān west side
wèi individual measure word for people
位子 位子 wèi zi seat, place
zhù to live, to reside, to stay
但是 但是 dàn shì but, still, however
zuò to do, to make
作业 作業 zuò yè school assignment, work, task, operation, production
you
你们 你們 nǐ men you (plural)
to be low
a unit of weight
lěng to be cold
冷气 冷氣 lěng qì air conditioning
冷气机 冷氣機 lěng qì jī air conditioner
bié don’t
别人 別人 bié rén other people
别的 別的 bié de other, another, some other
利用 利用 lì yòng to use, to take advantage of, to exploit
努力 努力 nǔ lì make great effort, try hard
ba question particle, implying probability/sentence suffix, indicating a request
告诉 告訴 gào sù to tell, to inform
chuī blow, puff, play (wind instruments)
chǎo to make a noise, to disturb, to quarrel/to be noisy
used in emphasis
困难 困難 kùn nán difficult
困难 困難 kùn nán difficulty
zuò sit, take seat
zuò travel by (plane/etc.)
wán to finish, to complete (something)
完全 完全 wán quán completely, fully, wholly, absolutely
完成 完成 wán chéng to accomplish, to complete, to fulfill
希望 希望 xī wàng to hope, to wish
希望 希望 xī wàng hope, wish
chuáng bed
nòng a generalized verb of doing-make, get, fix, etc.
弟弟 弟弟 dì di younger brother
wàng to forget
忘记 忘記 wàng jì to forget
kuài to be fast
kuài quickly
快要 快要 kuài yào soon, in no time
快乐 快樂 kuài lè happy, cheerful
I, self
我们 我們 wǒ men we, us
(1) individual measure word for a thing with a handle or something like a handle; (2) measure word for something fastened together
indicating pre-verbal object as thing dealt with by the action
zhǎo to look for, to search
zhǎo to return change after a purchase
找钱 找錢 zhǎo qián to give change to someone after a purchase
gǎi to change, to alter, to correct
改变 改變 gǎi biàn to change, to alter, to transform
改变 改變 gǎi biàn change
gèng even more, still more
měi every
qiú to beseech, to request
沙发 沙發 shā fā sofa
决定 決定 jué dìng to decide
决定 決定 jué dìng decision, resolution
méi not
méi used to ask if an action has been completed
méi not have, there is not, be without
没什么 沒什麼 méi shé me nothing important; not bad; it is nothing to
没用 沒用 méi yòng useless
没有 沒有 méi yǒu not have, there is not, be without
没有 沒有 méi yǒu used to ask if an action has been completed
没有 沒有 méi yǒu not have, there is not
没事(儿) 沒事(兒) méi shì ér nothing important or exciting; all right
没问题 沒問題 méi wèn tí No problem
没意思 沒意思 méi yì si boring
没错 沒錯 méi cuò I’m quite sure
没关系 沒關係 méi guān xì no problem, never mind, it doesn’t matter
汽水 汽水 qì shuǐ soda pop, carbonated drink
汽车 汽車 qì chē automobile, car
nán man, male
男人 男人 nán rén man
男生 男生 nán shēng boy, male
男朋友 男朋友 nán péng yǒu boyfriend
男孩(子/儿) 男孩(子/兒) nán hái zi ér boy
肚子 肚子 dù zi stomach, belly, abdomen
jiàn to see, to meet
见面 見面 jiàn miàn to meet someone, to see someone
zǒu to walk
走路 走路 zǒu lù to walk (in the road or street)
足球 足球 zú qiú soccer, football
身上 身上 shēn shàng (on one’s) body
身体 身體 shēn tǐ body
车(子) 車(子) chē zi car, vehicle
车站 車站 chē zhàn station
辛苦 辛苦 xīn kǔ hard, toilsome, painstaking
then, in that case
that
那些 那些 nà xiē those
那儿 那兒 nà er there
那里/里 那裡/裏 nà lǐ there
那么 那麼 nà me like that, in that way
那么 那麼 nà me so
那样 那樣 nà yàng such, so, in that case
那样 那樣 nà yàng that kind of, like that
那边 那邊 nà biān that side, there
a unit of length
guāi well-behaved
shì affair, work
事情 事情 shì qíng affair; something to do, a matter, event
事实 事實 shì shí fact
xiē (1) indefinite measure word for indefinite quantity; (2) measure word following a verb or an adjective to indicate the state of an action or matter
xiē a little bit
使用 使用 shǐ yòng to use; to put to use; to make use of
例如 例如 lì rú for instance/example, e.g., such as
lái to come
儿子 兒子 ér zi son
儿童 兒童 ér tóng children
liǎng two
其中 其中 qí zhōng among (which, them, etc.) ; in (which, it, etc.)
其他 其他 qí tā others, the rest, other, else
其它 其它 qí tā others, the rest, other, else
a quarter of
刷牙 刷牙 shuā yá to brush ones teeth
dào (from…) to
dào up until
dào to arrive, reach, go to
到底 到底 dào dǐ to the end, at last, after all
到处 到處 dào chù everywhere
guā to shave
味道 味道 wèi dào taste, flavor, smell, odor
咖啡 咖啡 kā fēi coffee
and
(together) with
ne a question particle/a particle indicating the situation or state of affairs is being sustain
night, evening
夜里/里 夜裡/裏 yè lǐ at night
奇怪 奇怪 qí guài to be strange, to be queer, to be unusual
妹妹 妹妹 mèi mei younger sister
姐姐 姐姐 jiě jie elder sister
xìng be surnamed
xìng surname, family/clan name
姓名 姓名 xìng míng full name
姐妹 姊妹 jiě mèi sisters
姐姐 姊姊 jiě jie elder sister
you (female)
季节 季節 jì jié season
diàn shop, store, inn
end of period
底下 底下 dǐ xià under, below, beneath
wǎng toward
忽然 忽然 hū rán suddenly
niàn to read aloud
念书 念書 niàn shū to read, to study
guài to be strange, to be queer, to be unusual
to fear
huò or, either or
或是 或是 huò shì or, perhaps
房子 房子 fáng zi house
房东 房東 fáng dōng a landlord or landlady, a lessor
房租 房租 fáng zū rent
房间 房間 fáng jiān room
suǒ (1) measure word for buildings; (2) measure word for offices, working units, etc.
所以 所以 suǒ yǐ so, therefore
所有 所有 suǒ yǒu all
to pull, to tug
chōu (1) to draw out (from among) ; (2) to pump
pāi to clap, beat, pat; to take a photo, shoot a film
bào to hug, to embrace, to hold or carry in one’s arms
抱歉 抱歉 bào qiàn be sorry/apologetic
tái to carry (together) ; to lift, to raise
fàng to put, to release
放心 放心 fàng xīn to be at ease, not worry
放假 放假 fàng jià to have a holiday, vacation
明天 明天 míng tiān tomorrow
明白 明白 míng bái to understand, to know, to realize
明年 明年 míng nián next year
明信片 明信片 míng xìn piàn postcard
服务 服務 fú wù be in the service of, to serve
服务生 服務生 fú wù shēng attendant, service person, waiter
朋友 朋友 péng yǒu friend
dōng east
东西 東西 dōng xī thing
东边 東邊 dōng biān east
果汁 果汁 guǒ zhī fruit juice
zhī (1) individual measure word for flowers and grass; (2) individual measure word for rod-shaped article
bēi a cup of
杯子 杯子 bēi zi cup, glass
注意 注意 zhù yì to pay attention to, to take notice of
river
yóu oil
to climb, to crawl
爬山 爬山 pá shān to climb a mountain, to hike on hills
爸爸 爸爸 bà ba father
狗(儿) 狗(兒) gǒu ér dog
玩(儿) 玩(兒) wán ér to play, to enjoy
de (1) possessive particle; (2) common adj. particle; (3) common adv. particle
de emphasizing an action/situation; used in assertion
的话 的話 de huà if
zhí (1) straight, vertical; (2) just, righteous, honest, frank, forthright, stiff, numb
知道 知道 zhī dào to know
kōng to be empty
空气 空氣 kōng qì air
空间 空間 kōng jiān space, room
kěn to be willing to
huā to spend, to cost
huā flowery, florid, profligate
花(儿) 花(兒) huā ér flower
花园 花園 huā yuán flower garden
biǎo table, form, list
表现 表現 biǎo xiàn manifestation, expression
表现 表現 biǎo xiàn show, display, show off
表演 表演 biǎo yǎn to perform, act, play, demonstrate
表演 表演 biǎo yǎn performance
jìn to be near
金(子) 金(子) jīn zi metals, gold, money
cháng long
zhǎng
长大 長大 zhǎng dà to grow; to grow up
门(儿) 門(兒) mén ér door, gate
门口 門口 mén kǒu entrance, doorway
阿姨 阿姨 ā yí aunt, one’s mother’s sister; address to woman of similar age as parents
附近 附近 fù jìn nearby
rain
雨天 雨天 yǔ tiān rainy day
雨伞 雨傘 yǔ sǎn umbrella
青年 青年 qīng nián youth, young people
青菜 青菜 qīng cài green vegetables, greens
非常 非常 fēi cháng very, extremely
liàng to be sunny, to be bright
xìn letter, mail, message
xìn to trust; to believe
信心 信心 xìn xīn confidence, faith
信用卡 信用卡 xìn yòng kǎ credit card
信封 信封 xìn fēng envelope
信箱 信箱 xìn xiāng letter box, mailbox, post-office box
便宜 便宜 pián yí to be cheap
qián former, preceding
qián before, ago
qián front
前天 前天 qián tiān the day before yesterday
前年 前年 qián nián year before last
前面 前面 qián miàn in front, ahead, above, preceding
nán south
南边 南邊 nán biān the south
què however, but, yet, indeed
āi of surprise/warning/dissatisfaction
咳嗽 咳嗽 ké sòu to cough
城市 城市 chéng shì city
孩子 孩子 hái zi child
客人 客人 kè rén guest, visitor
客气 客氣 kè qì to be polite
客厅 客廳 kè tīng living room
fēng measure word for letters, telegrams, etc.
屋子 屋子 wū zi house
measure word for temperature
建设 建設 jiàn shè construction
建设 建設 jiàn shè to build, to construct
hěn very
hòu later, succeeding
hòu after
后天 後天 hòu tiān day after tomorrow
后来 後來 hòu lái subsequence
后面 後面 hòu miàn at the back, in the rear, behind
to be anxious, rushing
怎么 怎麼 zěn me how
怎么了 怎麼了 zěn me le what’s wrong?
怎么样 怎麼樣 zěn me yàng How about…… ? How’s everything ?
怎么办 怎麼辦 zěn me bàn What now ?
怎样 怎樣 zěn yàng how?
zhǐ point at/to/out
故事 故事 gù shì story
chūn spring
春天 春天 chūn tiān spring, springtime
春节 春節 chūn jié the Chinese New Year
shì (1) to be ( am, are, is) ; (2) certainly, for sure
星(星) 星(星) xīng xing stars
星期 星期 xīng qí week
星期天 星期天 xīng qí tiān Sunday
星期日 星期日 xīng qí rì Sunday
昨天 昨天 zuó tiān yesterday
jià (1) individual measure word for big machines or the things with wooden or metal framework; (2) individual measure word for the small things with wooden or metal supports
chá to check, investigate, look up
duàn (1) measure word for a part of something; (2) measure word for a part cut from something long and narrow; (3) measure word for a length of time or some distance
liú to flow
to wash
洗手间 洗手間 xǐ shǒu jiān toilet
洗衣机 洗衣機 xǐ yī jī washing machine
洗澡 洗澡 xǐ zǎo to take (or have) a bath
huó to be alive; to be nimble
活动 活動 huó dòng activity
活动 活動 huó dòng to exercise, move about
wèi because of, for (someone or something)
为什么 為什麼 wèi shé me why
相信 相信 xiāng xìn to believe (in) ; to trust
kàn to watch, to read, to look at
kàn to think, to consider
看见 看見 kàn jiàn to see
看到 看到 kàn dào to see
看法 看法 kàn fǎ way of looking at sth., view
看病 看病 kàn bìng to see a doctor; to see a patient
研究 研究 yán jiù study, research
研究 研究 yán jiù to study, to research
科学 科學 kē xué science
科学 科學 kē xué scientific
miǎo a second of
qiū autumn, fall
秋天 秋天 qiū tiān autumn, fall
穿 穿 chuān to wear, to put on, to be dressed in
hóng to be red
红包 紅包 hóng bāo red envelope containing a money gift
红茶 紅茶 hóng chá black tea
红绿灯 紅綠燈 hóng lǜ dēng traffic light
yuē to make an appointment
měi to be beautiful
美丽 美麗 měi lì beautiful
pàng to be fat
bèi back of body/object
bèi learn by heart, recite from memory
bēi carry on back, bear, shoulder
bitter
英文 英文 yīng wén English (language)
yào must, should
yào want/wish (to), ask (for) ; demand, request
要求 要求 yāo qiú to ask, to request, to demand
要求 要求 yāo qiú request, demand
要是 要是 yào shì if
要紧 要緊 yào jǐn important, essential, critical, serious
计划/划 計畫/劃 jì huà to plan, to map out
计划/划 計畫/劃 jì huà plan, project, program
计程车 計程車 jì chéng chē taxi
负责 負責 fù zé be responsible for, be in charge of
郊区 郊區 jiāo qū suburban district, outskirts
zhòng (1) heavy, weighty; (2) serious; (3) strong, considerable in amount/value
重要 重要 zhòng yào to be important, to be vital
miàn face, surface, side
miàn individual measure word for things with a flat or level surface, such as mirrors, drums
音乐 音樂 yīn yuè music
partial measure word for one side of a book or magazine
fēng wind
风景 風景 fēng jǐng scenery, landscape
fēi to fly, hover/flutter in the air
飞机 飛機 fēi jī airplane
食物 食物 shí wù food, edibles
xiāng to be scented, to be fragrant
值得 值得 zhí dé to be worth while, worth (doing something)
jiè to borrow, to lend
dǎo to fall over, to topple, to collapse
ge (1) individual measure word for persons and material things; (2) individual measure word for areas, units, etc.; (3) individual measure word for date, time, etc.; (4) individual measure
个人 個人 gè rén individual person
gāng just, only a short while ago
刚才 剛才 gāng cái just now
刚刚 剛剛 gāng gāng just now
原因 原因 yuán yīn cause, reason
原来 原來 yuán lái originally, formerly
原谅 原諒 yuán liàng to excuse, to forgive, to pardon
哥哥 哥哥 gē ge elder brother
to cry, to weep
which
a phrase-final particle
哪些 哪些 nǎ xiē which
哪儿 哪兒 nǎ er where
哪里 哪裡 nǎ lǐ where
哪里/里 哪裡/裏 nǎ lǐ where
哪里/里(儿) 哪裡/裏(兒) nǎ lǐ er what, how
夏天 夏天 xià tiān summer, summertime
tào collective measure word for a group of things used together
hài to cause trouble to, to impair
害怕 害怕 hài pà be afraid/scared
jiā home, family
jiā (1) collective measure word for a family; (2) individual measure word for an institution, enterprise, unit, etc.
家人 家人 jiā rén family members
家具 家具 jiā jù furniture; house furnishings; fittings
家庭 家庭 jiā tíng family, household
容易 容易 róng yì to be easy
chà (1) inferior, poor; (2) be short, lack
差(一)点(儿) 差(一)點(兒) chà yì diǎn ér nearly
差不多 差不多 chà bù duō be similar to, be about the same…
恭喜 恭喜 gōng xǐ to congratulate
to bring, to carry ( in one’s, or with one’s hand)
páng side, by the side of, other
旁边 旁邊 páng biān side, by the side of, near by
旅行 旅行 lǚ xíng to travel, to take a trip
旅游 旅遊 lǚ yóu travel
旅馆 旅館 lǚ guǎn hotel
时代 時代 shí dài times, era, epoch, period in one’s life
时候 時候 shí hòu time
时间 時間 shí jiān time
shū book
书包 書包 shū bāo school-bag
书店 書店 shū diàn bookstore
书架 書架 shū jià bookshelf, bookcase
书桌 書桌 shū zhuō desk
校长 校長 xiào zhǎng principal/head of a school, head-master
gēn roots of a plant, the base
gēn (1) individual measure word for long things; (2) individual measure word for soft and slender things; (3) individual measure word for slender plants; (4) individual measure word for slen
桌(子) 桌(子) zhuō zi table
anger, get angry
消息 消息 xiāo xí news, information
hǎi the sea
海洋 海洋 hǎi yáng seas and oceans, ocean
海边 海邊 hǎi biān sea beach, alongside the sea, coast
kǎo to roast, to toast, to bake
特别 特別 tè bié to be special
bān measure word for a group of organized people
liú to keep, to reserve, to leave behind
liú to stay
bìng illness, disease
bìng to become ill, to be sick
病人 病人 bìng rén patient
téng to be ache, to be in pain, to be sore
téng to love dearly
zhēn really, truly, indeed, clearly
zhēn real, true
真正 真正 zhēn zhèng really, truly
真正 真正 zhēn zhèng genuine, true, real
to be broken
zhù to wish ( someone good health, good luck, etc.) to offer good wishes
zhàn ( train, bus) station
zhàn to stand
xiào to smile, to laugh
xiào to laugh at
笑话 笑話 xiào huà joke
zhǐ paper
néng can or to be capable of
能力 能力 néng lì ability, capability, might
能够 能夠 néng gòu can, would, may
chòu foul, stinking, malodorous
cǎo grass
草地 草地 cǎo dì lawn
草原 草原 cǎo yuán grasslands, prairie
chá tea
to remember, bear in mind, commit to memory
to record, to write, to jot down
记得 記得 jì dé to remember
讨厌 討厭 tǎo yàn to loathe, to dislike, to have a dislike of, to take an aversion to
讨论 討論 tǎo lùn to discuss, to take something up with someone, to talk about
讨论 討論 tǎo lùn discussion
to stand up, get up, to lift, to rise
起床 起床 qǐ chuáng to get up
起来 起來 qǐ lái to stand up, to rise
sòng to escort, to deliver, to send off, to present
jiǔ wine or liquor
院子 院子 yuàn zi yard
除了 除了 chú le besides, except for
zhī (1) measure word for the one of two things of the same kind; (2) measure word for one of the symmetrical limbs or organs of people or animals; (3) individual measure word for insects
horse
马上 馬上 mǎ shàng immediately
马路 馬路 mǎ lù a street used by vehicular traffic, a road
gāo to be tall, to be high
高兴 高興 gāo xìng to be happy
gān to be dry
干净 乾淨 gān jìng to be clean
tíng to stop
停车 停車 tíng chē to park the car
jiǎ to be false, fake, a sham, phony
zuò to do, to make
做事 做事 zuò shì to take care of things, to do things, to do work
做菜 做菜 zuò cài to cook
做饭 做飯 zuò fàn to cook food
健康 健康 jiàn kāng to be healthy, in good physical condition; health
健康 健康 jiàn kāng healthy
tōu to steal, to burglarize
dòng to move; to be moved
动物 動物 dòng wù animal
动物园 動物園 dòng wù yuán zoo
参加 參加 cān jiā to attend, to participate
参观 參觀 cān guān to visit a place, exhibition, etc.
商店 商店 shāng diàn shop, store
la used when informing sb. of st.; indicating excitement/doubt/comfort/etc.
ā used in direct address and exclamation; indicating obviousness/impatience/suggestion; used for confirmation
a indicating elation, indicating doubt or questioning, indicating puzzled surprise, indicating agreement/approval
chàng to sing
唱歌 唱歌 chàng gē to sing
wèn to ask
问题 問題 wèn tí problem/question
啤酒 啤酒 pí jiǔ beer
guó country, nation
国家 國家 guó jiā nation, country
gòu quite
gòu enough
gòu be enough/sufficient/adequate
to mail
宿舍 宿舍 sù shè dormitory
将来 將來 jiāng lái future
cháng often, usually, generally
常常 常常 cháng cháng often, frequently
dài (1) take, bring, bear; (2) lead
zhāng (1) individual measure word for furniture with a flat surface; (2) individual measure word for the mouth or face of a person or animal
de a particle used between a verb or adjective and its complement to indicate manner or degree.
to get, take (sick)
děi should be, need
得到 得到 dé dào succeed in obtaining, gain, receive
得很 得很 de hěn very, quite, awfully
cóng from
从来 從來 cóng lái all along, at all times, always
从前 從前 cóng qián formerly, in the past, used to
nín (polite form of address) you
情形 情形 qíng xíng circumstances, situation
情况 情況 qíng kuàng circumstances, situation
jiē to receive, to meet, to come into contact with
接受 接受 jiē shòu to accept, receive (honors/etc.)
接着 接著 jiē zhe and then, after that
diào to fall, to drop, to lose
guà to hang
tuī to push forward
jiù to rescue; to relieve
jiāo to teach
教育 教育 jiào yù education
教育 教育 jiào yù educate, teach, inculcate
教室 教室 jiào shì classroom
教书 教書 jiāo shū to teach in school; to teach (usu. for a living)
wǎn evening, night
wǎn to be late
晚上 晚上 wǎn shàng evening
晚安 晚安 wǎn ān good night
晚饭 晚飯 wǎn fàn supper, dinner
晚会 晚會 wǎn huì evening entertainment/party
晚餐 晚餐 wǎn cān dinner, supper
tiáo individual measure word for limbs of persons or animals
shā to kill
liáng to be cool
凉快 涼快 liáng kuài to be (pleasantly) cool
dàn (1) tasteless, weak, thin, light, pale; (2) indifferent, trivial, dull
qiǎn (1) shallow; easy, simple; (2) superficial; (3) light (of color)
qīng pure, clear
清楚 清楚 qīng chǔ to be clear
shēn (1) to be deep; (2) profound or difficult (for) ; (3) (of colors) dark or deep
cāi to guess, suspect
qiú ball
现代 現代 xiàn dài modern times, contemporary age
现在 現在 xiàn zài now, right now
píng a bottle of
瓶子 瓶子 píng zi bottle
tián to be sweet
产品 產品 chǎn pǐn product
毕业 畢業 bì yè to graduate from a school
container measure word for things in a box
盒子 盒子 hé zi box, case, casket
眼睛 眼睛 yǎn jīng eyes
眼镜 眼鏡 yǎn jìng glasses, spectacles
piào ticket
bèn stupid, dull, clumsy, awkward, cumbersome
marker of ordinal numerals
to be fine, delicate
lèi to be tired
习惯 習慣 xí guàn habit
习惯 習慣 xí guàn be accustomed/used to
liáo to chat/chatting
聊天 聊天 liáo tiān to chat/chatting
tuō to peel, to take or to cast off
船(儿) 船(兒) chuán ér ship, boat
dàn egg
蛋糕 蛋糕 dàn gāo cake
bèi by
dài container measure word for things in a bag or a sack
袋子 袋子 dài zi bag, sack
访问 訪問 fǎng wèn to visit, to call on, to interview
许多 許多 xǔ duō many, a lot of
zhè this
这些 這些 zhè xiē these
这儿 這兒 zhè er here
这里/里 這裡/裏 zhè lǐ here
这么(样) 這麼(樣) zhè me yàng so, such, this way, like this
这样 這樣 zhè yàng such, this kind
这边 這邊 zhè biān this side, here
tōng unimpeded, unblocked
通知 通知 tōng zhī to inform, to notify
通知 通知 tōng zhī notice, circular
通过 通過 tōng guò to pass through; to come through; to get across
lián even
(1) measure word for films, books, etc.; (2) measure word for machines, vehicles, telephones, etc.
部分 部分 bù fèn part, section
部分/份 部分/份 bù fèn part, in part
dōu all, both
péi to accompany, to keep sb. company
yīn (of weather) overcast
阴天 陰天 yīn tiān overcast sky, cloudy day
xuě snow
鱼(儿) 魚(兒) yú ér fish
鸟(儿) 鳥(兒) niǎo ér bird
麻烦 麻煩 má fán to trouble
麻烦 麻煩 má fán trouble
sǎn umbrella
zuì most, -est.
最好 最好 zuì hǎo had better, it would be best
最近 最近 zuì jìn recently, lately
最后 最後 zuì hòu
最后 最後 zuì hòu finally, in the end/the very last
shèng to be left over; to remain
to drink
wèi hello, hey
喜欢 喜歡 xǐ huān to like
chǎng (1) measure word for the course of a natural phenomenon; (2) measure word for the frequency of certain activities such as examinations; (3) measure word for recreational activities
报纸 報紙 bào zhǐ newspaper, newsprint
寒假 寒假 hán jià winter vacation
jiù just, exactly, only; then, right away; (indicating immediacy)
就要 就要 jiù yào soon, in no time
帽子 帽子 mào zi hat, cap, headgear
厕所 廁所 cè suǒ toilet
提供 提供 tí gōng to provide; to supply; to put sth. up
提高 提高 tí gāo to lift, to raise, to heighten, to enhance, to increase, to improve, to advance
握手 握手 wò shǒu to shake (or clasp) hands
huàn to change
gǎn to dare
散步 散步 sàn bù to take a walk
qíng fine, clear, fair
晴天 晴天 qíng tiān clear day, sunny day
暑假 暑假 shǔ jià summer vacation
to take the place of, on behalf of
椅子 椅子 yǐ zi chair
individual measure word for plants and vegetable
measure word for subjects
(1) individual measure word for small and roundish things in nature; (2) individual measure word for a tooth
森林 森林 sēn lín forest
bàng good; fine; excellent, great!
棒球 棒球 bàng qiú baseball
游泳 游泳 yóu yǒng to swim
游泳池 游泳池 yóu yǒng chí swimming pool
lake
tāng soup
汤匙 湯匙 tāng chí soup spoon
to be thirsty
无聊 無聊 wú liáo to be bored ; to be boring and uninteresting; to be a nuisance; to be nonsensical
然后 然後 rán hòu afterwards, then
zhǔ to boil, to cook
huà to draw, to paint
画(儿) 畫(兒) huà ér picture, drawing, painting
画家 畫家 huà jiā a painter (as in an artist)
画画(儿) 畫畫(兒) huà huà ér to paint a painting
tòng to be painful
痛苦 痛苦 tòng kǔ be painful
to distribute, to issue (a handbill)
发生 發生 fā shēng to happen, to occur, take place
发现 發現 fā xiàn to find, to discover
发现 發現 fā xiàn discovery
发票 發票 fā piào invoice
发烧 發燒 fā shāo to be under an attack of fever
duǎn to be short
程度 程度 chéng dù degree, level, extent
窗(子) 窗(子) chuāng zi window
窗户 窗戶 chuāng hù window
děng and so on, etc.
děng till
děng to wait
pen
答应 答應 dā yìng answer, reply
结束 結束 jié shù to end, close, conclude
结果 結果 jié guǒ finally
结婚 結婚 jié hūn to marry, to get married
gěi for, for the benefit of, by (in passive cons.)
gěi to give, give to
舒服 舒服 shū fú comfortable
zhe a verbal suffix, indicating the action or the state is continuing
着急 著急 zhāo jí to be nervous, anxious
cài food, cuisine
菜单 菜單 cài dān menu
words, phrase, part of speech
tiē to paste
费用 費用 fèi yòng cost, expenses
guì to be expensive
贵姓 貴姓 guì xìng What’s your last name?
mǎi to buy
yuè (~A~B) the more A the more B
越来越 越來越 yuè lái yuè more and more……
超级市场 超級市場 chāo jí shì chǎ supermarket
pǎo to run
周/周末 週/周末 zhōu mò weekend
jìn to enter, to come/go into
进去 進去 jìn qù to go in, to enter
进行 進行 jìn xíng to proceed; to carry sth. out
进步 進步 jìn bù progress; to improve
进来 進來 jìn lái come in
邮局 郵局 yóu jú post office
邮票 郵票 yóu piào postage stamp
乡下 鄉下 xiāng xià countryside
kāi to drive, to open, to turn on
开心 開心 kāi xīn feel happy, rejoice
开水 開水 kāi shuǐ boiling/boiled water
开车 開車 kāi chē to drive a car
开始 開始 kāi shǐ since
开始 開始 kāi shǐ to start, to begin
开玩笑 開玩笑 kāi wán xiào to joke; to make fun of
开花 開花 kāi huā to flower, to bloom, to blossom
开会 開會 kāi huì to hold a meeting, to hold a council
开学 開學 kāi xué start school, begin term
jiān container measure word for houses or other buildings
阳光 陽光 yáng guāng sunlight, sunshine
yún cloud
fàn food, meal
饭店 飯店 fàn diàn hotel, restaurant
饮料 飲料 yǐn liào drink, beverage
huáng to be yellow
黄色 黃色 huáng sè yellow
hēi to be black, to be dark
黑板 黑板 hēi bǎn blackboard
luàn to be messy
ma a question particle
ēn use to indicate agreement
yuán to be round, to be circular
yuán circle
tián to fill in, to stuff
kuài individual measure word for Chinese currency
kuài (1) partial measure word for lumps of foodstuff; (2) individual measure word for a solid substance with a regular shape
妈妈 媽媽 mā ma mother
意见 意見 yì jiàn idea, view, opinion, suggestion
意思 意思 yì si meaning, idea, definition
感冒 感冒 gǎn mào to have a cold; cold, flu
感谢 感謝 gǎn xiè to thank, to be grateful
感觉 感覺 gǎn jué sense, perception, feeling
感觉 感覺 gǎn jué to feel, to perceive, to become aware of
xiǎng to think, to miss
想法 想法 xiǎng fǎ idea
ài to love/be apt to
ài love
bān to move
搬家 搬家 bān jiā to move one’s house
qiǎng (1) to rob, take by violence, pillage, loot, vie for (work/etc.)
xīn to be new
新年 新年 xīn nián New Year
新闻 新聞 xīn wén news
暖和 暖和 nuǎn huo to be warm
huì will
huì can, be able to, be good at, be skillful in
会话 會話 huì huà conversation (as in language course)
会议 會議 huì yì meeting, conference
极了 極了 jí le extremely, very
suì measure word for the age of people or animals
滑雪 滑雪 huá xuě to ski
准备 準備 zhǔn bèi to prepare
zhào according to, in accordance with, towards
zhào to photograph
照片 照片 zhào piàn photo, picture
照相 照相 zhào xiàng to take a picture
照相机 照相機 zhào xiàn g jī camera
照顾 照顧 zhào gù look after, care for
爷爷 爺爺 yé ye grandfather, Grandpa
dāng at (the time of), while
dāng to work as, to serve as
当然 當然 dāng rán certainly, of course
ǎi short (of stature), low
wǎn bowl
wàn ten thousand
筷子 筷子 kuài zi chopsticks
jié partial measure word for poems, articles or classes
节日 節日 jié rì festival, holiday
节目 節目 jié mù program, events (of entertainment, a program, etc.)
jīng to go or pass through
经常 經常 jīng cháng often, frequently, regularly, constantly
经过 經過 jīng guò as a result of, after, through
经过 經過 jīng guò to pass by, to pass through
jiǎo foot
自行车 自行車 zì xíng chē bicycle
葡萄 葡萄 pú táo grape
hào measure word for numbers and dates
号码 號碼 hào mǎ number
裙子 裙子 qún zi skirt
zhuāng to install, to fit
里/里 裡/裏 inside
里/里面 裡/裏面 lǐ miàn inside
里边 裡邊 lǐ biān interior, inside
解决 解決 jiě jué to solve, to settle
解释 解釋 jiě shì to explain, to interpret, to analyze
解释 解釋 jiě shì explanation, interpretation
gāi ought to, should; be supposed to
gāi be sb.’s turn to do sth.
shì to try, to test
诚实 誠實 chéng shí honest
资料 資料 zī liào data
gēn and
gēn with
gēn follow
road
路上 路上 lù shàng on the road
tiào to jump, to palpitate, to skip (over)
跳舞 跳舞 tiào wǔ to dance
jiào rather, quite, relatively, more
运动 運動 yùn dòng sport, exercise
运动 運動 yùn dòng to exercise
dào individual measure word for a course of a meal
道理 道理 dào lǐ reason, rationality, the right way
遇到 遇到 yù dào to run into, encounter, meet
guò a suffix indicating completion of an action, or completion of an action as an experience
guò to pass
过去 過去 guò qù in the past, formerly
过去 過去 guò qù go over, pass by
过年 過年 guò nián to celebrate the Chinese New Year
过来 過來 guò lái come over/up, come here
biàn measure word for the course of an action from the beginning to the end
铅笔 鉛筆 qiān bǐ pencil
diàn electricity
电车 電車 diàn chē tram, tramcar, streetcar, trolleybus, trolley
电视 電視 diàn shì television, TV
电脑 電腦 diàn nǎo computer
电话 電話 diàn huà telephone, phone call
电影 電影 diàn yǐng movie
电影院 電影院 diàn yǐng yuàn cinema, movie (house)
电灯 電燈 diàn dēng electric lamp/light
líng zero
零钱 零錢 líng qián small change, small money
预习 預習 yù xí prepare lessons before class
预备 預備 yù bèi to prepare
预备 預備 yù bèi to prepare, to get ready
dùn individual measure word for regular meals
bǎo to be full (after eating)
xiàng to be alike, to be like; to resemble
ma used to persuade someone to do something; used to emphasize the obvious
picture, drawing, chart, map
图片 圖片 tú piàn picture, photograph
图书馆 圖書館 tú shū guǎn library
duì measure word for two things associated or used together
duì toward
duì to be right, correct
duì (1) answer, reply, treat; (2) to face, encounter; (3) compare, check, set, adjust
对了 對了 duì le (1) That’s it; (2) by the way
对不起 對不起 duì bù qǐ I’m sorry; Excuse me
对方 對方 duì fāng other side/party
对面 對面 duì miàn the other side, place across from
态度 態度 tài dù manner, attitude
màn to be slow; slowly
慢用 慢用 màn yòng eat slowly (enjoy your meal)
慢慢 慢慢 màn màn slowly; gradually
zhāi to take off, to pick, to pluck
歌(儿) 歌(兒) gē ér song
漂亮 漂亮 piào liàng to be beautiful, to be pretty
汉字 漢字 hàn zì Ch. character, sinograph
汉堡 漢堡 hàn bǎo hamburger, Hamburg
汉语 漢語 hàn yǔ Chinese/Sinitic language (s)
滿 mǎn to be full
满意 滿意 mǎn yì satisfied, pleased
shuì to sleep
睡觉 睡覺 shuì jiào to sleep
zhòng plant, cultivate, sow
zhǒng (1) collective measure word for people or things of the same kind; (2) collective measure word for abstract things of the same kind
suàn to calculate
精神 精神 jīng shén spirit, vigor, drive
绿 to be green
jǐn tight, taut
紧张 緊張 jǐn zhāng to be nervous, to be tense
网球 網球 wǎng qiú tennis, tennis ball
wén to smell
tuǐ leg
and, together with
with, to
语言 語言 yǔ yán language
语法 語法 yǔ fǎ grammar
rèn to recognize; to know, to acknowledge
认为 認為 rèn wéi to believe that, consider that
认真 認真 rèn zhēn to be conscientious, earnest, serious
认得 認得 rèn dé to know (as in to recognize)
认识 認識 rèn shì to recognize, to realize
shuō to speak, to say
说明 說明 shuō míng to explain, to illustrate, to show
说明 說明 shuō míng explanation, illustration, show
说话 說話 shuō huà to speak, to talk, to say
赶快 趕快 gǎn kuài quickly, hastily
qīng to be light
yuǎn to be far from
suān to be sour
银行 銀行 yín háng bank
需要 需要 xū yào to need, to demand
需要 需要 xū yào need, want, require, demand
lǐng to get, to receive
台风 颱風 tái fēng typhoon
饺子 餃子 jiǎo zi Chinese dumpling
bǐng round flat cake
饼干 餅乾 bǐng gān biscuit, cracker, cookie
鼻(子) 鼻(子) bí zi nose
zuǐ mouth
嘴巴 嘴巴 zuǐ bā mouth
增加 增加 zēng jiā to increase; to raise; to add; to step up
xiě to write
写字 寫字 xiě zì to write (characters)
写信 寫信 xiě xìn to write a letter
厨房 廚房 chú fáng kitchen
广播 廣播 guǎng bò to broadcast
广播 廣播 guǎng bò broadcasting
影响 影響 yǐng xiǎng influence
影响 影響 yǐng xiǎng to influence, to affect
庆祝 慶祝 qìng zhù to celebrate
摩托车 摩托車 mó tuō chē motorcycle, motor scooter
shǔ to count
数学 數學 shù xué mathematics
yàng (1) measure word for a variety of material objects; (2) measure word for some abstract things
样子 樣子 yàng zi appearance, shape
样样 樣樣 yàng yàng every kind, everything, each and every, all
lóu floor, story
楼下 樓下 lóu xià downstairs
楼上 樓上 lóu shàng upstairs
楼梯 樓梯 lóu tī stairs
shóu ripe, cooked, done, deep (sleep, thoughts, etc.)
to be hot
热水 熱水 rè shuǐ hot water
热狗 熱狗 rè gǒu hot dog
热闹 熱鬧 rè nào to be lively, to be fun, to be bustling with noise
shòu to be thin
pán container measure word for the contents of a plate
盘子 盤子 pán zi plate
箱子 箱子 xiāng zi chest, box, case, trunk
练习 練習 liàn xí to practice, to drill
练习 練習 liàn xí practice, exercise
to scold
复习 複習 fù xí to review (a lesson, etc.)
tán to talk about
qǐng to please, to invite
请客 請客 qǐng kè to host, to invite, to treat someone ( to dinner, etc.)
请假 請假 qǐng jià to ask for leave
请问 請問 qǐng wèn Excuse me, may I ask…?
subject, course, class
课文 課文 kè wén text in a school book
课本 課本 kè běn textbook
shéi who, whom
zhū pig
猪肉 豬肉 zhū ròu pork
mài to sell
to kick
tǎng to lie, to recline
liàng measure word for any conveyance, etc.
邻居 鄰居 lín jū neighbor
vinegar
鞋(子) 鞋(子) xié zi shoes
饿 è to be hungry
xué to study
学生 學生 xué shēng student
学校 學校 xué xiào school, educational institution
学习 學習 xué xí to study; to learn
学期 學期 xué qí school term, semester
学费 學費 xué fèi school tuition fees
担心 擔心 dān xīn to worry, feel anxious
整齐 整齊 zhěng qí in good order, neat, tidy
橘子 橘子 jú zi tangerine
shù tree
qiáo bridge
机车 機車 jī chē motorcycle
机场 機場 jī chǎng airport
机会 機會 jī huì chance, opportunity
机器 機器 jī qì machine
shāo (1) to burn; (2) to cook, heat, roast, stew
dēng lamp, lantern, light
táng candy, sugar
兴趣 興趣 xìng qù interest
裤子 褲子 kù zi trousers, pants
qīn to kiss
māo cat
shū to lose, to be defeated
bàn to do, to handle, to manage, to set up, to run
办公室 辦公室 bàn gōng shì office
办法 辦法 bàn fǎ method, way of doing something
xuǎn to choose, to elect
选择 選擇 xuǎn zé to choose, to select
选择 選擇 xuǎn zé a choice, selection, option
迟到 遲到 chí dào to be/come/arrive late
biǎo watch
cuò to be wrong/mistake
cuò mistake, error, blunder
错误 錯誤 cuò wù error, blunder
qián money; Chien (a Chinese surname)
to record, to copy
录音 錄音 lù yīn to make an audio recording
随便 隨便 suí biàn whatever, wherever, whenever, do as one please
随时 隨時 suí shí at any time, at all times, whenever necessary, as occasion demands
tóu head
头发 頭髮 tóu fǎ hair (on human head)
餐桌 餐桌 cān zhuō dining table
餐厅 餐廳 cān tīng restaurant
bāng to help, to assist
帮忙 幫忙 bāng máng to help someone do something
帮助 幫助 bāng zhù to help, to assist
yīng should, ought to
应该 應該 yīng gāi should, ought to
dǒng to understand
dài to wear (hat, watch, jewelry etc.)
crowded, crammed, packed
to squeeze, to press; to jostle, to push against
to rub, to wipe, to clean
检查 檢查 jiǎn chá to check, to inspect, to examine
qiáng wall
环境 環境 huán jìng environment, surroundings, circumstances
总是 總是 zǒng shì always
总统 總統 zǒng tǒng president
声音 聲音 shēng yīn sound, voice
声调 聲調 shēng diào tone, note
聪明 聰明 cōng míng to be intelligent
liǎn face
to lift up, to raise, to hold up
举行 舉行 jǔ xíng to hold (meeting/etc.)
jiǎng to speak, explain
讲话 講話 jiǎng huà speak, talk, address
谢谢 謝謝 xiè xie to thanks, to thank you
hái still, yet, also, too, as well, besides
huán give back, return, repay, give/do sth. in return
还是 還是 hái shì or
还是 還是 hái shì still, nevertheless
虽然 雖然 suī rán though, although
diǎn dot
diǎn partial measure word for a small quantity of things
diǎn (1) to nod; (2) to order food
点(儿) 點(兒) diǎn ér a bit
点心 點心 diǎn xīn a snack, light refreshment
点菜 點菜 diǎn cài to order food
点钟 點鐘 diǎn zhōng measure word for o’clock
礼物 禮物 lǐ wù present, gift
礼拜 禮拜 lǐ bài week
礼拜天 禮拜天 lǐ bài tiān Sunday
礼拜日 禮拜日 lǐ bài rì Sunday
简单 簡單 jiǎn dān to be simple, uncomplicated
jiù to be old, to be used
lán blue/to be blue
丰富 豐富 fēng fù rich, abundant, plentiful
zhuǎn to convey, pass on, transfer, transmit
医生 醫生 yī shēng doctor
医院 醫院 yī yuàn hospital
酱油 醬油 jiàng yóu soy sauce
distant/apart from
be away from, apart from, separated from
离开 離開 lí kāi to leave
shuāng measure word for some organs of the human body
chicken
鸡蛋 雞蛋 jī dàn hen’s egg
颜色 顏色 yán sè color
to ride; to drive ( a bicycle, motor cycle, horse, etc.)
huài to be bad
yào medicine
边(儿) 邊(兒) biān ér border, boundary
guān to close; to turn off
guān to concern, implicate
关心 關心 guān xīn be concerned about
关系 關係 guān xì relationship
nán to be difficult
难看 難看 nán kàn ugly
难过 難過 nán guò to be sad, to be distressed
愿意 願意 yuàn yì be willing
严重 嚴重 yán zhòng serious, grave, critical
篮球 籃球 lán qiú basketball
继续 繼續 jì xù to continue, to go on
苹果 蘋果 píng guǒ apple
觉得 覺得 jué de to feel, to think, to consider
警察 警察 jǐng chá police officer
zhōng bell, clock
钟头 鐘頭 zhōng tóu hour
miàn noodles
面包 麵包 miàn bāo bread
面条 麵條 miàn tiáo noodle
袜子 襪子 wà zi socks, stockings, hose
护士 護士 hù shì (hospital) nurse
xiǎng to make a sound; loud
欢迎 歡迎 huān yíng welcome
tīng to listen
听到 聽到 tīng dào to hear
听说 聽說 tīng shuō hear, hear it said
衬衫 襯衫 chèn shān shirt
read (aloud), attend school
读书 讀書 dú shū to study, to read
zāng to be dirty
biàn become, change into; to perform
biàn become, change into
变化 變化 biàn huà change, transformation
变化 變化 biàn huà to change, vary
变成 變成 biàn chéng to change into
体育 體育 tǐ yù physical education/training, sports
ràng used in a passive sentence structure to introduce the agent; to let, to allow, to permit, to make
yán salt
钥匙 鑰匙 yào shi key
当中 當中 dāng zhōng among
guàn a can of
护照 護照 hù zhào passport
老板/板 老闆/板 lǎo bǎn boss, shopkeeper, proprietor
piān measure word for writings, etc.
文化 文化 wén huà culture, civilization, education, literacy
chuàn collective measure word for something of the same kind or attached closely together

Master’s Level

Simplified Traditional pinyin English Definitions
一心 一心 yì xīn wholeheartedly, of one mind
一旦 一旦 yí dàn once, some time or other
一如 一如 yì rú as
一味 一味 yí wèi habitually, invariably, blindly, stubbornly
一度 一度 yí dù once, at one time, for a time, on one occasion
一律 一律 yí lǜ without exception, uniformly, equally
一流 一流 yì liú first-class
一贯 一貫 yí guàn consistently, from first to last, all along
一连串 一連串 yì lián chuàn in a row; in succession
一概 一概 yí gài one and all, without exception
一道 一道 yí dào together
nǎi therefore
人士 人士 rén shì personage
人手 人手 rén shǒu manpower
人次 人次 rén cì man-times (analogous to “man-hours”)
人情 人情 rén qíng human feelings
人造 人造 rén zào synthetic, artificial
人群 人群 rén qún crowd
人道 人道 rén dào humanity, human sympathy
人祸 人禍 rén huò calamity caused by humans
人选 人選 rén xuǎn candidates, choice among persons
入口 入口 rù kǒu import check
入世 入世 rù shì experience the real world
入境 入境 rù jìng to enter a country
八字 八字 bā zì character for eight, birthdate characters used in fortune-telling
八卦 八卦 bā guà Eight Trigrams (of {Book of Changes})
dāo [activity] measure word for cutting something with a knife
力行 力行 lì xíng practice/perform energetically, act with force
力求 力求 lì qiú do one’s best to, strive for
力学 力學 lì xué mechanics
十足 十足 shí zú 1 0 0 percent; out-and-out; downright
下水 下水 xià shuǐ water, enter the water, take to evildoing, fall into evil ways, launch, be launched
下水道 下水道 xià shuǐ dào sewer
下列 下列 xià liè listed below, following
下旬 下旬 xià xún last 10-day period of month
下笔 下筆 xià bǐ begin to paint, put pen to paper, begin to write
下跌 下跌 xià dié fall, decline, decrease
zhàng [standard] measure word for 1. the length of cloth, silk…etc.2.the height of buildings.3.the depth of mountains, valleys or rivers
上下 上下 shàng xià or so, thereabouts
上司 上司 shàng sī superior, boss
上吊 上吊 shàng diào hang oneself
上好 上好 shàng hǎo first-class
上旬 上旬 shàng xún first 10-day period of a month
上空 上空 shàng kōng in the sky, overhead
上门 上門 shàng mén visit
上述 上述 shàng shù above-mentioned
上进 上進 shàng jìn go forward, make progress
上路 上路 shàng lù set out on journey
上演 上演 shàng yǎn put on stage, perform
上瘾 上癮 shàng yǐn habituate, be addicted
fán whatever
凡是 凡是 fán shì whatever
乞丐 乞丐 qǐ gài beggar
to, at, with, from
亡国 亡國 wáng guó lose national independence, let a state perish, subjugate a nation
口_3 口_3 kǒu 1.[general] individual measure word for things with an opening.2.[approximation] individual measure word for swords, knives…etc.
口吻 口吻 kǒu wěn muzzle, snout, tone of voice, note (revealing attitude)
口头 口頭 kǒu tóu in words
土壤 土壤 tǔ rǎng soil
士兵 士兵 shì bīng rank-and-file soldiers
大使 大使 dà shǐ ambassador
大便 大便 dà biàn the stool; feces
大致 大致 dà zhì rough
大队 大隊 dà duì a group of people
大意 大意 dà yì gist, general idea
大道 大道 dà dào wide road
大选 大選 dà xuǎn general election
女方 女方 nǚ fāng groom’s, bride’s side
女性 女性 nǚ xìng female sex, woman
子弟 子弟 zǐ dì juniors, children
子孙 子孫 zǐ sūn children and grandchildren, descendants, posterity,
子弹 子彈 zǐ dàn bullet, cartridge
小伙/伙子 小伙/夥子 xiǎo huǒ zi lad, young fellow, youngster
小贩 小販 xiǎo fàn peddler, vendor, hawker
小腿 小腿 xiǎo tuǐ shank
山谷 山谷 shān gǔ mountain valley, dale, ravine, gorge, glen
山峰 山峰 shān fēng mountain peak
山脉 山脈 shān mài mountain range
工地 工地 gōng dì building/construction site
工艺品 工藝品 gōng yì pǐn handicraft article, handiwork
工读 工讀 gōng dú work part-time while studying in college/etc.
干涉 干涉 gān shè interfere, intervene, meddle
干扰 干擾 gān rǎo disturb, interfere
gōng bow, bend, arch
才智 才智 cái zhì brilliance
不力 不力 bú lì not to do one’s best; not to exert oneself
不下 不下 bú xià not less
不凡 不凡 bù fán extraordinary, unusual, distinguished, uncommon
不公 不公 bù gōng unfair
不及 不及 bù jí not as good as, inferior to
不光 不光 bù guāng not only
不再 不再 bú zài not happen/exist anymore
不至/致于 不至/致於 bú zhì yú unlikely; not to the extent of
不免 不免 bù miǎn unavoidably
不妨 不妨 bù fáng might as well
不肖 不肖 bú xiào [Formal] unworthy; good-for-nothing
不服 不服 bù fú refuse to obey
不法 不法 bù fǎ lawless, illegal
不便 不便 bú biàn inconvenient, inappropriate
不致 不致 bú zhì not as bad as
不容 不容 bù róng not tolerate/brook
不料 不料 bú liào unexpectedly
不时 不時 bù shí frequently, at any time
不动产 不動產 bú dòng chǎn real estate
不得 不得 bù dé must/may not, not be allowed
不惜 不惜 bù xí not stint, not hesitate (to do sth.)
不堪 不堪 bù kān can’t bear/stand
不等 不等 bù děng vary in number
不禁 不禁 bù jīn can’t help (doing sth.)
不懈 不懈 bú xiè persevere, be untiring
中立 中立 zhōng lì neutral
中旬 中旬 zhōng xún middle 10 days of month
中和 中和 zhōng hé neutralize
中肯 中肯 zhòng kěn 1.appropriate; to the point 2.to hit the mark; to strike home 3.cogency
中风 中風 zhòng fēng have a stroke
中庸 中庸 zhōng yōng moderate, not extreme, not too much of anything
中暑 中暑 zhòng shǔ heatstroke, suffer heatstroke, sunstroke, have sunstroke, suffer sunstroke, be affected by the sunstroke
中叶 中葉 zhōng yè middle period
中奖 中獎 zhòng jiǎng win prize, draw a prizewinning ticket, draw prizewinning ticket, prize, draw prizewinning number
中断 中斷 zhōng duàn suspend, break off
中医 中醫 zhōng yī doctor of trad. Ch. medicine
之内 之內 zhī nèi in, within, among, inside of
之前 之前 zhī qián before, prior to
之后 之後 zhī hòu later, behind, after
之类 之類 zhī lèi such like
to give
予以 予以 yǔ yǐ give, grant
jǐng well
互惠 互惠 hù huì reciprocity
互补 互補 hù bǔ help each other, complement
五金 五金 wǔ jīn five metals, ironware, the five metals, hardware, metals
仁爱 仁愛 rén ài love for one’s fellow man, humanity
chóu enemy, foe, hatred, enmity, Surname
仇恨 仇恨 chóu hèn hatred, enmity
介入 介入 jiè rù intervene, interpose, get involved
元首 元首 yuán shǒu head of state
元气 元氣 yuán qì energy, force, vitality
元素 元素 yuán sù element
内政 內政 nèi zhèng domestic affairs
内涵 內涵 nèi hán intention, connotation
内阁 內閣 nèi gé cabinet
内销 內銷 nèi xiāo sell in domestic market
内战 內戰 nèi zhàn civil war
公文 公文 gōng wén official document
公民 公民 gōng mín citizen
公安 公安 gōng ān public security
公事 公事 gōng shì public affairs, official business/duties
公益 公益 gōng yì public good/welfare
公务 公務 gōng wù public affairs, official business
公务员 公務員 gōng wù yuán functionary, government employee
公费 公費 gōng fèi public/state expense, bursary, public expense, state expense, scholarship
公债 公債 gōng zhài government bond
公会 公會 gōng huì professional club
公认 公認 gōng rèn generally acknowledge/recognize/accept
分子 分子 fēn zǐ molecule
分寸 分寸 fēn cùn judgment for propriety (in speech, behavior, etc.) ; a measure
分化 分化 fēn huà disintegrate
分贝 分貝 fēn bèi [Physics] a decibel
分享 分享 fēn xiǎng share (joy/rights/etc.), partake of
分明 分明 fēn míng evidently, plainly
分泌 分泌 fēn mì secrete
分家 分家 fēn jiā divide up family property and live apart, break up the family and live apart
分级 分級 fēn jí hierarchical, class, grade, rate, hierarchically, classify
分割 分割 fēn gē cut apart, break up, partition
分发 分發 fēn fā distribute, hand out, issue
分裂 分裂 fēn liè split, break up, divide
分量 分量 fèn liàng weight
分解 分解 fēn jiě resolve, decompose, break down
分担 分擔 fēn dān share responsibility for
分辨 分辨 fēn biàn distinguish, differentiate
分离 分離 fēn lí disport, detach; break up (couple/lover etc.)
切实 切實 qiè shí feasible, practical, realistic
切磋 切磋 qiē cuō learn from group discussion
勾结 勾結 gōu jié collude/collaborate with
化工 化工 huà gōng chemical industry
化石 化石 huà shí fossil
[general] measure word used to count cloth
升值 升值 shēng zhí [Economics] revaluation; an appreciation
升迁 升遷 shēng qiān be transferred and promoted
友爱 友愛 yǒu ài love fraternally
及早 及早 jí zǎo at an early date, as soon as possible
反之 反之 fǎn zhī on the contrary, otherwise, conversely
反省 反省 fǎn xǐng introspect, self-questioning
反射 反射 fǎn shè reflect
反击 反擊 fǎn jí beat back, counterattack
天灾 天災 tiān zāi natural disaster
天性 天性 tiān xìng natural instincts, nature
天然气 天然氣 tiān rán qì natural gas
天敌 天敵 tiān dí natural enemy
太平 太平 tài píng peaceful; peace and tranquility
太空 太空 tài kōng firmament, outer space
太极拳 太極拳 tài jí quán a kind of shadowboxing
kǒng hole, aperture
幻象 幻象 huàn xiàng mirage, phantom, phantasm
yǐn quote, cite
引进 引進 yǐn jìn recommend, introduce from elsewhere
引导 引導 yǐn dǎo guide, lead
引擎 引擎 yǐn qíng engine
心事 心事 xīn shì weight on one’s mind, worry
心思 心思 xīn sī thought, idea, thinking
心疼 心疼 xīn téng love dearly; feel sorry
心胸 心胸 xīn xiōng breadth of mind
心软 心軟 xīn ruǎn softhearted
心爱 心愛 xīn ài love, treasure
心态 心態 xīn tài psychology
心酸 心酸 xīn suān feel sad, be grieved
心声 心聲 xīn shēng heartfelt wish, aspiration, thinking
心灵 心靈 xīn líng heart, soul, spirit
户口 戶口 hù kǒu number of households and total population, registered permanent residence
手册 手冊 shǒu cè handbook, manual
手势 手勢 shǒu shì gesture, sign
手枪 手槍 shǒu qiāng pistol
zhā prick
支付 支付 zhī fù pay (money), defray
支配 支配 zhī pèi control, dominate, govern
支撑 支撐 zhī chēng prop up, keep up
支应 支應 zhī yìng cope/deal with, equivocate, wait on, attend to, act as cashier
文明 文明 wén míng civilization, culture
文书 文書 wén shū document, official correspondence
文坛 文壇 wén tán literary circles
文凭 文憑 wén píng diploma
文献 文獻 wén xiàn data/documents related to a country’s history/culture/etc.
方正 方正 fāng zhèng upright and foursquare
方向盘 方向盤 fāng xiàng pán steering wheel
方位 方位 fāng wèi position, direction, points of the compass, bearing
方针 方針 fāng zhēn policy, guiding principle
日光灯 日光燈 rì guāng dēng fluorescent lamp
日益 日益 rì yì increasingly
日程 日程 rì chéng schedule, itinerary
月台 月台 yuè tái railway platform
木材 木材 mù cái wood; timbering; timber; lumber
木刻 木刻 mù kē woodcut, wood engraving
木料 木料 mù liào timber, lumber
木偶 木偶 mù ǒu wooden figure; a blockhead, puppet
zhǐ until
歹徒 歹徒 dǎi tú an evildoer, an outlaw
比重 比重 bǐ zhòng proportion, specific gravity
比率 比率 bǐ lǜ ratio, rate
比喻 比喻 bǐ yù metaphor, analogy
比拟 比擬 bǐ nǐ compare, match, draw analogy
毛毯 毛毯 máo tǎn woolen blanket
水力 水力 shuǐ lì waterpower, hydraulic power
水泥 水泥 shuǐ ní cement
水库 水庫 shuǐ kù reservoir
水晶 水晶 shuǐ jīng crystal, rock crystal
水源 水源 shuǐ yuán headwaters, waterhead, source of water
水道 水道 shuǐ dào water course/way/route
水蒸气 水蒸氣 shuǐ zhēng qì steam
水稻 水稻 shuǐ dào paddy (rice), rice
火力 火力 huǒ lì firepower
火焰 火焰 huǒ yàn flame
火箭 火箭 huǒ jiàn rocket
火药 火藥 huǒ yào gunpowder
片_1 片_1 piàn m.[approximation] measure word 1.for sound, voices…etc.2.for scenery.3 to indicate a kindly feeling
片刻 片刻 piàn kè short while, moment
牙科 牙科 yá kē dentistry
世代 世代 shì dài generation, period, epoch
世事 世事 shì shì the current affairs, affairs of the world
世间 世間 shì jiān earth, world
qiě both A and B
qiě just; for the time being
丘陵 丘陵 qiū líng hills, mounds, craggy terrain
主人翁 主人翁 zhǔ rén wēng master, leading character in novel/etc., protagonist
主力 主力 zhǔ lì main force
主旨 主旨 zhǔ zhǐ purport, substance, gist
主见 主見 zhǔ jiàn one’s own judgment/view
主角 主角 zhǔ jiǎo leading role, lead, protagonist
主流 主流 zhǔ liú essential/main aspect/trend
主宰 主宰 zhǔ zǎi dominate, dictate, decide
主轴 主軸 zhǔ zhóu main shaft, spindle
主义 主義 zhǔ yì doctrine, -ism
主管 主管 zhǔ guǎn be in charge of, be responsible for
主导 主導 zhǔ dǎo leading, dominant, guiding
主权 主權 zhǔ quán sovereign rights, sovereignty
以至/致(于) 以至/致(於) yǐ zhì yú down/up to, to such an extent as to…, so…that…
付_1 付_1 [approximation] measure word for two things seen together or associated/measure word for facial expression
付款 付款 fù kuǎn pay a sum of money
仕女 仕女 shì nǚ palace maid, painting of beautiful women
他人 他人 tā rén another person; others
代课 代課 dài kè substitute-teach, take over a class for an absent teacher
lìng order, command
仙丹 仙丹 xiān dān elixir of life
充斥 充斥 chōng chì congest, be full of
充裕 充裕 chōng yù abundant; ample; plentiful
出力 出力 chū lì exert oneself
出土 出土 chū tǔ be unearthed, come out of the ground
出手 出手 chū shǒu dispose/sell of, spend money
出示 出示 chū shì show, produce
出名 出名 chū míng famous, well-known
出血 出血 chū xiě bleed
出局 出局 chū jú out of game
出品 出品 chū pǐn product
出面 出面 chū miàn appear personally, act in one’s own capacity or on behalf of an organization
出息 出息 chū xí promise, prospect, future
出马 出馬 chū mǎ take the lead, take the field, go into action, bear responsibility
出发点 出發點 chū fā diǎn starting point
出超 出超 chū chāo export surplus, favorable balance of trade, favorable balance of trade
出路 出路 chū lù way out, outlet
出卖 出賣 chū mài betray
出错 出錯 chū cuò go wrong, goof, make a mistake, make a goof, blunder, make mistakes, make a blunder, err
出头 出頭 chū tóu det.: a litter over
出头 出頭 chū tóu (1) free oneself (from misery, persecution, etc.) ; (2) lift one’s head, appear in public, come forward
刊物 刊物 kān wù publication, periodical
刊登 刊登 kān dēng publish in periodical
加上 加上 jiā shàng in addition (to)
加以 加以 jiā yǐ in addition (to)
加快 加快 jiā kuài speed up, accelerate
加重 加重 jiā zhòng make/become heavier, make/become more serious, aggravate
加紧 加緊 jiā jǐn speed up, intensify
加薪 加薪 jiā xīn raise pay, increase sb.’s wages, raise sb.’s wages
功利 功利 gōng lì utilitarian
功劳 功勞 gōng láo contribution, credit, merit
包围 包圍 bāo wéi surround, encircle
包袱 包袱 bāo fú cloth wrapper, burden, bundle wrapped in cloth
匆忙 匆忙 cōng máng in a hurry, hastily
半成品 半成品 bàn chéng pǐn semi-finished products
半岛 半島 bàn dǎo peninsula
半导体 半導體 bàn dǎo tǐ IC; semiconductor
卡通 卡通 kǎ tōng cartoon
占/占领 占/佔領 zhàn lǐng capture, occupy
占/占据 占/佔據 zhàn jù occupy, hold
可行 可行 kě xíng feasible
可见 可見 kě jiàn it is thus evident that
可望 可望 kě wàng has been expected
可观 可觀 kě guān considerable, sizable
古怪 古怪 gǔ guài quaint; eccentric
古物 古物 gǔ wù ancient objects, antiquities
古迹 古跡 gǔ jī historic site
古籍 古籍 gǔ jí ancient books
召集 召集 zhào jí call together, convene
司令 司令 sī lìng commander, commanding officer
叫好 叫好 jiào hǎo applaud, shout “Bravo!”
lìng separate, separately, some other
只得 只得 zhǐ děi have to
史料 史料 shǐ liào historical data/materials
台阶 台階 tái jiē flight of steps, way out (of awkward situation), bench
外力 外力 wài lì outside/external force
外公 外公 wài gōng maternal grandfather
外在 外在 wài zài external, extrinsic
外衣 外衣 wài yī outer clothing/garment, semblance, appearance
外祖父 外祖父 wài zǔ fù maternal grandfather
外祖母 外祖母 wài zǔ mǔ maternal grandmother
外贸 外貿 wài mào foreign trade
外号 外號 wài hào nickname
外资 外資 wài zī foreign capital
外遇 外遇 wài yù paramour, extramarital affair
外线 外線 wài xiàn exterior lines, outside (phone) connection
外销 外銷 wài xiāo sell abroad or elsewhere within country
央求 央求 yāng qiú beg, plead, implore
shī lose, miss, let slip
失手 失手 shī shǒu accidentally drop, blunder, misplay, fumble
失事 失事 shī shì mismanage, wreck, have an accident
失明 失明 shī míng become blind, lose one’s sight, go blind
失落 失落 shī luò lose, drop
失踪 失蹤 shī zōng be missing
失灵 失靈 shī líng not work or not work properly, conk, malfunction, be out of order
奴隶 奴隸 nú lì slave
孕妇 孕婦 yùn fù pregnant woman
巨人 巨人 jù rén giant, colossus
巧合 巧合 qiǎo hé with coincidence
市面 市面 shì miàn business/market conditions
市容 市容 shì róng appearance/condition of a city
平凡 平凡 píng fán ordinary, common
平行 平行 píng xíng of equal rank, parallel, simultaneous
平面 平面 píng miàn plane
平稳 平穩 píng wěn smooth, steady, even
幼稚 幼稚 yòu zhì boyish, immature
certainly, surely
必定 必定 bì dìng certainly, surely
必备 必備 bì bèi essential
必然 必然 bì rán certainly
from
打手 打手 dǎ shǒu hatchet man, goon
打烊 打烊 dǎ yáng close store/business for night
打斗 打鬥 dǎ dòu tussle
打牌 打牌 dǎ pái play mah-jong, play mahjong, play cards
打发 打發 dǎ fā to while away (one’s time)
打量 打量 dǎ liàng measure with the eye, estimate, think
打赌 打賭 dǎ dǔ make a bet, bet
打击 打擊 dǎ jí strike, hit, attack
打猎 打獵 dǎ liè hunt
běn originally, at first, of course
本位 本位 běn wèi (the viewpoint of) one’s own job; the position; the department or line of work
本身 本身 běn shēn itself, oneself, per se
本事 本事 běn shì skill, ability
本性 本性 běn xìng natural instincts, nature, inherent quality
本质 本質 běn zhí essence, nature, intrinsic quality
未必 未必 wèi bì may not, not necessarily
未免 未免 wèi miǎn rather, truly, inevitably
未婚夫 未婚夫 wèi hūn fū fiancé
未婚妻 未婚妻 wèi hūn qī fiancée
last
at the end
末期 末期 mò qí last/final phase/stage
正面 正面 zhèng miàn positively
正统 正統 zhèng tǒng orthodox ideas/tradition
正规 正規 zhèng guī regular, standard
正当 正當 zhèng dāng proper
正义 正義 zhèng yì justice
民俗 民俗 mín sú folk custom, folkways
民众 民眾 mín zhòng the masses
民营 民營 mín yíng privately run (of enterprises)
民谣 民謠 mín yáo folk songs/rhymes
犯规 犯規 fàn guī foul, break the rules, break rules
犯错 犯錯 fàn cuò make mistake, to err
玉器 玉器 yù qì jade ware
瓦斯 瓦斯 wǎ sī gas
生人 生人 shēng rén stranger
生火 生火 shēng huǒ beet, fire up, make a fire, light a fire
生平 生平 shēng píng all one’s life (of deceased)
生死 生死 shēng sǐ life and/or death
生物 生物 shēng wù living thing, organism
生前 生前 shēng qián during lifetime (of deceased)
生效 生效 shēng xiào operate, become effective, effective, inure, go into effect, take effect
生气 生氣 shēng qì vitality, vigor, life
生理 生理 shēng lǐ physiology
生殖 生殖 shēng zhí reproduce
生硬 生硬 shēng yìng harsh, rigid
生态 生態 shēng tài ecology
用心 用心 yòng xīn motive, intention
用户 用戶 yòng hù consumer, user
用途 用途 yòng tú use
田地 田地 tián dì farmland, cropland, plight
田径 田徑 tián jìng sport
由来 由來 yóu lái origin, cause
白皮书 白皮書 bái pí shū white paper/book
目光 目光 mù guāng sight, vision, view, gaze, look
目睹 目睹 mù dǔ to witness, see with one’s own eyes
目击 目擊 mù jí to witness, see with one’s own eyes
石膏 石膏 shí gāo gypsum
示范 示範 shì fàn demonstrate, exemplify, exhibit
立即 立即 lì jí immediate, prompt
立国 立國 lì guó found a state, build up a nation
立体 立體 lì tǐ three-dimensional, stereoscopic
丢弃 丟棄 diū qì abandon, discard, give up
乒乓球 乒乓球 pīn pāng qiú Ping-Pong, Ping-Pong ball
交涉 交涉 jiāo shè negotiate, make representations
交情 交情 jiāo qíng friendship, friendly relations
交货 交貨 jiāo huò deliver goods
交集 交集 jiāo jí product, union, sum, join, intersection
交谈 交談 jiāo tán converse, chat
交错 交錯 jiāo cuò interlock, crisscross
both A and B
also, too
仿冒 仿冒 fǎng mào imitate
仿造 仿造 fǎng zào copy, be modeled on
伙伴 伙伴 huǒ bàn partner, companion
rèn [general] measure word for the time period of someone who is assigned to some position
任期 任期 rèn qí term of office
任意 任意 rèn yì willfully, arbitrarily
yǎng face upward, admire, respect, look up to, rely/depend on
仰慕 仰慕 yǎng mù admire, look up to
光芒 光芒 guāng máng rays of light, radiance
光滑 光滑 guāng huá sleek
光辉 光輝 guāng huī brilliant, magnificent
光顾 光顧 guāng gù patronize
先天 先天 xiān tiān congenital, inborn, a priori, innate
先后 先後 xiān hòu order, priority
先进 先進 xiān jìn senior (in age/experience/etc.)
先驱 先驅 xiān qū pioneer, forerunner, harbinger
全力 全力 quán lì all one’s strength, wholehearted dedication
全盘 全盤 quán pán all
共和国 共和國 gòng hé guó republic
共产 共產 gòng chǎn communist
共鸣 共鳴 gòng míng resonance, sympathetic response
再三 再三 zài sān over and over again
再生 再生 zài shēng be reborn, regenerate
liè arrange, line up, list, enter in a list
列入 列入 liè rù be listed/placed
列车 列車 liè chē train
列国 列國 liè guó various countries
刑事 刑事 xíng shì criminal, penal
划不来 划不來 huá bù lái not worthwhile, not to one’s advantage
印证 印證 yìn zhèng confirm, verify
危害 危害 wéi hài harm, endanger
吉利 吉利 jí lì lucky, auspicious, good fortune
吉祥 吉祥 jí xiáng auspicious
同化 同化 tóng huà assimilate, take in, metabolize, absorb, ingest, imbibe, assimilation
同心 同心 tóng xīn united at heart or in common purpose
同伴 同伴 tóng bàn companion
同性恋 同性戀 tóng xìng liàn homosexuality, homosexual
同乡 同鄉 tóng xiāng fellow villager/townsman
同业 同業 tóng yè same trade/business, person of same trade/business
吊桥 吊橋 diào qiáo suspension bridge, drawbridge
各自 各自 gè zì each, respective, oneself
各界 各界 gè jiè all walks of life
xiàng [general] individual measure word for sums of money, accounts…etc.
xiàng always, all along
名下 名下 míng xià under sb’s name
名气 名氣 míng qì reputation, fame, name
名堂 名堂 míng táng name, designation, result, achievement, activity, reason, variety (of events in a show/etc.)
名胜 名勝 míng shèng place famous for its scenery or historical relics, scenic spot
名号 名號 míng hào name
名声 名聲 míng shēng reputation, repute, renown
名额 名額 míng é quota of people
合同 合同 hé tóng contract
合并 合併 hé bìng merge, amalgamate
合约 合約 hé yuē treaty, contract
合意 合意 hé yì be to one’s liking, pleasing, be to one’s taste, suit
吃力 吃力 chī lì entail strenuous effort, be a strain
吃苦 吃苦 chī kǔ bear hardship, suffer hardships, bear hardships
吃惊 吃驚 chī jīng be startled/shocked/amazed
因而 因而 yīn ér consequently
因果 因果 yīn guǒ cause and effect, karma, preordained fate
回升 回升 huí shēng rise again (after a fall), pick up
回合 回合 huí hé round, bout, encounter
回绝 回絕 huí jué decline, refuse
地主 地主 dì zhǔ landlord, host
地步 地步 dì bù condition, situation, state, extent
地表 地表 dì biǎo earth’s surface
地域 地域 dì yù region, district
地势 地勢 dì shì 1.terrain; geography (of) ; topography; the lay of the land
地狱 地獄 dì yù hell, inferno
地质 地質 dì zhí geology
在世 在世 zài shì be living
在座 在座 zài zuò be present
在场 在場 zài chǎng be on the scene/spot, be present
多元 多元 duō yuán multiple
多媒体 多媒體 duō méi tǐ multi-media
多寡 多寡 duō guǎ number, amount
多亏 多虧 duō kuī thanks to, by grace of, luckily
好手 好手 hǎo shǒu good hand, expert, professional
好比 好比 hǎo bǐ can be compared to, may be likened to, be just like
好受 好受 hǎo shòu pleasurable, comfortable, feeling good
好学 好學 hào xué be fond of learning, be eager to learn
如此 如此 rú cǐ so, such
字眼(儿) 字眼(兒) zì yǎn er diction, choice of words
字样 字樣 zì yàng model of written characters, expressions used in certain contexts
字体 字體 zì tǐ typeface, font, style of calligraphy
存货 存貨 cún huò goods in stock, existing stock
宇宙 宇宙 yǔ zhòu universe, cosmos
shǒu guard, defend, keep watch
守护 守護 shǒu hù guard, defend
安置 安置 ān zhì find place for, help settle down, arrange for
安装 安裝 ān zhuāng install, erect, fix, mount
安详 安詳 ān xiáng leisurely, unhurried
安顿 安頓 ān dùn find place for, help settle down
安宁 安寧 ān níng peaceful, tranquil, calm, composed, free from worry
安抚 安撫 ān fǔ placate, pacify
尖端 尖端 jiān duān most advanced, sophisticated
成全 成全 chéng quán help (sb. achieve his aim)
成衣 成衣 chéng yī tailoring, ready-made clothes
成见 成見 chéng jiàn preconceived idea, prejudice
成品 成品 chéng pǐn end/finished product
成员 成員 chéng yuán member
成效 成效 chéng xiào effect, result
成败 成敗 chéng bài success or failure
成就 成就 chéng jiù achieve, accomplish
扣除 扣除 kòu chú deduct
káng carry on shoulder
tuō hold in palm, support from under, serve as foil, set off, put lining in
收益 收益 shōu yì profit, gain
收费 收費 shōu fèi collect fees, charge
收买 收買 shōu mǎi purchase, buy in, buy over, bribe
收集 收集 shōu jí collect, gather
收缩 收縮 shōu suō contract, shrink, concentrate one’s force
收藏 收藏 shōu cáng collect, store up
收听 收聽 shōu tīng reception, rating
有心人 有心人 yǒu xīn rén person with set purpose, thinking/feeling people
有形 有形 yǒu xíng tangible, visible
有为 有為 yǒu wéi capable
有限 有限 yǒu xiàn limited, finite
有益 有益 yǒu yì benefit, be helpful
有理 有理 yǒu lǐ reasonable, justified, in the right, rational
有意 有意 yǒu yì have a mind to, be interested in
有缘 有緣 yǒu yuán destined
有机 有機 yǒu jī organic
det.: next, second
次要 次要 cì yào less important, secondary, subordinate, minor
此刻 此刻 cǐ kè this moment, now, at present
池子 池子 chí zi pond, big bathhouse pool, dance floor, front rows in theater
huī ash, dust
灰尘 灰塵 huī chén dust, dirt
老人家 老人家 lǎo rén jiā old person, parents
老子 老子 lǎo zi father
老天爷 老天爺 lǎo tiān yé God, Heavens
老年 老年 lǎo nián old age
老乡 老鄉 lǎo xiāng fellow villager, friendly address for male villager, country bumpkin
老鼠 老鼠 lǎo shǔ mouse, rat
老头(儿/子) 老頭(兒/子) lǎo tóu ér zi old fogy/codger, my old man
考古 考古 kǎo gǔ engage in archaeological studies
考生 考生 kǎo shēng examinee
考场 考場 kǎo chǎng examination hall/room
考验 考驗 kǎo yàn test
ér and
耳光 耳光 ěr guāng box on the ears, slap on the face
肉麻 肉麻 ròu má disgusting
肉体 肉體 ròu tǐ flesh and blood, the body
肌肤 肌膚 jī fū skin
from, since
自立 自立 zì lì stand on own feet
自行 自行 zì xíng by oneself, of oneself, of one’s own accord, voluntarily, proper motion
自身 自身 zì shēn self, oneself
自制 自制 zì zhì denial, continence, nerves, forbearance, self-renunciation, self-government, restraint, self-denial, temperateness, self-mastery, abnegation, sobriety, renunciation, self-abnegation, unpermissiveness, self-control, self-res
自治 自治 zì zhì self-govern, autonomic
自信 自信 zì xìn self-confidence
自费 自費 zì fèi be at one’s own expense
自传 自傳 zì zhuàn autobiography
自满 自滿 zì mǎn self-satisfied, pretend, puff up, complacent, swell
自称 自稱 zì chēng call oneself, profess
自豪 自豪 zì háo pride oneself on
自觉 自覺 zì jué be conscious/aware
zhì (from…) to
zhì to, until, till
至今 至今 zhì jīn up to now, so far
色情 色情 sè qíng pornographic, sexy
色泽 色澤 sè zé color and luster
血汗 血汗 xiě hàn blood and sweat, sweat and toil
血迹 血跡 xiě jī bloodstain
血压 血壓 xiě yā blood pressure
行列 行列 háng liè ranks, procession
行使 行使 xíng shǐ exercise, perform
行政 行政 xíng zhèng administration
行星 行星 xíng xīng planet
行善 行善 xíng shàn philanthropize, practice philanthropy, do kind deeds, do good works
行号 行號 háng hào (registered) company
西服 西服 xī fú Western-style clothes
西洋 西洋 xī yáng the West, the Western world
西医 西醫 xī yī Western medicine
chuàn [general] collective measure word for a series of abstract things
住户 住戶 zhù hù household, resident
住宿 住宿 zhù sù stay, put up, get accommodations
伫立 佇立 zhù lì stand still for long while
佛经 佛經 fó jīng Buddhist scripture/sutra
佛像 佛像 fó xiàng figure/image of Buddha
which, what
何在 何在 hé zài where?, what place?
估价 估價 gū jià appraisal, rating, assessment, appraised price, extent, valuation, appraisement, quotation, evaluation
伺候 伺候 cì hòu wait upon, serve
伸张 伸張 shēn zhāng spread
似的/地 似的/地 sì de di it looks like
dàn only, just, merely
作怪 作怪 zuò guài make trouble, stir up trouble, do mischief
作物 作物 zuò wù crop
作为 作為 zuò wéi conduct, deed, action
作风 作風 zuò fēng style of work, way
作战 作戰 zuò zhàn fight, do battle
作证 作證 zuò zhèng testify, witness, take the stand, certify, attest, give evidence, verify, bear witness, depose, evidence
兑现 兌現 duì xiàn cash (check/etc.), honor (commitment/etc.), fulfill, make good
克制 克制 kè zhì restrain, exercise restraint
免疫 免疫 miǎn yì immune
免税 免稅 miǎn shuì duty-free
bīng soldier, army, troops, military, pawn in Ch. chess
冷汗 冷汗 lěng hàn cold sweat
冷门 冷門 lěng mén not in popular
冷冻 冷凍 lěng dòng freeze
冷清 冷清 lěng qīng solitary
bié (1) fasten with a pin or clip; (2) leave
别墅 別墅 bié shù villa
pàn to judge, hand down decision at court
利率 利率 lì lǜ interest rate
利弊 利弊 lì bì pros and cons
助手 助手 zhù shǒu assistant, aide
助教 助教 zhù jiào teaching assistant
be, mean
at present, in the immediate future, then, promptly, at once
即日 即日 jí rì this or that very day
即时 即時 jí shí immediately, forthwith
luǎn ovum, egg, spawn, fish roe
吭声 吭聲 kēng shēng utter a word, utter a sound
吞吞吐吐 吞吞吐吐 tūn tūn tǔ tǔ hum and haw
否决 否決 fǒu jué vote down, veto, overrule
dāi silly, foolish, idiotic, maladroit, blank
chéng render, submit
呈献 呈獻 chéng xiàn respectfully present
告别 告別 gào bié leave, part from, bid farewell to
告状 告狀 gào zhuàng complain to sb.’s superior about sb., sue sb., sue, go to law against sb., complain, bring a lawsuit against
吹牛 吹牛 chuī niú talk big
吵嘴 吵嘴 chǎo zuǐ quarrel
kùn to surround, get stock in
困境 困境 kùn jìng difficult position, predicament, straits
困扰 困擾 kùn rǎo perplex, puzzle
jūn without exception, all
均匀 均勻 jūn yún even, well-distributed
均衡 均衡 jūn héng balance
坐牢 坐牢 zuò láo be in jail, imprison, be imprisoned, be in prison
坐镇 坐鎮 zuò zhèn to personally attend to garrison duty; to assume personal command
壮丽 壯麗 zhuàng lì majestic, magnificent
壮观 壯觀 zhuàng guān magnificent
夹杂 夾雜 jiá zá be mixed up or mingled with
妨碍 妨礙 fáng ài hamper, impede, obstruct
妥当 妥當 tuǒ dang appropriate, proper
孝子 孝子 xiào zǐ dutiful son, son in mourning
完备 完備 wán bèi perfect
宏伟 宏偉 hóng wěi magnificent, grand
局面 局面 jú miàn aspect, phase, situation
局部 局部 jú bù part
序幕 序幕 xù mù prologue, prelude
弄错 弄錯 nòng cuò misunderstand
弄坏 弄壞 nòng huài maim, go, put out of order, mar, fail, poison, bitch, mess, stultify, bedevil, give way, die, wear, bust, conk out, go bad, ruin, fall apart, give out, murder, spoil, kayo, break down, break, vitiate, wear out
弟兄 弟兄 dì xiōng brother, soldiers, buddy, brothers, frater, frère, Brother
形形色色 形形色色 xíng xíng sè sè all kinds of things
形势 形勢 xíng shì terrain, topographical features, situation, circumstances
形态 形態 xíng tài form, shape, pattern, morphology
形体 形體 xíng tǐ physique, form and structure
志向 志向 zhì xiàng aspiration, ideal, ambition
志趣 志趣 zhì qù aspiration and interest, inclination, bent
忍痛 忍痛 rěn tòng very reluctantly, do sth. with reluctance
快活 快活 kuài huó happy, cheerful
jiè guard against, exhort, admonish, warn, give up, drop, stop
戒备 戒備 jiè bèi guard, take precautions
抄袭 抄襲 chāo xí plagiarize, indiscriminately copy from others
抗争 抗爭 kàng zhēng make stand against, resist
dǒu tremble, shiver, shake, rouse, stir up, make good, succeed
技能 技能 jì néng technical ability, mastery of a skill/technique
技艺 技藝 jì yì skill, artistry, craft, mechanical arts
抉择 抉擇 jué zé choice
扭转 扭轉 niǔ zhuǎn turn round/back, reverse, remedy (a situation)
把手 把手 bǎ shǒu handle, grip
把持 把持 bǎ chí monopolize, dominate
找寻 找尋 zhǎo xún look for, seek
批准 批准 pī zhǔn ratify, approve, sanction
批发 批發 pī fā wholesale
折腾 折騰 zhē téng toss and turn, do sth. over and over again, range back and forth, maneuver, cause physical/mental suffering
投入 投入 tóu rù participate (in)
投保 投保 tóu bǎo insure
投机 投機 tóu jī speculate, be opportunistic
抓紧 抓緊 zhuā jǐn seize
抑制 抑制 yì zhì restrain, control, check
改良 改良 gǎi liáng improve, ameliorate
改编 改編 gǎi biān adapt, rearrange, revise
改选 改選 gǎi xuǎn hold another election
改观 改觀 gǎi guān transfigure, have new outlook, change the face of, change appearance
gōng assault, attack, censure, accuse
攻击 攻擊 gōng jí attack, assault
攻读 攻讀 gōng dú diligently study, major/specialize in
更动 更動 gēng dòng change, alter
束缚 束縛 shù fú tie up, fetter
步调 步調 bù diào pace, step, tempo
步骤 步驟 bù zòu step, measure, move
每每 每每 měi měi often, invariably
求助 求助 qiú zhù seek help
求学 求學 qiú xué study, attend school
沙拉 沙拉 shā lā salad
沙哑 沙啞 shā yǎ hoarse
沉思 沉思 chén sī ponder, meditate, be lost in thought
沉重 沉重 chén zhòng heavy, serious
沉默 沉默 chén mò reticent, taciturn, silent
决赛 決賽 jué sài finals
决议 決議 jué yì resolution
沐浴 沐浴 mù yù have/take a bath, bathe, immerse
冲天 沖天 chōng tiān to soar, rocket
冲淡 沖淡 chōng dàn attempter, qualify, dilution, play down, step down, temper, season, cut, reduce, weaken, water down, efface, dilute, thin, water down, de-escalate, thin out, understate
没收 沒收 mò shōu confiscate, expropriate
没落 沒落 mò luò decline, wane
汲取 汲取 jí qǔ draw, derive
灾情 災情 zāi qíng disaster conditions
灾祸 災禍 zāi huò disaster, calamity
láo prison house, cage
狂妄 狂妄 kuáng wàng wild, presumptuous, arrogant
狂风 狂風 kuáng fēng gale force wind
男方 男方 nán fāng husband’s side, bridegroom’s side, the bridegroom’s or husband’s side
私心 私心 sī xīn selfish motive/idea, selfishness
良机 良機 liáng jī good/golden opportunity
芒果 芒果 máng guǒ mango
见解 見解 jiàn jiě view, opinion, understanding
见识 見識 jiàn shì widen one’s knowledge/experience
见证 見證 jiàn zhèng see with one’s own eyes
言论 言論 yán lùn open discussion, speech
贝壳 貝殼 bèi ké clamshell
走廊 走廊 zǒu láng corridor, passage, passageway
as much as
身子 身子 shēn zi body, health
身段 身段 shēn duàn posture
身教 身教 shēn jiào teach others by one’s own example
车厢 車廂 chē xiāng railway carriage/car
车辆 車輛 chē liàng vehicle, car
辛勤 辛勤 xīn qín industrious, hardworking
辛酸 辛酸 xīn suān sad, tearful
巡视 巡視 xún shì make inspection tour
巡逻 巡邏 xún luó patrol
里程 里程 lǐ chéng mileage
防水 防水 fáng shuǐ watertight, waterproof, rainproof, be waterproof
防治 防治 fáng zhì prevent and cure, prophylaxis and treatment
防备 防備 fáng bèi guard or take precautions against
防范 防範 fáng fàn be on guard, keep lookout
防卫 防衛 fáng wèi defend
防御 防禦 fáng yù defense
并列 並列 bìng liè appose, juxtapose
并重 並重 bìng zhòng lay equal stress on, pay equal attention to
事件 事件 shì jiàn incident, event
事宜 事宜 shì yí matters concerned, arrangement
事故 事故 shì gù accident, mishap
事务 事務 shì wù work, routine, general affairs
事态 事態 shì tài state of affairs
事变 事變 shì biàn incident, emergency, exigency
亚军 亞軍 yǎ jūn runner-up
京剧 京劇 jīng jù Beijing opera
according to, judging by
依照 依照 yī zhào according to, in light of
依据 依據 yī jù according to, on the basis of, judging by
依赖 依賴 yī lài rely/depend on
依旧 依舊 yī jiù as before, still
佳人 佳人 jiā rén beautiful woman
佳节 佳節 jiā jié joyful festival
使命 使命 shǐ mìng mission
使劲 使勁 shǐ jìn exert all one’s strength, muscle, muscle into
使唤 使喚 shǐ huàn order about, be bossy, use, handle
使节 使節 shǐ jié diplomatic envoy
供给 供給 gōng jǐ supply, provide, furnish
供养 供養 gòng yǎng provide for, support, make offerings
example, instance, precedent, case, rule, regulation
for example
例外 例外 lì wài excepted
lái time (since)
来客 來客 lái kè guest, visitor
来得 來得 lái de emerge (from a comparison) as, come out as
来宾 來賓 lái bīn guest, visitor
并发 併發 bìng fā to begin at the same time; to erupt at the same time
佩服 佩服 pèi fú admire
儿女 兒女 ér nǚ sons and daughters, children, young males and females
两口子 兩口子 liǎng kǒu zi couple
两极 兩極 liǎng jí the two poles (of the earth or a magnet/battery)
典型 典型 diǎn xíng typical case, model, type
典雅 典雅 diǎn yǎ refined, elegant (of diction)
刻苦 刻苦 kè kǔ hard-working, self-sacrificing
刻画/划 刻畫/劃 kē huà depict, portray
刻意 刻意 kè yì conscious, purposely, painstakingly, sedulously
刻薄 刻薄 kè bó mean, ungenerous, carping, harsh
刺杀 刺殺 cì shā stab to death
到期 到期 dào qí become due, run out, fall, expiration, due, expire, be due, mature
到头来 到頭來 dào tóu lái after all, in the long run, in the end
制订 制訂 zhì dìng work/map out, formulate
制裁 制裁 zhì cái sanction, punish
协定 協定 xié dìng arrange, accord, covenant
协商 協商 xié shāng consult, talk things over
协会 協會 xié huì association, society
协调 協調 xié tiáo coordinate, harmonize, bring into line
协调 協調 xié tiáo concordant, matching
协办 協辦 xié bàn do sth. jointly
协议 協議 xié yì agreement
协议 協議 xié yì agree on
卓越 卓越 zhuó yuè outstanding, brilliant
取材 取材 qǔ cái select material (for book/etc.)
取悦 取悅 qǔ yuè try to please
取样 取樣 qǔ yàng sampling
取缔 取締 qǔ dì ban (publication old custom etc.), punish violator
受害 受害 shòu hài suffer injury/loss, be victimized
受训 受訓 shòu xùn receive/undergo training
呼吁 呼籲 hū yù appeal to
和睦 和睦 hé mù harmony; concord; amicability
和解 和解 hé jiě become reconciled
和谐 和諧 hé xié harmonious, concordant
周密 周密 zhōu mì complete, thorough
周详 周詳 zhōu xiáng complete, thorough
周游 周遊 zhōu yóu journey/travel round
周转 周轉 zhōu zhuǎn 1.[Economics] turnover 2. (of funds) circulating; revolving 3.to have enough to meet the need
周边 周邊 zhōu biān periphery
命中 命中 mìng zhòng hit target/mark
命名 命名 mìng míng name (sb./sth.)
固有 固有 gù yǒu intrinsic, inherent, innate
固执 固執 gù zhí obstinate, stubborn, persist in, cling to
固然 固然 gù rán though, although
固体 固體 gù tǐ solid
坦克 坦克 tǎn kè tank
坦然 坦然 tǎn rán calm, unperturbed, frank, open
夜景 夜景 yè jǐng night scene/view
奉养 奉養 fèng yǎng support and wait upon (one’s parents, etc.)
奉献 奉獻 fèng xiàn offer as tribute, present with all respect
奇妙 奇妙 qí miào wonderful, marvelous
奇异 奇異 qí yì strange, queer, bizarre, odd
奇迹 奇蹟 qí jī miracle, wonder, marvel
奇观 奇觀 qí guān spectacular sight, wonder
奔腾 奔騰 bēn téng gallop, surge forward, roll on in waves
委屈 委屈 wěi qū 1.to feel wronged; to nurse a grievance 2.[Polite] to put someone under great inconvenience, etc.
孤立 孤立 gū lì isolated
孤儿 孤兒 gū ér orphan
孤独 孤獨 gū dú lonely, solitary
季风 季風 jì fēng monsoon
宗旨 宗旨 zōng zhǐ aim, purpose
定义 定義 dìng yì definition
定额 定額 dìng é quota
guān government official, officeholder
官司 官司 guān sī lawsuit
shàng still, yet, fairly, rather
屈服 屈服 qū fú surrender
occupy (position/place)
jiè fall due
届时 屆時 jiè shí at appointed time, on the occasion
岩石 岩石 yán shí rock
底片 底片 dǐ piàn negative, photographic plate
延伸 延伸 yán shēn extend, stretch
沿袭 沿襲 yán xí carry on as before
延迟 延遲 yán chí delay, postpone
延续 延續 yán xù continue, go on, last
往来 往來 wǎng lái come and go
忠实 忠實 zhōng shí true, faithful
念头 念頭 niàn tou thought, idea, intention
怪不得 怪不得 guài bù dé so that’s why
性能 性能 xìng néng natural capacity, function (of machine/etc.), property
性情 性情 xìng qíng disposition, temperament, temper
所以然 所以然 suǒ yǐ rán whys and wherefores
所在 所在 suǒ zài place, location
所得 所得 suǒ dé income, earnings, gains
承包 承包 chéng bāo contract, farming
承担 承擔 chéng dān bear, undertake, assume
承诺 承諾 chéng nuò promise
拉票 拉票 lā piào ballot, canvass, solicit votes
resist, repel, refuse, reject
pāo throw, toss, fling, leave behind, cast aside
抛弃 拋棄 pāo qì abandon, forsake, cast aside
抽空 抽空 chōu kòng take advantage of any free time
抽查 抽查 chōu chá spot-check
抽象 抽象 chōu xiàng abstract
抽样 抽樣 chōu yàng sample
mortgage, pawn, pledge, detain, take into custody, escort, send under escort, shelve, rhyme
guǎi turn, change direction, limp, swindle, abduct
拍子 拍子 pāi zi [Music] a beat; time; the type of rhythm; a tempo
拍马屁 拍馬屁 pāi mǎ pì flattery
拍照 拍照 pāi zhào take (picture), shoot (film)
拍摄 拍攝 pāi shè take (picture), shoot (film)
arrive at
抵制 抵制 dǐ zhì boycott
抵押 抵押 dǐ yā mortgage
抱负 抱負 bào fù aspiration, ambition
tuō delay, drag on, procrastinate
拖延 拖延 tuō yán delay, put off
拖累 拖累 tuō lèi encumber, be burden on, implicate, involve
放任 放任 fàng rèn not interfere, let alone
放映 放映 fàng yìng show, project (film)
放逐 放逐 fàng zhú exile, banish, deport
放款 放款 fàng kuǎn loan, make loans
放宽 放寬 fàng kuān relax restrictions, ease, let out (e.g., dress)
放荡 放蕩 fàng dàng dissolute, loose, dissipate
放松 放鬆 fàng sōng relax, slacken, loosen
斧头 斧頭 fǔ tóu axe, hatchet
in, at, to, from, out of, by
旺季 旺季 wàng jì peak period, busy/high season
旺盛 旺盛 wàng shèng vigorous, exuberant
昔日 昔日 xí rì former days/times
昆虫 昆蟲 kūn chóng insect
昂贵 昂貴 án guì expensive, costly
明日 明日 míng rì tomorrow, the near future
明白 明白 míng bái clearly
明理 明理 míng lǐ reasonable
明智 明智 míng zhì judicious
hūn faint, swoon, dizzy, syncope
服刑 服刑 fú xíng to serve a sentence; to serve one’s term of imprisonment
服从 服從 fú cóng obey, submit (oneself) to, be subordinated to
服饰 服飾 fú shì dress and personal adornment
果真 果真 guǒ zhēn really, as expected
果实 果實 guǒ shí fruit, gains, fruits
果树 果樹 guǒ shù fruit tree
果断 果斷 guǒ duàn determined, resolute
松树 松樹 sōng shù pine tree, pine
méi [general] individual measure word for 1. some small, round or lump-shaped things.2.rockets, missiles…etc.
武力 武力 wǔ lì armed force
武士 武士 wǔ shì palace guard, warrior, knight
武术 武術 wǔ shù martial art
武装 武裝 wǔ zhuāng arm, equipped with weapons
注目 注目 zhù mù fix eyes on
注定 注定 zhù dìng be doomed/destined
注重 注重 zhù zhòng lay stress on, pay attention to
注视 注視 zhù shì watch attentively, gaze at
zhān moisten, soak, be stained with, touch
沼泽 沼澤 zhǎo zé marsh, swamp, bog
[event] a wave of something: measure word of actions or events that occur after an interval of time like waves
波及 波及 bō jí affect, spread to
波浪 波浪 bō làng wave
法人 法人 fǎ rén legal/juridical/corporate person
法令 法令 fǎ lìng laws, decrees
法制 法制 fǎ zhì legal system/institutions, legality
法定 法定 fǎ dìng legal, statutory
法官 法官 fǎ guān judge, justice
法治 法治 fǎ zhì rule of law
法则 法則 fǎ zé standard method, binding agreement, formula
沸腾 沸騰 fèi téng boil
yóu oily, greasy, glib, slick
油田 油田 yóu tián oil field
油条 油條 yóu tiáo deep-fried twisted dough sticks
油腻 油膩 yóu nì oily, greasy
沮丧 沮喪 jǔ sàng depressed, disheartened
沿用 沿用 yán yòng continue to use (old methods/etc.)
沿海 沿海 yán hǎi along the coast, coastal, littoral
沿途 沿途 yán tú on the way, throughout a journey
延误 延誤 yán wù incur loss through delay
治本 治本 zhì běn get at root, take radical measures, effect a permanent cure, get at the root
治安 治安 zhì ān public order/security
治理 治理 zhì lǐ administer, govern, bring under control, put in order
治标 治標 zhì biāo palliate, merely alleviate symptom of illness, take stopgap measures, bring about a temporary solution, palliative, merely alleviate the symptoms of an illness
治疗 治療 zhì liáo treat, cure
pào [approximation] measure word for tea
泡沫 泡沫 pào mò foam, froth
争气 爭氣 zhēng qì fight to excel, try to win credit for, try to bring credit to
争夺 爭奪 zhēng duó vie with sb. for sth.
争论 爭論 zhēng lùn controversy, dispute
争议 爭議 zhēng yì disputation, controversy
争辩 爭辯 zhēng biàn argue, contend
牧场 牧場 mù chǎng grazing land, pasture
物品 物品 wù pǐn article, goods
物产 物產 wù chǎn products, produce
物资 物資 wù zī materials, goods
物体 物體 wù tǐ body, substance, object
状元 狀元 zhuàng yuán Number One Scholar (title conferred on top scorer in highest, the very best (in any field)
狐疑 狐疑 hú yí be suspicious
玩弄 玩弄 wán nòng play/juggle with, resort to, employ
疙瘩 疙瘩 gē da swelling, pimple, lump, knot
盲人 盲人 máng rén blind person
盲从 盲從 máng cóng follow blindly
直径 直徑 zhí jìng diameter
知足 知足 zhī zú be content with one’s lot, contented
社交 社交 shè jiāo social contact/interaction
社团 社團 shè tuán mass organization
社论 社論 shè lùn editorial
空运 空運 kōng yùn air transport
空谈 空談 kōng tán prattle
空旷 空曠 kōng kuàng open, wide, spacious
空难 空難 kōng nàn airplane disaster
纠纷 糾紛 jiū fēn complication, dustup, entanglement, tangle
肺炎 肺炎 fèi yán pneumonia
肥料 肥料 féi liào fertilizer, manure
[general] [approximation] partial measure word for: 1.long and narrow things.2.water or stream.3.air current or a breath.4. some abstract nouns.
股市 股市 gǔ shì stock market
lie down, crouch, sit (of animals/birds), poach (eggs)
bud, sprout, shoot
花卉 花卉 huā huì flowering plant, painting of flowers/plants
花朵 花朵 huā duǒ flower
花纹 花紋 huā wén decorative pattern, figure, wood grain
花样 花樣 huā yàng pattern, variety
花瓣 花瓣 huā bàn (flower) petal
初期 初期 chū qí initial stage, early days
biǎo indicate
表白 表白 biǎo bái vindicate/explain oneself
表明 表明 biǎo míng make known, indicate
yíng welcome, receive, meet, face
迎合 迎合 yíng hé pander/cater to
fǎn return
jìn almost
近代 近代 jìn dài modern times
金鱼 金魚 jīn yú goldfish
金钱 金錢 jīn qián money, wealth
长子 長子 zhǎng zǐ eldest son
长远 長遠 cháng yuǎn long-term, long-range
长辈 長輩 zhǎng bèi elder generation
门户 門戶 mén hù door, strategic gateway, faction, sect, family status
阻力 阻力 zǔ lì obstruction, resistance
阻塞 阻塞 zǔ sè block up, obstruct, clog
阻挠 阻撓 zǔ náo obstruct, thwart, prevent
阻挡 阻擋 zǔ dǎng stop, resist, obstruct, stem
附上 附上 fù shàng enclose herewith
雨季 雨季 yǔ jì rainy season
青春 青春 qīng chūn one’s youth, young adulthood
青蛙 青蛙 qīng wā frog
青翠 青翠 qīng cuì lush
非凡 非凡 fēi fán outstanding, extraordinary, uncommon
信念 信念 xìn niàn faith, belief, conviction
信徒 信徒 xìn tú believer, disciple
信息 信息 xìn xí information, news, message
信赖 信賴 xìn lài trust, count on, have faith in
侵犯 侵犯 qīn fàn violate, infringe on (sb.’s rights)
侵害 侵害 qīn hài encroach on (other’s rights), violate
侵略 侵略 qīn lüè invade
侵蚀 侵蝕 qīn shí corrode, erode
侵袭 侵襲 qīn xí make sneak attack on
便 便 biàn convenience
便宜 便宜 pián yí advantage
便宜 便宜 pián yí let sb. off lightly
qiào pretty, handsome, smart
保全 保全 bǎo quán keep safe, preserve, maintain
保安 保安 bǎo ān ensure safety (for workers), ensure public security, public security, protection, ensure safety
保佑 保佑 bǎo yòu bless and protect
保姆 保姆 bǎo mǔ nursemaid, baby sitter
保重 保重 bǎo zhòng take care of oneself
保管 保管 bǎo guǎn take care of
保险 保險 bǎo xiǎn safe; secure
保龄球 保齡球 bǎo líng qiú bowling (balls)
urge, promote
促成 促成 cù chéng facilitate, effect
促使 促使 cù shǐ impel, urge, spur
促销 促銷 cù xiāo merchandise, sell
俘虏 俘虜 fú lǔ to capture; to take (or make) sb. Prisoner
俘虏 俘虜 fú lǔ a captive; a prisoner
俗称 俗稱 sú chēng be commonly called…, be commonly known as…
俗语 俗語 sú yǔ common saying, folk adage
侮辱 侮辱 wǔ rù insult, humiliate
冒险 冒險 mào xiǎn take risks/chances
刹车 剎車 shā chē put on the brakes, brake car, turn off a machine, stop a vehicle by applying the brakes, stop a machine by cutting off the power
削弱 削弱 xuè ruò weaken, cripple
前后 前後 qián hòu front and rear, around or about, altogether
前科 前科 qián kē previous criminal record
前院 前院 qián yuàn front courtyard
前提 前提 qián tí premise, prerequisite, presupposition
前景 前景 qián jǐng foreground, prospect, vista, perspective
前程 前程 qián chéng future, prospect
前辈 前輩 qián bèi senior (in age/experience/etc.), elder, older generation
勉强 勉強 miǎn qiǎng force sb. to do sth.
劲(儿) 勁(兒) jìn er physical strength, force
of surprise/disapproval
品味 品味 pǐn wèi savor, taste
品种 品種 pǐn zhǒng breed, variety, assortment
hǒng fool, coax
zán we, you and I, I
chuí to hang down
垂直 垂直 chuí zhí perpendicular, vertical
型态 型態 xíng tài format
契机 契機 qì jī juncture, turning/critical point
姿势 姿勢 zī shì posture, gesture
姿态 姿態 zī tài posture, carriage, attitude, pose
威力 威力 wēi lì power, might
威风 威風 wēi fēng 1.power and prestige 2.majestic and awe-inspiring
宣示 宣示 xuān shì announce, proclaim
宣告 宣告 xuān gào declare, proclaim
宣言 宣言 xuān yán declaration, manifesto
宣扬 宣揚 xuān yáng publicize, propagate, advertise
宣称 宣稱 xuān chēng assert, declare, profess
宣誓 宣誓 xuān shì take/swear an oath, vow
客机 客機 kè jī aircraft
fēng confer (title/territory/etc.) upon
封条 封條 fēng tiáo a strip of paper used for sealing, closure, paper strip seal, paper strip used for sealing
封闭 封閉 fēng bì resistant to anything new
封锁 封鎖 fēng suǒ blockade, block, seal off
shǐ excrement, dung, dropping, secretion (of eye/ear/etc.)
尸体 屍體 shī tǐ corpse, remains
度量衡 度量衡 dù liáng héng weights and measures
度过 度過 dù guò pass, spend (time/etc.)
建国 建國 jiàn guó found or build up a state
建造 建造 jiàn zào build, construct, make
dāi stay
dài treat, entertain
怒气 怒氣 nù qì wrath, anger, rage, fury
思念 思念 sī niàn think of, long for, miss
思维 思維 sī wéi thought, thinking
思潮 思潮 sī cháo trend of thought, ideological trend, thoughts
怠慢 怠慢 dài màn slight, neglect a guest
急救 急救 jí jiù first aid, emergency treatment
急诊 急診 jí zhěn emergency treatment
急躁 急躁 jí zào anxious, tingle
yuàn blame, reproach, reprove
恍惚 恍惚 huǎng hū illusory, elusive
恰好 恰好 qià hǎo exactly, just right
恰恰 恰恰 qià qià coincidentally, exactly
恰当 恰當 qià dàng appropriate, proper, suitable, fitting
拜拜 拜拜 bài bài to do obeisance to, to worship, to prostrate oneself
拜会 拜會 bài huì pay sb. a visit
按摩 按摩 àn mó massage
pīn put/piece together, spell
chí hold, grasp
持久 持久 chí jiǔ lasting, protracted
持平 持平 chí píng be equalized
持续 持續 chí xù continue, persist
指引 指引 zhǐ yǐn point way, guide, show
指正 指正 zhǐ zhèng note mistakes for correction, make comment/criticism
指南针 指南針 zhǐ nán zhēn compass
指纹 指紋 zhǐ wén loops and whorls on fingers, fingerprint
指控 指控 zhǐ kòng accuse, charge
指望 指望 zhǐ wàng look to, count on
指责 指責 zhǐ zé censure, criticize
指挥 指揮 zhǐ huī commander, director, conductor
指挥 指揮 zhǐ huī conduct, direct, command
指数 指數 zhǐ shù index (number), indicator, exponent
指标 指標 zhǐ biāo target, quota, norm, index
指头 指頭 zhǐ tóu finger
指点 指點 zhǐ diǎn give directions/pointers/etc., direct, guide
shí pick up, collect
挑剔 挑剔 tiāo tī nitpick
政见 政見 zhèng jiàn political view
政绩 政績 zhèng jī achievements in one’s official career
政权 政權 zhèng quán political/state power, regime
hence, so, therefore, as a result
施行 施行 shī xíng put in force, execute, implement, apply, perform
施肥 施肥 shī féi muck, feed, apply fertilizer, fertilize, soil, spread manure, manure, nourish, dung, compost
星辰 星辰 xīng chén stars
星座 星座 xīng zuò constellation
染料 染料 rǎn liào dyestuff
柱子 柱子 zhù zi post, pillar
柔软 柔軟 róu ruǎn soft, lithe
某些 某些 mǒu xiē some
jià put up, erect
架子 架子 jià zi frame, stand, rack, shelf, framework, skeleton, outline, stance
架构 架構 jià gòu construction, framework
bǐng handle, stem (of flower/etc.)
查明 查明 chá míng find out, look, prove through investigation, detect, ascertain, prove, inquire
柳树 柳樹 liǔ shù willow tree
泉源 泉源 quán yuán fountainhead, source
洪水 洪水 hóng shuǐ flood, floodwater
流水 流水 liú shuǐ flowing/running water
流失 流失 liú shī run off, be washed away
流氓 流氓 liú máng hoodlum, hooligan, gangster
流星 流星 liú xīng shooting star, meteor
流域 流域 liú yù valley, river basin, drainage area
流通 流通 liú tōng circulate
流程 流程 liú chéng manufacturing/technological process/workflow, course (of river/etc.)
流传 流傳 liú chuán spread, circulate, hand down
流落 流落 liú luò wander about destitute
津贴 津貼 jīn tiē subsidy, allowance
洞穴 洞穴 dòng xuè cave, cavern
洗礼 洗禮 xǐ lǐ baptism, severe test
活(儿) 活(兒) huó ér product, dinkum, work
活期 活期 huó qí current
洽商 洽商 qià shāng make arrangements with, talk over with
洽谈 洽談 qià tán hold trade talk, negotiate
派出所 派出所 pài chū suǒ police substation
派遣 派遣 pài qiǎn send, dispatch
派头 派頭 pài tóu style, manner
泄气 洩氣 xiè qì to feel discouraged, to lose heart, to be disheartened, to be disappointed, to be frustrated
wéi to do
wéi to be, become
为人 為人 wéi rén personal character/make-up
为止 為止 wéi zhǐ stop here
为生 為生 wéi shēng make a living
为何 為何 wèi hé why, for what reason
为首 為首 wéi shǒu head, be headed by
炸药 炸藥 zhà yào explosive (charges), dynamite
狩猎 狩獵 shòu liè hunt
hěn malicious
狠心 狠心 hěn xīn cruel
珍珠 珍珠 zhēn zhū pearl
珍惜 珍惜 zhēn xí treasure, cherish
shèn very, extremely
béng need not
jiē all, everyone
盆地 盆地 pén dì basin
省事 省事 shěng shì tactful, save trouble, simplify matters
相仿 相仿 xiāng fǎng be similar, be more or less same
相配 相配 xiāng pèi match, fit
相符 相符 xiāng fú conform to, tally/agree with, correspond to/with
相处 相處 xiāng chǔ get along (with one another)
相传 相傳 xiāng chuán hand down or pass on from one to another
相继 相繼 xiāng jì in succession, one after another
眉毛 眉毛 méi máo eyebrow, brow
眉头 眉頭 méi tóu brows
看守 看守 kān shǒu watch, guard
pàn to hope, to long for
科幻 科幻 kē huàn scientific and fictional
穿梭 穿梭 chuān suō shuttle back and forth
突兀 突兀 tú wù towering, distinguished, prominent
突击 突擊 tú jí ambush, outfall, rush, thrust, blitz, onrush, sally, descent, sortie, assault, surprise attack, coup de main
红利 紅利 hóng lì [Commerce] an extra dividend; a bonus; a profit
红烧 紅燒 hóng shāo braise in soy sauce
纪律 紀律 jì lǜ discipline, morale, laws and regulations
约束 約束 yuē shù control, restrain, bind
美容院 美容院 měi róng yuàn beauty parlor/shop
美满 美滿 měi mǎn happy, harmonious (of a family)
nài bear, endure
耐力 耐力 nài lì endurance, stamina
wèi stomach
胃口 胃口 wèi kǒu appetite, liking
背心 背心 bèi xīn sleeveless garment, vest
背诵 背誦 bèi sòng recite, repeat from memory
胡乱 胡亂 hú luàn carelessly, casually
致力 致力 zhì lì devote oneself (to)
致命 致命 zhì mìng fatal, mortal, deadly
致富 致富 zhì fù thrive, flourish, become rich, prosper, make a fortune
致词 致詞 zhì cí make a speech
致意 致意 zhì yì devote attention to, send best regards, send one’s greetings
苛责 苛責 kē zé excoriate
苦工 苦工 kǔ gōng hard manual work
苦衷 苦衷 kǔ zhōng buttoned-up pain, difficulty that is hard to say
苦恼 苦惱 kǔ nǎo vexed, worried
苦难 苦難 kǔ nàn suffering, misery, distress
ruò if, as if
若干 若干 ruò gān a certain number
茂密 茂密 mào mì dense, thick (of vegetation)
英勇 英勇 yīng yǒng heroic, valiant
虐待 虐待 nüè dài maltreat, tyrannize, abuse
衍生 衍生 yǎn shēng derive, form
要犯 要犯 yào fàn important criminal
要好 要好 yào hǎo being close friends
要点 要點 yào diǎn main points, essentials, gist, key strongpoint
count, compute, calculate
订购 訂購 dìng gòu order goods
(1) carry on back/shoulder, bear, shoulder/bear (responsibility), owe (money) ; (2) betray, abandon, go against
lie prone, bend over face down
军官 軍官 jūn guān officer
军备 軍備 jūn bèi armament, arms
军阀 軍閥 jūn fá warlord
军舰 軍艦 jūn jiàn warship, naval vessel
轨道 軌道 guǐ dào track, orbit, trajectory, course, path
迫害 迫害 pò hài persecute
重用 重用 zhòng yòng put sb. in important position
重镇 重鎮 zhòng zhèn strategic place
重叠 重疊 chóng dié overlap, superpose
xiàn set a limit, restrict
限度 限度 xiàn dù limit, limitation
面孔 面孔 miàn kǒng face
面谈 面談 miàn tán discuss face to face
革新 革新 gé xīn innovate
风力 風力 fēng lì wind force/power
风化 風化 fēng huà morals and manners, the decency demanded by a society
风水 風水 fēng shuǐ landscape geomancy
风光 風光 fēng guāng scene, view, sight
风光 風光 fēng guāng grand; beautiful, lovely
风行 風行 fēng xíng be in fashion, be popular
风尚 風尚 fēng shàng prevailing fashion
风暴 風暴 fēng bào windstorm, tempest
风潮 風潮 fēng cháo agitation, unrest
飞行 飛行 fēi xíng fly
飞快 飛快 fēi kuài at lightning speed
飞翔 飛翔 fēi xiáng circle in the air, hover
飞弹 飛彈 fēi dàn missile, stray bullet
首府 首府 shǒu fǔ capital
首长 首長 shǒu zhǎng senior officer
首席 首席 shǒu xí seat of honor
首饰 首飾 shǒu shì (woman’s) jewelry, finery
首领 首領 shǒu lǐng chieftain, leader
香皂 香皂 xiāng zào perfumed/scented soap
枷锁 枷鎖 jiā suǒ yoke, chains, fetters, shackles
chéng multiply
倍数 倍數 bèi shù multiple
值班 值班 zhí bān be on duty
值钱 值錢 zhí qián valuable
借贷 借貸 jiè dài borrow/lend money, debit and credit sides
rest on; reply on
倒楣 倒楣 dǎo méi be out of luck, be unlucky
倒数 倒數 dào shǔ count backwards
具全 俱全 jù quán complete in all varieties
倡导 倡導 chàng dǎo propose
个体 個體 gè tǐ individual
候选人 候選人 hòu xuǎn rén candidate (for election)
倘若 倘若 tǎng ruò if, supposing, in case
修女 修女 xiū nǚ nun, sister
修好 修好 xiū hǎo foster cordial relations between states
修建 修建 xiū jiàn build, construct, erect
修订 修訂 xiū dìng revise
修补 修補 xiū bǔ mend, repair, revamp
修养 修養 xiū yǎng self-cultivation, spiritual character
修筑 修築 xiū zhú construct, build, put up
伦理 倫理 lún lǐ ethics, moral principles
兼职 兼職 jiān zhí hold two or more posts concurrently
冥想 冥想 míng xiǎng contemplate, meditate, muse, deep thought, meditation
冻结 凍結 dòng jié freeze (lit./fig.)
准许 准許 zhǔn xǔ permit, allow
凋零 凋零 diāo líng wither, fall, and scatter about
剔除 剔除 tī chú reject, get rid of
刚强 剛強 gāng qiáng firmly
peel, flay
剥削 剝削 bō xuè exploit
yuán originally, formerly
原子 原子 yuán zǐ atom
原子弹 原子彈 yuán zǐ dàn atom/atomic bomb
原形 原形 yuán xíng original shape
原状 原狀 yuán zhuàng previous condition
原野 原野 yuán yě open country
Yo!
hēng inj.: humph!
hēng hum
哺乳动物 哺乳動物 bǔ rǔ dòng wù mammal
particle: expressing exclamation
埋伏 埋伏 mái fú hide, lie low
套装 套裝 tào zhuāng suit, pant dress
niáng ma, mum, mother
娘家 娘家 niáng jiā married woman’s parents’ home
害虫 害蟲 hài chóng pest
家家户户 家家戶戶 jiā jiā hù hù each and every family, every household
家电 家電 jiā diàn household electrical appliances
家属 家屬 jiā shǔ family members/dependents
宫殿 宮殿 gōng diàn palace
róng allow, tolerate
容纳 容納 róng nà have capacity for, accommodate
容许 容許 róng xǔ permit, tolerate
容量 容量 róng liàng capacity (of container)
容器 容器 róng qì container
射手 射手 shè shǒu shooter, marksman
射击 射擊 shè jí shoot, fire
展望 展望 zhǎn wàng look into the distance/future
展现 展現 zhǎn xiàn unfold before one’s eyes
峭壁 峭壁 qiào bì cliff, precipice
峡谷 峽谷 xiá gǔ gorge, canyon
岛屿 島嶼 dǎo yǔ island, isle
差额 差額 chā é difference (in amount) ; balance; margin; odds
[general] [event] individual measure word for 1. elaborate meals, usually for a special event. 2. talking, vindicating…etc.3. special space or political event
席位 席位 xí wèi seat
师范 師範 shī fàn teacher-training, pedagogical
库存 庫存 kù cún stock, reserve
座右铭 座右銘 zuò yòu míng motto, maxim
座谈 座談 zuò tán have informal discussion
徒弟 徒弟 tú dì apprentice, disciple
恐吓 恐嚇 kǒng hè threaten, intimidate
恐惧 恐懼 kǒng jù fear, dread
恭敬 恭敬 gōng jìng respectful
恭维 恭維 gōng wéi flatter, compliment
恩人 恩人 ēn rén benefactor, patron
恩怨 恩怨 ēn yuàn feeling of gratitude or enmity
恩情 恩情 ēn qíng grace, favor
恩爱 恩愛 ēn ài love, devotion, affection
悔恨 悔恨 huǐ hèn regret deeply
扇子 扇子 shàn zi fan
quán [activity] measure word for the times someone boxes with their fists
introducing instrument or target
振动 振動 zhèn dòng vibrate
kǔn bundle up
捐赠 捐贈 juān zèng contribute (as gift), donate, present
捐献 捐獻 juān xiàn contribute (to organization)
wǎn pull, draw
挽救 挽救 wǎn jiù save, remedy
nuó move, shift
āi get close to, be next to, follow in sequence or along designated route/direction
效力 效力 xiào lì effect
效忠 效忠 xiào zhōng devote oneself heart and soul, pledge loyalty to
效法 效法 xiào fǎ follow example of
效劳 效勞 xiào láo serve, give service to, work in the service of, render service to, devote oneself to, work for, be in the service of
旁人 旁人 páng rén other people
旁听 旁聽 páng tīng audit a class
旅途 旅途 lǚ tú journey, trip, route
旅费 旅費 lǚ fèi travelling expenses
时光 時光 shí guāng time
时差 時差 shí chā time difference, jet lag, equation of time
时效 時效 shí xiào period of effectiveness, prescription, aging
时节 時節 shí jié season, time
时髦 時髦 shí máo fashionable, in vogue
晋级 晉級 jìn jí rise in rank, be promoted
书本 書本 shū běn book
书面 書面 shū miàn written, in written form, in writing
书写 書寫 shū xiě write
朗诵 朗誦 lǎng sòng read aloud with expression, declaim
朗读 朗讀 lǎng dú read aloud, read loudly and clearly
核子 核子 hé zǐ nucleon
核定 核定 hé dìng check and ratify, appraise and decide
核准 核准 hé zhǔn check and approve, ratify
核对 核對 hé duì check figures/proof
核算 核算 hé suàn examine and calculate, assess, check
案子 案子 àn zi case (of law/etc.)
案件 案件 àn jiàn a legal case, a police case
案情 案情 àn qíng details of a case
根源 根源 gēn yuán source, origin, root
shū comb hair
zāi plant
格外 格外 gé wài especially, all the more
格式 格式 gé shì a style, a format, the form of characters or letters
格局 格局 gé jú pattern, setup, structure
zhū [general] individual measure word for plants, such as a grass, a flower
气派 氣派 qì pài dignified
气势 氣勢 qì shì vigor, verve, manner, air
气概 氣概 qì gài mettle, spirit
气管 氣管 qì guǎn windpipe, trachea
气压 氣壓 qì yā atmospheric pressure
气体 氣體 qì tǐ air, gas
消防 消防 xiāo fáng fight/prevent fire
消毒 消毒 xiāo dú disinfect, sterilize
消耗 消耗 xiāo hào consume, use up, deplete
消遣 消遣 xiāo qiǎn make fun of ..
消遣 消遣 xiāo qiǎn divert oneself, while away time
海拔 海拔 hǎi bá elevation, height above sea level
海面 海面 hǎi miàn sea level
海运 海運 hǎi yùn sea transportation, ocean shipping
涉及 涉及 shè jí involve, touch upon
涉嫌 涉嫌 shè xián be suspected of being involved
浮动 浮動 fú dòng float, drift
烈士 烈士 liè shì martyr, person of high endeavor
乌鸦 烏鴉 wū yā crow
乌龙茶 烏龍茶 wū lóng chá oolong tea
乌龟 烏龜 wū guī tortoise, cuckold
特此 特此 tè cǐ hereby
特约 特約 tè yuē engage by special arrangement
特区 特區 tè qū special zone
特征 特徵 tè zhēng characteristic, trait, characteristic marks, features
特权 特權 tè quán privilege, prerogative
狭小 狹小 xiá xiǎo narrow and small, narrow
狭窄 狹窄 xiá zhǎi narrow, cramped, narrow and limited
班车 班車 bān chē regular bus (service)
m.[standard] measure word for field
病床 病床 bìng chuáng hospital bed, sickbed
病情 病情 bìng qíng patient’s condition
病菌 病菌 bìng jùn pathogenic bacteria, germs
疲惫 疲憊 pí bèi tired-out, exhausted
疼爱 疼愛 téng ài love dearly
真情 真情 zhēn qíng sincere feeling or emotion
破例 破例 pò lì make an exception, make exception, break rule, break a rule
破案 破案 pò àn solve, solve a case, crack a criminal case, solve criminal case
破除 破除 pò chú do away with
破产 破產 pò chǎn go bankrupt, come to naught
破碎 破碎 pò suì smash sth. to pieces
破获 破獲 pò huò unearth, uncover
祖宗 祖宗 zǔ zōng ancestors, forebears
shén magical, mystical, miraculous
神情 神情 shén qíng expression, look
租赁 租賃 zū lìn rent, lease, hire
笑嘻嘻 笑嘻嘻 xiào xī xī grinning, smiling broadly, grin
粉刷 粉刷 fěn shuā whitewash, plaster
粉红 粉紅 fěn hóng pink
纺织 紡織 fǎng zhī spinning and weaving, textile
紊乱 紊亂 wèn luàn disorder, chaos, confusion
素食 素食 sù shí vegetarian diet
素质 素質 sù zhí quality, diathesis
索赔 索賠 suǒ péi claim damages
纳入 納入 nà rù to subsume, to bring into, to fit into, to intake
纳闷 納悶 nà mèn wonder
纳税 納稅 nà shuì pay taxes
缺陷 缺陷 quē xiàn flaw, shortcoming
耕地 耕地 gēng dì cultivated land
脂肪 脂肪 zhī fáng fat
脆弱 脆弱 cuì ruò fragile, frail, weak
xiōng chest, bosom, thorax, mind, heart
胸口 胸口 xiōng kǒu pit of stomach, the middle of the chest
胳膊 胳膊 gē bo arm
能量 能量 néng liàng energy, capabilities
航行 航行 háng xíng sail, fly
航空信 航空信 háng kōng xìn air mail
茫然 茫然 máng rán ignorant, in the dark
荒唐 荒唐 huāng táng 1.absurd; fantastic; preposterous 2.dissipated; loose; intemperate
草案 草案 cǎo àn a draft, a draft plan, a protocol, an outline
草率 草率 cǎo shuài hurry, slur, careless
草丛 草叢 cǎo cóng thick growth of grass
草药 草藥 cǎo yào medicinal herbs
茶具 茶具 chá jù tea set
虔诚 虔誠 qián chéng pious, devout
衰退 衰退 shuāi tuì fail, decline
衷心 衷心 zhōng xīn heartily, wholeheartedly, cordially
xùn lecture, teach, train
财政 財政 cái zhèng finance
财团 財團 cái tuán a consortium, a syndicate, big business, a money clique
起伏 起伏 qǐ fú rise and fall, undulate
起步 起步 qǐ bù start (a task)
起源 起源 qǐ yuán origin
起码 起碼 qǐ mǎ at least
迷宫 迷宮 mí gōng labyrinth, maze
迷惑 迷惑 mí huò puzzle, confuse, baffle
迷恋 迷戀 mí liàn be enamored with, be infatuated with
退化 退化 tuì huà degenerate, deteriorate
回/回响 迴/回響 huí xiǎng echo
逃生 逃生 táo shēng flee for one’s life
逃税 逃稅 táo shuì dodge tax, evade tax, evade paying one’s tax, evade one’s tax
追究 追究 zhuī jiù look into, find out, investigate
追查 追查 zhuī chá investigate, trace, find out
追捕 追捕 zhuī bǔ pursue and capture
酒店 酒店 jiǔ diàn wine shop, public house
酒精 酒精 jiǔ jīng ethyl alcohol
酒馆 酒館 jiǔ guǎn tavern
pèi distribute according to plan
pèi deserve, be worthy of, be qualified
配音 配音 pèi yīn dub, lip-sync
配给 配給 pèi jǐ ration
酌量 酌量 zhuó liàng consider, deliberate
dìng 1.to nail 2.to sew on
针灸 針灸 zhēn jiǔ acupuncture
闪电 閃電 shǎn diàn lightning
闪烁 閃爍 shǎn shuò twinkle, flicker, glisten
闪耀 閃耀 shǎn yào glitter, shine, radiate
阵营 陣營 zhèn yíng camp
dǒu steep, precipitous
饥饿 飢餓 jī è starve
马铃薯 馬鈴薯 mǎ líng shǔ potato
高见 高見 gāo jiàn your idea/opinion
高压 高壓 gāo yā high pressure, high voltage/tension, coercion, tyranny
斗志 鬥志 dòu zhì fighting spirit
鬼怪 鬼怪 guǐ guài evil spirit, jinni, spirit, sprite, specter, supernatural being, monsters of all kind, forces of evil, genie, spiritual being, phantom, ghost and monsters, bugaboo, presence
干燥 乾燥 gān zào dry, arid
停留 停留 tíng liú stay for a time or at a place
停顿 停頓 tíng dùn cease, be at a standstill, stop
停滞 停滯 tíng zhì stagnate, cease moving or making progress
jiǎ borrow, avail of
假使 假使 jiǎ shǐ if, in case, in the event that
假若 假若 jiǎ ruò if, supposing, in case
假期 假期 jià qí vacation, holiday
假象 假象 jiǎ xiàng semblance, appearance, pseudo morph
健壮 健壯 jiàn zhuàng be healthy and strong, beefy, robust, sturdy
健身 健身 jiàn shēn keep fit, exercise
健身房 健身房 jiàn shēn fáng gymnasium, gym
偶而/尔 偶而/爾 ǒu ér ěr occasionally
偶然 偶然 ǒu rán fortuitous, chance
偷渡 偷渡 tōu dù secretly ferry, steal across international border
偷懒 偷懶 tōu lǎn slack, laze, shirk, loaf on the job, truant, goldbrick, lazy, mess about
偏差 偏差 piān chā deviation, error
勒索 勒索 lè suǒ extort, blackmail
务实 務實 wù shí try to be practical/pragmatic, deal with concrete matters
动力 動力 dòng lì motivity, (motive) power, wheel, (motive) power/force, agency, vector, dynamics, force, motive power, momentum, power
动向 動向 dòng xiàng trend, tendency
动员 動員 dòng yuán mobilize, arouse
动脉 動脈 dòng mài artery
动乱 動亂 dòng luàn turmoil, upheaval, disturbance
动态 動態 dòng tài situation, the movement (in a certain sphere of human activity), development, trend, trends; dynamic state, dynamic
动机 動機 dòng jī motif, need, reason, instance, ground, incentive, signal, intention, motive, motivation, inducement, cause
动静 動靜 dòng jìng movement, activity
匾额 匾額 biǎn é horizontal inscribed board
参与 參與 cān yù participate in
参谋 參謀 cān móu staff officer
商讨 商討 shāng tǎo discuss, deliberate over
商榷 商榷 shāng què deliberate
dumb, mute
唱腔 唱腔 chàng qiāng (of Chinese opera) music for voices in a Chinese opera
问世 問世 wèn shì be published, come out
售货员 售貨員 shòu huò yuán shop assistant, salesclerk
quān circle, encircle
圈子 圈子 quān zi circle
国君 國君 guó jūn monarch
国防 國防 guó fáng national defense
国产 國產 guó chǎn make domestically
国境 國境 guó jìng national territory
国营 國營 guó yíng state operated/run
坚忍 堅忍 jiān rěn steadfast and persevering (in face of difficulties), long-suffering
坚固 堅固 jiān gù firm, solid, sturdy
坚信 堅信 jiān xìn believe firmly
坚硬 堅硬 jiān yìng hard and solid, firm, rigid, stiff, stony
堆积 堆積 duī jī heap/pile up
基因 基因 jī yīn gene
基地 基地 jī dì base
基督 基督 jī dū Christ
基层 基層 jī céng grass-roots unit, basic/primary level
堂堂 堂堂 táng táng dignified, imposing, having high aspirations and boldness of vision
to obstruct; to block
堵塞 堵塞 dǔ sè block up
执政 執政 zhí zhèng hold power, govern
执着 執著 zhí zhuó rigid, punctilious
执照 執照 zhí zhào license, permit
培育 培育 péi yù cultivate, foster, breed
培训 培訓 péi xùn cultivate, train
奢侈 奢侈 shē chǐ luxurious, extravagant
奢望 奢望 shē wàng have wild wishes, have extravagant hopes
妇人 婦人 fù rén married woman
婆家 婆家 pó jiā husband’s family
密集 密集 mì jí concentrated, crowded together
专制 專制 zhuān zhì despotic
专员 專員 zhuān yuán assistant director, (administrative) commissioner, person specially assigned for a job
专柜 專櫃 zhuān guì shoppe
jiāng introducing object of main verb
将军 將軍 jiāng jūn high-rank officer, general
崇尚 崇尚 chóng shàng uphold, advocate
崩溃 崩潰 bēng kuì collapse, fall apart
岗位 崗位 gǎng wèi post, station
帐篷 帳篷 zhàng péng tent
康复 康復 kāng fù restore to health, recover
张贴 張貼 zhāng tiē put up (poster/etc.)
张开 張開 zhāng kāi open, spread
强壮 強壯 qiáng zhuàng strong, sturdy
强求 強求 qiáng qiú extort, exact, impose
强劲 強勁 qiáng jìn powerful, forceful
强权 強權 qiáng quán power, might
彗星 彗星 huì xīng comet
彩绘 彩繪 cǎi huì colored drawing/pattern
得以 得以 dé yǐ so that…can (may) …
从而 從而 cóng ér thus, thereby
从容 從容 cōng róng calm, unhurried, leisurely
huàn contract (an illness)
患者 患者 huàn zhě sufferer, patient
悠久 悠久 yōu jiǔ long in time
悠闲 悠閒 yōu xián leisurely and carefree
惋惜 惋惜 wàn xí feel sorry for/about, pity
惦记 惦記 diàn jì remember with concern, worry about
情侣 情侶 qíng lǚ sweethearts, lovers
情妇 情婦 qíng fù mistress, the other woman
情报 情報 qíng bào intelligence, information
情景 情景 qíng jǐng scene, sight, circumstances
情节 情節 qíng jié story, details, plot, circumstances
情绪 情緒 qíng xù emotions, feelings, mood
情趣 情趣 qíng qù temperament, interest, appeal
情操 情操 qíng cāo sentiment (intellectual/aesthetic/etc.)
探究 探究 tàn jiù investigate
探病 探病 tàn bìng visit a patient
探索 探索 tàn suǒ explore, probe
探讨 探討 tàn tǎo inquire into, explore
探望 探望 tàn wàng look about, visit
探险 探險 tàn xiǎn explore, adventure
接洽 接洽 jiē qià take up a matter with, arrange (business/etc.) with
接纳 接納 jiē nà accept
接连 接連 jiē lián in a row, in succession
接管 接管 jiē guǎn take over management
捧场 捧場 pěng chǎng 1.to act as a claque member 2.to sing the praises of; to flatter
措施 措施 cuò shī measure, step
推出 推出 tuī chū present to public
推崇 推崇 tuī chóng esteem, praise highly
推测 推測 tuī cè infer, conjecture, guess
推选 推選 tuī xuǎn elect, choose
授课 授課 shòu kè give lessons
zhèng earn
挣扎 掙扎 zhēng zhá struggle
采光 採光 cǎi guāng lighting
采取 採取 cǎi qǔ take, adopt
采纳 採納 cǎi nà accept, adopt
采访 採訪 cǎi fǎng cover, interview, gather news
排名 排名 pái míng put names in order
排除 排除 pái chú get rid of, remove, eliminate
排挤 排擠 pái jǐ push aside, push/elbow out
xiān lift (cover/etc.), surge, cause to surge
my, our (humble usage)
救援 救援 jiù yuán rescue, come to sb.’s help
救济 救濟 jiù jì relieve, succor
教化 教化 jiào huà enlighten people by education
教官 教官 jiào guān schoolmaster, instructor, military instructor
教员 教員 jiào yuán teacher, instructor
教徒 教徒 jiào tú believer/follower of a religion
教诲 教誨 jiào huǐ teaching, instruction, admonition
open
启示 啟示 qǐ shì apocalypse, illumination, revelation
启事 啟事 qǐ shì notice, announcement
启发 啟發 qǐ fā enlighten, stimulate
敏捷 敏捷 mǐn jié nimble, agile
敏感 敏感 mǐn gǎn be sensitive, susceptible
叙述 敘述 xù shù narrate, recount, relate
旋律 旋律 xuán lǜ melody
旋转 旋轉 xuán zhuǎn revolve, gyrate, spin
弃权 棄權 qì quán waive/forfeit one’s right, abstain from voting
条例 條例 tiáo lì regulations, rules, ordinances
杀价 殺價 shā jià to haggle and beat down the price; to reduce prices; to cut price down; to knock sth. off; to drive a bargain
毫不 毫不 háo bù not at all
液体 液體 yì tǐ liquid
淡水 淡水 dàn shuǐ fresh water
tiān add, increase
浅薄 淺薄 qiǎn bó superficial, meager, shallow
浅显 淺顯 qiǎn xiǎn easy to read and understand, plain
清幽 清幽 qīng yōu quite and exquisite
清扫 清掃 qīng sǎo sweeping
清淡 清淡 qīng dàn mild (of flavor), placid (of life)
清廉 清廉 qīng lián honest
清澈 清澈 qīng chè limpid, clear
清洁 清潔 qīng jié clean, sanitary
清静 清靜 qīng jìng quiet
yān flood, submerge, delay, procrastinate, stay, be stranded
hùn fool/play around together
混淆 混淆 hùn yáo blur, confuse, mix up
混浊 混濁 hùn zhuó turbid, muddy
凄凉 淒涼 qī liáng desolate, dreary
淘汰 淘汰 táo tài eliminate through selection/competition, die out
沦陷 淪陷 lún xiàn fall into enemy hands
深入 深入 shēn rù go deep into, penetrate into
深切 深切 shēn qiè heartfelt, deep, profound
深沉 深沉 shēn chén deep, profound
深厚 深厚 shēn hòu deep, profound, solid, deep-seated
深度 深度 shēn dù depth, profundity
深造 深造 shēn zào pursue advanced studies
深奥 深奧 shēn ào profound
jìng completely, only, merely, nothing but
爽快 爽快 shuǎng kuài straightforwardly
牵连 牽連 qiān lián involve (in trouble), implicate
猜忌 猜忌 cāi jì be suspicious and jealous
猜测 猜測 cāi cè guess, surmise
猜想 猜想 cāi xiǎng suppose, suspect, guess
měng suddenly, abruptly, fiercely
猛烈 猛烈 měng liè fierce, rabid
猖獗 猖獗 chāng jué rage, run wild, be rampant
shuài lead, command
理性 理性 lǐ xìng rational
理财 理財 lǐ cái manage money matters
理智 理智 lǐ zhì rational, sagacious, wise
理论 理論 lǐ lùn argue
理学 理學 lǐ xué natural science
现行 現行 xiàn xíng in effect/force/operation, current, active
现状 現狀 xiàn zhuàng status quo, present conditions
甜美 甜美 tián měi loved, cherished, pleasant
产物 產物 chǎn wù outcome, result; product
产值 產值 chǎn zhí value of output
lüè slightly, cursorily, somewhat
毕生 畢生 bì shēng all one’s life, lifetime
异常 異常 yì cháng unusual, extraordinary, abnormal
异乡 異鄉 yì xiāng alien land (i.e., not one’s hometown)
疏散 疏散 shū sàn scatter, disperse, relax by taking stroll
疏导 疏導 shū dǎo dredge, open up a path for
shèng fill, ladle, hold, contain
盛行 盛行 shèng xíng be current, be in vogue
盛情 盛情 shèng qíng hospitality
盛装 盛裝 shèng zhuāng top-dress, attire, prink
眼界 眼界 yǎn jiè field of vision/view, outlook
眼看 眼看 yǎn kàn see sth. happen, watch helplessly
piào [general] [activity] collective measure word for a crowd or a group of people
祭祀 祭祀 jì sì offer sacrifices to gods/ancestors
移植 移植 yí zhí transplant, graft
粗鲁 粗魯 cū lǔ ill-mannered
粗糙 粗糙 cū cāo coarse, rough, crude
统制 統制 tǒng zhì control
统统 統統 tǒng tǒng all, completely
组装 組裝 zǔ zhuāng assemble and install
组织 組織 zǔ zhī organize, form
累积 累積 lěi jī accumulate
终究 終究 zhōng jiù eventually, in the end, after all
终身 終身 zhōng shēn lifelong, all one’s life
终场 終場 zhōng chǎng end of performance, final session in an examination
终结 終結 zhōng jié end, final stage
翌日 翌日 next day
习题 習題 xí tí exercises
脱手 脫手 tuō shǒu sell
脱身 脫身 tuō shēn get free, extricate oneself, get away, get away
船只 船隻 chuán zhī boat, ship
庄严 莊嚴 zhuāng yán solemn, dignified, stately
chǔ get along (with sb.)
chǔ punish, sentence
处女 處女 chù nǚ virgin
处分 處分 chǔ fèn punishment
处分 處分 chǔ fèn discipline/punish sb.
处方 處方 chǔ fāng prescription
处事 處事 chǔ shì deal with affairs
处于 處於 chǔ yú be (in a certain condition)
处境 處境 chǔ jìng situation (usu. unfavorable)
被子 被子 bèi zi quilt
规则 規則 guī zé regular, fixed
规格 規格 guī gé specifications, standard
规矩 規矩 guī jǔ well-behaved, gentleman-like, honest
规范 規範 guī fàn constraint, norm
or so
许久 許久 xǔ jiǔ for a long time
许可 許可 xǔ kě permit, allow
许多 許多 xǔ duō very many (much)
shè set up, found
设施 設施 shè shī installation, facilities
设想 設想 shè xiǎng imagine, assume, have consideration for
设置 設置 shè zhì set/put up, install
贩毒 販毒 fàn dú traffic in narcotics
贩卖 販賣 fàn mài peddle, sell
责备 責備 zé bèi blame, reproach
贯彻 貫徹 guàn chè carry out, implement
货品 貨品 huò pǐn types of goods/product
货币 貨幣 huò bì money, currency
tān be corrupt, practice graft, covet, hanker after
贪心 貪心 tān xīn avaricious, greedy
贫民 貧民 pín mín poor people, pauper
贫苦 貧苦 pín kǔ poor, impoverished
软弱 軟弱 ruǎn ruò flabby, faint, jellify, feeble
软体 軟體 ruǎn tǐ software
逍遥 逍遙 xiāo yáo be free and unfettered
通用 通用 tōng yòng in common use, current, general, interchangeable
通行 通行 tōng xíng pass/go through
通车 通車 tōng chē be open to traffic, have transport service
通货膨胀 通貨膨脹 tōng huò péng zh inflation
通报 通報 tōng bào circulate notice
通称 通稱 tōng chēng be generally called/known as
通缉 通緝 tōng qì promulgate an order for the arrest of
逗留 逗留 dòu liú stay, stop, linger, tarry
连任 連任 lián rèn renew one’s term of office
连带 連帶 lián dài connected
连结 連結 lián jié join, link
连线 連線 lián xiàn connect
逝世 逝世 shì shì pass away, die
zhú to drive out, expel
zhú each
逐步 逐步 zhú bù step by step, progressively
造化 造化 zào huà 1.[Formal] Nature; the Creator 2.[Informal] good fortune
造反 造反 zào fǎn rise in rebellion, revolt, rebel, rise up
造物主 造物主 zào wù zhǔ God, the Creator
造型 造型 zào xíng modeling, mold-making, model, mold
透明 透明 tòu míng transparent
透过 透過 tòu guò via
途径 途徑 tú jìng way, channel
部署 部署 bù shǔ dispose, deploy
部落 部落 bù luò tribe
酗酒 酗酒 xù jiǔ drink excessively
钓鱼 釣魚 diào yú angle, go fishing
闭塞 閉塞 bì sè constipate, congest, clog, clog up, choke, stop up, foul, choke off, obdurate, close up, back up, oppilate
闭幕 閉幕 bì mù the curtain falls, conclude, lower the curtain, curtain falls, close
陆地 陸地 lù dì dry land
阴影 陰影 yīn yǐng shadow
阴谋 陰謀 yīn móu plot, scheme
陶器 陶器 táo qì pottery, earthenware
陷入 陷入 xiàn rù sink/fall into, get bogged down in
雪人 雪人 xuě rén snowman, yeti
jìng unexpectedly
竟然 竟然 jìng rán unexpectedly, to one’s surprise
dǐng (1) carry on the head, cope with, stand up to, replace; (2) gore, butt, go against, push from below/behind, retort, turn down
dǐng very, most, extremely
dǐng [general] measure word for hat, wig, or tent
麦子 麥子 mài zi wheat
麻醉 麻醉 má zuì anesthetize, poison, drug
nián sticky
家伙 傢伙 jiā huo guy, fellow, son-of-a-bitch
chuàng initiate (sth.)
创立 創立 chuàng lì found, originate
创作 創作 chuàng zuò create, produce, write
创伤 創傷 chuāng shāng wound, trauma
创新 創新 chuàng xīn bring forth new ideas, blaze new trails
创业 創業 chuàng yè start undertaking, do pioneering work
创办 創辦 chuàng bàn establish, set up
劳改 勞改 láo gǎi to reform through labor
劳累 勞累 láo lèi tire sb.
胜地 勝地 shèng dì famous scenic spot
cry, weep aloud, crow, caw
hǎn call (sb.)
chuǎn gasp for breath, pant
喜悦 喜悅 xǐ yuè happy, joyous
喜气 喜氣 xǐ qì hilarity
喜剧 喜劇 xǐ jù comedy
丧生 喪生 sàng shēng get killed, lose one’s life
丧事 喪事 sāng shì funeral arrangement
单行道 單行道 dān xíng dào one-way street
单价 單價 dān jià unit price
单据 單據 dān jù documentary evidence in trade (e.g., receipts/vouchers)
单独 單獨 dān dú alone, solely, singly, individually, on one’s own
单亲 單親 dān qīn single parent
围巾 圍巾 wéi jīn muffler, scarf
围墙 圍牆 wéi qiáng enclosing wall
围绕 圍繞 wéi rào move around, center on, revolve around
场次 場次 chǎng cì the number of showings of a film, play, etc.
场面 場面 chǎng miàn scene, spectacle, occasion, appearance, scope
报刊 報刊 bào kān press, periodical publications, newspapers and periodicals
报表 報表 bào biǎo forms for reporting statistics/etc.
报案 報案 bào àn report case to security authorities
报章 報章 bào zhāng newspapers
报复 報復 bào fù retaliate
报酬 報酬 bào chóu reward, remuneration, pay
报价 報價 bào jià quotation
报应 報應 bào yìng retribution, judgment
报关 報關 bào guān declare sth. at customs, apply to customs, declare at customs
[container] container measure word for the amount of liquid
奠定 奠定 diàn dìng establish, settle
媒体 媒體 méi tǐ media
[general] measure word for traditional Chinese medicine
be rich in, be full of
富有 富有 fù yǒu be rich/wealthy
富有 富有 fù yǒu be rich in, be full of
富贵 富貴 fù guì wealth and honor/rank
寓言 寓言 yù yán allegory, parable, fable
zūn [general] individual measure word for the statues of gods or Buddha’s or sculptures…etc.
zūn honorable, respected
尊严 尊嚴 zūn yán dignity, honor
jiù (1) take advantage of, turn to profit; (2) approach, draw near, come close to
jiù exactly, precisely, only, merely, just
就绪 就緒 jiù xù be in order, be ready
幅度 幅度 fú dù range, scope, extent
复原 復原 fù yuán recover from an illness, restore, rehabilitate
复甦 復甦 fù sū resuscitate, recover
循环 循環 xún huán circulate, cycle, circulatory system
è evil, wicked, vicious
恶化 惡化 è huà worsen
恶性 惡性 è xìng viciousness, malignancy
恶意 惡意 è yì malice, evil intentions
悲哀 悲哀 bēi āi grieved, sorrowful
悲观 悲觀 bēi guān pessimistic
mēn muffled (of sound), stuffy
闷热 悶熱 mēn rè swelter
惶恐 惶恐 huáng kǒng terrified
描绘 描繪 miáo huì depict, describe, portray
róu rub, knead
zòu beat, hit
插曲 插曲 chā qǔ theatrical interlude, songs in films/plays
插嘴 插嘴 chā zuǐ to break into a conversation or statement; to put in
提升 提升 tí shēng promote
提及 提及 tí jí mention, refer to
提出 提出 tí chū put forward, pose, raise
提名 提名 tí míng nominate
提拔 提拔 tí bá promote
提倡 提倡 tí chàng advocate, encourage, recommend
提议 提議 tí yì propose, suggest
揭幕 揭幕 jiē mù inauguration, undrape, prologuize, unveil, kick off, inaugurate
揭晓 揭曉 jiē xiǎo announce, publish
援助 援助 yuán zhù help, aid, support
jiū hold tight, seize, pull, tug, drag
换取 換取 huàn qǔ exchange sth. for, get in return
散文 散文 sǎn wén prose
散布/布 散布/佈 sàn bù disseminate, scatter, diffuse
斯文 斯文 sī wén cultured
景物 景物 jǐng wù scenery
景气 景氣 jǐng qì prosperity, boom
景象 景象 jǐng xiàng scene, sight, picture, prospects
景观 景觀 jǐng guān landscape
智力 智力 zhì lì intelligence, intellect
替代 替代 tì dài substitute for, replace, supersede
期末 期末 qí mò end of semester/quarter
期望 期望 qí wàng to hope; to expect; to anticipate
期货 期貨 qí huò goods to be delivered at specific time, futures
朝气 朝氣 zhāo qì morning freshness, youthful spirit, vigor, vitality
棺材 棺材 guān cái coffin
棍子 棍子 gùn zi rod, stick
kuǎn [kind] [general] measure word for styles or types
款式 款式 kuǎn shì pattern, style, design
款待 款待 kuǎn dài treat cordially, entertain
欺侮 欺侮 qī wǔ bully, humiliate
钦佩 欽佩 qīn pèi admire, esteem, respect
残杀 殘殺 cán shā murder, massacre
残酷 殘酷 cán kù brutal, ruthless
残暴 殘暴 cán bào cruel
殖民 殖民 zhí mín colonize
shell, crust
cross (river/sea/etc.), tide over, ferry across
yǒng seethe, flow out
凑巧 湊巧 còu qiǎo by luck, by chance
渠道 渠道 qú dào irrigation ditch, medium/channel of communication
汤圆 湯圓 tāng yuán glutinous rice dumplings
survey, fathom, measure, conjecture, infer
浑身 渾身 hún shēn from head to foot, all over
滋味 滋味 zī wèi taste, flavor
焦急 焦急 jiāo jí anxious, nettle, peeve, worried, vex, fuss, fretful
无比 無比 wú bǐ unparalleled, matchless
无疑 無疑 wú yí beyond doubt, undoubtedly
无线电 無線電 wú xiàn diàn radio
犹豫 猶豫 yóu yù hesitate, be irresolute
qín general name for stringed instruments, zither-like instrument
画面 畫面 huà miàn general appearance of a picture, tableau, frame, TV screen
画展 畫展 huà zhǎn art/paintings exhibition
痛恨 痛恨 tòng hèn hate bitterly
登陆 登陸 dēng lù land, disembark
登场 登場 dēng chǎng be taken to threshing ground, come on stage
[general] measure word for bullet, shells…etc.
发作 發作 fā zuò break out, show effect, have fit of anger, flare up
发育 發育 fā yù grow, develop
发炎 發炎 fā yán inflammation
发掘 發掘 fā jué excavate, unearth, explore
发电 發電 fā diàn generate electricity
发疯 發瘋 fā fēng go crazy, be out of one’s mind, flip, go mad, lunatic, mad, become insane
发誓 發誓 fā shì vow, pledge, vum, attest, promise, engage, take, plight, swan, swear
短缺 短缺 duǎn quē be deficient, miss
短暂 短暫 duǎn zhàn of short duration, brief
yìng doggedly
硬体 硬體 yìng tǐ hardware
程式 程式 chéng shì program, form, pattern, formula
等候 等候 děng hòu wait, await, expect
等价 等價 děng jià of equal value; equal in value
策划/划 策畫/劃 cè huà plan, plot, engineer
笔画 筆畫 bǐ huà strokes of Ch. character
笔录 筆錄 bǐ lù notes, record, [Formal] to take down in writing
答覆 答覆 dá fù answer, reply
结业 結業 jié yè graduate
结实 結實 jié shí strong, solid, durable
结缘 結緣 jié yuán form ties
绝大多数 絕大多數 jué dà duō shù most of, majority
绝迹 絕跡 jué jī die out, disappearance, die out, go away, die off, vanish, be stamped out, disappear
紫外线 紫外線 zǐ wài xiàn ultraviolet ray
丝毫 絲毫 sī háo in the slightest amount/degree
给予 給予 gěi yǔ give to
腔调 腔調 qiāng diào tune, accent
舒展 舒展 shū zhǎn unfold, extend, smooth out, stretch
舒畅 舒暢 shū chàng entirely free from worry, relaxed, unbend, happy
华人 華人 huá rén Ch. people
华裔 華裔 huá yì foreign citizen of Ch. origin
着手 著手 zhuó shǒu set to, get to work
著作 著作 zhù zuò work, book, writings
着重 著重 zhuó zhòng emphasize, attach importance
着眼 著眼 zhuó yǎn view from the angle of, have … in mind, fix eyes upon, see from the angle of
着想 著想 zháo xiǎng consider, take into consideration
萎缩 萎縮 wēi suō wither, shrivel, shrink, sag, atrophy
虚心 虛心 xū xīn humble, open-minded
虚拟 虛擬 xū nǐ fictitious, suppositional
街坊 街坊 jiē fāng neighbors, neighborhood
裁员 裁員 cái yuán reduce staff, comb-out, reduce the staff, discharge, cut down the member of persons employed
裁减 裁減 cái jiǎn reduce, trim
裁缝 裁縫 cái féng tailor, dressmaker
视觉 視覺 shì jué visual sense, vision
评估 評估 píng gū estimate, evaluate
评价 評價 píng jià evaluation
评论 評論 píng lùn comment on, discuss
词汇 詞彙 cí huì vocabulary, words and phrases
诉苦 訴苦 sù kǔ to air one’s grievances; to complain
诊所 診所 zhěn suǒ clinic
诊断 診斷 zhěn duàn diagnose
象征 象徵 xiàng zhēng symbol, emblem, token
象征 象徵 xiàng zhēng symbolize, signify, stand for
贴心 貼心 tiē xīn intimate
费力 費力 fèi lì need great effort, be strenuous
贵宾 貴賓 guì bīn honored/distinguished guest
买主 買主 mǎi zhǔ buyer, customer
买卖 買賣 mǎi mài buying and selling, business deal/transaction, (small) merchant enterprise
biǎn demote, relegate, reduce, devalue, censure, depreciate
贬值 貶值 biǎn zhí devalue, devaluate, depreciate
超脱 超脫 chāo tuō 1.unconventional; original, 2.to be detached; to stand aloof; to keep aloof
超速 超速 chāo sù exceed speed limit
be apart/away from
跑道 跑道 pǎo dào runway, track
辜负 辜負 gū fù disappoint, let down, fail to live up to
逮捕 逮捕 dài bǔ make an arrest
进化 進化 jìn huà evolve
进而 進而 jìn ér proceeding to the next step
进攻 進攻 jìn gōng attack, assault
进度 進度 jìn dù rate of advance, planned speed, schedule
进军 進軍 jìn jūn march, advance (as of troops)
进修 進修 jìn xiū engage in advanced studies, take refresher course
进展 進展 jìn zhǎn make progress/headway
进场 進場 jìn chǎng march into arena
乡土 鄉土 xiāng tǔ upcountry, corny
gài calcium
开口 開口 kāi kǒu start to talk, speak
开放 開放 kāi fàng open
开展 開展 kāi zhǎn develop, launch, unfold
开动 開動 kāi dòng to start; to set in motion; to operate; to work
开张 開張 kāi zhāng open up, open, open a business, auspicate, the first transaction of a day’s business, begin doing business, first transaction of day
开启 開啟 kāi qǐ open
开饭 開飯 kāi fàn serve meal, serve a meal
开业 開業 kāi yè institute, open a private practice, practicing, establish, start business
开路 開路 kāi lù open circuit, blaze a trail, blaze trail, cleave, open a way, pioneer, open way, lead way
开幕 開幕 kāi mù open, inaugurate (meeting/etc.), raise curtain
开盘 開盤 kāi pán give the opening quotation
开销 開銷 kāi xiāo expense
开导 開導 kāi dǎo to explain and convince
开办 開辦 kāi bàn open, set up, start (business/etc.)
开头(儿) 開頭(兒) kāi tóu er opening move, beginning, start, front, initiative, first step, opening
开阔 開闊 kāi kuò widen
开辟 開闢 kāi pì open/set up, start, build (road)
队伍 隊伍 duì wǔ troops, ranks, contingent
阶级 階級 jiē jí social class
阶层 階層 jiē céng social stratum
[general] partial measure word for a set of things, such as one volume in a set of books, one episode in TV series…etc.
集合 集合 jí hé a set, a class
集结 集結 jí jié mass, concentrate, build up
集团 集團 jí tuán group, clique, circle, bloc
集权 集權 jí quán centralization
集体 集體 jí tǐ collective
hire, employ
顺应 順應 shùn yìng comply with, conform to
must, have to
黑名单 黑名單 hēi míng dān blacklist
黑社会 黑社會 hēi shè huì criminal underworld
chuán it is said, they say
传奇 傳奇 chuán qí legend
传奇 傳奇 chuán qí legendary, mythical
传神 傳神 chuán shén conveying the true spirit of the subject portrayed
传授 傳授 chuán shòu pass on (skill/etc.), impart, teach
传递 傳遞 chuán dì transmit, deliver, transfer
倾向 傾向 qīng xiàng tendency, trend, inclination
催眠 催眠 cuī mián lull (to sleep), hypnotize, mesmerize
伤亡 傷亡 shāng wáng injure and die
伤口 傷口 shāng kǒu wound, cut
傻瓜 傻瓜 shǎ guā fool
募集 募集 mù jí to raise; to collect
勤奋 勤奮 qín fèn diligent, assiduous
势必 勢必 shì bì certainly will, be bound to
huì converge, gather together, remit
汇票 匯票 huì piào draft, bill of exchange, money order
嗓子 嗓子 sǎng zi throat, larynx, voice
嗜好 嗜好 shì hào hobby, addiction, habit
园林 園林 yuán lín garden, park
塞车 塞車 sāi chē traffic jam
塑胶 塑膠 sù jiāo synthetic resin, plastic
spread on, apply, scrawl
pagoda, stupa, tower
奥妙 奧妙 ào miào profound, subtle
嫉妒 嫉妒 jí dù be jealous of, envy, hate
嫌疑 嫌疑 xián yí suspicion
嫂子 嫂子 sǎo zi elder brother’s wife
廉价 廉價 lián jià low-priced, cheap
廉洁 廉潔 lián jié incorruptible, upright
微小 微小 wéi xiǎo minute, tiny, slight
微弱 微弱 wéi ruò faint, feeble, weak
愚蠢 愚蠢 yú chǔn silly, fatuous
意味 意味 yì wèi signify, mean, imply
意图 意圖 yì tú intention, intent
意识到 意識到 yì shì dào appreciate, be conscious of
意愿 意願 yì yuàn wish, desire, aspiration
慈善 慈善 cí shàn benevolent, philanthropic
感受 感受 gǎn shòu perception, sentiment, mood
感恩 感恩 gǎn ēn feel grateful, be thankful
感触 感觸 gǎn chù thoughts and feelings
想开 想開 xiǎng kāi think away, get over
爱国 愛國 ài guó love one’s country, patriotic
爱滋病 愛滋病 ài zī bìng AIDS
爱戴 愛戴 ài dài love and respect
chóu sorrow
慌张 慌張 huāng zhāng hurry, hustle, nervous, flustered, fidget, fluster, flurried
搭配 搭配 dā pèi group, pair
搏斗 搏鬥 bó dòu buffet
搜集 搜集 sōu jí collect, gather
sǔn decrease, lose, harm, damage, be sarcastic/caustic, be mean/shabby
损害 損害 sǔn hài harm, damage, injure
损伤 損傷 sǔn shāng harm, detriment, blemish, trauma, debit, loss, derogation, strain, hurt, lesion, scathe, damage, impairment, prejudice, wounding, wound
损坏 損壞 sǔn huài damage, injure
摇晃 搖晃 yáo huàng rock, sway, shake
jìng to offer or serve something politely
敬佩 敬佩 jìng pèi esteem, admire
新手 新手 xīn shǒu new hand, raw recruit
新潮 新潮 xīn cháo fashionable
新颖 新穎 xīn yǐng new and original, novel
新兴 新興 xīn xīng new and developing, rising, burgeoning
暗暗 暗暗 àn àn secretly, inwardly, to oneself
nuǎn to warm
会见 會見 huì jiàn meet/see visitors
会意 會意 huì yì understand, comprehend, know
会谈 會談 huì tán talk
业绩 業績 yè jī achievement
极力 極力 jí lì doing one’s utmost, sparing no effort
极为 極為 jí wéi extremely, exceedingly
极端 極端 jí duān extremeness
极端 極端 jí duān extreme, exceeding
gài generally, without exception
概况 概況 gài kuàng general situation, survey
概括 概括 gài guā summarize, generalize
岁月 歲月 suì yuè years, time
huǐ destroy, ruin, damage, burn up, defame, slander, refashion, make over
毁损 毀損 huǐ sǔn damage, impair
róng dissolve
溶化 溶化 róng huà dissolve (of sugar/etc.)
gōu ditch, channel, trench, groove, rut, furrow, gully, ravine
miè extinguish, exterminate, put/go out
wēn warm up, review
温和 溫和 wēn hé temperate, mild, moderate, gentle
温泉 溫泉 wēn quán hot spring
温带 溫帶 wēn dài temperate zone
温习 溫習 wēn xí review
温驯 溫馴 wēn xún obedient, peaceful, tamed
zhǔn definitely, certainly
准则 準則 zhǔn zé norm, standard, criterion
溜冰 溜冰 liū bīng ice-skate, skating, ice skate, roller-skate, roller-skating, rink, roller skate, skate
溪流 溪流 xī liú brook, rivulet
jiān fry in shallow oil, simmer in water, decoct, be consumed with vexation
照例 照例 zhào lì according to precedent/practice
照耀 照耀 zhào yào shine, illuminate
煞车 煞車 shā chē to tighten, to put on the brake
瑕疵 瑕疵 xiá cī flaw, blemish
dāng that very (day, year), the same (day, etc.), that, then
当心 當心 dāng xīn beware
当代 當代 dāng dài the present age
当兵 當兵 dāng bīng serve in army
当局 當局 dāng jú (appropriate/concerned) authorities
当前 當前 dāng qián before/facing one, the present, here and now
畸形 畸形 jī xíng (1) deformity; (2) abnormal
tán phlegm, sputum
zhǎn [general] individual measure word for lamps
督促 督促 dū cù supervise and urge
bēi stone stele
禁令 禁令 jìn lìng prohibition, ban
万分 萬分 wàn fēn extremely, enormously
万物 萬物 wàn wù myriads of things, all nature
万岁 萬歲 wàn suì banzai, hail, hurrah, long live viva
万万 萬萬 wàn wàn absolutely
稠密 稠密 chóu mì close-woven; dense
节俭 節儉 jié jiǎn scrimp, economize, thrifty, husband, frugal, stint, retrench, pinch
节庆 節慶 jié qìng festival
经典 經典 jīng diǎn classics, scriptures
经书 經書 jīng shū Confucian classics
经济 經濟 jīng jì economical, thrifty, of economic value
bǎng bind, tie, bind sb.’s hands behind him, truss up
罪名 罪名 zuì míng charge, accusation
罪行 罪行 zuì xíng criminal acts
罪恶 罪惡 zuì è crime, evil
群居 群居 qún jū live in groups or as a group
群岛 群島 qún dǎo archipelago
圣贤 聖賢 shèng xián sages
cháng intestines
脚本 腳本 jiǎo běn script, scenario
脑力 腦力 nǎo lì brains, mental capability
脑海 腦海 nǎo hǎi brain, mind
舅父 舅父 jiù fù mother’s brother, uncle
落得 落得 luò de get, end/result in
落魄 落魄 luò tuò sink, abject
落选 落選 luò xuǎn wash out, lose an election, fail to be elected
[general] metaphorical measure word for leaf-like things, such a tiny boat
hào name, be called
号子 號子 hào zi (registered) stock company
补救 補救 bǔ jiù remedy
补给 補給 bǔ jǐ supply
装配 裝配 zhuāng pèi assemble, fit together
装备 裝備 zhuāng bèi equipment, outfit
装置 裝置 zhuāng zhì install, fit
装运 裝運 zhuāng yùn transport
装潢 裝潢 zhuāng huáng mount (picture/etc.), decorate, paste, glue
解放 解放 jiě fàng liberate, emancipate
解约 解約 jiě yuē free, terminate an agreement, discharge
解剖 解剖 jiě pǒu dissect
解脱 解脫 jiě tuō free (extricate) oneself, release from worldly cares
解渴 解渴 jiě kě to quench thirst; to allay one’s thirst; to assuage one’s thirst; to relieve
解答 解答 jiě dá answer
解说 解說 jiě shuō explain orally, appease
解体 解體 jiě tǐ disintegrate
该死 該死 gāi sǐ deserve death, Damn it!
试卷 試卷 shì juàn examination paper
试图 試圖 shì tú attempt, try
kuā to praise; to boast, brag
夸耀 誇耀 kuā yào parade, boastful, brag, boast, swank, pique, over crow, glory
诚心 誠心 chéng xīn sincere desire, wholeheartedness
诚心诚意 誠心誠意 chéng xīn chéng sincere
诚挚 誠摯 chéng zhì sincere
话剧 話劇 huà jù modern drama, stage play
询问 詢問 xún wèn ask about, inquire
资助 資助 zī zhù aid financially, subsidize
资讯 資訊 zī xùn information
资深 資深 zī shēn senior
贿赂 賄賂 huì lù bribe
跟前 跟前 gēn qián the front of; presence
跟进 跟進 gēn jìn follow in wake of
跨越 跨越 kuà yuè stride across, leap over
路过 路過 lù guò pass by/through (a place)
躲避 躲避 duǒ bì hide (oneself), elude, dodge
较量 較量 jiào liàng argue, have a trial of strength, have trial of strength, dispute, have trial of skill, have a contest, stack up, haggle, contest, have a test of strength, measure one’s strength with
农田 農田 nóng tián farmland, cropland
农作物 農作物 nóng zuò wù crops
农具 農具 nóng jù farm implements
农场 農場 nóng chǎng farm
yùn carry, transport, use, wield, utilize, revolve
运行 運行 yùn xíng orbit, operate, travel, revolve, be in motion, gravitate, roll, run, circulate, move
游览 遊覽 yóu lǎn go sight-seeing, tour, visit
dào say, speak, talk, think, suppose
道士 道士 dào shì Daoist priest
道地 道地 dào dì genuine
道别 道別 dào bié say farewell
道义 道義 dào yì morality and justice
reach
违约 違約 wéi yuē break one’s promise, renege, violate a treaty, break contract, break promise/engagement, welch, break a contract, violate treaty, default, break off an engagement
违背 違背 wéi bèi violate, go against
过人 過人 guò rén excel, surpass, surpass others
过失 過失 guò shī fault, slip, error, unpremeditated crime
过目 過目 guò mù look over (list/etc.) so as to check/approve
过重 過重 guò zhòng overbalance
过敏 過敏 guò mǐn have allergy
过量 過量 guò liàng overkill, overrun, overdo
过关 過關 guò guān pass barrier, go through ordeal, pass test, reach standard
过瘾 過癮 guò yǐn satisfy craving, enjoy oneself to the fullest
exceed, go beyond, become even more
yóu uranium
qiān lead
líng bell, sth. bell-shaped, bud
at a distance from, after an interval of
隔阂 隔閡 gé hé 1.estrangement; misunderstanding 2.a barrier; a gap
léi thunder, mine
雷同 雷同 léi tóng duplicate, similar, duplication
雷达 雷達 léi dá radar
电力 電力 diàn lì electric power
电工 電工 diàn gōng electrical engineering, electrician
电流 電流 diàn liú electric current
电视剧 電視劇 diàn shì jù TV play
电器 電器 diàn qì electrical equipment/appliance
电压 電壓 diàn yā voltage
靴子 靴子 xuē zi boots
in advance, beforehand
预估 預估 yù gū predict
预告 預告 yù gào announce in advance, herald
预防 預防 yù fáng prevent, guard against
预约 預約 yù yuē make an appointment
预订 預訂 yù dìng subscribe, book, place an order
预测 預測 yù cè calculate, forecast
预赛 預賽 yù sài preliminary contest
顽强 頑強 wán qiáng stubborn
dùn suddenly
dùn pause, touch ground (with head), stamp (foot)
顿时 頓時 dùn shí immediately, at once
颁发 頒發 bān fā issue, promulgate, award
颁奖 頒獎 bān jiǎng present reward/honor
饱和 飽和 bǎo hé satiate, saturate
饱满 飽滿 bǎo mǎn full, wax
鼓吹 鼓吹 gǔ chuī puffery, fanfaron, breathing, advocacy, infusion, implantation, impregnation
鼓动 鼓動 gǔ dòng agitate, arouse, instigate, incite
雇用 僱用 gù yòng charter, engage, hire, rent, retain, lease, employ
划时代 劃時代 huà shí dài epoch-making, epochal
嘀咕 嘀咕 dí gū whisper, have doubts about sth., have sth. on one’s mind, mumble complainingly
团员 團員 tuán yuán member (of delegation/organization/etc.)
团聚 團聚 tuán jù reunite
plan, seek, pursue
图画 圖畫 tú huà drawing, picture, painting
图腾 圖騰 tú téng totem
尘土 塵土 chén tǔ dust
境地 境地 jìng dì condition, circumstances
grave, tomb, mausoleum
寿星 壽星 shòu xīng elderly person whose birthday is being celebrated
梦见 夢見 mèng jiàn dream about sb./sth.
梦想 夢想 mèng xiǎng dream of, vainly hope
夺魁 奪魁 duó kuí win first place, win championship, win the championship, carry off the first prize
寡妇 寡婦 guǎ fù widow
shí (1) real; (2) solid, full, substantial
shí truly, really, actually
实地 實地 shí dì on the ground/spot
实例 實例 shí lì concrete example
实况 實況 shí kuàng actual situation/happening
实习 實習 shí xí practice, do fieldwork
实质 實質 shí zhí substance, essence
实践 實踐 shí jiàn practice
实证 實證 shí zhèng concrete evidence
寝室 寢室 qǐn shì bedroom, dormitory
察觉 察覺 chá jué realize, be aware
对比 對比 duì bǐ ratio, correlation
对峙 對峙 duì zhì face-off
对照 對照 duì zhào contrast, compare
崭新 嶄新 zhǎn xīn brand-new, completely new
币值 幣值 bì zhí currency value
curtain, screen, tent
态势 態勢 tài shì state, situation, posture
慷慨 慷慨 kāng kǎi be generous/liberal/unselfish
guàn to spoil, be overindulgent to
惨重 慘重 cǎn zhòng heavy, grievous, disastrous
jié to cut in two; intercept, stop, block
jié [approximation] partial measure word for a cut part of long, narrow thing
撤回 撤回 chè huí recede, dispense with, countermand, retreat, foreswear, unsay, relinquish, unmake, pull back, recall, withdrawn, retraction, retire, withdraw, abjure, waive, pull away, repeal, swallow, recant, drawback, unspeak, revo
撤销 撤銷 chè xiāo cancel, rescind, revoke
摧残 摧殘 cuī cán wreck, destroy, devastate
摧毁 摧毀 cuī huǐ destroy, smash, wreck
旗帜 旗幟 qí zhì banner, flag, rallying point, stand
畅销 暢銷 chàng xiāo sell well
and
荣誉 榮譽 róng yù honor
构想 構想 gòu xiǎng proposition
歌唱 歌唱 gē chàng sing
歌颂 歌頌 gē sòng to extol, praise, eulogize
演习 演習 yǎn xí maneuver, exercise, drill, practice
演说 演說 yǎn shuō speech, address
演变 演變 yǎn biàn transmute
drip
漠视 漠視 mò shì treat as unimportant, ignore
lòu (1) leak out, divulge, leak; (2) be missing, leave out
满怀 滿懷 mǎn huái be imbued with, all pregnant with young (of a flock of sheep/etc.)
滞留 滯留 zhì liú be detained
varnish, lacquer, paint
jiàn gradually, by degrees
漫长 漫長 màn cháng very long, endless
渔民 漁民 yú mín fisherfolk
渗入 滲入 shèn rù permeate, seep into
琐碎 瑣碎 suǒ suì trifling, trivial
疑虑 疑慮 yí lǜ misgivings, doubts
尽力 盡力 jìn lì try one’s best
监视 監視 jiān shì keep watch on, keep lookout over
监督 監督 jiān dū supervise, superintend, control
睡眠 睡眠 shuì mián sleep
硕士 碩士 shuò shì Master (of Arts), M.A., eminent scholar
福气 福氣 fú qì happy lot, good fortune
种植 種植 zhòng zhí plant, grow
chèng weigh
称呼 稱呼 chēng hū call, address
称号 稱號 chēng hào title, name, designation
竭力 竭力 jié lì try one’s best
端正 端正 duān zhèng rectify
管子 管子 guǎn zi tube, pipe
管教 管教 guǎn jiào subject sb. to discipline, restrain and instruct
管线 管線 guǎn xiàn general term for pipes/cables/etc.
算命 算命 suàn mìng tell fortune
算术 算術 suàn shù arithmetic
jīng perfect, excellent, refined, meticulous, precise, sharp, clever, shrewd
精光 精光 jīng guāng stark naked
精明 精明 jīng míng astute, shrewd
精华 精華 jīng huá cream, quintessence
精致 精緻 jīng zhì fine, exquisite, delicate
精髓 精髓 jīng suǐ marrow, pith, quintessence
紧密 緊密 jǐn mì close together, inseparable, rapid and intense
紧凑 緊湊 jǐn còu compact; tight; terse; well-knit
紧缩 緊縮 jǐn suō reduce, retrench
纲领 綱領 gāng lǐng program, guiding principle
绵延 綿延 mián yán be continuous, stretch long and unbroken
维生素 維生素 wéi shēng sù vitamin
闻名 聞名 wén míng well-known, famous
聚餐 聚餐 jù cān mess, split, have dinner party, have a dinner party, dine together
腐朽 腐朽 fǔ xiǔ molder, moulder, rust
腐蚀 腐蝕 fǔ shí corrode, corrupt
腐烂 腐爛 fǔ làn putrescence, putridity, corruption, decay, decomposition, blet, putrefaction
与会 與會 yǔ huì participate in conference
méng be indebted (to sb. for a kindness), be granted a favor
盖章 蓋章 gài zhāng seal
zhēng evaporate, steam
蒸气 蒸氣 zhēng qì steam
蒸发 蒸發 zhēng fā evaporate
苍白 蒼白 cāng bái pale, pallid, wan
苍蝇 蒼蠅 cāng yíng fly
honey
制品 製品 zhì pǐn products, manufactured goods
语文 語文 yǔ wén (spoken and written) language, language and literature
认定 認定 rèn dìng firmly believe, set one’s mind on sth.
认错 認錯 rèn cuò admit mistake, apologize
误差 誤差 wù chā error
误解 誤解 wù jiě misread, misunderstand
说笑 說笑 shuō xiào chat and laugh
说谎 說謊 shuō huǎng tell a lie
诱惑 誘惑 yòu huò tempt, seduce, lure
宾馆 賓館 bīn guǎn guesthouse
赶忙 趕忙 gǎn máng quickly, hastily
轻易 輕易 qīng yì lightly, rashly
轻视 輕視 qīng shì despise, slight
轻蔑 輕蔑 qīng miè indignity, flout, disdain, disparagement, scorn, contempt, dispraise, disrespect
轻薄 輕薄 qīng bó insult, harass (verbally)
远景 遠景 yuǎn jǐng distant view, prospect, long shot
遥远 遙遠 yáo yuǎn distant, remote
银子 銀子 yín zi money; silver
银色 銀色 yín sè grade of silver in coins, silver color
银幕 銀幕 yín mù (motion-picture) screen
领悟 領悟 lǐng wù comprehend, grasp
领队 領隊 lǐng duì leader of a group/team/etc.
领会 領會 lǐng huì understand, comprehend, grasp
míng cry (of birds/animals)
鼻孔 鼻孔 bí kǒng nostril
鼻涕 鼻涕 bí tì nasal mucus
仪表 儀表 yí biǎo appearance, bearing, meter
嘴唇 嘴唇 zuǐ chún lips
喷漆 噴漆 pēn qī spray lacquer, spray paint
增强 增強 zēng qiáng strengthen, enhance
增进 增進 zēng jìn enhance, promote, further
fén grave, tomb
堕胎 墮胎 duò tāi have an abortion, abortive, induced abortion, abort, have an induced abortion, have an abortion
宽广 寬廣 kuān guǎng broad, extensive, vast
宽阔 寬闊 kuān kuò broad, spacious
审判 審判 shěn pàn try legal case
审核 審核 shěn hé examine and verify
审慎 審慎 shěn shèn cautious; circumspect
审议 審議 shěn yì deliberate
写作 寫作 xiě zuò writing
写实 寫實 xiě shí write/paint realistically
履行 履行 lǚ xíng perform, fulfill, carry out
履历 履歷 lǚ lì curriculum vitae, antecedents
fèi give up, abandon, abolish, abrogate
废止 廢止 fèi zhǐ abolish, annul, put an end to
废除 廢除 fèi chú abolish, abrogate, repeal
废弃 廢棄 fèi qì discard, abandon
废墟 廢墟 fèi xū ruins
弹性 彈性 tán xìng elasticity
影射 影射 yǐng shè allude to, insinuate
征收 徵收 zhēng shōu levy, collect
庆幸 慶幸 qìng xìng rejoice at a good outcome
忧郁 憂鬱 yōu yù depressed
怂恿 慫恿 sǒng yǒng instigate, incite
憧憬 憧憬 chōng jǐng long for, look forward to
撑腰 撐腰 chēng yāo bolster
撰写 撰寫 zhuàn xiě write
to poke; to stir, to twist or turn (a dial, etc.), to allot (funds, space, etc.)
let go, release, let oneself go
撒谎 撒謊 sā huǎng tell lie, blague, lie, tell a lie, cram, falsify
撮合 撮合 cuò hé make a match
播出 播出 bò chū broadcast, disseminate
抚育 撫育 fǔ yù foster, nurture, tend
抚养 撫養 fǔ yǎng foster, raise, bring up
敷衍 敷衍 fū yǎn be perfunctory, skimp along (in a task), treat sb. lightly/flippantly
数据 數據 shù jù data
暴力 暴力 bào lì violent
暴雨 暴雨 bào yǔ torrential rain, cloudburst
暴露 暴露 pù lù reveal, lay bare
标语 標語 biāo yǔ slogan, poster
标签 標籤 biāo qiān label
模式 模式 mó shì model, pattern
模具 模具 mó jù mold, die
模范 模範 mó fàn exemplary person/thing; model, mold for casting bronze
楼房 樓房 lóu fáng building of two or more stories
乐队 樂隊 yuè duì orchestra, band
毅力 毅力 yì lì willpower, will, stamina
splash, spill, sprinkle
洁白 潔白 jié bái pure
潜力 潛力 qián lì latent capacity, potential (-ity)
潜藏 潛藏 qián cáng go into hiding
潺潺 潺潺 chán chán babble, purl, murmur
热水瓶 熱水瓶 rè shuǐ píng hot water bottle, thermos flask
热带 熱帶 rè dài the tropics
热量 熱量 rè liàng heat
热潮 熱潮 rè cháo upsurge
奖状 獎狀 jiǎng zhuàng certificate of merit
奖赏 獎賞 jiǎng shǎng reward, premium, reinforcement, meed, prix, purse, guerdon
奖励 獎勵 jiǎng lì encourage and reward, award
瘟疫 瘟疫 wēn yì pestilence
zhòu knit, crease, shrivel, wrinkly, draw, gather, wrinkle
皱纹 皺紋 zhòu wén wrinkles, lines
磋商 磋商 cuō shāng consult, exchange views
确切 確切 què qiè definite, exact, precise, accurate, clear and unambiguous
确保 確保 què bǎo ensure, guarantee
确实 確實 què shí really, certainly, truly, indeed
yáo kiln, (coal) pit, cave dwelling
缔造 締造 dì zào found, create
缔结 締結 dì jié to conclude a treaty, etc.
编制 編制 biān zhì authorized staff/force
编制 編製 biān zhì to weave or braid (into something), to draw up (a plan, etc.) ; to compile
编写 編寫 biān xiě compile, write, compose
编辑 編輯 biān jí editor, compiler
编辑 編輯 biān jí edit, compile
编织 編織 biān zhī to weave; to knit; to plait; to braid; to crochet
线路 線路 xiàn lù circuit, line, route
肤浅 膚淺 fū qiǎn superficial
蔓延 蔓延 màn yán spread out, extend
蓬勃 蓬勃 péng bó vigorous, flourishing
蝴蝶 蝴蝶 hú dié butterfly
蜗牛 蝸牛 guā niú snail
chōng charge, rush, dash
冲突 衝突 chōng tú conflict, clash
冲动 衝動 chōng dòng get excited, be impetuous
冲击 衝擊 chōng jí 1.[Military] to charge; to assault; to attack; to strike against 2.to lash; to pound
谈论 談論 tán lùn discuss
诸多 諸多 zhū duō a good deal, a lot of
课业 課業 kè yè lessons, schoolwork
調 diào transfer
调皮 調皮 tiáo pí naughty
调和 調和 tiáo hé mediate, reconcile, mix, blend, temper
调和 調和 tiáo hé be in harmony
调度 調度 diào dù dispatch (buses/etc.), manage
调节 調節 tiáo jié regulate, adjust
lùn by, in terms of
论点 論點 lùn diǎn argument, thesis
shǎng reward, award
赋予 賦予 fù yǔ endow, entrust
jiàn cheap, inexpensive, worthless; lowly, humble; despicable
赌博 賭博 dǔ bó gamble
赌场 賭場 dǔ chǎng gambling house, casino
卖座 賣座 mài zuò draw large attendance, draw
award, grant
质量 質量 zhí liàng quality, mass
质疑 質疑 zhí yí call in question, challenge
趣味 趣味 qù wèi fun, interest, taste, delight
踏实 踏實 tà shí dependable, at ease, solid
辉煌 輝煌 huī huáng brilliant, glorious
轮廓 輪廓 lún kuò outline, contour, rough sketch
适中 適中 shì zhōng not extreme, moderate
适宜 適宜 shì yí suitable, appropriate
zhē conceal, cover, block, impede
遮蔽 遮蔽 zhē bì hide from view, obstruct, block, defilade
zāo encounter
zāo [activity] measure word for the first time something happened
zāo by
遭遇 遭遇 zāo yù meet with, encounter
邻里 鄰里 lín lǐ neighborhood, neighbors
锄头 鋤頭 chú tóu hoe
aluminum
锋面 鋒面 fēng miàn frontal surface
震惊 震驚 zhèn jīng shock, amaze, astonish
巩固 鞏固 gǒng gù consolidate, strengthen, solidify
养分 養分 yǎng fèn nutrient
养老 養老 yǎng lǎo live out one’s life in retirement, live out life in retirement, provide for the aged
odd, plus
be left (over), remain
zhù halt, stay, be stationed at
魄力 魄力 pò lì boldness, audacity, daring resolution
鸦片 鴉片 yā piàn opium
黎明 黎明 lí míng dawn, daybreak
ink, handwriting
biē 1.to suppress inner feelings with efforts 2.to feel oppressed
儒家 儒家 rú jiā Confucian school
凝固 凝固 níng gù solidify
凝结 凝結 níng jié coagulate, congeal, condense
凝视 凝視 níng shì gaze fixedly, stare
凝聚 凝聚 níng jù condense (of vapor), coalesce, concentrate
剂量 劑量 jì liàng dosage, dose
学分 學分 xué fēn course credit
学好 學好 xué hǎo learn from or emulate good examples
学年 學年 xué nián school/academic year
学制 學制 xué zhì educational/school system, length of schooling
学科 學科 xué kē branch of learning, course, subject, discipline
学员 學員 xué yuán member of institution of learning, student
学徒 學徒 xué tú apprentice, trainee
学说 學說 xué shuō theory, doctrine
学识 學識 xué shì learning, knowledge, scholarly attainments
导致 導致 dǎo zhì lead to, bring about, result in, cause
导师 導師 dǎo shī tutor, teacher, supervisor
导游 導遊 dǎo yóu tourist guide
宪法 憲法 xiàn fǎ constitution, charter
懊恼 懊惱 ào nǎo vexed, upset, displeased, annoyed
战士 戰士 zhàn shì soldier, combatant, warrior
战友 戰友 zhàn yǒu comrade-in-arms
战火 戰火 zhàn huǒ flames of war
战略 戰略 zhàn lüè strategy
战术 戰術 zhàn shù military tactics
战胜 戰勝 zhàn shèng defeat, vanquish
战乱 戰亂 zhàn luàn chaos of war
战线 戰線 zhàn xiàn battle line, front
战战兢兢 戰戰兢兢 zhàn zhàn jīng jīng with caution, with fear and trepidation
战机 戰機 zhàn jī warplanes
擅长 擅長 shàn cháng be good at
according to, on the grounds of
据悉 據悉 jù xī it is reported that…
操纵 操縱 cāo zòng operate, control, rig, manipulate
dān carry on shoulder pole, take on, undertake
担负 擔負 dān fù bear, shoulder, take on, be charged with
担当 擔當 dān dāng take on, undertake, assume
zhěng neat, tidy, orderly
整顿 整頓 zhěng dùn rectify, reorganize
整整 整整 zhěng zhěng whole, full
整体 整體 zhěng tǐ the whole, entirety
朴素 樸素 pú sù simple, unadorned
héng move crosswise, transverse
树苗 樹苗 shù miáo sapling
桥梁 橋樑 qiáo liáng bridge (lit./fig.)
机制 機制 jī zhì mechanism, way, measure
机动 機動 jī dòng power-driven, motorized, flexible, in reserve for emergency use, mobile
机密 機密 jī mì top secret; classified information
机率 機率 jī lǜ probability
机器人 機器人 jī qìrén robot
机警 機警 jī jǐng alert
历年 歷年 lì nián over the years, calendar year
历来 歷來 lì lái in times gone by; since the earliest days
历届 歷屆 lì jiè all previous sessions, etc.
激增 激增 jī zēng increase sharply, soar
烧香 燒香 shāo xiāng burn joss sticks, fumigate
灯火 燈火 dēng huǒ lights
灯笼 燈籠 dēng lóng lantern, lamp
燕子 燕子 yàn zi swallow
燕窝 燕窩 yàn wō edible bird’s nest, nest of cliff swallow
独占/占 獨占/佔 dú zhàn to have something all to oneself; to monopolize
独到 獨到 dú dào special, distinguished
独创 獨創 dú chuàng produce an original creation
mán deceive, hide truth from
zhuān brick
amass, store up, accumulate
罹难 罹難 lí nàn die in disaster, die in accident, die in a disaster, die in an accident, be murdered
be bored with, greasy, be tired of
兴致 興致 xìng zhì interest, mood to enjoy
兴起 興起 xīng qǐ rise, spring up, be on the upgrade
兴隆 興隆 xīng lóng thrive, flower, flourish, prosperous, prosper
融合 融合 róng hé mix together, fuse, stick together
融洽 融洽 róng xiá with mutual understanding
衡量 衡量 héng liáng weigh, measure, judge
qīn be close to, approve of
亲生 親生 qīn shēng first kin, one’s own
亲身 親身 qīn shēn in person, personally, first-hand
亲爱 親愛 qīn ài dear, beloved
亲热 親熱 qīn rè warm and affectionate; closely attached to one another
谋生 謀生 móu shēng seek livelihood
诺言 諾言 nuò yán promise, consent
踊跃 踴躍 yǒng yuè eager, enthusiastical
辐射 輻射 fú shè radiation
输血 輸血 shū xiě [Medicine] blood transfusion
辨认 辨認 biàn rèn identify, recognize
辨识 辨識 biàn shì identify
办案 辦案 bàn àn handle case, handle a case
遵循 遵循 zūn xún follow, abide by, adhere to
选民 選民 xuǎn mín voter
选拔 選拔 xuǎn bá select
选修 選修 xuǎn xiū take as an elective
选票 選票 xuǎn piào ballot
选购 選購 xuǎn gòu choose and buy
迟钝 遲鈍 chí dùn torpify, constipate, obtuse, opaque, rust
辽阔 遼闊 liáo kuò vast, extensive
遗址 遺址 yí zhǐ ruins, relics
遗忘 遺忘 yí wàng forget
遗志 遺志 yí zhì deathbed behest
遗留 遺留 yí liú leave behind, hand down
遗弃 遺棄 yí qì abandon, forsake
遗产 遺產 yí chǎn estate, birthright, patrimony, legacy, heritage, inheritance, bequest
遗传 遺傳 yí chuán bequeath, pass on to next generation
遗憾 遺憾 yí hàn regret, pity
遗体 遺體 yí tǐ remains (of dead)
钢铁 鋼鐵 gāng tiě iron and steel
tin
录影 錄影 lù yǐng video-tape
隧道 隧道 suì dào tunnel
suí as soon as
suí right after
随同 隨同 suí tóng together; together with
随即 隨即 suí jí immediately
随身 隨身 suí shēn (take/have) with one (self)
随后 隨後 suí hòu later on, soon after
随着 隨著 suí zhe along with, in the wake of, in pace with
头脑 頭腦 tóu nǎo brains, mind, head, leader, main threads, clue
餐具 餐具 cān jù tableware, dinner service/set
骆驼 駱駝 luò tuo camel
默契 默契 mò qì tacit/secret agreement
默默 默默 mò mò quietly, silently
优先 優先 yōu xiān preferentially, preemptively
优待 優待 yōu dài give preferential/special treatment
优异 優異 yōu yì excellent, outstanding
优势 優勢 yōu shì superiority, preponderance
储备 儲備 chú bèi lay in, stock up, reserve
压制 壓制 yā zhì suppress, stifle, inhibit, press
压岁钱 壓歲錢 yā suì qián money given to children as a lunar New Year gift, New Year money gift to children
压缩 壓縮 yā suō condense, reduce
bāng [general] collective measure word for a small group in a derogatory sense.
弥补 彌補 mí bǔ make up, remedy, make good
yīng in response to
yīng to respond, to adapt to, to answer
应急 應急 yìng jí meet an urgent need, meet an contingency, meet an emergency, meet emergency, lash-up, meet a contingency
应酬 應酬 yìng chóu have social intercourse with, treat with courtesy
应征 應徵 yìng zhēng enroll, enlist
应变 應變 yìng biàn meet contingency
应验 應驗 yìng yàn come true
懦弱 懦弱 nuò ruò fainthearted
戏曲 戲曲 xì qǔ a drama; a play; a traditional opera
strike, hit, beat, knock; attack, assault
击落 擊落 jí luò shoot down
draw up, draft
intend, plan
拟定 擬定 nǐ dìng formulate, conjecture
检讨 檢討 jiǎn tǎo discuss thoroughly, self-criticize
滥用 濫用 làn yòng abuse, misuse
营地 營地 yíng dì campsite
营造 營造 yíng zào construct, build
灿烂 燦爛 càn làn magnificent, splendid, resplendent
墙角 牆角 qiáng jiǎo corner (formed by two walls)
huò obtain, win, reap, capture, catch
癌症 癌症 yán zhèng cancer
dèng stare at, open (one’s eyes) wide, glare
瞬间 瞬間 shùn jiān breath, moment, jiff, breathing space, breathing place, twinkling, trice, breathing spell, breathing time, split second, instance, breathing, wink, blink, shake, instant, mo, breather, blink of an eye, flash, twinkle, New York
瞧不起 瞧不起 qiáo bù qǐ look down upon, despise
簇拥 簇擁 cù yǒng cluster around
fèn excrement, dung, droppings
缩小 縮小 suō xiǎo reduce, narrow, shrink
fèng seam, crack, crevice, fissure
总和 總和 zǒng hé sum, total, sum total
总得 總得 zǒng děi must, have to, be bound to
总结 總結 zǒng jié summary, summing up
总裁 總裁 zǒng cái head examiner, director-general, president, governor
总经理 總經理 zǒng jīng lǐ president, general manager
总数 總數 zǒng shù total, sum total
总额 總額 zǒng é total
纵火 縱火 zòng huǒ arson, incendiarism
纵使 縱使 zòng shǐ even if/though
纵容 縱容 zòng róng connive, wink at
繁多 繁多 fán duō various
繁忙 繁忙 fán máng busy
声明 聲明 shēng míng statement, pronouncement
声势 聲勢 shēng shì impetus, momentum
声称 聲稱 shēng chēng profess, claim
lián to unite
lián antithetical couplet
联想 聯想 lián xiǎng associate, connect in one’s mind
联盟 聯盟 lián méng alliance, coalition, league, union
联系 聯繫 lián xì integrate, relate, link, get in touch with
dǎn gallbladder, courage, bravery, audacity, internal parts
胆固醇 膽固醇 dǎn gù chún cholesterol, cholesterin
脸庞 臉龐 liǎn páng face
脸谱 臉譜 liǎn pǔ theatrical makeup
lín facing
lín on the point of, just before, be about to
临床 臨床 lín chuáng clinical
举止 舉止 jǔ zhǐ bearing, manner, mien
举例 舉例 jǔ lì give an example
举重 舉重 jǔ zhòng weight lifting, lift weights
艰苦 艱苦 jiān kǔ arduous
艰钜 艱鉅 jiān jù herculean (task), difficult to surmount
艰难 艱難 jiān nán difficult, hard
kuī in mocking sense
riddle, conundrum, enigma, mystery
谜语 謎語 mí yǔ riddle, conundrum
谦逊 謙遜 qiān xùn condescending
讲座 講座 jiǎng zuò course of lectures, professorship, chair
讲理 講理 jiǎng lǐ argue, reason, be reasonable, reasonable, listen to reason, argument
讲习 講習 jiǎng xí lecture and study
讲义 講義 jiǎng yì mimeographed/printed teaching materials, class handouts, commentaries on classics
谣言 謠言 yáo yán rumors
豁达 豁達 huò dá open-minded
赚钱 賺錢 zhuàn qián make money/profit
sài compete, to race (cars, horses…)
gòu buy
趋势 趨勢 qū shì trend, tendency
舆论 輿論 yú lùn public opinion
避孕 避孕 bì yùn contracept
避难 避難 bì nàn take refuge, seek asylum
mài move forward
迈进 邁進 mài jìn stride forward
yāo invite
酝酿 醞釀 yùn niàng make preparations, get ready
隐士 隱士 yǐn shì recluse, hermit
隐约 隱約 yǐn yuē faint, indistinct
隐藏 隱藏 yǐn cáng hide, conceal
虽说 雖說 suī shuō though, although
shuāng frost, frostlike powder
鲜明 鮮明 xiān míng bright (of color), distinct, distinctive
鲜艳/艶 鮮豔/艶 xiān yàn bright
鸽子 鴿子 gē zi pigeon, dove
点子 點子 diǎn zi idea
向往 嚮往 xiàng wǎng long for, dream of
向导 嚮導 xiàng dǎo guide, cicerone
扩建 擴建 kuò jiàn extend (factory/mine/etc.)
扩张 擴張 kuò zhāng expand, enlarge, extend, dilate
扩散 擴散 kuò sàn diffuse, proliferate
断绝 斷絕 duàn jué break off, sever
guī go back to, return
guī put in sb.’s charge, belong
归纳 歸納 guī nà sum up, conclude, induce
归还 歸還 guī huán return, revert
jiàn splash, spatter
猎人 獵人 liè rén hunter
礼服 禮服 lǐ fú ceremonial robe/dress, formal attire
礼节 禮節 lǐ jié etiquette, protocol, ceremony
礼貌 禮貌 lǐ mào have good manners, polite
简化 簡化 jiǎn huà simplify
简便 簡便 jiǎn biàn be efficient and convenient
简称 簡稱 jiǎn chēng be called sth. for short
简体字 簡體字 jiǎn tǐ zì simplified characters
zhī weave, knit
xiù embroider
qiào raise, become warped
翻身 翻身 fān shēn (1) turn over; (2) free oneself
翻新 翻新 fān xīn renovate, recondition
翻脸 翻臉 fān liǎn suddenly turn hostile, quarrel, fall out
职务 職務 zhí wù job, duties, post
职责 職責 zhí zé duty, obligation, responsibility
借口 藉口 jiè kǒu excuse, pretext
chán cicada
谨慎 謹慎 jǐn shèn cautious, circumspect
丰收 豐收 fēng shōu bumper harvest
丰盛 豐盛 fēng shèng rich, sumptuous
转化 轉化 zhuǎn huà change, transform
转手 轉手 zhuǎn shǒu transfer, pass on to another
转向 轉向 zhuǎn xiàng change direction
转动 轉動 zhuǎn dòng turn (round), move
转帐 轉帳 zhuǎn zhàng transfer accounts
转眼 轉眼 zhuǎn yǎn in the blink of an eye
转移 轉移 zhuǎn yí shift, transfer, divert, change, transform
转机 轉機 zhuǎn jī turn for better
医术 醫術 yī shù medical skill; the art of healing
医疗 醫療 yī liáo treat, cure
医药 醫藥 yī yào medicine
镇定 鎮定 zhèn dìng calm, pacify, temper, mollify, tranquillize, assuage, quash, composed, quell, soothe
镇压 鎮壓 zhèn yā suppress, repress, put down, execute (counterrevolutionary)
双打 雙打 shuāng dǎ doubles
双胞胎 雙胞胎 shuāng bāo tāi twins
双重 雙重 shuāng chóng double, dual, twofold
额外 額外 é wài extra, added, additional
垄断 壟斷 lǒng duàn monopolize
宠爱 寵愛 chǒng ài dote on
怀 huái think of, cherish, conceive (a child)
怀念 懷念 huái niàn cherish memory of, think of
怀疑 懷疑 huái yí suspect, doubt
懒惰 懶惰 lǎn duò lazy
懒散 懶散 lǎn sàn laze, laze about, laze around, indolent
曝光 曝光 pù guāng expose
潇洒 瀟灑 xiāo sǎ handsome and debonair, natural and unrestrained
爆发 爆發 bào fā erupt, burst/break out
稳健 穩健 wěn jiàn firm, steady
签署 簽署 qiān shǔ sign/initial (a document)
绘画 繪畫 huì huà painting
腊月 臘月 là yuè 12th lunar month/moon
藩篱 藩籬 fán lí hedge, fence
药品 藥品 yào pǐn medicines and chemical reagents
证人 證人 zhèng rén witness
证券 證券 zhèng quàn negotiable securities
zèng give as present
赞同 贊同 zàn tóng approve of, endorse
赞助 贊助 zàn zhù support, assist
跷课 蹺課 qiào kè to avoid attending classes
轿车 轎車 jiào chē car
resign, take leave, dismiss, discharge, concede, step back
辞行 辭行 cí xíng say good-bye before starting journey, say good-bye before setting out on a journey
辞职 辭職 cí zhí resign
边界 邊界 biān jiè boundary, border
边缘 邊緣 biān yuán edge, fringe, brink, margin, borderline
关切 關切 guān qiè be deeply concerned
关系 關係 guān xì concern, affect, to matter
关税 關稅 guān shuì customs duty, tariff
关照 關照 guān zhào look after
关头 關頭 guān tóu a critical juncture; a critical moment
关怀 關懷 guān huái show loving care/concern for
难以 難以 nán yǐ be difficult to
难民 難民 nàn mín refugee
难免 難免 nán miǎn incidental
难度 難度 nán dù (degree of) difficulty
难题 難題 nán tí difficult problem, sticker, poser
难关 難關 nán guān difficulty, crisis
类似 類似 lèi sì be similar to
类型 類型 lèi xíng type
颠覆 顛覆 diān fù overturn, subvert
鲸鱼 鯨魚 jīng yú whale
劝告 勸告 quàn gào recommendation, advice, exhortation
劝导 勸導 quàn dǎo admonish, advise, induce
rāng shout, make noise
严密 嚴密 yán mì tight, close
严禁 嚴禁 yán jìn strictly prohibit
严厉 嚴厲 yán lì stern, severe
bǎo treasure
宝石 寶石 bǎo shí precious stone, gem
宝贝 寶貝 bǎo bèi treasure, love dearly
悬殊 懸殊 xuán shū very different, a wide gap
悬崖 懸崖 xuán yái overhanging cliff, precipice
lán bar, block, hold back
炉子 爐子 lú zi stove, oven, furnace
献身 獻身 xiàn shēn give one’s life for, consecrate, dedicate oneself to, dedicate, devote oneself to, devote, give one’s life
矿产 礦產 kuàng chǎn mineral products, minerals
竞选 競選 jìng xuǎn campaign (for office), run for
竞赛 競賽 jìng sài compete, contest
籍贯 籍貫 jí guàn native/birth place
继承 繼承 jì chéng inherit, carry on
议定 議定 yì dìng decide (after negotiations)
议员 議員 yì yuán member of legislative body
议论 議論 yì lùn debate, discuss
议题 議題 yì tí topic for/under discussion
譬如 譬如 pì rú for example, such as
警惕 警惕 jǐng tì be extra cautious, alert
警报 警報 jǐng bào alarm, warning, alert
警卫 警衛 jǐng wèi (security) guard
警觉 警覺 jǐng jué awake
释放 釋放 shì fàng release, set free
ráo spare (from harsh treatment), give sth. extra
骚动 騷動 sāo dòng become restless, disturb, upset
党派 黨派 dǎng pài factions, parties, cliques
党员 黨員 dǎng yuán Party member
摄氏 攝氏 shè shì Celsius (thermometer)
摄取 攝取 shè qǔ absorb, assimilate
樱桃 櫻桃 yīng táo cherry
guàn irrigate, fill, pour, record (phonographic piece), offer libation
灌溉 灌溉 guàn gài irrigate
灌输 灌輸 guàn shū instill into, imbue with, teach, impart
protect, guard, be partial to, shield, cover
赃物 贓物 zāng wù booty, stolen goods
yuè leap, jump
轰动 轟動 hōng dòng make a sensation, stir
轰轰烈烈 轟轟烈烈 hōng hōng liè liè astounding
biàn argue, dispute, debate
辩论 辯論 biàn lùn argue, debate
辩护 辯護 biàn hù speak in defense of, plead, defend
露天 露天 lù tiān in the open air, outdoors
响亮 響亮 xiǎng liàng loud and clear, vociferous; ring-out
顾全 顧全 gù quán show consideration for
魔术 魔術 mó shù magic, conjuring, sleight of hand
囊括 囊括 náng guā include, embrace
啰嗦 囉嗦 lōu suō yak, bothersome
弯曲 彎曲 wān qū distort
摊子 攤子 tān zi vendor’s stand, stall, structure of an organization, setup
摊位 攤位 tān wèi stand, booth, stall
权力 權力 quán lì power, authority
权威 權威 quán wēi authority
权益 權益 quán yì rights and interests
欢送 歡送 huān sòng see/send off
sprinkle, spray, spill, shed
dié pile up; fold up
笼子 籠子 lóng zi large box/chest, trunk
笼罩 籠罩 lóng zhào envelop, shroud
听写 聽寫 tīng xiě dictation, dictate
袭击 襲擊 xí jí make surprise attack on
读物 讀物 dú wù reading matter
颤抖 顫抖 zhàn dǒu shake, quiver, shiver
搅和 攪和 jiǎo huo mingle, mixture, blend, stir, mix, spoil, mess up
窃贼 竊賊 qiè zéi thief, burglar
纤维 纖維 xiān wéi fiber, staple
变形 變形 biàn xíng be out of shape, become deformed
变革 變革 biàn gé change, revolution
变通 變通 biàn tōng be flexible
变迁 變遷 biàn qiān vicissitudinary, change
逻辑 邏輯 luó jí logic
显现 顯現 xiǎn xiàn appear, reveal
惊奇 驚奇 jīng qí wonder, be surprised/amazed
惊喜 驚喜 jīng xǐ be pleasantly surprised
惊惶 驚惶 jīng huáng become alarmed/panic-stricken
惊险 驚險 jīng xiǎn breathtaking
体系 體系 tǐ xì system, setup
体面 體面 tǐ miàn given honor, be honored
体格 體格 tǐ gé physique, build
体谅 體諒 tǐ liàng make allowances for
体质 體質 tǐ zhí physique, constitution
体操 體操 tǐ cāo gymnastics, calisthenics
体积 體積 tǐ jī volume, bulk
体验 體驗 tǐ yàn learn through practice/experience
嘱咐 囑咐 zhǔ fù give instructions; ask (s.o.) to do
líng accurate, right (of prediction/etc.)
灵感 靈感 líng gǎn inspiration
灵验 靈驗 líng yàn efficient, effective
yīng hawk, eagle, falcon
mán quite, very
蛮横 蠻橫 mán hèng arrogant
guàn behold, observe
观看 觀看 guān kàn watch, view
观望 觀望 guān wàng wait and see, look on (from sidelines)
观测 觀測 guān cè observe, survey
观感 觀感 guān gǎn impressions
观摩 觀摩 guān mó view and emulate
xiāng inlay, set, mount
chán greedy; gluttonous, very fond of (good) food
瞩目 矚目 zhǔ mù fix eyes on
赞叹/叹 讚嘆/歎 zàn tàn admire
donkey, ass
钻石 鑽石 zuàn shí diamond
钻研 鑽研 zuān yán study/scrutinize intensively
luó gong
[general] individual measure word for people with special skills
tái [event] measure word for performances, operas…etc. on the stage
mén [general] individual measure word for 1.clans, marriages, relatives…etc.2.cannons
tào [general] measure word for one’s capability or measure
tōng [activity] measure word for 1.indicate certain actions lasting for a period of time.2.talking, shouting…etc.
tuán [general] measure word for some abstract things indicating confusion or disorder

Superior’s Level

Simplified Traditional pinyin English Definitions
一一 一一 yī yī one by one, one after another
一口气 一口氣 yì kǒu qì at a heat, at one blast, at a whack, holus-bolus
一大早 一大早 yí dà zǎo
一天到晚 一天到晚 yì tiān dào wǎn all day long
一方面 一方面 yì fāng miàn one aspect only, on the one hand
一生 一生 yì shēng all/throughout one’s life
一再 一再 yí zài time and again, again and again
一同 一同 yì tóng together
一向 一向 yí xiàng consistently, all along, up to now
一致 一致 yí zhì identical, unanimous
一面 一面 yí miàn along, while
一旁 一旁 yì páng side
一时 一時 yì shí for a time, temporarily, a moment
一般 一般 yì bān generally
一般而言 一般而言 yì bān ér yán in general, generally speaking
一般来说 一般來說 yì bān lái shuō in general, generally speaking
一阵(子) 一陣(子) yí zhèn zi a burst, a fit, a peal
一带 一帶 yí dài district, region
一连 一連 yì lián successively, in succession, running
一齐 一齊 yì qí simultaneously, in unison, together
second, second of the ten Heavenly Stems
dīng fourth, fourth of the ten Heavenly Stems
liǎo to understand, end, finish
了不起 了不起 liǎo bù qǐ amazing, terrific, extraordinary, marvelous
人人 人人 rén rén everybody
人力 人力 rén lì manual labor, manpower
人工 人工 rén gōng manual work, manpower
人才 人才 rén cái capable person
人心 人心 rén xīn popular feeling, human heart
人生 人生 rén shēng human life
人行道 人行道 rén xíng dào sidewalk
人事 人事 rén shì human affairs, personnel matters
人物 人物 rén wù character, personage, character in literature
人员 人員 rén yuán personnel, staff
人格 人格 rén gé character
人情味(儿) 人情味(兒) rén qíng wèi er human touch/interest
人间 人間 rén jiān the human world
人数 人數 rén shù number of people
人类 人類 rén lèi human beings/species
人权 人權 rén quán human rights
人体 人體 rén tǐ human body
enter, take in, receive, conform with, descend, set (of sun)
入口 入口 rù kǒu in door
入学 入學 rù xué start school, enter school/college
力气 力氣 lì qì physical strength
力量 力量 lì lìàng physical strength, power, force, ability
三角形 三角形 sān jiǎo xíng triangle
三明治 三明治 sān míng zhì sandwich
xià put sth. into, apply, form (opinion/etc.)
下午茶 下午茶 xià wǔ chá teatime
下巴 下巴 xià bā lower jaw, chin
下去 下去 xià qù [aspect] go on, continue (used after a verb)
下来 下來 xià lái used after a verb to indicate motion toward a lower or nearer position
下降 下降 xià jiàng descend, go/come down, drop, fall, decline
下棋 下棋 xià qí play chess
下游 下游 xià yóu lower reaches (of river)
丈夫 丈夫 zhàng fū husband
shàng [aspect] used as a complement to a verb: (1) indicating that an action has started and is in progress (2) indicating the attainment of an objective (3) up, upward
shàng to present, to affix, apply, place sth. in position
上下 上下 shàng xià above and below, up and down, high and low, superior and inferior, old and young, ruler and subject, heaven and earth
上升 上升 shàng shēng go up, rise, ascend
上台/台 上台/臺 shàng tái mount platform, appear on the stage
上市 上市 shàng shì go/appear on market
上衣 上衣 shàng yī upper outer garment, jacket
上帝 上帝 shàng dì God
上级 上級 shàng jí superior, higher level/authority
上游 上游 shàng yóu upper reaches of river, advanced position
上当 上當 shàng dàng be taken in, be fooled
上头 上頭 shàng tóu above, on top/surface of, higher authorities
也好 也好 yě hǎo (1) no matter whether, may as well, that’s fine; (2) particle: showing hesitant acceptance
千万 千萬 qiān wàn by all means, absolutely
kǒu (1) individual measure word for languages. (2) Mouthful, measure word for things kept in the mouth.
口才 口才 kǒu cái eloquence
口水 口水 kǒu shuǐ saliva
口味 口味 kǒu wèi a person’s taste, flavor of food
口红 口紅 kǒu hóng lipstick
口音 口音 kǒu yīn voice, local/regional accent
口气 口氣 kǒu qì tone, note, manner of speaking, implication
口袋(儿) 口袋(兒) kǒu dài er pocket
口号 口號 kǒu hào slogan, watchword
口试 口試 kǒu shì oral examination
口试 口試 kǒu shì take an oral test
口语 口語 kǒu yǔ spoken/vernacular language, gossip, slander
大力 大力 dà lì with great exertion
大大 大大 dà dà great, greatly
大小 大小 dà xiǎo size
大夫 大夫 dài fū doctor, physician
大方 大方 dà fāng (1) generous; (2) elegant and composed, natural and poised
大半 大半 dà bàn more than half
大地 大地 dà dì earth, mother earth
大多数 大多數 dà duō shù most of, the majority of
大有 大有 dà yǒu have
大自然 大自然 dà zì rán nature
大门 大門 dà mén main entrance/door/gate
大型 大型 dà xíng large-size (machines/factories/etc.)
大约 大約 dà yuē about, around, probably, likely
大致 大致 dà zhì roughly
大哥 大哥 dà gē eldest brother, gang leader
大哥大 大哥大 dà gē dà portable/cellular telephone
大清早 大清早 dà qīng zǎo very early morning
大众 大眾 dà zhòng the people/masses
大都 大都 dà dōu for the most part, mostly
大街 大街 dà jiē main street
大量 大量 dà liàng large quantity, a great deal, considerable, mass
大嫂 大嫂 dà sǎo wife of eldest brother, polite name for woman about one’s own age
大意 大意 dà yì careless
大会 大會 dà huì rally, plenary meeting, conference
大脑 大腦 dà nǎo cerebrum
大腿 大腿 dà tuǐ thigh
大胆 大膽 dà dǎn audacious, bold, daring
女士 女士 nǚ shì educated girl/woman, Ms., Miss
女子 女子 nǚ zǐ woman, female
子女 子女 zǐ nǚ sons and daughters, children
cùn a unit of length equal to one-third decimeter
小子 小子 xiǎo zi bloke, boy, guy, fellow
小吃 小吃 xiǎo chī snack, refreshment, cold/prepared dish
小便 小便 xiǎo biàn to urinate
小气 小氣 xiǎo qì stingy
小组 小組 xiǎo zǔ group
小麦 小麥 xiǎo mài wheat
小费 小費 xiǎo fèi tip, gratuity
山地 山地 shān dì mountainous/hilly country, hillside field
山区 山區 shān qū mountain area
工夫 工夫 gōng fu time
工具 工具 gōng jù tool, instrument, implement
工程 工程 gōng chéng engineering project
工会 工會 gōng huì trade/labor union
工业 工業 gōng yè industry
工资 工資 gōng zī wages, pay
工厂 工廠 gōng chǎng factory, mill, plant, works
工钱 工錢 gōng qián pay
already
才能 才能 cái néng ability, talent
不大 不大 bú dà not very, not too
不止 不止 bù zhǐ not be limited (to), endless
不只 不只 bù zhǐ not only, not merely
不平 不平 bù píng dissatisfied, unfair, uneven
不用说 不用說 bú yòng shuō it goes without saying; needless to say; as a matter of course
不由得 不由得 bù yóu de can’t help
不再 不再 bú zài no more/longer
不合 不合 bù hé conflict with (opinion, rules, etc.),
不如 不如 bù rú it would be better to
不如 不如 bù rú be unequal/inferior to
不安 不安 bù ān be anxious, be uneasy, be restless
不成 不成 bù chéng cannot, should not, must not
不利 不利 bú lì unfavorable, detrimental, unsuccessful
不良 不良 bù liáng bad, harmful
不见得 不見得 bú jiàn dé not necessarily/likely
不足 不足 bù zú not be enough, not be worth (doing sth.), cannot, should not
不到 不到 bú dào be less than
不宜 不宜 bù yí be unsuitable
不幸 不幸 bú xìng unfortunate
不准 不准 bù zhǔn disallow
不停 不停 bù tíng continuously
不得已 不得已 bù dé yǐ have no alternative
不得不 不得不 bù dé bù cannot but, have to
不许 不許 bù xǔ forbid, do not permit
不许 不許 bù xǔ disallow
不敢当 不敢當 bù gǎn dāng not be deserving of
不然 不然 bù rán otherwise, if not, or else
不仅 不僅 bù jǐn not only
不当 不當 bú dàng unsuitable, inappropriate
不过 不過 bú guò only, merely
不过 不過 bú guò no more than
不满 不滿 bù mǎn resentful, dissatisfied
不论 不論 bú lùn no matter how/who/what/etc.
不断 不斷 bú duàn unceasing, continuous
不断 不斷 bú duàn unceasingly, continuously
不顾 不顧 bú gù ignore
zhōng [aspect] (used after a verb to indicate continuity) in the course of, in the process of
zhōng hit (target), attain, be hit by, pass an exam
中央 中央 zhōng yāng central authorities (of state/party/etc.)
中年 中年 zhōng nián middle age
中毒 中毒 zhòng dú poison, taint, be poisoned
中级 中級 zhōng jí intermediate
中途 中途 zhōng tú halfway, midway
中部 中部 zhōng bù the midland, central section, middle
中药 中藥 zhōng yào traditional Chinese medicine
zhī it, him, her, this, that, these, those
zhī possessive particle of
zhī individual measure word for troops, etc.
之后 之後 zhī hòu later, behind, at the back of, after
之间 之間 zhī jiān the midst of
之间 之間 zhī jiān among, between
互助 互助 hù zhù help each other
réng still, yet
仍然 仍然 réng rán still, yet
今后 今後 jīn hòu henceforth, henceforward, from now on
元旦 元旦 yuán dàn New Year’s Day
允许 允許 yǔn xǔ permit, allow
内行 內行 nèi háng adept, professional
内衣 內衣 nèi yī underwear
内科 內科 nèi kē internal medicine
内部 內部 nèi bù inside, interior
公元 公元 gōng yuán Christian era
公布/布 公布/佈 gōng bù promulgate, announce, publish
公平 公平 gōng píng fair, just, impartial
公用 公用 gōng yòng be for public use
公用电话 公用電話 gōng yòng diàn pay phone
公立 公立 gōng lì public, established and maintained by the government
公式 公式 gōng shì formula, form
公开 公開 gōng kāi make public, make known to public
分工 分工 fēn gōng divide the work, to work together on a project but doing different things
分手 分手 fēn shǒu part company, say good-bye, break up
分布/布 分布/佈 fēn bù be distributed (over an area), be scattered
分别 分別 fēn bié difference
分别 分別 fēn bié distinguish, differentiate
分别 分別 fēn bié leave each other
分别 分別 fēn bié separately, respectively
分明 分明 fēn míng clear, evident
分析 分析 fēn xī analysis
分析 分析 fēn xī analyze
分配 分配 fēn pèi distribute, allot, assign
分散 分散 fēn sàn disperse, scatter, decentralize
分开 分開 fēn kāi separate, part, break up
分数 分數 fēn shù a mark, a grade, a score
qiē cut, slice
do not, must not
huà to transform physically, to disguise
huà to change, to convert, to transform, to influence
化妆 化妝 huà zhuāng apply make-up
化妆品 化妝品 huà zhuāng pǐn cosmetics
化装 化裝 huà zhuāng disguise oneself
化学 化學 huà xué chemistry
shēng to rise, to hoist, to ascend, to promote
升级 升級 shēng jí upgrade, go up (in grade/etc.), escalate
升高 升高 shēng gāo go up, ascend, rise
升学 升學 shēng xué enter higher school
友好 友好 yǒu hǎo friendly, amicable
友谊 友誼 yǒu yí friendship
and
及时 及時 jí shí timely, in time, promptly
及格 及格 jí gé pass, nail, make it
fǎn to oppose, turn against, criticize, counter, revolt, rebel, combat
fǎn opposite
反正 反正 fǎn zhèng anyway, anyhow, in any case
反而 反而 fǎn ér on the contrary, instead
反抗 反抗 fǎn kàng revolt, resist
反映 反映 fǎn yìng reflect, mirror
反面 反面 fǎn miàn reverse/wrong side, back, opposite, negative side
反问 反問 fǎn wèn ask (a question) in reply
反对 反對 fǎn duì oppose, be against, combat, dispute
反应 反應 fǎn yìng react, respond
反应 反應 fǎn yìng reaction, response, repercussion
反覆 反覆 fǎn fù repeatedly, over and over (again), again and again
天下 天下 tiān xià world, everywhere under heaven; domination
天才 天才 tiān cái genius, talent, gift
天文 天文 tiān wén astronomy
天主教 天主教 tiān zhǔ jiào Catholicism
天空 天空 tiān kōng sky, heaven
天真 天真 tiān zhēn naive, innocent
天堂 天堂 tiān táng paradise, heaven
天然 天然 tiān rán natural
夫人 夫人 fū rén Lady, Madame, Mrs.
夫妻 夫妻 fū qī husband and wife
夫妇 夫婦 fū fù husband and wife
少女 少女 shào nǚ young girl
少年 少年 shào nián young boy, early youth (10-16)
少数 少數 shǎo shù a few
chǐ rule, ruler, ruler-like instrument
尺寸 尺寸 chǐ cùn dimension, measurement
幻想 幻想 huàn xiǎng imagination, fantasy, daydream
幻想 幻想 huàn xiǎng imagine, daydream, fantasticate, fancify, dream, fancy, fantasize
引起 引起 yǐn qǐ give rise to, lead to
引发 引發 yǐn fā evoke
心目中 心目中 xīn mù zhōng mood, frame of mind, memory, mind, mental view
心得 心得 xīn dé what one has learned from work/study/etc.
心理 心理 xīn lǐ psychology, mentality
心意 心意 xīn yì regard, kindly feeling, intention, purpose
心跳 心跳 xīn tiào flutter
心脏 心臟 xīn zàng heart
collective measure word for a household.
户外 戶外 hù wài outdoor
手工 手工 shǒu gōng handwork
手指(头) 手指(頭) shǒu zhǐ tou finger
手段 手段 shǒu duàn means, method, trick, artifice
手术 手術 shǒu shù operation
手电筒 手電筒 shǒu diàn tǒng torch
手续 手續 shǒu xù procedure
支出 支出 zhī chū to spend, to disburse
支持 支持 zhī chí support, stand by, back up
支票 支票 zhī piào (bank) check
支援 支援 zhī yuán support, assist, help
文件 文件 wén jiàn documents, file
文具 文具 wén jù writing material, writing materials, stationery
文法 文法 wén fǎ grammar, syntax
文物 文物 wén wù cultural/historical objects/relics
文艺 文藝 wén yì literature and art
fāng square
方案 方案 fāng àn scheme, plan, program
日出 日出 rì chū sunrise
日用品 日用品 rì yòng pǐn articles for daily use
日后 日後 rì hòu in the future
日常 日常 rì cháng usual, ordinary, daily
月份 月份 yuè fèn month
月光 月光 yuè guāng moonlight, moonbeam
月底 月底 yuè dǐ the end of the month
月球 月球 yuè qiú moon
月饼 月餅 yuè bǐng moon cake
qiàn owe
zhì treat (disease), cure
gesticulate
measure word for : (1) handwriting or painting; (2) a sum of money or an account, etc.
比方 比方 bǐ fāng for instance
比方 比方 bǐ fāng analogy, instance, supposition, illustration by example
比方说 比方說 bǐ fāng shuō for instance
比如 比如 bǐ rú for example
比如说 比如說 bǐ rú shuō for instance
比例 比例 bǐ lì proportion, scale
比较 比較 bǐ jiào contrast, comparison
比较 比較 bǐ jiào compare, contrast
毛巾 毛巾 máo jīn towel
毛笔 毛筆 máo bǐ writing brush
水分/份 水分/份 shuǐ fèn moisture content
水平 水平 shuǐ píng standard, level
水灾 水災 shuǐ zāi flood, inundation
水准 水準 shuǐ zhǔn level, standard
火灾 火災 huǒ zāi a fire (accident), a conflagration, a blaze
火柴 火柴 huǒ chái match
火腿 火腿 huǒ tuǐ ham
父母 父母 fù mǔ father and mother, parents
片子 片子 piàn zi a roll of film, film, movie
片面 片面 piàn miàn unilateral, one-sided
牙膏 牙膏 yá gāo toothpaste
牛仔裤 牛仔褲 niú zǐ kù jean
牛排 牛排 niú pái beefsteak
bǐng third, third of the ten Heavenly Stems
shì generation, era, epoch, life, lifetime, age
世纪 世紀 shì jì century
qiě [formal] even, moreover, further
主持 主持 zhǔ chí take charge/care of, manage, direct, uphold, stand for
主要 主要 zhǔ yào mainly, essentially
主席 主席 zhǔ xí chair (of meeting), chair/president (of organization/state)
主动 主動 zhǔ dòng on one’s own initiative
主妇 主婦 zhǔ fù housewife, hostess
主张 主張 zhǔ zhāng view, position, stand, proposition
主张 主張 zhǔ zhāng advocate, stand for, maintain, hold
主管 主管 zhǔ guǎn person in charge
主办 主辦 zhǔ bàn direct, sponsor, host
主题 主題 zhǔ tí theme, subject, motif, leitmotiv
主观 主觀 zhǔ guān subjective
in order to, so as to
using, taking, from a point on, because of
以下 以下 yǐ xià under the condition of, under, beneath, below
以下 以下 yǐ xià the following, hereafter
以上 以上 yǐ shàng above
以上 以上 yǐ shàng the above/foregoing/above-mentioned
以内 以內 yǐ nèi within, less than
以及 以及 yǐ jí and
以外 以外 yǐ wài beyond, outside, other than, except
以免 以免 yǐ miǎn in order to avoid, so as not to
以来 以來 yǐ lái since
以往 以往 yǐ wǎng before, formerly, in the past
以便 以便 yǐ biàn so that, in order to
付出 付出 fù chū pay, expend
仔细 仔細 zǐ xì be careful
dài take the place of
dài period, generation
代表 代表 dài biǎo represent, indicate
代理 代理 dài lǐ act as agent/proxy
代替 代替 dài tì take the place of, substitute for
代沟 代溝 dài gōu generation gap
代价 代價 dài jià price, cost (of doing sth.)
lìng make, cause
充分/份 充分/份 chōng fèn full, ample, abundant
充足 充足 chōng zú adequate; sufficient; abundant; ample
充实 充實 chōng shí substantiate, enrich, replenish
充满 充滿 chōng mǎn be brimming/permeated with
volume
冬季 冬季 dōng jì winter
chū go/come out, exit
chū exceed, go beyond
出口 出口 chū kǒu exit
出生 出生 chū shēng be born
出色 出色 chū sè outstanding, remarkable, splendid
出身 出身 chū shēn class origin, family background; one’s previous experience/occupation
出事 出事 chū shì meet with mishap, have accident, meet with a mishap, have an accident
出版 出版 chū bǎn come off the press, publish, come out
出门 出門 chū mén be away from home, go on journey, go out
出差 出差 chū chāi be away on official business or on a bus, be on a business trip, be away on official business
出席 出席 chū xí attend, be present
出租 出租 chū zū hire, let, rent
出院 出院 chū yuàn leave hospital
出售 出售 chū shòu offer for sale, sell
出产 出產 chū chǎn produce, manufacture
出境 出境 chū jìng leave country, leave the country
加入 加入 jiā rù add, mix, put in
加上 加上 jiā shàng add into
加工 加工 jiā gōng process
加以 加以 jiā yǐ handle, treat (used before polysyllabic verbs or verbal nouns)
加油 加油 jiā yóu refuel
加油站 加油站 jiā yóu zhàn gas station
加班 加班 jiā bān work overtime, work extra shift
加强 加強 jiā qiáng strengthen, augment, reinforce
加速 加速 jiā sù speed up, accelerate, haste
功夫 功夫 gōng fu time, kung fu
功能 功能 gōng néng function, competence
包含 包含 bāo hán contain, embody, include
包括 包括 bāo kuò include, consist of, comprise, incorporate
包装 包裝 bāo zhuāng pack, dress up
包装 包裝 bāo zhuāng packing, packaging, package
包裹 包裹 bāo guǒ bundle, parcel, package
北方 北方 běi fāng north, northern part of country
北部 北部 běi bù northern part
半夜 半夜 bàn yè midnight, (in) the middle of the night, half a night
半路 半路 bàn lù halfway, midway
半数 半數 bàn shù half
to wedge in, to choke, be choked
calorie
占/占 占/佔 zhàn occupy, take
占/占 占/佔 zhàn constitute, make up, account for
占/占有 占/佔有 zhàn yǒu own, have, occupy, hold
in order to
particle: used to denote an action away from the speaker or to denote the direction of the action
get rid of, remove, cast out
去世 去世 qù shì die, pass away
可怕 可怕 kě pà fearful, terrible
可是 可是 kě shì be indeed
可笑 可笑 kě xiào ridiculous, funny
可惜 可惜 kě xí unfortunate
可喜 可喜 kě xǐ gratifying, heartening
可恶 可惡 kě wù hateful, abominable
可怜 可憐 kě lián have pity on, pity
可靠 可靠 kě kào reliable, trustworthy
ancient, age-old, not following current customs/practice
古代 古代 gǔ dài antiquity
古老 古老 gǔ lǎo ancient, old
古典 古典 gǔ diǎn classical
古迹 古蹟 gǔ jī antiquity, high spot, national monument
召开 召開 zhào kāi convene, convoke
司机 司機 sī jī driver
叫喊 叫喊 jiào hǎn shout, howl, scream
lìng another
另外 另外 lìng wài in addition, besides, moreover
另外 另外 lìng wài another
zhǐ stop
zhǐ individual measure word for box, watch or ring.
只有 只有 zhǐ yǒu only, alone
只是 只是 zhǐ shì however, but then
只是 只是 zhǐ shì merely, only, just, simply be
四方 四方 sì fāng four directions, all sides, square
四周/周 四周/週 sì zhōu all around, on all sides, on every side
四季 四季 sì jì four seasons, each season consisting of three months
四处 四處 sì chù all around, on all sides, on every side
四处 四處 sì chù all around, everywhere
外出 外出 wài chū go out
外交 外交 wài jiāo diplomacy, foreign affairs
外地 外地 wài dì place other than where one is
外行 外行 wài háng unprofessional
外界 外界 wài jiè external/outside world, outside
外科 外科 wài kē surgery
外婆 外婆 wài pó maternal grandmother
外部 外部 wài bù outside, exterior, surface
外汇 外匯 wài huì foreign exchange
外头 外頭 wài tou outside, out
外观 外觀 wài guān outward appearance, exterior
失去 失去 shī qù lose
失眠 失眠 shī mián sleepless, suffer from insomnia
失掉 失掉 shī diào lose, miss
失败 失敗 shī bài be defeated, fail, lose
失望 失望 shī wàng become disappointed, lose (hope/faith)
失业 失業 shī yè lose one’s job, be out of work
失恋 失戀 shī liàn lovelorn, be jilted, lose one’s love
奶粉 奶粉 nǎi fěn powdered milk
巨大 巨大 jù dà huge, gigantic
qiǎo clever, intelligent, skillful, ingenious, artful, deceiving, pretty, cute
巧妙 巧妙 qiǎo miào ingenious, skillful, clever, shrewd
左右 左右 zuǒ yòu left and right
左右 左右 zuǒ yòu nearby, not far away
市民 市民 shì mín citizenry, townspeople
市立 市立 shì lì city-established, municipal
市长 市長 shì zhǎng mayor
市区 市區 shì qū city proper, urban district
布/布告 布/佈告 bù gào notice, bulletin
布/布告栏 布/佈告欄 bù gào lán bulletin board
布/布置 布/佈置 bù zhì arrange, fix up, assign
平均 平均 píng jūn average
平原 平原 píng yuán plain, flatlands
平时 平時 píng shí peacetime, at ordinary times, in peacetime, in normal times
平常 平常 píng cháng ordinary, common
平等 平等 píng děng equal
平衡 平衡 píng héng balance
平静 平靜 píng jìng calm, quiet, tranquil
必要 必要 bì yào necessary, indispensable
必要 必要 bì yào need
必须 必須 bì xū necessary, required
a dozen of
打工 打工 dǎ gōng work part-time while studying in college/etc.
打仗 打仗 dǎ zhàng wage war, fight battle
打包 打包 dǎ bāo pack, bale, unpack, package, box, load down
打字 打字 dǎ zì do typing work, typewritten, typewrite, type
打折 打折 dǎ zhé tuck, sell at a discount
打扮 打扮 dǎ bàn dress/make up, deck out, pose as
打招呼 打招呼 dǎ zhāo hū say hello, greet sb.
打架 打架 dǎ jià fight, scuffle, come to blows
打针 打針 dǎ zhēn give an injection, have an injection
打算 打算 dǎ suàn plan
打扰 打擾 dǎ rǎo disturb, trouble
打断 打斷 dǎ duàn break
打听 打聽 dǎ tīng inquire/ask about
běn [formal] this, one’s own
本人 本人 běn rén I, me, myself, oneself, in person
本土 本土 běn tǔ one’s native country, metropolitan territory
本来 本來 běn lái original
本领 本領 běn lǐng capability, skill, ability
wèi have not yet
未婚 未婚 wèi hūn unmarried, single
zhèng straight, upright, central, honest, just, unbiased
正方形 正方形 zhèng fāng xíng square
正月 正月 zhēng yuè first month of lunar year
正好 正好 zhèng hǎo just right, at the right moment
正好 正好 zhèng hǎo just, exactly
正式 正式 zhèng shì formal (of actions/speeches/etc.)
正面 正面 zhèng miàn obverse/right side, front, facade
正经 正經 zhèng jīng serious
民主 民主 mín zhǔ democratic
民主 民主 mín zhǔ democracy, democratic rights
民国 民國 mín guó Republic of China
民族 民族 mín zú ethnic minority/group, nation, nationality
民间 民間 mín jiān among the people, folk, nongovernmental, people-to-people
fàn criminal
犯人 犯人 fàn rén criminal, prisoner, convict
犯法 犯法 fàn fǎ violate law, break law, offend, violate the law, criminal, transgress, break the law
犯罪 犯罪 fàn zuì commit crime/offense
jade
guā melon, gourd
瓜子 瓜子 guā zi melon seed, melon seeds
shēng unripe, green, raw, uncooked, unprocessed, crude, unfamiliar, strange, stiff, mechanical
生存 生存 shēng cún live, exist
生肖 生肖 shēng xiào year of the animal in which one was born
生命 生命 shēng mìng life
生长 生長 shēng zhǎng grow, develop
生动 生動 shēng dòng lively, vivid
生产 生產 shēng chǎn produce, manufacture
用力 用力 yòng lì exert self (physically)
用不着 用不著 yòng bù zháo not need, have no use for
用心 用心 yòng xīn be diligent/attentive
用具 用具 yòng jù utensil, appliance
用法 用法 yòng fǎ use, usage
用品 用品 yòng pǐn articles for use
用得着 用得著 yòng de zháo
用处 用處 yòng chù use, practical application
shuǎi move backward and forward, throw, leave sb. behind, throw off
tián field, farmland
田野 田野 tián yě field, open country
yóu from, via, by, through, owing/due to
由于 由於 yóu yú owing/due/thanks to
jiǎ first, first of the ten Heavenly Stems
申请 申請 shēn qǐng apply for
白(白) 白(白) bái bái in vain, without results
naughty, mischievous
皮带 皮帶 pí dài leather belt
皮肤 皮膚 pí fū skin
皮鞋 皮鞋 pí xié leather shoes
目的地 目的地 mù dì dì destination
目标 目標 mù biāo objective, target, goal
目录 目錄 mù lù catalogue, list, table of contents, directory
矛盾 矛盾 máo dùn contradictory
示威 示威 shì wēi put on show of force, demonstrate, march
set up, erect
立即 立即 lì jí immediately, at once, promptly
立场 立場 lì chǎng position, stand (point)
丢人 丟人 diū rén lose face, be disgraced
丢脸 丟臉 diū liǎn lose face, reflect, be disgraced, humiliate
交友 交友 jiāo yǒu make friends
交代 交代 jiāo dài explain, make clear, brief, tell, account for, justify oneself, confess
交往 交往 jiāo wǎng associate, contact
交易 交易 jiāo yì deal, trade
交易 交易 jiāo yì deal, trade, transaction
交流 交流 jiāo liú exchange, interflow, interchange
交通 交通 jiāo tōng traffic, communications, transportation
交换 交換 jiāo huàn exchange, swap
交际 交際 jiāo jì assort, converse, social intercourse, intercommunicate, gam, socialize
休假 休假 xiū jià have holiday/vacation/leave
休闲 休閒 xiū xián lie fallow
rèn allow
rèn serve in a position, appoint to a position
任性 任性 rèn xìng self-willed
任务 任務 rèn wù assignment, job
份(儿) 份(兒) fèn er share, portion
企业 企業 qì yè enterprise, business
企图 企圖 qì tú attempt
企图 企圖 qì tú attempt, intend
guāng solely, merely, only
guāng bright, brilliant, shining
guāng naked, nude
光明 光明 guāng míng bright, promising, openhearted, guileless
光亮 光亮 guāng liàng bright
光是 光是 guāng shì
光荣 光榮 guāng róng honor, glory, credit
光线 光線 guāng xiàn light, ray
光临 光臨 guāng lín be present
xiōng fiendish, ferocious, murderous, ruffianize
先进 先進 xiān jìn advance
全面 全面 quán miàn Omni bearing
全面 全面 quán miàn overall, comprehensive, all-round, all-out
全家 全家 quán jiā whole family
全球 全球 quán qiú whole world
全体 全體 quán tǐ whole body, plenary assembly
gòng together
gòng share with
共同 共同 gòng tóng together, jointly
共同 共同 gòng tóng common, joint
再度 再度 zài dù once more/again, second time
再说 再說 zài shuō furthermore, besides
bīng feel cold, put on ice
冰淇淋 冰淇淋 bīng qí lín ice cream
liè collective measure word for a line of vehicles or people.
huá delimit, differentiate, transfer, assign, plan, draw, mark
yìn print, engrave
印刷 印刷 yìn shuā print
印章 印章 yìn zhāng seal, signet, stamp
印象 印象 yìn xiàng impression
危机 危機 wéi jī crisis
tóng same, similar
tóng with, for
tóng be same as
tóng together, in common
同志 同志 tóng zhì comrade
同事 同事 tóng shì colleague, fellow worker
同胞 同胞 tóng bāo offspring of same parents, compatriot
同情 同情 tóng qíng sympathize with
diào hang, lift up or let down with rope/etc., mourn, put in a fur lining, revoke, withdraw
spit, force sth. out of one’s mouth
expectorate, vomit
separately, differently
各式各样 各式各樣 gè shì gè yàng all sorts/kinds, various
各行各业 各行各業 gè háng gè yè all professions/trades
向来 向來 xiàng lái always, all along
míng name, describe
míng individual measure word for people.
名片 名片 míng piàn visiting/calling card, name card
名单 名單 míng dān name list
名牌 名牌 míng pái nameplate, name tag
名称 名稱 míng chēng name (of a thing or an organization)
pool (efforts/etc.), join, combine
be equal to, amount to
be fitting, accord with, conform to
to agree, suit (purpose), match
合不来 合不來 hé bù lái not get along well
合乎 合乎 hé hū conform with/to, accord/tally with
合成 合成 hé chéng compose, compound, synthesize
合法 合法 hé fǎ lawful, legitimate, rightful
合格 合格 hé gé qualify, reach standard, pass
合唱 合唱 hé chàng sing in a chorus
合得来 合得來 hé de lái get along well
合理 合理 hé lǐ rational, reasonable, equitable
合算 合算 hé suàn reckon up, total
合适 合適 hé shì suitable, appropriate, becoming, right
吃喝玩乐 吃喝玩樂 chī hē wán lè idle away one’s time in pleasure-seeking, eat
吃亏 吃虧 chī kuī suffer loss, come to grief
因此 因此 yīn cǐ therefore, consequently
因素 因素 yīn sù factor, element
huí reply, answer
回收 回收 huí shōu recycle
回信 回信 huí xìn reply (letter)
回教 回教 huí jiào Islam
回想 回想 huí xiǎng think back, recollect, recall
回电 回電 huí diàn wire back
回忆 回憶 huí yì recollect, recall
回头 回頭 huí tóu turn one’s head, turn round
地下 地下 dì xià underground, secret activity
地位 地位 dì wèi position, status
地形 地形 dì xíng topography, terrain
地板 地板 dì bǎn floorboard, floor
地面 地面 dì miàn (earth’s) surface, ground, floor, region
地带 地帶 dì dài zone, belt, district, region
地球 地球 dì qiú the earth/globe
地理 地理 dì lǐ geography, geographical features of a place
地毯 地毯 dì tǎn carpet, rug
地震 地震 dì zhèn earthquake
地点 地點 dì diǎn place, site, locale
地铁 地鐵 dì tiě subway, underground (railway)
地摊 地攤 dì tān stall with goods spread out on ground for sale
zài be at/in/on
在乎 在乎 zài hū care about, mind
在于 在於 zài yú be at/in/on, depend on, rest with
在意 在意 zài yì pay attention to
多少 多少 duō shǎo somewhat, to some extent, more or less
多半(儿) 多半(兒) duō bàn er probably, most likely
多多 多多 duō duō
多多少少 多多少少 duō duō shǎo sh somewhat, to some extent, more or less
多数 多數 duō shù majority
多谢 多謝 duō xiè thank you very much
hǎo so as to, so that
hǎo be fond of
好在 好在 hǎo zài fortunately, luckily
好多 好多 hǎo duō many, much
好奇 好奇 hào qí curious, full of curiosity
好客 好客 hào kè hospitable
好意思 好意思 hǎo yì si have the nerve
be like, measure up to
if, supposing
according to, in accordance with, such as, as if, like, for example
如下 如下 rú xià as follows
如今 如今 rú jīn nowadays
如同 如同 rú tóng like, similar to
如此 如此 rú cǐ thus, like this, such
如何 如何 rú hé how
如何 如何 rú hé how about it
如果说 如果說 rú guǒ shuō [informal] if, in case
如意 如意 rú yì as one wishes
字母 字母 zì mǔ letter of an alphabet, letter
字幕 字幕 zì mù caption, subtitle
cún store, deposit (money)
存在 存在 cún zài exist, be
存款 存款 cún kuǎn deposit, bank saving
安心 安心 ān xīn feel at ease, be relieved, keep one’s mind on sth.
安定 安定 ān dìng stabilize
安慰 安慰 ān wèi comfort, console
寺庙 寺廟 sì miào temple
jiān penetrating, incisive, piercing, intense, acute, sharp, shrill
尖锐 尖銳 jiān ruì sharp-pointed
zhōu administrative division
年代 年代 nián dài age, years, time, decade
年初 年初 nián chū beginning of year
年龄 年齡 nián líng age
式样 式樣 shì yàng style, type, model
忙碌 忙碌 máng lù be busy, bustle about
chéng accomplish, succeed
chéng a tenth of
成分/份 成分/份 chéng fèn composition, component part, ingredient, class/economic status
成天 成天 chéng tiān all day long, all the time
成本 成本 chéng běn cost
成立 成立 chéng lì found, establish
成交 成交 chéng jiāo close a deal
成果 成果 chéng guǒ achievement, gain, positive result
成长 成長 chéng zhǎng grow up, mature
成为 成為 chéng wéi become, turn into
成就 成就 chéng jiù achievement, accomplishment, success
成语 成語 chéng yǔ set phrase, idiom
成熟 成熟 chéng shú ripe, mature
kòu button/buckle/tie up, cover with concave object, detain, arrest, deduct, discount
托儿所 托兒所 tuō ér suǒ nursery, child-care center
收入 收入 shōu rù income
收拾 收拾 shōu shí put in order, tidy up
收看 收看 shōu kàn tune into, watch (e.g., TV)
收音机 收音機 shōu yīn jī radio set
收据 收據 shōu jù receipt
收获 收穫 shōu huò harvest, gains, results
zǎo early, long ago, in advance, beforehand, prematurely
早已 早已 zǎo yǐ long ago/since
早日 早日 zǎo rì at an early date, early, soon
早晚 早晚 zǎo wǎn sooner or later
早晨 早晨 zǎo chén early morning
早期 早期 zǎo qí early stage/phase
早点 早點 zǎo diǎn in advance, a bit earlier
早点 早點 zǎo diǎn breakfast
曲折 曲折 qū zhé tortuous, complicated
有力 有力 yǒu lì strong, forceful, powerful
有利 有利 yǒu lì be advantageous/beneficial
有些 有些 yǒu xiē somewhat, rather
有些 有些 yǒu xiē some
有效 有效 yǒu xiào efficacious, effective, valid
有时 有時 yǒu shí sometimes, at times
有关 有關 yǒu guān with regard to
有关 有關 yǒu guān be related
次数 次數 cì shù number of times, frequency
[formal] this
此外 此外 cǐ wài besides, in addition, moreover
extremely
死亡 死亡 sǐ wáng be dead/doomed
hàn sweat, perspiration
jiāng river
污染 污染 wū rǎn pollute, contaminate
huī gray
灰心 灰心 huī xīn lose heart, be discouraged
灰色 灰色 huī sè gray, ashy, pessimistic, gloomy
竹子 竹子 zhú zi bamboo
米粉 米粉 mǐ fěn rice flour, rice-flour noodles
lǎo always (doing sth.), for a long time, very
老大 老大 lǎo dà eldest child (in a family)
老公 老公 lǎo gōng husband
老太太 老太太 lǎo tài tai old lady, your (my/his/etc.) mother
老百姓 老百姓 lǎo bǎi xìng common people, civilians
老虎 老虎 lǎo hǔ tiger
老是 老是 lǎo shì always
老家 老家 lǎo jiā native place, old home, one’s original home
老婆 老婆 lǎo pó wife
老实 老實 lǎo shí honest, frank, well-behaved, good, simple-minded, naive
老实说 老實說 lǎo shí shuō honestly
老板娘 老闆娘 lǎo bǎn niáng boss wife
考卷 考卷 kǎo juàn examination paper
考取 考取 kǎo qǔ pass entrance examination
考察 考察 kǎo chá inspect, make on-the-spot investigation, observe and study
考虑 考慮 kǎo lǜ think over, consider
ér and yet
而已 而已 ér yǐ particle : imparting finality (that’s all)
而且 而且 ér qiě furthermore, besides, moreover
肌肉 肌肉 jī ròu muscle
自主 自主 zì zhǔ be one’s own master, take initiative
自在 自在 zì zài free, unrestrained
自行车 自行車 zì xíng chē bicycle, bike
自我 自我 zì wǒ self, oneself
自私 自私 zì sī selfish, self-centered
自来水 自來水 zì lái shuǐ running/tap water
自信 自信 zì xìn be self-confident
自动 自動 zì dòng automatic
自从 自從 zì cóng since
自杀 自殺 zì shā commit suicide
自然 自然 zì rán natural, free from affectation
自然 自然 zì rán nature, natural world
自愿 自願 zì yuàn act voluntarily
zhì arrive, reach
至少 至少 zhì shǎo at (the) least
至于 至於 zhì yú as for/to
舌头 舌頭 shé tou tongue
色彩 色彩 sè cǎi color, hue, shade
xiě blood
血型 血型 xiě xíng blood group/type
血液 血液 xiě yè blood
血管 血管 xiě guǎn blood vessel
行人 行人 xíng rén pedestrian
行李 行李 xíng lǐ luggage, baggage
行为 行為 xíng wéi action, behavior, conduct
行动 行動 xíng dòng action, operation
行动 行動 xíng dòng move/get about, act, take action
行程 行程 xíng chéng route/distance of travel, itinerary, travel
行业 行業 háng yè trade, profession, industry
衣裳 衣裳 yī shang clothing, clothes
衣柜 衣櫃 yī guì dresser
西方 西方 xī fāng west
西北 西北 xī běi northwest, the Northwest
西南 西南 xī nán southwest, the Southwest
西部 西部 xī bù western part, the west
西装 西裝 xī zhuāng Western-style clothes
位于 位於 wèi yú be located/situated
位置 位置 wèi zhì seat, place, position
住宅 住宅 zhù zhái residence, dwelling
住址 住址 zhù zhǐ address
住院 住院 zhù yuàn be hospitalized
佛教 佛教 fó jiào Buddhism
何必 何必 hé bì why must…?, there is no need
何况 何況 hé kuàng much less, let alone, all the more
估计 估計 gū jì estimate, appraise, reckon
shēn stretch, extend
伸手 伸手 shēn shǒu stretch/hold out one’s hand, ask for help
似乎 似乎 sì hū it seems, as if, seemingly
dàn but, yet, still, nevertheless, only, merely
zuò regard as, take sb. or sth. for, act as, be, become
作文 作文 zuò wén write an essay, a composition, an article, to compose
作文 作文 zuò wén composition
作用 作用 zuò yòng action, function, effect, intention, motive
作者 作者 zuò zhě author, writer
作品 作品 zuò pǐn works (of literature/art)
作为 作為 zuò wéi regard as, look on as, take for
作家 作家 zuò jiā writer
伯父 伯父 bó fù father’s older brother, uncle (address to male of father’s generation)
伯母 伯母 bó mǔ wife of father’s elder brother, aunt
伯伯 伯伯 bó bo father’s elder brother, uncle
克服 克服 kè fú surmount, conquer, put up with (hardship/etc.)
免得 免得 miǎn de so as not to, so as to avoid
免费 免費 miǎn fèi be free of charge, gratis
冷淡 冷淡 lěng dàn treat coldly, cold-shoulder, slight
冷饮 冷飲 lěng yǐn cold drink
冷静 冷靜 lěng jìng sober, calm
判断 判斷 pàn duàn judge, determine
(1) do good to, benefit; (2) sharp, keen
利息 利息 lì xí interest
利益 利益 lì yì interest, benefit, profit
利润 利潤 lì lùn profit
zhù help, assist, aid
助理 助理 zhù lǐ assistant
即使 即使 jí shǐ even, even if/though
即将 即將 jí jiāng about to, on the point of, soon
tūn swallow, gulp down
否定 否定 fǒu dìng negate, deny
否则 否則 fǒu zé otherwise, if not, or else
否认 否認 fǒu rèn deny, repudiate
呈现 呈現 chéng xiàn present, appear, emerge
吩咐 吩咐 fēn fù tell, bid, order, instruct, enjoin, say
gào accuse, go to law against
告辞 告辭 gào cí take leave
wěn a kiss
wěn kiss
inhale, breathe in, absorb, suck up, attract, draw to oneself
吸引 吸引 xī yǐn attract, draw, fascinate
吸收 吸收 xī shōu absorb, suck up, assimilate, recruit
吸取 吸取 xī qǔ absorb, draw, assimilate
吸毒 吸毒 xī dú take drugs
吸食 吸食 xī shí suck, take in (liquids/narcotics/etc.)
吸烟 吸煙 xī yān smoke, smoking
吵架 吵架 chǎo jià quarrel, have a row/spat
吵闹 吵鬧 chǎo nào wrangle, kick up a row
hán include
hán keep in mouth
含量 含量 hán liàng content
zhuàng strong, robust, sturdy, magnificent
jiá pincers, folder
miào wonderful, excellent, fine, ingenious, clever, subtle
妥协 妥協 tuǒ xié come to terms, compromise
妥善 妥善 tuǒ shàn appropriate, proper
孝顺 孝順 xiào shùn show filial obedience
完毕 完畢 wán bì finish, complete
完善 完善 wán shàn perfect, consummate
完整 完整 wán zhěng complete, integrated, intact
measure word for the competitions of balls, chesses, etc.
屁股 屁股 pì gu buttocks, backside, end, butt
尿 尿 niào to urinate
尿 尿 niào urine
尾巴 尾巴 wěi ba tail
chuáng individual measure word for a quilt, padded mattress, sheet, etc.
床单 床單 chuáng dān bedclothes, bedcover, counterpane, bed sheet, bedspread, bed linen
形式 形式 xíng shì form, shape
形成 形成 xíng chéng take shape, form
形状 形狀 xíng zhuàng form, appearance, shape
形容 形容 xíng róng describe
形象 形象 xíng xiàng image, form, figure, imagery
志气 志氣 zhì qì aspiration, ambition
志愿 志願 zhì yuàn aspiration, wish, ideal
rěn bear, endure, hold back, forbear
忍不住 忍不住 rěn bú zhù can’t bear, can’t help but do something
忍心 忍心 rěn xīn have the heart to
忍受 忍受 rěn shòu endure, bear
忍耐 忍耐 rěn nài endure, put up with
戒指 戒指 jiè zhǐ ring (for the finger)
chāo copy, transcribe, plagiarize, lift, search and confiscate, go off with, take shortcut, fold (one’s arms), grab, take up
抄写 抄寫 chāo xiě copy, transcribe
抗议 抗議 kàng yì protest
技巧 技巧 jì qiǎo technique, skill, craftsmanship, dexterity
技术 技術 jì shù technique, art
support with hand
把握 把握 bǎ wò assurance, certainty
把握 把握 bǎ wò grasp firmly
comment, criticize, refute, write comments on document, slap (sb.’s face)
collective measure word for people or goods.
批判 批判 pī pàn appraise, judge
批评 批評 pī píng criticize
chě pull, tear
zhé break, snap, fold, bend, turn back, humiliate
折合 折合 zhé hé convert into, amount to
折扣 折扣 zhé kòu discount, rebate
折磨 折磨 zhé mó persecute, torment
扮演 扮演 bàn yǎn play part of
tóu throw, fling, send, deliver, go to, join, lodge, stay, fit in with
投入 投入 tóu rù throw/put into
投降 投降 tóu xiáng surrender, capitulate
投票 投票 tóu piào vote, cast a vote
投资 投資 tóu zī investment
投资 投資 tóu zī invest
zhuā grab, seize, arrest, catch, press-gang, pay special attention to, be responsible for, take charge of
改天 改天 gǎi tiān on some other day
改正 改正 gǎi zhèng correct, amend
改革 改革 gǎi gé reform
改造 改造 gǎi zào transform, reform, remold, remake
改善 改善 gǎi shàn improve, perfect
改进 改進 gǎi jìn improve
更加 更加 gèng jiā (even) more
shù collective measure word for things of the same kind fastened together.
材料 材料 cái liào material, data, stuff, ingredients
stages in a process
měi every, each, often, frequent
求婚 求婚 qiú hūn make an offer of marriage, propose
shā sand, sth. granulated
沙子 沙子 shā zi sand, grit, small grains, pellets
沙漠 沙漠 shā mò desert
沙滩 沙灘 shā tān sandy beach
chén sink, keep down, lower
jué certainly
决心 決心 jué xīn determination, resolution
决心 決心 jué xīn decide, make up one’s mind
chōng pour boiling water on, rinse, flush, charge, rush, dash, clash, collide, develop (film)
没法子 沒法子 méi fá zi [informal] can do nothing about it, can’t help it, helpless
没想到 沒想到 méi xiǎng dào unexpected
没办法 沒辦法 méi bàn fǎ can do nothing about it, can’t help it
汽油 汽油 qì yóu gasoline
灾害 災害 zāi hài calamity, disaster
灾难 災難 zāi nàn calamity, misfortune
láo firm, durable
牢骚 牢騷 láo sāo discontent, complaint, grumble
男子 男子 nán zǐ man, male
dīng gaze/stare at
私人 私人 sī rén private
私立 私立 sī lì privately run, private
禿 bald, devoid of hair, leaves or trees
究竟 究竟 jiù jìng actually, exactly, after all, in the end
系列 系列 xì liè series, set
系统 系統 xì tǒng system
gān liver
良好 良好 liáng hǎo good, well
jiǎo parts, angle, role, horn
角色 角色 jiǎo sè role, part
角度 角度 jiǎo dù angle
角落 角落 jiǎo luò corner, nook
豆腐 豆腐 dòu fǔ bean curd
豆浆 豆漿 dòu jiāng soybean milk
走私 走私 zǒu sī smuggle
走走 走走 zǒu zǒu (1) go for a stroll; (2) come or go in a general sense
走道 走道 zǒu dào sidewalk
sufficient
足以 足以 zú yǐ sufficient/enough to
身分/份 身分/份 shēn fèn identity, status, capacity
身分/份证 身分/份證 shēn fèn zhèng identity/identification card
身材 身材 shēn cái stature, figure
身高 身高 shēn gāo height (of person)
身边 身邊 shēn biān at hand, nearby
车票 車票 chē piào ticket (for train/bus)
车祸 車禍 chē huò traffic accident
迅速 迅速 xùn sù rapid, speedy, prompt
fáng prevent, resist
防止 防止 fáng zhǐ prevent, guard against, avoid
防守 防守 fáng shǒu defend, guard
bìng [formal] and
bìng actually, truly
并且 並且 bìng qiě and, besides, moreover
事先 事先 shì xiān in advance, beforehand
事物 事物 shì wù thing, object
事业 事業 shì yè undertaking, enterprise, facilities
事实上 事實上 shì shí shàng as a matter of fact, factually
享有 享有 xiǎng yǒu enjoy (right/etc.)
享受 享受 xiǎng shòu enjoy
依然 依然 yī rán still, as before
依靠 依靠 yī kào rely/depend on
依据 依據 yī jù basis, foundation
jiā fine, beautiful, distinguished
使 使 shǐ have sb. do sth., make, cause, enable
使得 使得 shǐ de make, cause
gōng supply, feed, be for (the use/convenience of)
供应 供應 gōng yìng supply
例子 例子 lì zi example, case, instance
lái to
lái particle: used to denote the beginning of an action
来不及 來不及 lái bù jí be too late to do sth.
来回 來回 lái huí make a round trip, go to and fro
来自 來自 lái zì come/stem/originate from
来往 來往 lái wǎng associate, contact
来往 來往 lái wǎng come and go
来信 來信 lái xìn incoming letter
来得及 來得及 lái de jí there’s still time to do sth., be in time
来源 來源 lái yuán source, origin
来临 來臨 lái lín arrive, come, approach
兔子 兔子 tù zi rabbit, hare
possess, have, provide, furnish
measure word for corpses.
具有 具有 jù yǒu possess, have, be provided with
具备 具備 jù bèi possess, have, be provided with
具体 具體 jù tǐ concrete, specific, particular
[formal] its, his, her, their, it, this, that
measure word for newspapers or periodicals, or things that appear by stages.
其次 其次 qí cì next, second
其实 其實 qí shí as a matter of fact, actually, in fact
其余 其餘 qí yú others, the rest
典型 典型 diǎn xíng typical, representative
典礼 典禮 diǎn lǐ ceremony, celebration
carve, engrave, cut
shuā scrub, brush
刷子 刷子 shuā zi brush
刷卡 刷卡 shuā kǎ pay by credit card
thorn, splinter
刺激 刺激 cì jī provoking, exciting
刺激 刺激 cì jī stimulate, provoke, irritate, upset
刺激 刺激 cì jī stimulation
到底 到底 dào dǐ to the end
到达 到達 dào dá reach, arrive
制止 制止 zhì zhǐ curb, prevent, stop
制定 制定 zhì dìng formulate, draft
制度 制度 zhì dù system, institution
协助 協助 xié zhù assist, help
juàn measure word for things in rolls.
take, get, obtain
取代 取代 qǔ dài replace, supersede
取消 取消 qǔ xiāo cancel, abolish, nullify
取笑 取笑 qǔ xiào ridicule, make fun of
取得 取得 qǔ dé gain, acquire, obtain
叔叔 叔叔 shú shu father’s younger brother, uncle, uncle (child’s address for young males)
shòu passive signifier
shòu experience, be subjected to
受不了 受不了 shòu bù liǎo be unable to endure
受到 受到 shòu dào be given
受得了 受得了 shòu de liǎo stand up to
受伤 受傷 shòu shāng be injured/wounded
味(儿) 味(兒) wèi er (1) taste, flavor (2) smell, odor (3) delicacies or foods
味精 味精 wèi jīng monosodium glutamate, MSG
(1) exhale; (2) call
呼吸 呼吸 hū xī breathe, respire
和平 和平 hé píng mild, peaceful
和好 和好 hé hǎo become reconciled
和气 和氣 hé qì friendly
周/周 周/週 zhōu measure word for times of going around something, such as earth, islands, etc.
周到 周到 zhōu dào thoughtful
周围 周圍 zhōu wéi vicinity, surrounding, all around
mìng order, command, assign (title/etc.)
mìng life, lot, fate, destiny
命令 命令 mìng lìng commend, order
命令 命令 mìng lìng commend, order
命运 命運 mìng yùn destiny, fate, lot
固定 固定 gù dìng flat, stabile, regular
垃圾 垃圾 lè sè rubbish, garbage, junk, crap
píng an area measure equal to 3.3057 square meter or 36 square feet.
夜市 夜市 yè shì night market
夜晚 夜晚 yè wǎn evening
bēn go straight towards, head for, approach, be getting close to
奔跑 奔跑 bēn pǎo run
妻子 妻子 qī zǐ wife
委员 委員 wěi yuán committee member
委托 委託 wěi tuō authorize, commend, consign
姑姑 姑姑 gū gū father’s sister
姑娘 姑娘 gū niáng girl, daughter
始终 始終 shǐ zhōng always, from beginning to end
孤单 孤單 gū dān alone, friendless
宗教 宗教 zōng jiào religion
定期 定期 dìng qí periodical, regular
定期 定期 dìng qí fixed (of time), periodically, regularly
官方 官方 guān fāng government, official
官员 官員 guān yuán official
居民 居民 jū mín resident, inhabitant
居住 居住 jū zhù live, reside
居然 居然 jū rán unexpectedly, to one’s surprise, going so far as to
jiè (1) measure word for regular conferences, sports meets, etc.; (2) measure word for students, graduate students, etc.
幸好 幸好 xìng hǎo fortunately, luckily
幸运 幸運 xìng yùn very fortunate, lucky
幸福 幸福 xìng fú happy
幸亏 幸虧 xìng kuī fortunately, luckily
店员 店員 diàn yuán shop assistant, (sales) clerk
延长 延長 yán cháng lengthen, prolong, extend
wǎng go toward
往往 往往 wǎng wǎng often, frequently
彼此 彼此 bǐ cǐ each other, one another
忽略 忽略 hū lüè neglect, overlook, lose sight of
忽视 忽視 hū shì ignore, overlook, neglect
guài quite, very
guài blame
perhaps, be afraid
性别 性別 xìng bié sexual distinction, sex
性格 性格 xìng gé nature, disposition, temperament
性质 性質 xìng zhí quality, nature, character
或多或少 或多或少 huò duō huò shǎ somewhat, to some extent
或者 或者 huò zhě or, either or
或许 或許 huò xǔ perhaps, maybe
房客 房客 fáng kè tenant
房屋 房屋 fáng wū houses, buildings
suǒ that which
所谓 所謂 suǒ wèi so-called
承认 承認 chéng rèn admit, acknowledge, recognize, give diplomatic recognition
拉肚子 拉肚子 lā dù zi suffer from diarrhea, have diarrhea, have loose bowels
bàn mix
(1) brush/wipe off, exclude; (2) put on, apply, smear, plaster
拒绝 拒絕 jù jué refuse, reject, decline
招手 招手 zhāo shǒu beckon, wave, wave one’s hand
招呼 招呼 zhāo hū say hello to
招待 招待 zhāo dài receive (guests), serve (customers)
招牌 招牌 zhāo pái shop sign, signboard
drape/hang over one’s shoulders
measure word for horses, mules, camels, etc.
uproot, pull out, draw, lift
抽屉 抽屜 chōu tì drawer
抽烟/烟 抽煙/菸 chōu yān smoke (pipe/etc.)
押金 押金 yā jīn deposit
(1) resist, prop up; (2) balance, be equal to
抵抗 抵抗 dǐ kàng resist, stand up to
抵达 抵達 dǐ dá reach, arrive at
bào hold (a particular opinion or belief)
抱怨 抱怨 bào yuàn complain, grumble
tuō pull, drag, haul
拖鞋 拖鞋 tuō xié slippers, sandals, flip-flops
chāi tear open, take apart, pull down, dismantle
抬头 抬頭 tái tóu raise one’s head, gain ground, improve, go up (in price)
放大 放大 fàng dà enlarge, magnify, amplify
放手 放手 fàng shǒu let go
放弃 放棄 fàng qì abandon, give up, renounce
放学 放學 fàng xué finish classes (for the day)
于是 於是 yú shì thereupon, hence, consequently, as a result
easy
míng bright, clear, distinct, open, obvious, overt
明白 明白 míng bái clear, obvious
明明 明明 míng míng obviously, plainly
明亮 明亮 míng liàng well-lit, bright, shining
明星 明星 míng xīng (movie/etc.) star
明确 明確 míng què make clear/definite
明显 明顯 míng xiǎn clear, obvious
昏倒 昏倒 hūn dǎo faint
昏迷 昏迷 hūn mí remain unconscious
(1) take (medicine) ; (2) obey, submit (oneself) to
serve
服装 服裝 fú zhuāng dress, clothing, costume
枕头 枕頭 zhěn tóu pillow
东方 東方 dōng fāng east
东北 東北 dōng běi the northeast
东南 東南 dōng nán southeast
东部 東部 dōng bù east
果然 果然 guǒ rán really, as expected, sure enough
欣赏 欣賞 xīn shǎng appreciate, enjoy, admire
武器 武器 wǔ qì weapon, arms
歧视 歧視 qí shì treat with bias, despise
注射 注射 zhù shè inject
ball of mud
泥土 泥土 ní tǔ earth, soil, clay
河流 河流 hé liú river
波动 波動 bō dòng undulate, fluctuate
法子 法子 fá zi way, method
法律 法律 fǎ lǜ law, statute
法院 法院 fǎ yuàn court of justice, (law) court
况且 況且 kuàng qiě moreover, besides, in addition
沿 沿 yán along
pào (1) brew, souse; (2) steep, soak, immerse
泡茶 泡茶 pào chá make tea
chǎo stir-fry, fry
zhēng contend, vie, argue, disagree
争取 爭取 zhēng qǔ strive/fight for
争论 爭論 zhēng lùn controvert, dispute
物理 物理 wù lǐ physics
物价 物價 wù jià commodity prices
物质 物質 wù zhí matter, substance, material
状况 狀況 zhuàng kuàng condition/state (of affairs)
状态 狀態 zhuàng tài state (of affairs), condition
玩具 玩具 wán jù toy, plaything
玩笑 玩笑 wán xiào joke, jest
玫瑰 玫瑰 méi guī rose
的确 的確 dí què certainly, surely
盲目 盲目 máng mù blind
zhí directly, straight, continuously, just, simply
直到 直到 zhí dào until, up to
直接 直接 zhí jiē direct, immediate
直线 直線 zhí xiàn sharp (rise or fall)
zhī know, realize, sense, inform, notify
知识 知識 zhī shì knowledge
社会 社會 shè huì society
kōng in vain, for nothing
kòng free, with spare time
空(儿) 空(兒) kòng er a cleft, fissure, a blank, unoccupied space or time
空中 空中 kōng zhōng open air/sky
空前 空前 kōng qián unprecedented
空军 空軍 kōng jūn air force
纠正 糾正 jiū zhèng correct, redress
zhě nominal suffix, one who, -er
fèi lungs
féi fat, fertile, rich
肥皂 肥皂 féi zào soap
肥胖 肥胖 féi pàng fat, corpulent
jiān shoulder
肩膀 肩膀 jiān bǎng shoulder
肯定 肯定 kěn dìng affirm, approve, regard as positive
卧房 臥房 wò fáng bedroom
卧室 臥室 wò shì bedroom
huā flowery, florid, profligate, blurred, false
花生 花生 huā shēng peanut
花色 花色 huā sè design and color, variety of designs/sizes/colors/etc.
花盆 花盆 huā pén flowerpot, pot, planter
花草 花草 huā cǎo flowers and plants
花瓶 花瓶 huā píng flower vase, secretary kept for her good looks rather than ability
花费 花費 huā fèi expenditure, expenses
花费 花費 huā fèi spend, expend
tiger
chū at the beginning of, in the early part of
chū first, just
初步 初步 chū bù initial, preliminary, tentative
初步 初步 chū bù initially, preliminarily, tentatively
初级 初級 chū jí elementary, primary
表示 表示 biǎo shì show, express, indicate
表弟 表弟 biǎo dì younger male cousin of different surname
表妹 表妹 biǎo mèi younger female cousin of different surname
表面 表面 biǎo miàn surface, face, outside, appearance
表哥 表哥 biǎo gē older male cousin of different surname
表格 表格 biǎo gé form, table
表情 表情 biǎo qíng a facial expression, countenance
表扬 表揚 biǎo yáng praise, commend
表达 表達 biǎo dá express, convey, voice
迎接 迎接 yíng jiē meet, welcome
返回 返回 fǎn huí return, come/go back
jìn approach/reach (a particular level or state)
近来 近來 jìn lái recently, lately
近视 近視 jìn shì short-sighted
金融 金融 jīn róng finance, banking
金额 金額 jīn é amount/sum of money
金属 金屬 jīn shǔ metals in general
zhǎng (1) older, elder, eldest, senior; (2) grow, grow up, increase
长久 長久 cháng jiǔ for a long time, permanently
长方形 長方形 cháng fāng xíng rectangle
长度 長度 cháng dù length
长处 長處 cháng chù forte, strong/good points
长途 長途 cháng tú long distance
长期 長期 cháng qí long period of time, long-term
mén individual measure word for discipline, branch of learning, etc.
门票 門票 mén piào entrance/admission ticket
门诊 門診 mén zhěn outpatient service
阻止 阻止 zǔ zhǐ prevent, stop, prohibit
阻碍 阻礙 zǔ ài hinder, block, impede, bar
附加 附加 fù jiā add, attach
雨衣 雨衣 yǔ yī raincoat
qīng nature’s color, green, blue, greenish black
青少年 青少年 qīng shào nián young people and teenagers, youths
fēi not
fēi not be, run counter to, not conform to
非法 非法 fēi fǎ illegal, unlawful, illicit
liàng show, shine
信用 信用 xìn yòng trustworthiness, credit
信任 信任 xìn rèn trust, have confidence in
信仰 信仰 xìn yǎng belief
信仰 信仰 xìn yǎng believe
信号 信號 xìn hào signal
侵入 侵入 qīn rù invade, intrude into
便 便 biàn then, in that case, as early/little as, as soon as
便利 便利 biàn lì facilitate
便条 便條 biàn tiáo [informal] note
bǎo keep, protect
保存 保存 bǎo cún preserve, conserve, keep
保守 保守 bǎo shǒu conservative
保持 保持 bǎo chí keep, maintain, preserve
保留 保留 bǎo liú continue to have, retain, hold back, reserve
保障 保障 bǎo zhàng ensure, safeguard
保障 保障 bǎo zhàng protection, safeguard, indemnification
保卫 保衛 bǎo wèi defend, safeguard
保养 保養 bǎo yǎng take good care of one’s health, maintain, keep in good repair
保险 保險 bǎo xiǎn insurance
保证/证 保證/証 bǎo zhèng guarantee
保证/证 保證/証 bǎo zhèng guarantee
保护 保護 bǎo hù protect, safeguard
促进 促進 cù jìn promote, accelerate
vulgar, common
俗话 俗話 sú huà common saying, proverb
俗话说 俗話說 sú huà shuō as the old saying goes …
mào risk, brave
冠军 冠軍 guàn jūn champion
削减 削減 xuè jiǎn cut down, reduce
前方 前方 qián fāng ahead, front direction, (war) front
前往 前往 qián wǎng go, leave for, proceed to
前途 前途 qián tú future, career, prospects
前进 前進 qián jìn go forward
前头 前頭 qián tóu in the front, at the head, ahead, above, preceding
measure word for short articles, such as news, jokes, etc.
then, in that case
勇气 勇氣 yǒng qì courage, nerve
勇敢 勇敢 yǒng gǎn brave, courageous
勉强 勉強 miǎn qiǎng do with difficulty
南方 南方 nán fāng south, southern part of country
南面 南面 nán miàn southern face, the south, the emperor
南部 南部 nán bù southern part, the south
hòu thick, deep, profound, kind, magnanimous, large, generous, rich/strong in flavor
yǎo bite, snap at
哎呀 哎呀 āi ya inj.: of wonder/admiration/shock
哎哟 哎喲 āi yāo inj.: of surprise/pain
inj.: Wah!
particle: formed by linking syllable ending in u-sound and the final particle a
品德 品德 pǐn dé moral character
品质 品質 pǐn zhí character, quality
咱们 咱們 zán men we, you and I
娃娃 娃娃 wá wa baby, child, doll
威胁 威脅 wēi xié threat
威胁 威脅 wēi xié threaten, menace, imperil
宣布/布 宣布/佈 xuān bù declare, proclaim, announce
宣传 宣傳 xuān chuán propagandist, publicist
宣传 宣傳 xuān chuán propagate, disseminate, give publicity to
客户 客戶 kè hù client, customer
客房 客房 kè fáng guest room
客满 客滿 kè mǎn sold out, full house
客观 客觀 kè guān objective
fēng seal
封建 封建 fēng jiàn feudal, feudalistic
巷子 巷子 xiàng zi lane, alley
shuài command (army)
幽默 幽默 yōu mò humor
spend (holidays), pass (time)
jiàn build, construct, erect, establish, set up, found
建立 建立 jiàn lì establish, set up, found
建筑 建築 jiàn zhú build, construct, erect
建筑 建築 jiàn zhú building, structure, edifice, architecture
建议 建議 jiàn yì proposal, suggestion
建议 建議 jiàn yì propose, suggest, recommend
待会(儿) 待會(兒) dài huǐ er shortly, in a little while
待遇 待遇 dài yù treatment (salary/etc.)
律师 律師 lǜ shī lawyer, attorney
后方 後方 hòu fāng rear
后代 後代 hòu dài later periods/ages/generations, descendants, posterity, progeny
后年 後年 hòu nián year after next
后果 後果 hòu guǒ consequence, aftermath
后悔 後悔 hòu huǐ regret, repent
后退 後退 hòu tuì draw back
后院 後院 hòu yuàn backyard
后头 後頭 hòu tóu rear, behind
思考 思考 sī kǎo ponder over, reflect on
思索 思索 sī suǒ think deeply, ponder
思想 思想 sī xiǎng thought, thinking, idea, ideology
急忙 急忙 jí máng in haste, hurriedly
zěn why, how
hèn hatred
hèn hate, regret, be exasperated
恨不得 恨不得 hèn bù dé very anxious to, itch to
恢复 恢復 huī fù resume, renew, recover, regain, restore, reinstate, rehabilitate
biǎn flat
bài do obeisance, salute, make courtesy call
拜年 拜年 bài nián pay New Year’s call, wish sb. Happy New Year
拜托 拜託 bài tuō request sb. to do sth.
拜访 拜訪 bài fǎng pay visit, call on
dig, excavate
àn press, push down
àn according to, in accordance with
按时 按時 àn shí on time/schedule
按照 按照 àn zhào according to, in the light of, on the basis of
拼命 拼命 pīn mìng risk life, make death-defying effort
zhǐ refer to
指出 指出 zhǐ chū point out (that)
指示 指示 zhǐ shì directive, instructions
指示 指示 zhǐ shì indicate, point out, instruct
指定 指定 zhǐ dìng appoint, assign
指导 指導 zhǐ dǎo guide, direct
tiāo push/poke sth. up
挑战 挑戰 tiǎo zhàn challenge to battle/contest
挑选 挑選 tiāo xuǎn choose, select
政府 政府 zhèng fǔ government
政治 政治 zhèng zhì politics, political affairs
政策 政策 zhèng cè policy
政党 政黨 zhèng dǎng political party
故乡 故鄉 gù xiāng native place, hometown, birthplace
故意 故意 gù yì intentional, willful
施工 施工 shī gōng work on (of construction)
both A and B
既然 既然 jì rán since, as, now that
春季 春季 chūn jì spring, springtime
春假 春假 chūn jià spring vacation/holidays
是否 是否 shì fǒu whether or not, is it so or not
是非 是非 shì fēi right and wrong, quarrel, dispute
星光 星光 xīng guāng starlight
rǎn dye, soil, pollute, make strokes (in painting/etc.)
mǒu certain person
wāi askew, crooked, inclined, devious, underhand
poison, toxin, narcotics
(1) poisonous; (2) malicious, murderous, with hate or intention to harm; (3) cruel, ruthless
毒品 毒品 dú pǐn narcotics, drugs
流汗 流汗 liú hàn perspire, sweat
流血 流血 liú xiě bleed, shed blood
流行 流行 liú xíng prevalent, popular, fashionable, in vogue, spread, rage (of contagious disease)
流利 流利 liú lì be reluctant to leave or part with, fluent
流动 流動 liú dòng flow, go from place to place
dòng hole, cavity
洗衣粉 洗衣粉 xǐ yī fěn washing powder for clothes, laundry detergent
活力 活力 huó lì vigor, vitality, energy
活该 活該 huó gāi serve sb. right, deservedly be, be destined to, ought, should
活泼 活潑 huó pō lively, vivacious, vivid
活跃 活躍 huó yuè enliven, animate, invigorate
pài send, dispatch, assign, appoint
为了 為了 wèi le for, for the sake of, in order to
为主 為主 wéi zhǔ give first place to
为难 為難 wéi nán create difficulties (for sb.), be in a quandary
zhá blow up, explode, burst
pào cannon, cannon chess piece, firecracker
玻璃 玻璃 bō lí glass
珍贵 珍貴 zhēn guì valuable, precious
甚至 甚至 shèn zhì even
甚至 甚至 shèn zhì even (to the point of), so much so that
界线 界線 jiè xiàn boundary/dividing line, limits, bounds
皇帝 皇帝 huáng dì emperor
pén container measure word for the things in a basin.
shěng thrifty, frugal, economical
shěng save, economize, omit, leave
省得 省得 shěng de lest
省钱 省錢 shěng qián save money, be economical
相互 相互 xiāng hù mutually, reciprocally
相反 相反 xiāng fǎn opposite, contrary, reverse
相片(儿) 相片(兒) xiàng piàn er photograph, photo
相同 相同 xiāng tóng be identical/alike
相似 相似 xiāng sì resemble, be similar/alike
相当 相當 xiāng dāng quite, fairly, considerably
相当 相當 xiāng dāng correspond to, be equal to, match, balance
相对 相對 xiāng duì be opposite, be face to face
相机 相機 xiàng jī camera
相亲 相親 xiàng qīn get look at prospective spouse
相亲相爱 相親相愛 xiāng qīn xiāng ài intimate, fond of each other
相声 相聲 xiàng shēng cross talk, comic dialogue
相关 相關 xiāng guān be interrelated
kàn [aspect]
看不起 看不起 kàn bù qǐ scorn, despise
看来 看來 kàn lái it seems, it looks as if
看看 看看 kàn kan
看家 看家 kān jiā look after the house, mind house, mind the house
看起来 看起來 kàn qǐ lái it seems, it looks as if
看得起 看得起 kàn de qǐ think highly of
看样子 看樣子 kàn yàng zi it looks as if, it appears, it seems
盼望 盼望 pàn wàng long for, look forward to
kǎn cut, chop, hack, throw sth. at
科目 科目 kē mù school subject/course, headings in account book, category of subjects
科技 科技 kē jì science and technology
秋季 秋季 qiū jì autumn season
突出 突出 tú chū outstanding
突出 突出 tú chū give prominence to, stress
突破 突破 tú pò breakthrough, penetration
突破 突破 tú pò make a breakthrough, surmount
突然 突然 tú rán suddenly, abruptly
红豆 紅豆 hóng dòu red bean, azuki bean, love pea
纪念 紀念 jì niàn commemorate, mark
纪念 紀念 jì niàn commemoration, souvenir
yuē about, around
约好 約好 yuē hǎo come to an agreement
约会 約會 yuē huì make an appointment
约会 約會 yuē huì appointment, engagement, date
美好 美好 měi hǎo fine, happy, glorious
美妙 美妙 měi miào beautiful, splendid, wonderful
美术 美術 měi shù art, beaux arts, fine art
美观 美觀 měi guān pleasing to the eye
耐心 耐心 nài xīn patiently, persistently
耐心 耐心 nài xīn patience, endurance
耐用 耐用 nài yòng wear, lasting long, durable
shuǎ flourish
背包 背包 bēi bāo knapsack, rucksack, field pack, shoulder bag, blanket roll
背后 背後 bèi hòu behind, in the rear, behind/at the back
背面 背面 bèi miàn the reverse side, the wrong side, rear, the back
背景 背景 bèi jǐng background, backdrop
英俊 英俊 yīng jùn handsome
英雄 英雄 yīng xióng hero
要不 要不 yào bù otherwise, or else, or
要不是 要不是 yào bú shì if it were not for, but for
要不然 要不然 yào bù rán otherwise, or else, or
要命 要命 yào mìng darned, kill, drive sb. to death
计较 計較 jì jiào haggle over, dispute, discuss in minute detail, mind, care
计算 計算 jì suàn count, calculate, compute
dìng subscribe to, book (seats)
订位 訂位 dìng wèi engage, book, reserve
订婚 訂婚 dìng hūn be betrothed, be engaged, troth, betroth, plight
负担 負擔 fù dān bear, shoulder
负担 負擔 fù dān burden, load, encumbrance
go to, attend
jūn army
军人 軍人 jūn rén soldier, serviceman, army man
军事 軍事 jūn shì military affairs
军队 軍隊 jūn duì armed forces, army, troops
迫切 迫切 pò qiè urgent, pressing, imperative
郊外 郊外 jiāo wài countryside around a city, outskirts
chóng again, once more
zhòng value, put emphasis/stress on
重大 重大 zhòng dà great, weighty, major, significant
重心 重心 zhòng xīn center of gravity, heart, core, focus
重视 重視 zhòng shì attach importance to, take sth. seriously, value
重量 重量 zhòng liàng weight
重伤 重傷 zhòng shāng severely injured
重伤 重傷 zhòng shāng serious wound
重新 重新 chóng xīn again, anew, afresh
重点 重點 zhòng diǎn focal point, stress, emphasis
限制 限制 xiàn zhì restrictiveness
限制 限制 xiàn zhì restrict, confine
陌生 陌生 mò shēng strange, unfamiliar
jiàng surrender, capitulate, subdue, tame
降低 降低 jiàng dī reduce, cut down, drop, lower
降价 降價 jiàng jià lower prices
面子 面子 miàn zi reputation, face, prestige
面前 面前 miàn qián in the face of, in front of, before
面对 面對 miàn duì face, confront
面貌 面貌 miàn mào face, features, appearance, look, aspect
面积 面積 miàn jī surface area
面临 面臨 miàn lín be faced with, be up against
革命 革命 gé mìng revolution
革命 革命 gé mìng revolt
音响 音響 yīn xiǎng stereo, hi-fi
风俗 風俗 fēng sú custom
风格 風格 fēng gé style
风气 風氣 fēng qì general mood, atmosphere, common practice
风趣 風趣 fēng qù humorous
风险 風險 fēng xiǎn risk, hazard
食品 食品 shí pǐn foodstuff, food
shǒu [formal] first
首先 首先 shǒu xiān first
首都 首都 shǒu dū capital (of country)
香水 香水 xiāng shuǐ perfume, scent
香肠 香腸 xiāng cháng sausage
香蕉 香蕉 xiāng jiāo banana
chéng ride
乘客 乘客 chéng kè passenger
bèi times, -fold
liǎng two
zhí (1) be worth; (2) happen
dào pour
dào (1) actually (2) back, in reverse order
倒是 倒是 dào shì actually, contrariwise
具乐部 俱樂部 jù lè bù (social) club
between a verb and its object to indicate momentum
个子 個子 gè zi height, stature, build
个别 個別 gè bié individual, specific
个儿 個兒 gè er stature
个性 個性 gè xìng individual character, personality, specific property, particularity
xiū embellish, decorate, repair, mend, overhaul, trim, prune
修正 修正 xiū zhèng revise, amend, correct
修改 修改 xiū gǎi revise, amend, alter
修理 修理 xiū lǐ repair, mend, fix
仓库 倉庫 cāng kù warehouse, godown, granary, treasury vault
jiān do concurrently
冤枉 冤枉 yuān wǎng treat unjustly
dòng freeze, feel very cold, be frostbitten
凌晨 凌晨 líng chén before dawn
zhǔn allow, grant, permit
准考证/证 准考證/証 zhǔn kǎo zhèng admission ticket
刚好 剛好 gāng hǎo exact, just right
原子笔 原子筆 yuán zǐ bǐ ball-point pen
原先 原先 yuán xiān originally, at first
原来 原來 yuán lái original
原始 原始 yuán shǐ original, firsthand, primeval, primitive
原则 原則 yuán zé principle
原则上 原則上 yuán zé shàng basically, in principle
原料 原料 yuán liào raw material
原理 原理 yuán lǐ principle, tenet
哲学 哲學 zhé xué philosophy
员工 員工 yuán gōng staff, personnel
āi inj.: mild exclamation/sigh, Gosh!; My!
哪怕 哪怕 nǎ pà no matter how
é inj.: softly chant (poem) ; recite (poem) with cadence
ó particle: used when informing sb. of st. (to draw people’s attention) ; indicating mild imperative/suggestion/exclamation/guess/etc.
mái bury
夏季 夏季 xià jì summer
tào encase, overlap, interlink, harness, hitch up, model on/after, copy, pump sb. about sth.
tào collective measure word for groups of abstract things.
娱乐 娛樂 yú lè amusement, entertainment, recreation
孙女 孫女 sūn nǚ granddaughter
孙子 孫子 sūn zi son’s son, grandson
害处 害處 hài chù harm
家事 家事 jiā shì housework, family matters
家长 家長 jiā zhǎng head of household, parent of schoolchildren
家乡 家鄉 jiā xiāng hometown, native place
宴会 宴會 yàn huì banquet, dinner party
róng contain
shè shoot, fire, emit, discharge, allude to, insinuate
展出 展出 zhǎn chū exhibit
展示 展示 zhǎn shì reveal, lay bare
展开 展開 zhǎn kāi launch, develop
展览 展覽 zhǎn lǎn exhibition
展览 展覽 zhǎn lǎn exhibit, show, display
dǎo island, isle
chā difference
差别 差別 chā bié difference
差异 差異 chā yì difference, divergence, discrepancy, diversity
差距 差距 chā jù spatial difference
差错 差錯 chā cuò mistake, error, mishap
师父 師父 shī fu honorific term of address for a Buddhist monk or nun, or a Taoist priest or nun
师母 師母 shī mǔ wife of one’s teacher/master
师傅 師傅 shī fù master worker, tutor of king/emperor, general term of address in late 70s and 80s, address for service workers
zuò individual measure word for buildings.
座位 座位 zuò wèi seat, place
ruò weak, feeble, inferior, young, a bit less than
恐怖 恐怖 kǒng bù fearful, horrible
恐怕 恐怕 kǒng pà perhaps
悄悄 悄悄 qiǎo qiǎo quietly, stealthily
拳头 拳頭 quán tóu fist
拿手 拿手 ná shǒu good at
catch, seize, arrest
niē hold between fingers, pinch, knead with the fingers, mold, fabricate, trump up
zhuō clutch, hold, grasp, catch, capture
tǐng erect, firm
tǐng stick/bulge out, endure, stand up against, sustain
tǐng very, rather, quite
juān contribute, subscribe
捐款 捐款 juān kuǎn contribute money
捐款 捐款 juān kuǎn contribution, donation, subscription
挫折 挫折 cuò zhé frustration, setback
效果 效果 xiào guǒ effect, result
效率 效率 xiào lǜ efficiency
旅行社 旅行社 lǚ xíng shè a travel/tourist agency
旅客 旅客 lǚ kè traveler, passenger
shí at the time of, while
时刻 時刻 shí kè time, moment
时时 時時 shí shí often, constantly
时常 時常 shí cháng often, frequently
时期 時期 shí qí period (of time)
时机 時機 shí jī an occasion, a suitable (or right) time, opportune moment
书房 書房 shū fáng study, studio
书法 書法 shū fǎ calligraphy, penmanship
书籍 書籍 shū jí books
校友 校友 xiào yǒu alumnus, alumna
校车 校車 xiào chē school bus
校园 校園 xiào yuán schoolyard, campus
根本 根本 gēn běn at all, utterly
根本 根本 gēn běn essence, foundation
根据 根據 gēn jù basis, grounds, foundation
根据 根據 gēn jù on the basis of, according to
zhuō a table of
桃子 桃子 táo zi peach
air, gas, smell, atmosphere, spirit
气味 氣味 qì wèi flavor, smell
气氛 氣氛 qì fēn atmosphere, ambience
气候 氣候 qì hòu climate
气息 氣息 qì xí smell, breath
气象 氣象 qì xiàng climatic phenomenon, prevailing spirit/atmosphere
气温 氣溫 qì wēn air temperature
气愤 氣憤 qì fèn angry, furious
氧气 氧氣 yǎng qì oxygen
làng wave, billow, breaker
浪费 浪費 làng fèi waste, squander
浪漫 浪漫 làng màn dissolute, debauched, romantic
xiāo disappear, vanish
消/宵夜 消/宵夜 xiāo yè midnight snack
消化 消化 xiāo huà digest
消失 消失 xiāo shī disappear, vanish, dissolve
消除 消除 xiāo chú to eliminate, to clear, to remove, to clear up
消费 消費 xiāo fèi expenditure
消费 消費 xiāo fèi consume
消费者 消費者 xiāo fèi zhě consumer
消极 消極 xiāo jí negative, passive, inactive
消灭 消滅 xiāo miè perish, die out, pass away, eliminate, abolish, exterminate
jìn soak, steep, immerse
海外 海外 hǎi wài overseas, abroad
海军 海軍 hǎi jūn navy
海峡 海峽 hǎi xiá strait, channel
海报 海報 hǎi bào a playbill, a placard, a poster
海鲜 海鮮 hǎi xiān seafood
海关 海關 hǎi guān customhouse, customs
海滩 海灘 hǎi tān beach
float
浴室 浴室 yù shì bathroom, shower room
特地 特地 tè dì on purpose, specially
特色 特色 tè sè a characteristic, a distinguishing feature, a character
特别 特別 tè bié specially, particularly, especially
特殊 特殊 tè shū exceptional, special, particular, peculiar, distinctive
特点 特點 tè diǎn characteristic, peculiarity, trait
láng wolf, greedy and cruel person
班长 班長 bān zhǎng class monitor, squad leader, (work) team leader
班机 班機 bān jī airliner, regular air service, scheduled flight
留念 留念 liú niàn accept/keep as a souvenir
留学 留學 liú xué study abroad
留学生 留學生 liú xué shēng student studying abroad, returned student
疾病 疾病 jí bìng disease, illness
病房 病房 bìng fáng hospital ward, sickroom
病毒 病毒 bìng dú virus
症状 症狀 zhèng zhuàng symptom
疲倦 疲倦 pí juàn tired and sleepy
疲劳 疲勞 pí láo tired, weary
真心 真心 zhēn xīn true heart, sincerity
真心 真心 zhēn xīn sincere, genuine, true
真的 真的 zhēn de really, truly, indeed
真是 真是 zhēn shì really
真理 真理 zhēn lǐ truth
真实 真實 zhēn shí true, real, authentic, factual
pound, ram, break, smash, fail, bungle
破裂 破裂 pò liè burst, split, rupture
破坏 破壞 pò huài violate, destroy
破烂 破爛 pò làn rubbishy, ragged, frazzle, broken
pào cannon, firecracker, big gun
祖父 祖父 zǔ fù (paternal) grandfather
祖母 祖母 zǔ mǔ (paternal) grandmother
祖先 祖先 zǔ xiān ancestors, forebears
祖国 祖國 zǔ guó homeland, native land
shén god, deity, divinity
神仙 神仙 shén xiān immortals, spirits, gods, the deities, supernatural beings
神奇 神奇 shén qí magical, mystical, miraculous
神气 神氣 shén qì spirited, vigorous, cocky, overweening, triumphant
神秘 神秘 shén mì mysterious, mystical
神经 神經 shén jīng nerve
神圣 神聖 shén shèng sacred, holy
神话 神話 shén huà mythology, myth, fairy tale
祝贺 祝賀 zhù hè congratulate
祝福 祝福 zhù fú new year’s sacrifice (in part of Zhejiang)
祝福 祝福 zhù fú invoke blessing, wish happiness to
rent, rent out
秩序 秩序 zhì xù order
秘/秘书 秘/祕書 mì shū secretary
秘/秘密 秘/祕密 mì mì secret
zhǎi narrow, petty, hard up
站住 站住 zhàn zhù stop
笑容 笑容 xiào róng a smile, a smiling face
粉笔 粉筆 fěn bǐ chalk
chún pure, simple
utmost, extremely
(1) individual measure word for stairs or steps; (2) individual measure word for the quality of goods, services; (3) individual measure word for natural disasters.
纸张 紙張 zhǐ zhāng paper
纷纷 紛紛 fēn fēn in droves, numerous and in great confusion
quē be short of, lack
缺少 缺少 quē shǎo lack, be short of
缺乏 缺乏 quē fá be short of, lack
缺席 缺席 quē xí be absent (from meeting/etc.)
缺点 缺點 quē diǎn defect, drawback, fault, shortcoming
翅膀 翅膀 chì bǎng wing
hào waste time, dawdle
耽误 耽誤 dān wù delay, hold up
néng can, be able to, be capable of
能干 能幹 néng gàn able-minded, competent
能源 能源 néng yuán the sources of energy, energy resources, power sources
航空 航空 háng kōng aviation
bān sort, kind, way
bān (1) measure word for scheduled means of transport; (2) measure word for the work in shifts.
茶会 茶會 chá huì tea party
茶叶 茶葉 chá yè tea leaves
茶馆(儿) 茶館(兒) chá guǎn er teahouse
蚊子 蚊子 wén zi mosquito
记住 記住 jì zhù remember, learn by heart, bear in mind
记性 記性 jì xìng memory capability
记者 記者 jì zhě reporter, correspondent
记载 記載 jì zǎi put down in writing, record
记忆 記憶 jì yì memory
记忆 記憶 jì yì remember, recall
记录 記錄 jì lù record, note
记录 記錄 jì lù record
tǎo demand, dun, marry (a woman)
训练 訓練 xùn liàn training
训练 訓練 xùn liàn train, drill
财产 財產 cái chǎn property
财富 財富 cái fù wealth, fortune, riches
贡献 貢獻 gòng xiàn contribution
贡献 貢獻 gòng xiàn contribute, dedicate, devote
measure word for unexpected accidents or events.
from … on (used after nouns of time and place)
start, rise, cause to rise
run up, build a house, unload, remove, take up from a vault
[aspect] used after a verb to indicate sth. happening right after the action
起火 起火 qǐ huǒ fire breaking out
起来 起來 qǐ lái [aspect] used after a verb to indicate : (1) an upward movement (2) the beginning or continuation of an action (3) the completion of an action or attainment of a goal
起初 起初 qǐ chū at first, originally
起飞 起飛 qǐ fēi take off (of planes/etc.)
送行 送行 sòng xíng see sb. off, wish sb. bon voyage
enchant, lose one’s bearings
迷人 迷人 mí rén charming, enchanting
迷失 迷失 mí shī lose (one’s way, etc.)
迷信 迷信 mí xìn have blind faith in, make fetish of
迷信 迷信 mí xìn superstition
迷路 迷路 mí lù stray, astray, lose one’s way, wilder, get lost
迷糊 迷糊 mí hú confused, besotted, dazed
退 退 tuì retreat, retire, decline, ebb
退 退 tuì return, give back, refund, cede
退出 退出 tuì chū withdraw from, quit
退休 退休 tuì xiū to retire, to go into retirement, to step down
退回 退回 tuì huí return, send/give back
退步 退步 tuì bù degenerate, backslide, regress, decline, step backward, retrogress
táo escape, flee, evade, shirk
逃走 逃走 táo zǒu run away, flee
逃避 逃避 táo bì escape, evade, shirk
zhuī to chase after, to pursue
追求 追求 zhuī qiú seek, pursue, woo, court
酒吧 酒吧 jiǔ bā bar
酒会 酒會 jiǔ huì cocktail party
pèi match, find sth. to fit/replace sth. else, compound, mix
配合 配合 pèi hé coordinate, cooperate
zhēn needle, pin, stitch
针对 針對 zhēn duì in the light of, in connection with
shǎn dodge, get out of the way
zhèn measure word to indicate a period of time an action lasts or for the period of an action that happens suddenly.
阵子 陣子 zhèn zi period of time
chú except
chú get rid of, eliminate, remove
chú (Math.) to divide
除夕 除夕 chú xì New Year’s Eve
除非 除非 chú fēi only if/when, unless
马虎 馬虎 mǎ hū be careless/casual
马桶 馬桶 mǎ tǒng night stool, commode
骨头 骨頭 gǔ tou bone, strong character, person of a certain character
高大 高大 gāo dà tall and big, great, massive
高中 高中 gāo zhōng senior high school
高手 高手 gāo shǒu expert, ace
高明 高明 gāo míng brilliant, wise
高度 高度 gāo dù highly, greatly
高度 高度 gāo dù altitude, height, high degree
高原 高原 gāo yuán plateau, tableland
高峰 高峰 gāo fēng peak, height
高级 高級 gāo jí high-level, high-class, quality
高速 高速 gāo sù high-speed
高贵 高貴 gāo guì noble, high
高潮 高潮 gāo cháo upsurge, climax
斗争 鬥爭 dòu zhēng battle, fight
guǐ ghost, spirit
干杯 乾杯 gān bēi pledge, wassail, toast
干脆 乾脆 gān cuì direct, forthright
停止 停止 tíng zhǐ stop, cease, halt, suspend, call off
停电 停電 tíng diàn cut power
假日 假日 jià rì holiday, day off
假如 假如 jiǎ rú if, supposing, in case
假装 假裝 jiǎ zhuāng pretend, feign, simulate
zuò be, become, be used as
做/作法 做/作法 zuò fǎ way of doing or making a thing, method of work, practice
做人 做人 zuò rén conduct oneself, behave, be an upright person
做客 做客 zuò kè stay, be a guest
做梦 做夢 zuò mèng dream
伟大 偉大 wěi dà great, mighty
健全 健全 jiàn quán sound, perfect
侦探 偵探 zhēn tàn detective, spy
偷(偷) 偷(偷) tōu tōu stealthily, secretly
偏(偏) 偏(偏) piān piān just, but, only
偏向 偏向 piān xiàng be partial to
偏食 偏食 piān shí be particular with food
jiǎn wipe out, exterminate, cut (with scissors), clip, trim
剪刀 剪刀 jiǎn dāo scissors, shears
measure word for : (1) two things seen together or associated; (2) facial expressions.
动人 動人 dòng rén moving, touching
动不动 動不動 dòng bú dòng easily, at the slightest provocation, frequently, at every turn
动手 動手 dòng shǒu strike, hit
动作 動作 dòng zuò demeanor, motion, behavior, performance, operation, looseness, agency, gesticulation, movement, comportment, business, action
动身 動身 dòng shēn set out on a journey
动词 動詞 dòng cí verb
区别 區別 qū bié distinction, difference
区别 區別 qū bié distinguish, differentiate
区域 區域 qū yù region, zone, district
参考 參考 cān kǎo consult, refer to
商人 商人 shāng rén businessman, merchant, trader
商品 商品 shāng pǐn commodity, goods, merchandise
商场 商場 shāng chǎng market, bazaar
商量 商量 shāng liáng consult, talk over
商业 商業 shāng yè commerce, trade, business
商标 商標 shāng biāo trademark
问好 問好 wèn hǎo send one’s regards to, say hello to
问候 問候 wèn hòu send one’s respects/regards to
唯一 唯一 wéi yī only, sole
shòu sell, get (plan/etc.) accepted
quān (1) collective measure word for people or things in a circle; (2) measure word for certain actions of revolving.
国小 國小 guó xiǎo primary school
国中 國中 guó zhōng middle school, junior high school
国内 國內 guó nèi interior (of country), internal, domestic
国王 國王 guó wáng king
国外 國外 guó wài overseas
国立 國立 guó lì state/national maintained/run
国会 國會 guó huì parliament, congress
国旗 國旗 guó qí national flag
国语 國語 guó yǔ national language written and spoken, textbook for primary/middle school students
国际 國際 guó jì international
国籍 國籍 guó jí nationality
坚决 堅決 jiān jué firm, determined
坚定 堅定 jiān dìng firm, staunch, steadfast
坚持 堅持 jiān chí persist in, insist on
坚强 堅強 jiān qiáng staunch, steadfast
duī collective measure word for : (1) a large number of people gathering together; (2) a mass of things in piles.
duī pile/heap up
基本 基本 jī běn fundamental, essential, main
基本 基本 jī běn basic, elementary
基本上 基本上 jī běn shàng basically
基金 基金 jī jīn fund, endowment
基督教 基督教 jī dū jiào Christianity
基础 基礎 jī chǔ base, foundation
táng measure word for classes.
执行 執行 zhí xíng carry out, execute
培养 培養 péi yǎng foster, train, develop, culture
take a wife
妇女 婦女 fù nǚ women
婚姻 婚姻 hūn yīn marriage, matrimony
婚礼 婚禮 hūn lǐ wedding ceremony
婆婆 婆婆 pó pó husband’s mother, mother-in-law, maternal grandmother
寂寞 寂寞 jí mò be lonely
secret, tight
密切 密切 mì qiè close, intimate
专人 專人 zhuān rén person specially assigned for a task/job
专心 專心 zhuān xīn be absorbed in, concentrate effort
专利 專利 zhuān lì patent
专门 專門 zhuān mén professional
专门 專門 zhuān mén special, specialized
专家 專家 zhuān jiā expert, specialist
专业 專業 zhuān yè special field of research, specialty, discipline
专业 專業 zhuān yè professional
jiāng be about to
将要 將要 jiāng yào going to, will, shall
崇拜 崇拜 chóng bài worship, adore
崇高 崇高 chóng gāo lofty, sublime
常识 常識 cháng shì general knowledge, common sense
带子 帶子 dài zi belt
带来 帶來 dài lái bring, bring about
带动 帶動 dài dòng drive, spur on, bring along
带路 帶路 dài lù show the way, lead way, lead the way, show way, act as a guide
带领 帶領 dài lǐng lead (army/party/etc.), guide
帐单 帳單 zhàng dān reckoning, tab, invoice, account, bill, check, chit
zhāng stretch, spread, expand, display, set out
qiáng strong, powerful, vigorous, better, slightly more than, plus
强人 強人 qiáng rén powerful person
强大 強大 qiáng dà big and powerful, formidable
强度 強度 qiáng dù intensity
强迫 強迫 qiáng pò force (sb. to do sth.)
强烈 強烈 qiáng liè strong, intense, violent
强盗 強盜 qiáng dào robber, bandit
强调 強調 qiáng diào stress, underline
彩色 彩色 cǎi sè colorful
得了 得了 dé le well! well! ; it’s enough! ; have done with it!
得分 得分 dé fēn score
得意 得意 dé yì be proud of, be exalted, be complacent
得罪 得罪 dé zuì offend, displease
得奖 得獎 dé jiǎng win a prize
cóng usually
从小 從小 cóng xiǎo from childhood, as a child
从不 從不 cóng bù never
从此 從此 cóng cǐ henceforth, thereupon
从没 從沒 cóng méi not yet
从事 從事 cóng shì be engaged in, deal with, go in for
qíng sentiment, sensibility, inclination, interest, affection, love, passion
情人 情人 qíng rén lover, sweetheart
情书 情書 qíng shū love letter
控制 控制 kòng zhì control, dominate, command
juǎn roll up, gather, snatch, scold, rebuke
tàn stretch/pop forward
探亲 探親 tàn qīn visit family
jiē connect, join, put together, come in contact with, come close to
接见 接見 jiē jiàn receive sb., grant interview to
接到 接到 jiē dào receive
接近 接近 jiē jìn intimate, close
接近 接近 jiē jìn approach, near, be close to
接待 接待 jiē dài receive (guests), serve (customers)
接触 接觸 jiē chù come into contact with, get in touch with, engage, contact
pěng hold/carry sth. level in both hands, boost, boast, exalt, flatter
掩盖 掩蓋 yǎn gài cover
sǎo sweep, sweep away
扫地 掃地 sǎo dì sweep floor, reach nadir, sweep the floor, make clean sweep
挂号 掛號 guà hào register, registered
挂号信 掛號信 guà hào xìn registered letter/mail
推动 推動 tuī dòng push forward, promote
推广 推廣 tuī guǎng popularize, spread, extend
推销 推銷 tuī xiāo promote sale of, peddle
推翻 推翻 tuī fān overthrow
推荐 推薦 tuī jiàn recommend
cǎi pick, gather
采用 採用 cǎi yòng select for use, employ, adopt
采购 採購 cǎi gòu purchase
pái collective measure word for teeth, things in a row and buildings in a line.
pái stand in line, arrange, put in order, sequence
pái be arranged/located/situated
排斥 排斥 pái chì repel, exclude, reject
排列 排列 pái liè arrange, put in order
排球 排球 pái qiú volleyball
排队 排隊 pái duì stand in line
tāo take out with hand, hollow/scoop out
舍不得 捨不得 shě bù dé hate to use or part with, grudge, begrudge
舍得 捨得 shě dé be willing to give up or away
救火 救火 jiù huǒ fire fighting, fight fire
救命 救命 jiù mìng save sb.’s life, Help!, Save me!
jiào cause/ask to
教材 教材 jiào cái teaching material
教法 教法 jiào fǎ teaching methods, pedagogy
教师 教師 jiào shī teacher, instructor
教训 教訓 jiào xùn chide, lecture sb.
教训 教訓 jiào xùn lesson, moral
教堂 教堂 jiào táng church, cathedral
教授 教授 jiào shòu professor
教授 教授 jiào shòu instruct, teach
教会 教會 jiào huì (Christian) church
教练 教練 jiào liàn coach, instructor
教学 教學 jiào xué teach and study
教导 教導 jiào dǎo instruct, give guidance
bài lose, be defeated, beat, ruin
xié oblique, inclined, tilted
晚辈 晚輩 wǎn bèi younger generation, one’s juniors
wàng gaze into the distance, expect
tǒng container measure word for water, oil, etc.
梅花 梅花 méi huā plum blossom, clubs (on playing cards), wintersweet
条件 條件 tiáo jiàn condition, term, factor, requirement, prerequisite, qualification
条约 條約 tiáo yuē treaty, pact
梨(子) 梨(子) lí zi pear
毫无 毫無 háo wú completely lack
qīng clear up, settle
清除 清除 qīng chú eliminate, get rid of
清晨 清晨 qīng chén early morning
清晰 清晰 qīng xī distinct, clear (of sound/view)
清楚 清楚 qīng chǔ understand clearly
清醒 清醒 qīng xǐng be sober/wide-awake
lín pour, drench
hùn mix
混合 混合 hùn hé mix, blend, mingle
混乱 混亂 hùn luàn confused, chaotic
lèi tear, teardrop
淘气 淘氣 táo qì naughty
深入 深入 shēn rù thorough, deep-going
深刻 深刻 shēn kè deep, profound
深夜 深夜 shēn yè late at night
深浅 深淺 shēn qiǎn depth, seriousness
净化 淨化 jìng huà purify
qiān pull, lead along (by holding hand/halter/etc.)
měng fierce, valiant, fearsome, severe
率领 率領 shuài lǐng lead, head
球员 球員 qiú yuán ball team member
球场 球場 qiú chǎng ball field
球队 球隊 qiú duì ball game team
球鞋 球鞋 qiú xié gym/tennis shoes, sneakers
球赛 球賽 qiú sài ball game/tournament
manage, run, put in order, tidy up, take notice, acknowledge, administer, govern, operate
take notice of, pay attention to
理由 理由 lǐ yóu reason, grounds, argument
理想 理想 lǐ xiǎng perfect, ideal
理想 理想 lǐ xiǎng ideal
理解 理解 lǐ jiě understand, comprehend
理论 理論 lǐ lùn theory
理发 理髮 lǐ fǎ have a haircut
xiàn just, at the time, extempore
现代 現代 xiàn dài modern
现成 現成 xiàn chéng ready-made
现金 現金 xiàn jīn ready money, cash, cash reserve in bank
现场 現場 xiàn chǎng scene (of an incident), site, spot
现象 現象 xiàn xiàng phenomenon, appearance
现实 現實 xiàn shí reality, actuality
现实 現實 xiàn shí practical, pragmatic
甜点 甜點 tián diǎn dessert, sweetmeat
chǎn produced
产生 產生 chǎn shēng come into being, produce, engender, emerge
产量 產量 chǎn liàng output, yield
产业 產業 chǎn yè estate, property, industry
lüè to ignore
毕竟 畢竟 bì jìng after all, when all is said and done
疏忽 疏忽 shū hū ignore, neglect
痕迹 痕跡 hén jī mark, trace, vestige
眼光 眼光 yǎn guāng eye, sight, foresight, insight, vision, view, way of looking at things
眼前 眼前 yǎn qián before one’s eyes
眼泪 眼淚 yǎn lèi tears
move, remove, shift, transform, change, alter
移民 移民 yí mín emigrate
移动 移動 yí dòng move, shift
笨重 笨重 bèn zhòng awkward
符合 符合 fú hé accord/tally with, conform to
符号 符號 fú hào symbol, mark, insignia
individual measure word for small, hard things, such as sand, grain, and medicine.
wide (in diameter), thick
粗心 粗心 cū xīn careless
统一 統一 tǒng yī unify, unite, integrate
统治 統治 tǒng zhì dominate, rule
统计 統計 tǒng jì add up, count
细小 細小 xì xiǎo tiny
细心 細心 xì xīn careful, attentive
细胞 細胞 xì bāo cell
细菌 細菌 xì jùn germ, bacterium
细节 細節 xì jié details, particulars
measure word for groups of people, or sets of something.
form, make up (into), compose
组织 組織 zǔ zhī (1) organization, organized system; (2) tissue, nerve
终于 終於 zhōng yú at long last, finally, all things considered, on the whole
脖子 脖子 bó zi neck
脱离 脫離 tuō lí separate oneself from
chǔ be situated in, be in a certain condition, dwell, live
chù (1) measure word for a particular landscape or location; (2) measure word for a part of human body; (3) individual measure word for a quilt, padded mattress, sheet, etc.
处理 處理 chǔ lǐ handle, deal with, dispose of, process
处处 處處 chù chù everywhere, in all respects
处罚 處罰 chǔ fá punish, penalize
shé snake, serpent
蛋白质 蛋白質 dàn bái zhí protein
被动 被動 bèi dòng passive
规定 規定 guī dìng provide, formulate, fix, set
规定 規定 guī dìng rules, disciplines, regulations
规则 規則 guī zé rule, regulation
规律 規律 guī lǜ law, regular pattern
规矩 規矩 guī jǔ rule, custom
规划/划 規畫/劃 guī huà plan, program
规划/划 規畫/劃 guī huà program, plan
规模 規模 guī mó scale, scope
promise, allow, permit, to pledge sth.
许愿 許願 xǔ yuàn wish
设立 設立 shè lì establish, found
设计 設計 shè jì design, plan
设计 設計 shè jì plan, design
设备 設備 shè bèi equipment, facilities
责任 責任 zé rèn duty, responsibility
货物 貨物 huò wù goods, commodity, merchandise
贫穷 貧窮 pín qióng poor, needy
ruǎn soft, weak, pliant, poor in quality
zhè immediately
这下子 這下子 zhè xià zi at present
这阵子 這陣子 zhè zhèn zi these days, lately, recently
这样子 這樣子 zhè yàng zi such, so,
这样子 這樣子 zhè yàng zi like this
tōng measure word for telephone and call.
tōng understand thoroughly, master
通信 通信 tōng xìn communicate by letter, correspond
通讯 通訊 tōng xùn communication, news report, newsletter
通常 通常 tōng cháng generally, usually, normally
通过 通過 tōng guò adopt, pass, carry (motion/legislation)
dòu tease, play with, amuse
lián join, link, connect
lián in succession, one after another
连忙 連忙 lián máng promptly, at once
连接 連接 lián jiē join, link, connect
连络 連絡 lián luò contact
连续 連續 lián xù continuous, successive, running
连续剧 連續劇 lián xù jù TV series
速度 速度 sù dù speed, velocity, tempo, rate, pace
逐渐 逐漸 zhú jiàn gradually, by degrees
zào make, build, create, establish, concoct, fabricate
造句 造句 zào jù make a sentence
造成 造成 zào chéng create, bring about
tòu thorough
tòu penetrate, seep through
féng meet, come upon
guàng stroll, ramble, roam
逛街 逛街 guàng jiē window-shop
部长 部長 bù zhǎng minister, head of a section
部门 部門 bù mén department, branch, classification
部队 部隊 bù duì army, troops
都市 都市 dū shì city
wild, undomesticated
野心 野心 yě xīn wild ambition, careerism
野餐 野餐 yě cān picnic
野兽 野獸 yě shòu wild animal
diào fish with hook and line, angle
shut, close, stop up, obstruct
陪同 陪同 péi tóng accompany
陈列 陳列 chén liè display, exhibit
陆军 陸軍 lù jūn ground/land force, army
陆续 陸續 lù xù one after another, in succession
陶瓷 陶瓷 táo cí ceramics
雪花 雪花 xuě huā snowflake
zhāng m.[general] : chapter
benumbed, having tingling feeling, have pins and needles
麻雀 麻雀 má què sparrow
nián glue, stick, paste
傍晚 傍晚 bāng wǎn dusk, nightfall
bèi prepare, get ready, be equipped with, have
最少 最少 zuì shǎo at least
最多 最多 zuì duō at (the) most
最佳 最佳 zuì jiā optimum, best, first-rate
最初 最初 zuì chū initially, at first
cut
创作 創作 chuàng zuò creative work, creation
创造 創造 chuàng zào create, produce, bring about
剩下 剩下 shèng xià be left (over), remain
劳力 勞力 láo lì labor (force)
劳工 勞工 láo gōng laborer, worker
劳动 勞動 láo dòng do physical labor, do manual work
shèng win victory, succeed, surpass, excel
胜利 勝利 shèng lì win victory/success
博士 博士 bó shì Ph.D., court academician, master of any trade/craft
博物馆 博物館 bó wù guǎn museum
hǎn cry out, yell
喜酒 喜酒 xǐ jiǔ liquor drunk at wedding feast, wedding feast
喜爱 喜愛 xǐ ài like, love, be fond of
丧失 喪失 sàng shī lose
ō inj.: of surprise
喇叭 喇叭 lǎ ba brass wind instrument, trumpet
dān singly, alone
单子 單子 dān zi list, bill, form, bed sheet
单位 單位 dān wèi unit of measurement
单身 單身 dān shēn unmarried, single
单纯 單純 dān chún simple, pure, plain, artless
单调 單調 dān diào monotonous, dull, drab, boring
yāo particle: expressing exclamation/warning/negative evaluation/etc.
喉咙 喉嚨 hóu lóng throat
wéi surround, enclose, corral
场合 場合 chǎng hé occasion, situation
场地 場地 chǎng dì space, place, site
场所 場所 chǎng suǒ place, arena
bào (1) report, reply; (2) to hit back (at sb. or sth.), recompense
报仇 報仇 bào chóu revenge, avenge
报名 報名 bào míng enter one’s name, sign up
报告 報告 bào gào report, speech, (student) term paper
报告 報告 bào gào report, make known
报到 報到 bào dào report for duty, check in, register
报社 報社 bào shè newspaper office
报答 報答 bào dá repay, requite
报导 報導 bào dǎo report
报警 報警 bào jǐng report (an incident) to the police
寒冷 寒冷 hán lěng cold, frigid
wealthy, abundant
富裕 富裕 fù yù plentiful, abundant, rich
尊重 尊重 zūn zhòng respect, value, esteem
尊敬 尊敬 zūn jìng respect, honor, esteem
xún search, seek
寻找 尋找 xún zhǎo seek, look for
jiù with regard to, concerning
就是 就是 jiù shì even if, even
就是 就是 jiù shì quite right, exactly, precisely
就是说 就是說 jiù shì shuō that is to say, in other words, namely
就业 就業 jiù yè get or take up a job
就算 就算 jiù suàn even if, granted that
几乎 幾乎 jī hū almost, nearly
循环 循環 xún huán circulate, cycle
恶劣 惡劣 è liè vile, nasty
悲痛 悲痛 bēi tòng grieve, sorrow, painfully sad
悲剧 悲劇 bēi jù tragedy
愉快 愉快 yú kuài be happy, be cheerful
掌握 掌握 zhǎng wò grasp, master, have in hand, control
掌声 掌聲 zhǎng shēng clapping, applause
描写 描寫 miáo xiě describe, depict, portray
jiǎn select, pick out, pick up, collect, gather
chā insert, interpose
插花 插花 chā huā decorate with flowers, insert/arrange flowers
插图 插圖 chā tú book illustrations/pictures
carry, take (in hand with arm down), lift, raise
mention, refer to, promote, bring up
提早 提早 tí zǎo in advance
提到 提到 tí dào submit, present
提前 提前 tí qián advance in date, ahead
提起 提起 tí qǐ mention, speak of
提醒 提醒 tí xǐng remind, warn, alert to
hold, grasp
huī wave, brandish, wipe off/away, command (an army), squander (money/etc.)
sàn distribute, let out, discharge
sàn break up
普及 普及 pǔ jí popularize, disseminate, spread
普通 普通 pǔ tōng ordinary, common, average
普通话 普通話 pǔ tōng huà Putonghua, Mandarin Chinese, common speech, standard language
普遍 普遍 pǔ piàn universal, general, widespread, common
景色 景色 jǐng sè view, scene, landscape
暑期 暑期 shǔ qí summer vacation time
智慧 智慧 zhì huì wisdom, intelligence
céng once, ever, before
曾经 曾經 céng jīng once, ever
期中 期中 qí zhōng mid-term
期限 期限 qí xiàn time limit, deadline
期间 期間 qí jiān time, period
cháo facing, towards
dòng individual measure word for buildings.
bàng measure word for hitting something with a stick-like stuff.
棒子 棒子 bàng zi stick, club, cudgel
chess/chess-like game, any piece used in a board game
植物 植物 zhí wù plant, flora
mián cotton
棉花 棉花 mián huā cotton
棉被 棉被 mián bèi quilt with cotton wadding
欺负 欺負 qī fù browbeat, take advantage of, pick on
欺骗 欺騙 qī piàn cheat, dupe
殖民地 殖民地 zhí mín dì colony
毯子 毯子 tǎn zi blanket
港口 港口 gǎng kǒu port, harbor
港币 港幣 gǎng bì Hong Kong dollar
yóu swim, float, travel, rove
còu gather together, pool, collect, happen by chance, take advantage of, move close to, press near
jiǎn subtract, reduce, decrease, cut, lessen, diminish, deduct
减少 減少 jiǎn shǎo reduce, decrease
减轻 減輕 jiǎn qīng lighten, ease, mitigate
渴望 渴望 kě wàng thirst/long for
测量 測量 cè liáng measure, survey
测试 測試 cè shì survey, measure and test
测验 測驗 cè yàn test
测验 測驗 cè yàn test, quiz
not have, there is not
无可奈何 無可奈何 wú kě nài hé have no alternative
无所谓 無所謂 wú suǒ wèi be indifferent, not matter
无法 無法 wú fǎ unable to, cannot
无限 無限 wú xiàn infinite, limitless
无情 無情 wú qíng merciless, ruthless
无意 無意 wú yì have no intention to
无数 無數 wú shù innumerable, countless
无穷 無窮 wú qióng infinite, endless, inexhaustible
无论 無論 wú lùn no matter what/how/etc., regardless
无论如何 無論如何 wú lùn rú hé in any case, at any rate, no matter what
然而 然而 rán ér even so, but
牌子 牌子 pái zi plaque, sign, brand, trademark, tune, person’s reputation
猴子 猴子 hóu zi monkey, clever/glib/sharp-tongued person
fān (1) measure word for the process of certain actions; (2) individual measure word for the course of any action which takes time and energy; (3) measure word for kindness, fl
痛快 痛快 tòng kuài joyful, delighted, to one’s heart’s content, forthright
dēng publish, record
dēng ascend, climb, mount, step on
登山 登山 dēng shān mountaineering
登记 登記 dēng jì register, check in
send out, deliver, start, set out, begin
develop, expand, open up, discover, expose, show one’s feeling
发出 發出 fā chū issue, send/give out
发行 發行 fā xíng issue, publish, distribute, put on sale
发抖 發抖 fā dǒu shiver, shake, quiver, tremble
发言 發言 fā yán speak, make statement/speech
发明 發明 fā míng invention
发明 發明 fā míng invent, expound
发表 發表 fā biǎo publish, issue
发音 發音 fā yīn pronounce
发射 發射 fā shè launch, project, discharge, shoot, transmit, emit
发展 發展 fā zhǎn develop, expand, grow
发财 發財 fā cái get rich, make a pile
发起 發起 fā qǐ initiate, sponsor, start, launch
发动 發動 fā dòng mobilize, arouse
发挥 發揮 fā huī bring into play, give free rein to, develop (idea/etc.), elaborate
发扬 發揚 fā yáng develop, carry on, make most of
发脾气 發脾氣 fā pí qì lose temper, get angry
发达 發達 fā dá developed, flourishing
发觉 發覺 fā jué find, detect, discover
yìng hard, stiff, firm, tough, obstinate
shāo slightly
稍微 稍微 shāo wéi slightly, a bit
程序 程序 chéng xù procedure, order, course, sequence, program
shuì tax, duty
窗口 窗口 chuāng kǒu window, wicket, ticket window
等不及 等不及 děng bù jí be too late to wait
等到 等到 děng dào until
等于 等於 děng yú be equal/tantamount to
等待 等待 děng dài wait for, await
等级 等級 děng jí grade, rank, order and degree, social status
等等 等等 děng děng and so on, etc.
策略 策略 cè lüè tactics
笔记 筆記 bǐ jì notes, short sketches
笔试 筆試 bǐ shì take a written test
answer, reply, return (a call/etc.), reciprocate
答案 答案 dá àn answer, solution, key
zhōu gruel, porridge, congee
jié (1) partial measure word for things with joints, or things that are usually joined; (2) partial measure word for plants with joints; (3) partial measure word for vehicles with several
jié junction, node
jié (1) congeal, coagulate; (2) unite, connect, join, tie, knit, knot, weave; (3) to bear (fruit)
结合 結合 jié hé combine, unite, integrate, link, be joined in wedlock
结局 結局 jié jú final result, outcome, ending
结果 結果 jié guǒ result, outcome, consequence
结果 結果 jié guǒ to bear fruit
结帐 結帳 jié zhàng settle accounts, square accounts, balance the books, square up
结构 結構 jié gòu structure, composition, construction, texture
结算 結算 jié suàn close an account, to reckon sth. up
结论 結論 jié lùn conclusion (of a syllogism), conclusion
绝大部分 絕大部分 jué dà bù fèn most of, the majority of
绝不 絕不 jué bù never
绝对 絕對 jué duì absolutely, definitely
绝对 絕對 jué duì absolute, perfect, definite
purpleness, purple, empurpled
silk, threadlike thing, tiny bit, trace
善于 善於 shàn yú be good at, be adept in
脾气 脾氣 pí qì disposition, temperament, temper
舒适 舒適 shū shì comfortable, cozy
菠菜 菠菜 bō cài spinach
华侨 華僑 huá qiáo overseas Chinese
zhuó put on (clothes)
著名 著名 zhù míng famous, celebrated
街道 街道 jiē dào street, residential district, neighborhood
街头 街頭 jiē tóu street (corner)
裁判 裁判 cái pàn judge, referee, umpire
liè split, crack, divide up (profits), rend, rip open, sever (relationship)
shì depend
视野 視野 shì yě field of vision
注册 註冊 zhù cè register
词典 詞典 cí diǎn dictionary
xiàng elephant
fèi cost, spend, expend
贵族 貴族 guì zú noble, aristocrat
买单 買單 mǎi dān pay restaurant bill
买卖 買賣 mǎi mài do business, carry on trade
贸易 貿易 mào yì trade
贷款 貸款 dài kuǎn loan
贷款 貸款 dài kuǎn grant a loan, credit
超人 超人 chāo rén superman
超出 超出 chāo chū exceed, go beyond, overstep
超重 超重 chāo zhòng be overweight, overweight
超级 超級 chāo jí super
超越 超越 chāo yuè exceed
超过 超過 chāo guò outstrip, surpass, exceed
chèn while
距离 距離 jù lí distance
距离 距離 jù lí be apart/away from
跑步 跑步 pǎo bù jog, march at/on the double
dié fall, tumble
dié drop, fall
跌倒 跌倒 dié dǎo fall, tumble
jìn receive, eat, drink, take, introduce
进一步 進一步 jìn yí bù go step further
进入 進入 jìn rù enter, get into
进口 進口 jìn kǒu import
邮件 郵件 yóu jiàn postal items, post, mail
邮差 郵差 yóu chāi postman
乡村 鄉村 xiāng cūn village, countryside, rural area
liáng estimate, measure
钞票 鈔票 chāo piào bank note, paper money, bill
钮扣 鈕扣 niǔ kòu button
kāi (1) blossom; (2) boil
开刀 開刀 kāi dāo perform/have operation, make sb. first target of attack
开户 開戶 kāi hù open an account, establish an account
开拓 開拓 kāi tuò open up, develop, enlarge/expand (territory/etc.)
开放 開放 kāi fàng set free, open (park, garden) to public, trade with foreign nations
开明 開明 kāi míng enlightened, open-minded
开朗 開朗 kāi lǎng open and clear, clear up
开除 開除 kāi chú expel, discharge
开设 開設 kāi shè (1) open (shop/etc.) ; (2) offer (course/etc.)
开发 開發 kāi fā develop, open up, exploit
开演 開演 kāi yǎn begin (movie/business/etc.)
开课 開課 kāi kè give a course, teach a subject
jiān occasion
间接 間接 jiàn jiē indirect, at indirect, roundabout
xián not busy, unoccupied, not in use, idle
duì collective measure word for people or fowls in orderly ranks.
队员 隊員 duì yuán team member
阶段 階段 jiē duàn stage, phase, level
阳伞 陽傘 yáng sǎn parasol, sunshade
雄伟 雄偉 xióng wěi imposing, magnificent
gather, collect
集中 集中 jí zhōng focus, concentrate
集中 集中 jí zhōng centralize, put together
集合 集合 jí hé gather, assemble, muster
集邮 集郵 jí yóu collect stamps
xiàng (1) individual measure word for rules, articles, etc.; (2) individual measure word for sport events.
项目 項目 xiàng mù item, article, clause, project
shùn along
shùn smooth-going, plain sailing, arrange, put in order
shùn obey, follow, submit to
顺手 順手 shùn shǒu smoothly, easily, without extra trouble
顺利 順利 shùn lì smooth, successful, without a hitch
顺序 順序 shùn xù sequence, order
顺便 順便 shùn biàn conveniently, in passing
须知 須知 xū zhī points for attention, notice
饭馆(儿) 飯館(兒) fàn guǎn er restaurant
yǐn drink, swallow (insults/etc.), be hit (by bullet/etc.)
饮食 飲食 yǐn shí food and drink, diet
黄豆 黃豆 huáng dòu soya bean, soybean
黄昏 黃昏 huáng hūn dusk
黑夜 黑夜 hēi yè dark night
黑暗 黑暗 hēi àn dark
chuán pass (on), hand down, impart, teach, spread, transmit
传染 傳染 chuán rǎn infect, be contagious
传真 傳真 chuán zhēn fax
传真 傳真 chuán zhēn fax, facsimile
传送 傳送 chuán sòng transmit, deliver
传统 傳統 chuán tǒng tradition
传统 傳統 chuán tǒng traditional
传单 傳單 chuán dān leaflet, handbill
传达 傳達 chuán dá pass on, transmit, communicate
传说 傳說 chuán shuō it is said, they say
传说 傳說 chuán shuō legend
传播 傳播 chuán bò disseminate, propagate, spread
jǐn only, merely, barely
仅仅 僅僅 jǐn jǐn only, merely, barely
倾向 傾向 qīng xiàng be inclined to, side with, prefer
cuī urge, hurry, press, hasten, expedite
shāng injury, wound
shāng injure, wound, fall ill from, damage, harm
shāng to hurt, wound, harm
伤心 傷心 shāng xīn be sad/grieved
伤害 傷害 shāng hài injure, harm
伤脑筋 傷腦筋 shāng nǎo jīn troublesome, bothersome, knotty
shǎ stupid, muddleheaded, stunned, silly
勤劳 勤勞 qín láo industrious, hardworking
势力 勢力 shì lì power, force, influence
汇款 匯款 huì kuǎn make a remittance, remit
hāi inj.: hi, hey
圆形 圓形 yuán xíng circular shape
圆满 圓滿 yuán mǎn satisfactory
sāi fill/stuff in
collapse, droop, settle down
jià marry (of a woman)
xián dislike, mind
媳妇 媳婦 xí fù daughter-in-law, wife of sb. of younger generation
gàn do, work, fight
gàn be engaged in
干什么 幹什麼 gàn shé me why
干部 幹部 gàn bù cadre, staff
干嘛 幹嘛 gàn má do what
干嘛 幹嘛 gàn má why on earth, whatever for
微笑 微笑 wéi xiào smile
意外 意外 yì wài accident, mishap
意外 意外 yì wài unexpected, unforeseen
意志 意志 yì zhì will, determination
意义 意義 yì yì meaning, sense, significance
意识 意識 yì shì consciousness, mentality
感到 感到 gǎn dào feel, sense
感受 感受 gǎn shòu be affected by, experience, feel
感染 感染 gǎn rǎn infect, influence, affect
感动 感動 gǎn dòng move, touch
感情 感情 gǎn qíng emotion, feeling, sentiment
感想 感想 gǎn xiǎng impression, reflections, thoughts
感激 感激 gǎn jī feel grateful/indebted
感兴趣 感興趣 gǎn xìng qù be interested in
想不到 想不到 xiǎng bú dào unable to anticipate
想到 想到 xiǎng dào think of, call to mind
想念 想念 xiǎng niàn remember with longing, miss
想像 想像 xiǎng xiàng imagination
想像 想像 xiǎng xiàng imagine, fancy, visualize
爱人 愛人 ài rén lover, sweetheart
爱心 愛心 ài xīn mercy, benevolence, pity
爱好 愛好 ài hào hobby, interest
爱好 愛好 ài hào love, like, be fond of, be keen on
爱情 愛情 ài qíng love (between man and woman)
爱惜 愛惜 ài xí treasure
爱护 愛護 ài hù cherish, treasure, take good care of
cause (sth.) to happen
provoke
chóu worry, be anxious/grieved
慎重 慎重 shèn zhòng cautious, discreet
huāng lose self-possession, panic
cuō rub with hand
gǎo generalized doing: do/work/manage/etc.
travel by or take (a conveyance)
搬运 搬運 bān yùn move, transport
损失 損失 sǔn shī loss
损失 損失 sǔn shī lose
抢救 搶救 qiǎng jiù rush to save
yáo shake, wave, scull, row, agitate
摇头 搖頭 yáo tóu shake one’s head
摇摆 搖擺 yáo bǎi sway, swing, oscillate
敬酒 敬酒 jìng jiǔ propose a toast
敬爱 敬愛 jìng ài respect and love
敬礼 敬禮 jìng lǐ salute, give a salute, extend one’s greetings, respectfully yours (letter closure)
新生 新生 xīn shēng new student
新式 新式 xīn shì new-style
新郎 新郎 xīn láng bridegroom
新娘 新娘 xīn niáng bride
新鲜 新鮮 xīn xiān fresh
àn dark, dim, dull, hidden, secret, unclear
暗中 暗中 àn zhōng in secret, surreptitiously, in the dark
yūn faint
nuǎn warm, warm up
暖和 暖和 nuǎn huo warm, mild, sunny
暖气 暖氣 nuǎn qì central heating
huì meeting, gathering, party, get-together, conference
会计 會計 kuài jì accounting
会员 會員 huì yuán member
会场 會場 huì chǎng meeting place, conference/assembly hall
业务 業務 yè wù professional work, business
业余 業餘 yè yú amateur
极其 極其 jí qí extremely, exceedingly
概念 概念 gài niàn concept, conception, notion, idea
xiē have a rest, stop (work/etc.), knock off, go to bed
岁数 歲數 suì shù age, years
沟通 溝通 gōu tōng communicate, link up
灭亡 滅亡 miè wáng be destroyed, die out
湿 shī wet
温度 溫度 wēn dù temperature
温柔 溫柔 wēn róu gentle and soft
温暖 溫暖 wēn nuǎn warm, warm up
huá slip, slide
huá slippery, smooth, cunning, crafty
zhǔn accurate, exact
准时 準時 zhǔn shí punctually
准确 準確 zhǔn què accurate, exact, precise
liū slide, glide, sneak off, slip away
yān (1) smoke, mist, vapor; (2) tobacco, cigarette, opium
烟火 煙火 yān huǒ fireworks
fán trouble
烦恼 煩惱 fán nǎo vexation
烦恼 煩惱 fán nǎo vexed, worried
méi coal
zhào in the same old way, as before
照常 照常 zhào cháng as usual
狮子 獅子 shī zi lion
dàng to pawn
当中 當中 dāng zhōng [aspect] in the course of
当天 當天 dāng tiān same day, that very day
当地 當地 dāng dì locality, the place (named/mentioned/etc.)
当年 當年 dāng nián that year, those years, bygone years, prime of life
当作 當作 dāng zuò consider/treat as
当初 當初 dāng chū at that time
当面 當面 dāng miàn face to face, in one’s presence
当时 當時 dāng shí at that time, then
当做 當做 dāng zuò consider/treat as
当场 當場 dāng chǎng on the spot, then and there
当选 當選 dāng xuǎn get elected
zhēng open (the eyes)
睁开 睜開 zhēng kāi open (the eyes)
suì broken, fragmentary, garrulous, gabby
pèng (1) touch, knock against; (2) take one’s chance, explore (3) meet, encounter, run into
碰上 碰上 pèng shàng come across, encounter
碰见 碰見 pèng jiàn meet unexpectedly, run into
碰到 碰到 pèng dào run into, encounter, meet
禁止 禁止 jìn zhǐ prohibit, ban
万一 萬一 wàn yī just in case, if by any chance
节省 節省 jié shěng save, thriftiness, stint, penny-pinching
节约 節約 jié yuē economize, save
经理 經理 jīng lǐ manager, director
经费 經費 jīng fèi funds, outlay, expenses
经过 經過 jīng guò process, course
经历 經歷 jīng lì a person’s past career
经历 經歷 jīng lì go through, undergo, experience
经济 經濟 jīng jì economy, financial condition
经营 經營 jīng yíng manage, run, engage in
经验 經驗 jīng yàn go through, experience
经验 經驗 jīng yàn experience
zuì crime, transgression, sin, offense, peccancy, guilt
义务 義務 yì wù duty, obligation, volunteer duty
羡慕 羨慕 xiàn mù admire, envy
qún collective measure word for a number of people or animals gathering together, or a number of close islands.
群众 群眾 qún zhòng the masses/People
聘请 聘請 pìn qǐng engage, invite
yāo waist, waist of a garment, middle part
脚步 腳步 jiǎo bù step, pace
zhǒng swell
nǎo brain
脑子 腦子 nǎo zi brain, mind, head
脑袋 腦袋 nǎo dài head
脑筋 腦筋 nǎo jīn brain, mind, head
舅舅 舅舅 jiù jiu mother’s brother, uncle
luò fall, drop, go down, decline, set (of sun), ebb (of tide), remain where one is, stay behind, turn over to, belong to, rest with, obtain, receive
落伍 落伍 luò wǔ straggle, drop out, be outdated
落后 落後 luò hòu fall/lay behind
落实 落實 luò shí fix/decide in advance, ascertain, make sure, fulfill, implement, put into effect
叶子 葉子 yè zi leaf
葬礼 葬禮 zàng lǐ funeral rites, funeral
号召 號召 hào zhào call, appeal (for supporters)
蜂蜜 蜂蜜 fēng mì honey
mend, patch, supplementary
补充 補充 bǔ chōng replenish, supplement
补助 補助 bǔ zhù subsidization
补助 補助 bǔ zhù subsidize
补习 補習 bù xí take lessons after school/work
补课 補課 bǔ kè give students an special class or tutorial, supplement a lesson, make up a missed lesson
补偿 補償 bǔ cháng compensate
装饰 裝飾 zhuāng shì decorate, adorn, ornament, deck
里/里头 裡/裏頭 lǐ tou inside, interior
jiě separate, divide, cut apart, untie, undo
解除 解除 jiě chú remove, relieve, get rid of
解答 解答 jiě dá answer, explain
gāi [formal] that
详细 詳細 xiáng xì detailed, minute
试验 試驗 shì yàn attempt, experiment, test
shī poetry, verse, poem
诗人 詩人 shī rén poet
夸张 誇張 kuā zhāng exaggerate, overstate
夸奖 誇獎 kuā jiǎng crackup, praise, resound, applaud
诚意 誠意 chéng yì good faith, sincerity
诚恳 誠懇 chéng kěn sincere
话说回来 話說回來 huà shuō huí lái but then again
话题 話題 huà tí subject of a talk, topic of conversation, topic
资本 資本 zī běn capital, sth. capitalized on
资金 資金 zī jīn fund
资格 資格 zī gé qualifications, seniority
资源 資源 zī yuán natural resources
kuā stride, bestride, straddle, cut across, go beyond
路口 路口 lù kǒu crossing, intersection
路线 路線 lù xiàn route, itinerary, line
路灯 路燈 lù dēng street/road lamp
跳高 跳高 tiào gāo high jump
跳远 跳遠 tiào yuǎn do long jump, do broad jump
guì kneel (on both knees)
duǒ hide (oneself), avoid, dodge
jiào compare
zài (1) transport, fill; (2) put down in writing, record
农民/农夫 農民/農夫 nóng mín nóng fū peasant, peasantry
农村 農村 nóng cūn rural area, countryside, village
农产品 農產品 nóng chǎn pǐn agricultural products, farm produce
农业 農業 nóng yè agriculture, farming
农药 農藥 nóng yào agricultural/farm chemical, pesticide
运用 運用 yùn yòng utilize, wield, apply
运气 運氣 yùn qì fortune, luck
运送 運送 yùn sòng transport, convey
运输 運輸 yùn shū transport
运转 運轉 yùn zhuǎn revolve, turn round, work, operate
游行 遊行 yóu xíng parade, march, demonstrate
游客 遊客 yóu kè tourist, sightseer
游戏 遊戲 yóu xì recreation, game
游戏 遊戲 yóu xì play
dào individual measure word for : (1) fences, doors, walls, etc.; (2) strip-shaped things; (3) orders, procedures, questions, etc.
道教 道教 dào jiào Daoism (as a religion)
道路 道路 dào lù road, way, path
道歉 道歉 dào qiàn apologize
道德 道德 dào dé morality, ethics, morals
达成 達成 dá chéng reach (an agreement)
达到 達到 dá dào achieve, reach, attain
force, press for, press on towards
违反 違反 wéi fǎn violate, transgress, infringe
meet, encounter, treat, receive
遇见 遇見 yù jiàn meet, come across
guò too, excessively
过分/份 過分/份 guò fèn excessive, undue
过日子 過日子 guò rì zi live, get along, practice economy
过世 過世 guò shì die, pass away
过度 過度 guò dù excessive
过期 過期 guò qí overdue, be overdue, exceed the time limit, stale
过渡 過渡 guò dù ferry stream
过程 過程 guò chéng course, process
过节 過節 guò jié celebrate a festival
过滤 過濾 guò lǜ filtrate
separate, cut off, impede
隔壁 隔壁 gé bì next door
电子 電子 diàn zǐ electron
电台 電台 diàn tái broadcasting station
电池 電池 diàn chí (electric) cell, battery
电扇 電扇 diàn shàn electric fan
电动 電動 diàn dòng electric
电梯 電梯 diàn tī elevator
电报 電報 diàn bào telegram, cable
电视台 電視台 diàn shì tái TV station
电线 電線 diàn xiàn (electric) wire
零下 零下 líng xià subzero
零用钱 零用錢 líng yòng qián pocket money
零件 零件 líng jiàn spare parts, spares, components
零售 零售 líng shòu (sell) retail
预先 預先 yù xiān in advance, beforehand
预定 預定 yù dìng predetermine, schedule
预计 預計 yù jì predict, expect
预报 預報 yù bào forecast
预算 預算 yù suàn budget
dùn measure word for reprimanding or criticizing.
饲养 飼養 sì yǎng raise (animals/etc.)
drum
鼓掌 鼓掌 gǔ zhǎng clap one’s hands, applaud
鼓舞 鼓舞 gǔ wǔ inspire, hearten, dance for joy, rejoice
鼓励 鼓勵 gǔ lì encouragement
鼓励 鼓勵 gǔ lì encourage, urge
凳子 凳子 dèng zi stool, bench
厌恶 厭惡 yàn wù detest, be disgusted with
cháng taste, experience, come to know
尝/尝试 嘗/嚐試 cháng shì try
尝/尝试 嘗/嚐試 cháng shì attempt, try
lóu particle: calling attention to, or mildly warning of, a situation
tuán (1) collective measure word for groups of people; (2) partial measure word for materials rolled into a round mass.
团结 團結 tuán jié unite, rally
团圆 團圓 tuán yuán reunion
团体 團體 tuán tǐ organization, group, team
图书 圖書 tú shū books
图章 圖章 tú zhāng seal, stamp
diàn put sth. under sth. else, fill up, advance money
寿命 壽命 shòu mìng life
mèng dream
梦到 夢到 mèng dào to dream
梦想 夢想 mèng xiǎng fond dream
duó take by force, seize, wrest, force one’s way, contend for, deprive
宁可 寧可 níng kě (would) rather, better
宁愿 寧願 níng yuàn (would) rather, better
实力 實力 shí lì actual strength
实用 實用 shí yòng practical, pragmatic, functional
实在 實在 shí zài indeed, really, honestly, in fact, as a matter of fact
实在 實在 shí zài true, real, honest, dependable
实行 實行 shí xíng put into practice/effect, practice
实施 實施 shí shī put into effect, implement
实现 實現 shí xiàn realize, achieve, bring about
实话 實話 shí huà truth, truthful statement
实际 實際 shí jì practical, literal
实验 實驗 shí yàn experiment, test
实验 實驗 shí yàn test, experiment
对付 對付 duì fù deal/cope with, counter, tackle, make do
对立 對立 duì lì oppose, set sth. against, be antagonist to
对抗 對抗 duì kàng resist, oppose
对岸 對岸 duì àn other side of river
对于 對於 duì yú (in regard) to, toward, at, for
对待 對待 duì dài treat, approach, handle
对策 對策 duì cè way to deal with a situation
对象 對象 duì xiàng target, object
对话 對話 duì huà dialogue
彻底 徹底 chè dǐ complete, thorough
慢跑 慢跑 màn pǎo canter, jog, trot, lope
guàn habitual, customary
惯例 慣例 guàn lì usual practice
惭愧 慚愧 cán kuì ashamed
cǎn miserable, pitiful, tragic, cruel, savage
截止 截止 jié zhǐ end, close, cut off
shuāi fall, tumble, move backward and forward, swing
摔倒 摔倒 shuāi dǎo fall down, fell an opponent
feel, touch, grope for, feel/sound out
lǒu gather up, rake together, hold/tuck up, (squeeze money) extort, pull
qiāo strike, beat (drum/etc.)
旗子 旗子 qí zi flag, banner, pennant
旗袍 旗袍 qí páo cheongsam, a sheath with a slit skirt
榜样 榜樣 bǎng yàng example, model
荣幸 榮幸 róng xìng pleasure
构成 構成 gòu chéng constitute, form, compose, make up
构造 構造 gòu zào structure, construction
qiāng rifle, gun
歉意 歉意 qiàn yì apology, regret
歌曲 歌曲 gē qǔ song
歌星 歌星 gē xīng singing star
歌剧 歌劇 gē jù opera
yǎn act, play, perform, develop, evolve
演出 演出 yǎn chū show, perform
演奏 演奏 yǎn zòu give instrumental performance
演员 演員 yǎn yuán performer
演唱 演唱 yǎn chàng sing in performance
演讲 演講 yǎn jiǎng lecture, make speech
gǔn roll, trundle, get away, beat it
partial measure word for a small round or pear-shaped blob of liquid, usually falling.
滿 mǎn reach limit, expire, be over
滿 mǎn entirely, wholly
滿 mǎn quite, very
满足 滿足 mǎn zú be satisfied/contented, satisfy, meet
渐渐 漸漸 jiàn jiàn gradually, by degrees, little by little
zhǎng rise, go up (of water/prices/etc.)
涨价 漲價 zhǎng jià rise in price
漫画 漫畫 màn huà caricature, cartoon
熊猫 熊貓 xióng māo panda
疑问 疑問 yí wèn question, doubt
fēng spindle (of plants)
疯子 瘋子 fēng zi lunatic, madman
疯狂 瘋狂 fēng kuáng insane, frenzied, unbridled
jìn try one’s best, put to best use
监狱 監獄 jiān yù prison, jail
睡着 睡著 shuì zháo fall asleep
磁带 磁帶 cí dài magnetic tape
福利 福利 fú lì material benefits, well-being, welfare
huò disaster, misfortune
种子 種子 zhǒng zǐ seed
种族 種族 zhǒng zú race, ethnic group
种类 種類 zhǒng lèi kind, type, variety
chēng call
duān hold sth. level, carry
guǎn run, manage, administer, have charge of, subject to discipline, bother about
管制 管制 guǎn zhì control, put under surveillance
管理 管理 guǎn lǐ manage, supervise, take care of
管道 管道 guǎn dào pipeline, conduit, piping
suàn consider, regard/count as
算了 算了 suàn le Forget about it., That’s enough!
算是 算是 suàn shì considered to be
算起来 算起來 suàn qǐ lái all considered
算帐 算帳 suàn zhàng make out bills, settle accounts, reckon, square accounts, balance the books, get even with sb.
精力 精力 jīng lì energy, vigor
精彩 精彩 jīng cǎi brilliant, splendid
精细 精細 jīng xì meticulous, fine, careful and attentive, thorough
综合 綜合 zòng hé synthetical, comprehensive, multiple, composite
综合 綜合 zòng hé synthesize
绿豆 綠豆 lǜ dòu mung bean, green gram
紧急 緊急 jǐn jí urgent, critical
wǎng net
网路 網路 wǎng lù network
维他命 維他命 wéi tā mìng vitamin
维持 維持 wéi chí keep, preserve
维护 維護 wéi hù safeguard, defend, uphold
punish, penalize
assemble, gather, get together
聚集 聚集 jù jí gather, assemble, collect
腐败 腐敗 fǔ bài corrupt
与其 與其 yǔ qí rather than
dance
舞台/台 舞台/臺 wǔ tái stage, arena
舞会 舞會 wǔ huì dance (party), ball
舞蹈 舞蹈 wǔ dào dance
舞厅 舞廳 wǔ tīng ballroom, dance hall
gài build, construct
盖子 蓋子 gài zi lid, cover, cap, top, shell (of tortoise/etc.)
蜜蜂 蜜蜂 mì fēng honeybee, bee
guǒ bind, wrap
制作 製作 zhì zuò make, manufacture
制造 製造 zhì zào make, manufacture, engineer, create, fabricate
语音 語音 yǔ yīn speech sounds, speech sounds, spoken (vs. written) pronunciation of characters
语气 語氣 yǔ qì tone, manner of speaking, mood, modality
语调 語調 yǔ diào intonation
by mistake
harm, injure, miss (due to delay)
误会 誤會 wù huì misunderstand, mistake
误会 誤會 wù huì misunderstanding
误点 誤點 wù diǎn overdue, be late, be behind schedule, behind schedule, lose, late, delay
说不定 說不定 shuō bú dìng perhaps, maybe
说服 說服 shuì fú persuade, talk sb. over
说法 說法 shuō fǎ way of saying sth., wording, formulation, statement, version, argument
说起来 說起來 shuō qǐ lái now that it is mentioned, in regard to
gǎn (1) run after, pursue; (2) drive, drive away, expel
gǎn make dash for, rush for
赶上 趕上 gǎn shàng overtake, run into (situation), be in time for
赶紧 趕緊 gǎn jǐn hurriedly, losing no time
辅导 輔導 fǔ dǎo coach, tutor
轻伤 輕傷 qīng shāng minor wound
轻松 輕鬆 qīng sōng light, relaxed
sharp, spicy, biting (of smell/taste)
辣椒 辣椒 là jiāo hot pepper, chili
远大 遠大 yuǎn dà great
forward, transmit, alternate
yín silver
tóng copper
障碍 障礙 zhàn gài obstacle, barrier
need, want, require
需求 需求 xū qiú requirement, demand
quite, very, considerably
领土 領土 lǐng tǔ territory
领先 領先 lǐng xiān be in lead, lead (in competition)
领域 領域 lǐng yù territory, domain, realm, field, sphere
领带 領帶 lǐng dài necktie, tie
领袖 領袖 lǐng xiù leader
领导 領導 lǐng dǎo leader
领导 領導 lǐng dǎo lead, exercise leadership
肮脏 骯髒 ān zhāng dirty
(1) even, equal in length/height; (2) complete, prepared, together
齐全 齊全 qí quán complete, all in readiness
亿 hundred million
仪式 儀式 yí shì ceremony, rite
仪器 儀器 yí qì instrument, apparatus
价值 價值 jià zhí be worth
价值 價值 jià zhí value, worth
价格 價格 jià gé price
价钱 價錢 jià qián price
剧本 劇本 jù běn drama, play, script
剧烈 劇烈 jù liè violent, fierce
剧院 劇院 jù yuàn theater
剧情 劇情 jù qíng story line, plot
剧场 劇場 jù chǎng theater
厉害 厲害 lì hài great
唠叨 嘮叨 láo dāo chatter, be garrulous
hēi inj.: hey!
pēn spurt, spout, gush, spray, sprinkle
增长 增長 zēng zhǎng become longer
kuān wide, broad, generous, lenient, comfortably off, well-off, relax, relieve, extend
宽度 寬度 kuān dù width, breadth
审查 審查 shěn chá examine, investigate
céng partial measure word for : (1) the storey’s of a building; (2) an outer covering.
chuáng individual measure word for buildings.
废水 廢水 fèi shuǐ waste water, effluent
废物 廢物 fèi wù a good-for-nothing
废气 廢氣 fèi qì waste gas/steam, fume
废话 廢話 fèi huà superfluous words, nonsense, rubbish
厨师 廚師 chú shī cook, chef
miào temple, shrine
广 guǎng wide, vast, numerous
广大 廣大 guǎng dà vast, wide, large-scale, wide-spread, numerous
广告 廣告 guǎng gào advertise
广告 廣告 guǎng gào advertisement
广泛 廣泛 guǎng fàn extensive, wide-ranging
广场 廣場 guǎng chǎng public square
广阔 廣闊 guǎng kuò vast, broad
厂商 廠商 chǎng shāng firm, business
tán pluck/play (musical instrument)
影子 影子 yǐng zi shadow, trace, sign, vague impression
影片 影片 yǐng piàn film, movie
影本 影本 yǐng běn copy
影印 影印 yǐng yìn print by photo-offset, photocopy
征求 徵求 zhēng qiú solicit, seek
慰问 慰問 wèi wèn comfort, console, convey sympathy/greetings
愤怒 憤怒 fèn nù indignant, angry
zhuàng run into, strike, collide
fling self at
扑灭 撲滅 pū miè extirpation, extermination, eradication
lāo drag for, dredge up, get by improper means
chēng prop up, brace, push/move with a pole, maintain, keep up
turn, stir, poke, move with hand/foot/stick/etc.
tear, rip
broadcast
敌人 敵人 dí rén enemy
shù [formal] several
数目 數目 shù mù number, amount
数字 數字 shù zì numeral, figure, digit, quantity, amount
数量 數量 shù liàng quantity, amount
暂时 暫時 zhàn shí temporarily
暴力 暴力 bào lì violence, force
暴躁 暴躁 bào zào petulant, irascible, explosive
样品 樣品 yàng pǐn sample (product), specimen
标准 標準 biāo zhǔn standard
标准 標準 biāo zhǔn standard, criterion
标志 標誌 biāo zhì sign, mark, symbol
标题 標題 biāo tí title, heading, headline, caption
模仿 模仿 mó fǎng imitate, follow example of
模型 模型 mó xíng model, mold, matrix, pattern
模样 模樣 mó yàng appearance, look
模糊 模糊 mó hú blur, obscure, confuse
happy, cheerful, be glad to, enjoy, be amused
乐意 樂意 lè yì be willing, be ready to
乐团 樂團 yuè tuán philharmonic society/orchestra
乐趣 樂趣 lè qù delight, pleasure, joy
乐器 樂器 yuè qì musical instrument
乐观 樂觀 lè guān be optimistic, be hopeful
jiāo pour liquid on, sprinkle water on, irrigate, water, cast
潮流 潮流 cháo liú trend
潮湿/湿 潮溼/濕 cháo shī moist, damp
shú familiar, skilled, experienced
熟人 熟人 shú rén acquaintance, friend
熟悉 熟悉 shú xī know sth./sb. well
熟练 熟練 shú liàn skilled, practiced, proficient
áo boil, stew, decoct, endure, hold out, stay up late or the whole night
热心 熱心 rè xīn warm-heartedness
热门 熱門 rè mén in great demand, popular
热烈 熱烈 rè liè ardent
热情 熱情 rè qíng enthusiasm, passion
热情 熱情 rè qíng enthusiastic
热爱 熱愛 rè ài love ardently
奖金 獎金 jiǎng jīn money award, bonus, premium
奖品 獎品 jiǎng pǐn prize, award, trophy
奖学金 獎學金 jiǎng xué jīn scholarship
xiā become blind, become tangled (of thread/etc.)
bàng pound
确定 確定 què dìng decide firmly, settle, determine, fix, define
确实 確實 què shí definitely true/real/certain/reliable
确认 確認 què rèn affirm, confirm, identify with certainty
码头 碼頭 mǎ tóu wharf, dock, port city, commercial/transportation center
qióng poor, impoverished, exhausted, hard-pressed
穷人 窮人 qióng rén poor people, the poor
jiàn arrow
xiāng each other, mutually
xiāng box
范围 範圍 fàn wéi scope, range, extent, parameter
piān partial measure for a sheet of paper or a leaf (two pages) of a book.
糊涂 糊塗 hú tú muddled, confused, thoughtless, slipshod
liàn practice, train, drill, boil and scour raw silk
biān weave, plait, organize, group, edit, compile, write, compose, fabricate
缘故 緣故 yuán gù reason, cause
线 xiàn thread, string, wire, curved line, line, route
缓和 緩和 huǎn hé relax, ease up, mitigate, appease
缓慢 緩慢 huǎn màn slow
罢了 罷了 bà le particle: elucidating a previous proposition so as to diminish its effect
罢工 罷工 bà gōng go on strike
蔬菜 蔬菜 shū cài vegetables, greens
虾(子) 蝦(子) xiā zi shrimp
虾米 蝦米 xiā mǐ dried, shelled shrimp, small shrimp
卫生 衛生 wèi shēng hygienic
卫生纸 衛生紙 wèi shēng zhǐ toilet paper
卫星 衛星 wèi xīng satellite
复制 複製 fù zhì duplicate, reproduce
复杂 複雜 fù zá complicated, complex
谅解 諒解 liàng jiě understand, make allowance for
谈判 談判 tán pàn negotiate, talk
谈话 談話 tán huà talk, chat
诞生 誕生 dàn shēng be born, come into being, emerge
请求 請求 qǐng qiú ask, request, entreat
请教 請教 qǐng jiào seek advice, Please enlighten me.
课外 課外 kè wài extracurricular, outside class, after school
课堂 課堂 kè táng classroom
课程 課程 kè chéng course, curriculum
调查 調查 diào chá investigate, look into, survey
调整 調整 tiáo zhěng adjust, readjust, regulate, restructure, balance
lùn discuss, talk about, consider, regard, mention, determine, decide on, discourse
论文 論文 lùn wén thesis, dissertation, treatise, paper
péi compensate, pay for, stand a loss
赔偿 賠償 péi cháng compensate, pay for
gamble, bet
tàng (1) measure word for the times of coming and going; (2) measure word for the times of communications and transport.
step on, tread, stamp
cǎi step on, trample
辈子 輩子 bèi zi all one’s life, lifetime
轮子 輪子 lún zi wheel
轮流 輪流 lún liú by turns, in turn
轮胎 輪胎 lún tāi tire
轮船 輪船 lún chuán steamer, steamship
适用 適用 shì yòng suit, be applicable
适合 適合 shì hé suit, fit
适当 適當 shì dàng suitable, proper
适应 適應 shì yìng suit, adapt, fit, get used to
遭到 遭到 zāo dào meet with, encounter
遭受 遭受 zāo shòu suffer
遭遇 遭遇 zāo yù vicissitudes of life
qiān move, change
zuì tipsy, intoxicated, inebriate, drunk
销售 銷售 xiāo shòu sell, market
销路 銷路 xiāo lù sales, market
spread, extend, unfold, pave, lay
阅读 閱讀 yuè dú read
震动 震動 zhèn dòng shake, shock, vibrate
kào depend/rely on
靠近 靠近 kào jìn be nearby, be close to
yǎng support, provide for, raise, maintain, give birth to, form, cultivate, rest, recuperate
驾驶 駕駛 jià shǐ driver, pilot
驾驶 駕駛 jià shǐ drive (vehicle), pilot (ship/plane)
发型 髮型 fǎ xíng haircut
nào make a noise, stir up trouble, give vent to anger, go in for, suffer from, be troubled by,
闹区 鬧區 nào qū downtown
闹钟 鬧鐘 nào zhōng alarm clock
魅力 魅力 mèi lì glamor, charm, enchantment
尽量 儘量 jǐn liàng to the best of one’s ability
尽管 儘管 jǐn guǎn feel free to, not hesitate to
尽管 儘管 jǐn guǎn even though, despite
dùn ton
噪音 噪音 zào yīn noise
器材 器材 qì cái equipment, materials
器官 器官 qì guān organ, apparatus
òu inj.: of surprised understanding
奋斗 奮鬥 fèn dòu struggle, fight, strive
学位 學位 xué wèi academic degree, degree
学者 學者 xué zhě scholar
学院 學院 xué yuàn college, academy, institute
学问 學問 xué wèn learning, knowledge, scholarship
学术 學術 xué shù learning, science
学会 學會 xué huì learned society, (scholarly) association
学会 學會 xué huì learn, master
学业 學業 xué yè one’s studies, schoolwork
学历 學歷 xué lì record of formal schooling
导演 導演 dǎo yǎn direct ( film/play/etc.)
导演 導演 dǎo yǎn director
píng based on, according to
战争 戰爭 zhàn zhēng war, warfare
战场 戰場 zhàn chǎng battlefield
拥有 擁有 yǒng yǒu possess, have, own
拥抱 擁抱 yōng bào embrace
拥挤 擁擠 yōng jǐ crowded, pushed and squeezed together
拥护 擁護 yǒng hù support, endorse
dǎng ward off, block, get in the way of
据说 據說 jù shuō it is said that…
操心 操心 cāo xīn trouble about, take pains, worry, care, take trouble, wrack one’s brains, worry about
操作 操作 cāo zuò operate, manipulate
操场 操場 cāo chǎng playground, sports ground, drill ground
jiǎn pick up, collect, gather
担任 擔任 dān rèn assume office of, take charge of
担保 擔保 dān bǎo pledge, guaranty, assurance, security, sponsor, surety, wager, cover, warranty, guarantee
zhěng put in order, arrange, consolidate, repair, mend, do, to teach a lesson, punish
zhěng exact
zhěng put in order, arrange, consolidate, repair, mend, do, to teach a lesson, punish
整理 整理 zhěng lǐ put in order, arrange
整数 整數 zhěng shù integer, whole number, round number/figure
整洁 整潔 zhěng jié clean and tidy, neat
晓得 曉得 xiǎo de know
héng horizontal, transverse, across, sideways
树木 樹木 shù mù trees
树林 樹林 shù lín woods, grove
树叶 樹葉 shù yè leaves (of trees)
机械 機械 jī xiè machine, machinery, mechanism
机票 機票 jī piào plane ticket
机构 機構 jī gòu organization, internal structure of an organization
机关 機關 jī guān (1) office, organ; (2) mechanism, stratagem, scheme, intrigue
历史 歷史 lì shǐ history, past records
nóng dense, thick, concentrated
浓厚 濃厚 nóng hòu dense, thick, strong, pronounced
激烈 激烈 jī liè intense, sharp, fierce, acute
激动 激動 jī dòng stirred, agitated
灯光 燈光 dēng guāng lamplight
tàng (1) scald, burn, warm in hot water; (2) iron, press; (3) have one’s hair permed
tàng scalding, boiling hot
燃料 燃料 rán liào fuel
燃烧 燃燒 rán shāo burn
独立 獨立 dú lì stand alone
独自 獨自 dú zì alone, by oneself
独特 獨特 dú tè unique, distinctive
(1) grind, mill, turn round/about; (2) obliterate; (3) worry
积极 積極 jī jí positive, active, energetic, vigorous
膨胀 膨脹 péng zhàng expand, swell, inflate
兴奋 興奮 xīng fèn excited
sāo measure word for vessels of considerable size.
蚂蚁 螞蟻 mǎ yǐ ant
融化 融化 róng huà melt (of snow/ice/etc.)
亲人 親人 qīn rén close relatives
亲口 親口 qīn kǒu (from sb.’s) own mouth
亲切 親切 qīn qiè cordial, genial, warm
亲手 親手 qīn shǒu with one’s own hands
亲自 親自 qīn zì personally, in person, firsthand
亲戚 親戚 qīn qī relatives
亲眼 親眼 qīn yǎn with one’s own eyes, personally
讽刺 諷刺 fèng cì satirize, mock
输入 輸入 shū rù import, input
办公 辦公 bàn gōng handle official business, work (usu. in an office)
办事 辦事 bàn shì handle affairs, work
办理 辦理 bàn lǐ handle, conduct, transact
遵守 遵守 zūn shǒu observe, abide by
选手 選手 xuǎn shǒu player selected as contestant, athlete
选举 選舉 xuǎn jǔ election
chí late
迟早 遲早 chí zǎo sooner or later
xǐng sober up, wake up, be awake, be clear in mind, be striking to the eye
醒来 醒來 xǐng lái wake up
错字 錯字 cuò zì wrongly written characters, misprint
错过 錯過 cuò guò miss, let slip
gāng steel
钢琴 鋼琴 gāng qín piano
钢笔 鋼筆 gāng bǐ fountain pen
录用 錄用 lù yòng employ
录取 錄取 lù qǔ enroll, recruit, admit
suí follow
随手 隨手 suí shǒu conveniently, without extra trouble
随意 隨意 suí yì as one pleases
雕刻 雕刻 diāo kè carve, engrave
雕刻 雕刻 diāo kè statue
jìng still, quiet, calm
tóu first, previous
头痛 頭痛 tóu tòng have a headache
鸭(子) 鴨(子) yā zi duck
lóng dragon, dinosaur
优秀 優秀 yōu xiù outstanding, excellent
优良 優良 yōu liáng fine, good
优美 優美 yōu měi graceful, exquisite
优惠 優惠 yōu huì give preferential/special treatment
优越 優越 yōu yuè superior, outstanding
优点 優點 yōu diǎn merit, strong/good point, advantage
储存 儲存 chú cún lay in/up, store, stockpile
储蓄 儲蓄 chú xù save, deposit
cháng to taste
xià frighten, scare, intimidate
吓一跳 嚇一跳 xià yí tiào startle, start
press, push/hold down, control, quell
压力 壓力 yā lì pressure
压迫 壓迫 yā pò oppress, repress, constrict
婴儿 嬰兒 yīng ér baby, infant
应付 應付 yìng fù deal/cope with, handle, do sth. perfunctorily, make do
应用 應用 yìng yòng apply, use
应当 應當 yīng dāng should, ought to
应该 應該 yīng gāi right, proper
应邀 應邀 yìng yāo receive an invitation
懂事 懂事 dǒng shì sensible
懂得 懂得 dǒng de understand, know
drama, play, show
戏剧 戲劇 xì jù drama, play, theater
bear, stand, endure
档案 檔案 dǎng àn file, record, dossier, archives
检验 檢驗 jiǎn yàn test, examine, inspect
湿 shī wet
营业 營業 yíng yè do business
营养 營養 yíng yǎng nutritive, alimental
营养 營養 yíng yǎng nutrition, nourishment
墙壁 牆壁 qiáng bì wall
获得 獲得 huò dé gain, acquire, win, achieve
环保 環保 huán bǎo environmental protection
qiáo see, look at
zāo rotten, spoiled (lit./fig.)
糟糕 糟糕 zāo gāo What a mess! ; Too bad!
suō contract, shrink, shorten, draw back, withdraw, recoil
缩水 縮水 suō shuǐ contract, shrink, withdraw, recoil
缩短 縮短 suō duǎn shorten, curtail, cut down
féng stitch, sew
zǒng always, invariably, anyway, after all, inevitably, sooner or later
总之 總之 zǒng zhī in a word, in short
总共 總共 zǒng gòng in all, altogether
总而言之 總而言之 zǒng ér yán zhī in short, in a word
总理 總理 zǒng lǐ premier, prime minister
总算 總算 zǒng suàn at long last, finally
繁殖 繁殖 fán zhí breed, reproduce, propagate
繁荣 繁榮 fán róng flourishing, prosperous, booming
shēng measure word for the sounds such as speaking and shouting that can be heard.
联合 聯合 lián hé to unite, ally
联合国 聯合國 lián hé guó United Nations
联络 聯絡 lián luò contact
胆量 膽量 dǎn liàng courage, guts
脸色 臉色 liǎn sè complexion, look, facial expression
lín be present
临时 臨時 lín shí fill-in
举手 舉手 jǔ shǒu raise one’s hand (s)
举办 舉辦 jǔ bàn conduct, hold, run
薪水 薪水 xīn shuǐ salary, wages
thin, flimsy, weak, light, lacking in warmth, cold, infertile
薄弱 薄弱 bó ruò frail, weak
谦虚 謙虛 qiān xū modest, unassuming
讲究 講究 jiǎng jiù tasteful, exquisite
讲价 講價 jiǎng jià bargain
xiè thank
zhuàn make profit, gain, earn
赛跑 賽跑 sài pǎo race (on foot)
购买 購買 gòu mǎi purchase, buy
避免 避免 bì miǎn avoid, refrain from, avert
hái even/still more, in addition, passably, fairly, even
还不如 還不如 hái bù rú it would be better to
还好 還好 hái hǎo fortunately
还有 還有 hái yǒu furthermore, in addition
还要 還要 hái yào even/still more
邀请 邀請 yāo qǐng invite
chǒu ugly, unsightly
键盘 鍵盤 jiàn pán keyboard
锅(子) 鍋(子) guō zi a cooking-pot, saucepan
锻炼 鍛鍊 duàn liàn engage in physical exercise, temper, steel, toughen
鞠躬 鞠躬 jú gōng bow (to sb.)
xiān fresh, new, bright-colored, bright, delicious, tasty
鲜奶 鮮奶 xiān nǎi fresh milk
鲜血 鮮血 xiān xiě fresh blood
鲜花 鮮花 xiān huā fresh flower
nián glue, stick, paste
nián sticky, glutinous
点燃 點燃 diǎn rán light, kindle, ignite
点头 點頭 diǎn tóu nod one’s head
扩大 擴大 kuò dà enlarge, extend, swell, dilate
zhí throw, cast, fling, hurl
bǎi (1) sway, swing, wave; (2) place, put, arrange; (3) set up for show; lay bare, display, assume
摆脱 擺脫 bǎi tuō break away from, cast away (old ideas, etc.), get rid of, to break out (of)
duàn break, cut off, break off
柜子 櫃子 guì zi cupboard, cabinet
柜台/台 櫃臺/台 guì tái counter
瀑布 瀑布 pù bù waterfall, cataract
gift, present
礼品 禮品 lǐ pǐn gift, present
礼堂 禮堂 lǐ táng assembly hall, auditorium
礼貌 禮貌 lǐ mào courtesy, politeness, manners
简直 簡直 jiǎn zhí simply, really
粮食 糧食 liáng shí grain, cereals, food
rào wind, coil, entwine, revolve around sth., detour, go around, become entangled
fān turn over, turn around, reverse
fān flip over, translate
翻译 翻譯 fān yì translate, interpret
职位 職位 zhí wèi position, post
职员 職員 zhí yuán office worker, staff member, functionary
职业 職業 zhí yè occupation, profession, vocation
cáng hide, conceal, store, lay by
虫(子) 蟲(子) chóng zi worm, insect
zhuàn turn, shift, change
zhuǎn turn, revolve, rotate
转向 轉向 zhuǎn xiàng change direction, change (political/etc.) stand
转告 轉告 zhuǎn gào transmit (message), communicate, pass on (word)
转身 轉身 zhuǎn shēn face about, turn round
转达 轉達 zhuǎn dá pass on, convey, communicate
转播 轉播 zhuǎn bò relay (radio/TV broadcast)
转机 轉機 zhuǎn jī change planes
转变 轉變 zhuǎn biàn change, transform
cure, treat
医师 醫師 yī shī doctor
医学 醫學 yī xué medical science, medicine
suǒ lock, fetters
suǒ lock (up), chain up, lockstitch
chuǎng rush, dash, charge, temper oneself (by battling difficulties)
离婚 離婚 lí hūn divorce
mix, mingle
杂志 雜誌 zá zhì magazine, journal, periodical
shuāng two, twin, both, dual
shuāng collective measure word for people in pairs.
双方 雙方 shuāng fāng both sides, two parties
鞭炮 鞭炮 biān pào firecrackers, string of small firecrackers
measure word for test items.
题目 題目 tí mù title, subject, topic, exam questions
题材 題材 tí cái subject matter, theme
sōng loose, slack, not hard up, light and flaky, soft
坏处 壞處 huài chù harm, disadvantage, defect
坏蛋 壞蛋 huài dàn scoundrel, bastard
怀孕 懷孕 huái yùn be pregnant
lǎn indolent
懒得 懶得 lǎn de not feel like (doing sth.), lethargic
pān climb, clamber, seek connections in high places, involve, implicate
爆炸 爆炸 bào zhà explode, blow up
wěn firm, stable, steady, staid, sedate
稳定 穩定 wěn dìng stable, steady
qiān sign, autograph
签名 簽名 qiān míng sign one’s name, autograph
签字 簽字 qiān zì initial, sign, affix one’s signature, ratify
签约 簽約 qiān yuē sign a contract
签订 簽訂 qiān dìng conclude and sign (treaty/contract/etc.)
签证 簽證 qiān zhèng visa
绳子 繩子 shéng zi rope, string
jiǎo pay, hand over/in
艺术 藝術 yì shù art
药方 藥方 yào fāng prescription
药水 藥水 yào shuǐ liquid medicine, lotion
药房 藥房 yào fáng drugstore, pharmacy, hospital pharmacy, dispensary
药物 藥物 yào wù drugs, medicine
证件 證件 zhèng jiàn credentials, papers, document, certificate
证明 證明 zhèng míng certificate, identification, testimonial, proof
证明 證明 zhèng míng prove, testify, bear out
证书 證書 zhèng shū certificate, credentials
证实 證實 zhèng shí confirm, verify
证据 證據 zhèng jù evidence, proof, testimony
赠品 贈品 zèng pǐn giveaway, gift
赠送 贈送 zèng sòng present as gift
赞成 贊成 zàn chéng approve, endorse, assist
dūn squat on heels, stay
biān two or more bi1n used before verbs to express the simultaneous progression or development of two or more actions
镜子 鏡子 jìng zi mirror
guān partial measure word for levels of activity, such as games.
关上 關上 guān shàng shut, steek, close
关于 關於 guān yú about, with regard to, concerning
关键 關鍵 guān jiàn key, crux
难受 難受 nán shòu feel bad/ill/unwell/unhappy, suffer pain
难怪 難怪 nán guài no wonder
难得 難得 nán dé hard to come by, rare, seldom
难道 難道 nán dào Do you really mean to say that…
mist
lèi collective measure word for a class of persons who have similar characteristics, or things which are alike in some way.
类似 類似 lèi sì similar
yuàn wish, desire
愿望 願望 yuàn wàng desire, wish, aspiration
馒头 饅頭 mán tóu steamed bun
piàn deceive, fool, hoodwink
骗子 騙子 piàn zi swindler, cheat
胡子 鬍子 hú zi beard, moustache, whiskers
quàn persuade, urge, exhort
yán tight, strict, rigorous
严格 嚴格 yán gé strict, rigorous
严肃 嚴肅 yán sù serious, solemn
宝贝 寶貝 bǎo bèi treasured object, treasure, darling, baby, cowry
宝贵 寶貴 bǎo guì valuable, precious
宝宝 寶寶 bǎo bǎo precious/darling baby
xuán hang, suspend
yǎng tickle, itch
竞争 競爭 jìng zhēng compete
篮子 籃子 lán zi basket
觉悟 覺悟 jué wù come to understand, realize
议会 議會 yì huì parliament, legislative assembly
警告 警告 jǐng gào (disciplinary) warning
警告 警告 jǐng gào warn, put on guard, caution, admonish
yíng gain, win
赢得 贏得 yíng dé win, gain
piāo blow/drift about, flutter
xián salty
面粉 麵粉 miàn fěn flour, wheat flour
shǔ be subordinate to, belong to
属于 屬於 shǔ yú belong to, be part of
摄影 攝影 shè yǐng take a photograph, shoot a film, film
làn mushy, sodden, mashed, rotten, decayed, fester, worn-out
牺牲 犧牲 xī shēng sacrifice oneself, die martyr’s death, do sth. at the expense of self or sb. else
蜡烛 蠟燭 là zhú candle
tiě iron, arms, weapon
铁路 鐵路 tiě lù railway, railroad
show, reveal, appear
露营 露營 lù yíng camp out, encamp, bivouac
响应 響應 xiǎng yìng respond, answer
attend to, look after, take into consideration, visit, call on
顾客 顧客 gù kè customer, shopper, client
顾问 顧問 gù wèn adviser, consultant
wān bent, curved, crooked
弯腰 彎腰 wān yāo bow, hunch, stoop, double over
权利 權利 quán lì right, privilege
欢呼 歡呼 huān hū hail, acclaim
欢喜 歡喜 huān xǐ like, be fond of
欢乐 歡樂 huān lè happy, joyous, gay
听力 聽力 tīng lì hearing, aural comprehension (in language teaching)
听见 聽見 tīng jiàn hear
听起来 聽起來 tīng qǐ lái it sounds like
听众 聽眾 tīng zhòng audience, listeners
读者 讀者 dú zhě reader
骄傲 驕傲 jiāo ào be proud, take pride in
恋爱 戀愛 liàn ài love, romantic attachment
shài dry in the sun, bask, sun, shine upon
晒太阳 曬太陽 shài tài yáng sunbathe, bask, sun
变更 變更 biàn gēng change, modify
变动 變動 biàn dòng change, alternation
变动 變動 biàn dòng change, fluctuate
显示 顯示 xiǎn shì show, display, demonstrate, manifest
显得 顯得 xiǎn de seem, look, appear
显然 顯然 xiǎn rán obviously, evidently, clearly
显著 顯著 xiǎn zhù notable, marked, striking, remarkable, outstanding
惊人 驚人 jīng rén astonishing, amazing, alarming
惊讶 驚訝 jīng yà amazed, astounded
体力 體力 tǐ lì physical power/strength
体重 體重 tǐ zhòng (body) weight
体贴 體貼 tǐ tiē be considerate, be thoughtful
体会 體會 tǐ huì know/learn from experience, try to realize (another’s situation)
体温 體溫 tǐ wēn (body) temperature
罐子 罐子 guàn zi jug, jar, can
罐头 罐頭 guàn tóu tin, can, canned goods
cán silkworm
ràng yield, transfer possession of sth.
让步 讓步 ràng bù yield, compromise
灵活 靈活 líng huó nimble, agile, flexible, elastic
灵魂 靈魂 líng hún soul, spirit
盐巴 鹽巴 yán bā salt
观光 觀光 guān guāng go sightseeing, visit, tour
观念 觀念 guān niàn sense, idea, conception
观众 觀眾 guān zhòng spectator, audience
观察 觀察 guān chá observe, survey, inspect
观点 觀點 guān diǎn point of view, standpoint
赞美 讚美 zàn měi praise, eulogize
zuān bore, drill
(1) measure word for a quantity of something that can be held in one hand; (2) measure word for an action done with the hand to indicate its quickness.
chǎng measure word for the course of an event or certain action.
diǎn partial measure word for suggestion, explanation, etc.
passable, pretty good, not bad
miàn individual measure word for the times of meeting between two persons.
pán individual measure word for a chess or any board game, etc.
調 tiáo regulate, adjust, mediate
tiáo (1) measure word for abstract things, such as news and experience; (2) individual measure word for people’s lives.

 

1 comment to TOFCL: The complete list with English definitions

  • Thank you for making the TOCFL list available in spaced pinyin! The official website has the pinyin without spaces, which makes it harder to read.

    One error that I’d like to fix: 補習 is bǔ xí not bù xí.

    In general your data is pretty good though. Even Google Translate made another mistake about 不錯 (it is bú cuò as you say, not bù cuò).

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